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Investigating the effect of Montessori education on the creative thinking of working children in Tehran / تأثیر آموزش به روش مونتهسوری بر تفکر خلاق کودکان کار شهر تهران
Available from: www.esbam.ir
Publication: The Quarterly Journal of Approach to Philosophy in Schools and Organizations / ف همانلصرودرکی ف هفسلد رم و سرادس نامزاها, vol. 2, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Montessori education on the creative thinking of working children in Tehran. Method: This research is in the category of quasi-experimental intervention researches, pre-test, post-test with control group. The statistical population of this research was made up of working children in one of the charity centers supporting children in the 12th district of Tehran in 1402. The statistical sample includes 40 working children who were selected based on the available random method from the statistical population and were divided into 2 experimental and control groups of 20 people. The data collection tool in this research was Torrance Visual Creativity Test Form "B" and the Montessori educational program was used to teach children. In order to analyze the data, the covariance analysis method was used. Findings: The findings showed that Montessori education had an effect on the scales of fluidity (p≤0.01), flexibility (p≤0.01) and expansion (p≤0.01), but the effectiveness of the intervention was not observed. In order to analyze the data, the covariance analysis method was used. Conclusion: In order to increase the creativity of working children in Tehran, instead of using lecture methods and theoretical discussions, they should rely more on working with necessary and sufficient tools, facilities and equipment and provide the necessary opportunities for children to use them. / هدف: هدف این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر آموزش به روش مونتهسوری بر تفکر خلاق کودکان کار شهر تهران بود. روش کار: این پژوهش در طبقه پژوهشهای مداخلهای شبهآزمایشی و از نوع پیش آزمون، پس آزمون با گروه کنترل قرار دارد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کودکان کار در یکی از مراکز نیکوکاری حامی کودکان در منطقه 12 شهر تهران در سال 1402 تشکیل دادند. نمونه آماری شامل 40 کودک کار است که بر اساس روش تصادفی در دسترس از جامعه آماری انتخاب شده و به 2 گروه آزمایش و کنترل 20 نفری تقسیم شدند. ابزار گردآوری دادهها در این پژوهش آزمون سنجش خلاقیت تورنس تصویری فرم"ب" بود و جهت آموزش کودکان از برنامه آموزشی مونته سوری استفاده شده است. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل دادهها از روش تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد. نتایج: یافتهها نشان داد آموزش به روش مونتهسوری بر مقیاسهای سیالی (p≤0/01)، انعطافپذیری (p≤0/01) و بسط (p≤0/01) تأثیر داشته اما بر مولفه ابتکار اثربخشی مداخله مشاهده نشد. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل دادهها از روش تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد. نتیجه گیری: جهت افزایش خلاقیت کودکان کار شهر تهران به جای به کارگیری روشهای سخنرانی و بحثهای نظری، بیشتر متکی بر کارکردن با ابزارها، امکانات و وسایل لازم و کافی شوند و نیز فرصتهای لازم را برای استفاده از آنها را برای کودکان فراهم نمایند.
Determining and Comparing the Effect of Traditional and Montessori Methods on Perceptual Motor Activities of Elementary School Students
Available from: Journal of Motor and Behavioral Sciences (Iran)
Publication: Journal of Motor and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 3, no. 3
Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study is to determine and compare the effect of traditional and Montessori methods on perceptual motor activities of elementary school students. This research is applied in terms of purpose and semi-experimental in terms of implementation. Abad forms. The sample size in this study was selected using G-POWER software and the sample size was 36 people. It is necessary that three groups of 12 people are selected randomly from them. In this study, there are three groups of 12 people for research, one of which is the Montessori training program; In the second group, the traditional training program and the third group as a research control group, in which the two experimental groups performed the necessary training sessions for 8 weeks and 3 sessions per week. In both traditional and Montessori groups, the changes in pre-test and post-test are significant and this means that both Montessori and traditional methods have been able to improve students' balance. The results showed that the Montessori group had the greatest impact on fine motor skills. Also, the traditional training group was able to create a significant difference with the control group.
The Effect of Montessori Teaching Method on Self-Concept and Motivation in Elementary First- Grade Students of Tabriz
Available from: Journal of Instruction and Evaluation
Publication: Journal of Instruction and Evaluation / Amuzish va Arzishyabi, vol. 12, no. 45
Abstract/Notes: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of teaching Montessori Method on self–concept and motivation of elementary first-grade students in Tabriz. Information was collected on the basis of semi-experimental pretest-posttest research with control group. The population consists of all elementary first grade male students of Tabriz which were 665 schools in 2015-2016 school years. The sample includes 40 primary school pupils (20 in the experimental group and students 20 in the control group) who were selected by multistage cluster random sampling. To collect data, self-motivation Liu, Wang and Parkyn’s questionnaire was used to assess self-concept and motivation for preschool and elementary school age groups. The Montessori method teaching sessions (40 sessions) were conducted on the experimental group and the control group was exposed to traditional and traditional education. After holding Montessori classes sessions and analyzing data with Covariance method, results showed that teaching Montessori Method has been effective on self-concept and motivation of elementary school students. And this method has been able to boost self-image and increase motivation in male students.
ISSN: 2345-6299, 2476-5627
The Effect of Montessori Method on 4-5 years old Preschool Children's Creativity in Tabriz
Available from: Journal of Instruction and Evaluation
Publication: Journal of Instruction and Evaluation / Amuzish va Arzishyabi, vol. 7, no. 28
Abstract/Notes: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the Montessori Method of education on 4-5 years old preschool children's creativity in Tabriz. The data were gathered through a quasi – experimental research with pre-test, post-test, and control group, administering Torrance pictorial from B test. The statistical population of the study included all educational centers of 4-5 year old children, which comprised 500 preschools in the academic year 92-93. The research sample of the present study included 50 preschoolers (25 in the experimental group and 25 in the control group) who were selected randomly through cluster sampling. The Montessori Method of education was employed for three months. After that, the data was gathered and analyzed through Covariance method. The results indicated that the Montessori Method of education was effective on the 4-5 year old children's creativity. Regarding four dimensions of creativity, Montessori Method was effective in enhancing the dimensions of fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration in children.
ISSN: 2345-6299, 2476-5627
The Effectiveness of Montessori Method Education on Visual-Motor Abilities of Students with Nonverbal Learning Disorders
Available from: Rooyesh-e-Ravanshenasi Journal (RRJ)
Publication: Rooyesh-e-Ravanshenasi Journal, vol. 10, no. 10
Abstract/Notes: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of Montessori method education on the visual-motor abilities of students with nonverbal learning disorders. For the purpose of this study, 4 first grade male students with nonverbal learning disabilities who were studying at Nabi Akram primary school in Bonab, during the academic year of 2019-2020, were selected based on the bender visual - motor gestalt test. In this research, which is a single-subject design with multi-baselines (ABA), each participant was first carefully observed according to the criteria of nonverbal learning disability and their visual-motor cognitive abilities accurately measured and recorded. Then, during the intervention phase, each participant received the Montessori method education during the 10 sessions for 45 minutes separately. The performance of the participants is also observed in the follow-up sessions. Finally, the data was analyzed by analyzing the visual diagrams, percentage of all non-overlapping data (PAND), calculating the effect size index and recovery percentage. The results of the research showed that the Montessori method education increased the visual-motor abilities of all four participants. As a result, Montessori education can be used as part of empowerment programs for students with nonverbal learning disabilities.
Language: English, Persian