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A utilização do Método Montessori como ferramenta para contribuição do desenvolvimento socioemocional na primeira infância / The use of the Montessori Method as a tool to contribute to early childhood socio-emotional development
Available from: European Publications
Publication: Cuadernos de Educación y Desarrollo, vol. 15, no. 9
Abstract/Notes: When intrapersonal conflicts are observed in the resolution of everyday setbacks in most children who are experiencing early childhood (2 to 6 (two to six years)), there was a need to elaborate this research in order to find ways that can contribute to the processes of building socio-emotional knowledge. Therefore, we want to analyze whether and how the Montessori Method can contribute to this development of the subject when it needs to resolve conflicts. In view of this, the application of the Montessori method may be a methodology capable of helping to alleviate, or even to resolve, the problem. This method seeks to make children more independent as to the mastery of their emotional and social stability. The general objective of this article is to analyze the contribution of the Montessori Method to the independence of children, in the area of their socio-emotional aspects. The specific objectives are: to clarify what intrapersonal conflicts are and to exemplify situations; to understand the Montessori Method when it comes to autonomy and independence in childhood and to ratify the contribution of the method to socio-emotional development. The sequence of discussion sessions of the article deals with subjects that can clarify the aforementioned objectives, which are called: Intra-personal conflicts and example of situations; Montessori method - autonomy and independence of children and contribution of the Montessori method to socioemotional development in early childhood. The methodology used for this research is qualitative and bibliographic, since concepts and reflections that already exist on the theme will be analyzed. The expectation of the authors is that adults who read this article can promote actions and behaviors that contribute to the independence and autonomy of children, mainly in relation to the domain of emotional stability, so that children learn to deal with their intrapersonal conflicts in a natural, reflective, calm and direct way; demonstrating the possible contribution of the method in the maturation of this domain. / Ao serem observados conflitos intrapessoais na resolução de contratempos cotidianos em grande parte das crianças que estão vivenciando a primeira infância (2 a 6 (dois a seis anos)), houve a necessidade de elaborar esta pesquisa a fim de encontrar maneiras que possam contribuir para os processos de construção de conhecimentos socioemocionais. Portanto deseja-se analisar se, e como, o Método Montessori pode contribuir para este desenvolvimento do sujeito quando este necessita resolver conflitos. Em vista disso, a aplicação do Método Montessori pode ser uma metodologia capaz de contribuir para amenizar, ou até mesmo, para uma possível resolução da problemática. Este método procura tornar as crianças mais independentes quanto ao domínio de suas estabilidades emocionais e sociais. O objetivo geral deste artigo consiste em analisar a contribuição do Método Montessori para a independência das crianças, quanto ao domínio dos seus aspectos socioemocionais. Quanto aos objetivos específicos destaca-se: esclarecer o que são os conflitos intrapessoais e exemplificar situações; compreender o Método Montessori quando se trata de autonomia e independência na infância e ratificar a contribuição do método para o desenvolvimento socioemocional. A sequência de sessões de discussão do artigo trata de assuntos que possam esclarecer os objetivos supracitados, os quais são denominados: Conflitos intrapessoais e exemplo de situações; Método Montessori – autonomia e independência infantil e contribuição do Método Montessori para o desenvolvimento socioemocional na primeira infância. A metodologia utilizada para esta pesquisa é qualitativa e bibliográfica, pois serão analisados conceitos e reflexões que já existem a respeito do tema. A expectativa das autoras é que os adultos que lerem este artigo possam promover ações e condutas que contribuam para a independência e autonomia das crianças, principalmente, com relação ao domínio da estabilidade emocional, para que as crianças aprendam a lidar com seus conflitos intrapessoais de maneira natural, reflexiva, calma e direta; demonstrando a possível contribuição do método na maturação deste domínio.
Exploring New Approaches to Youth Sports Programs: Montessori Motor Development
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, vol. 94, no. 7
Abstract/Notes: Children are being introduced to organized sports programs at younger ages today. The first experience sets the stage for how they may view their physical competency and acceptance within a group. In these experiences, frequently, the coach is a well-intended parent who may not have any background in coaching or physical education training. Dr. Maria Montessori is widely known for her contributions to experiential learning for young children. Although Montessori addressed motor development through her pedagogical approach, it is rarely associated with physical education or sports. This article aims to provide some insight to educators, physical education teachers, coaches, and parents with an alternative approach to sport introduction through a Montessori theoretical lens which may allow children to develop a love for physical activity and/or future athletes.
Montessori Educational Thought and Its Implications for Family Education
Available from: Clausius Scientific Press
Publication: Applied & Educational Psychology, vol. 4, no. 8
Abstract/Notes: The aim of this paper is to study and analyze Montessori's educational ideas and their implications for family education. Through the study of representative works such as The Complete Montessori Book of Early Education, The Montessori Handbook of Sensitive Periods for Children, The Montessori Family Program, The Montessori Method of Early Education, The Secret of Childhood and The Absorbent Mind, we have come to the following conclusions. Firstly, Montessori's educational philosophy emphasizes the creation of a home environment that matches the child. This includes providing an orderly, quiet, warm and inspiring environment, and parents should be supporters and observers of children's development, respecting their individual interests and needs. Secondly, Montessori emphasized grasping the child's sensitive periods. She observed that children are more sensitive to certain experiences and skills at certain ages and learn best during this period. Finally, Montessori's educational ideas provide theoretical and practical implications for preschool education. She emphasizes the development of children's self-discipline, self-confidence, independent thinking and problem-solving skills. Encouraging children to actively participate in daily life activities, developing good social skills and emotional development, and providing appropriate learning experiences lay a solid foundation for children's preschool education. In summary, Montessori's educational ideas give important insights in the area of family education. Creating a family environment adapted to children, grasping sensitive periods, and developing various abilities are insights that provide theoretical and practical implications for preschool education.
Investigating the Effect of Cognitive Rehabilitation on the Memory Improvement of Patients With Alzheimer
Available from: University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences (Iran)
Publication: Iranian Rehabilitation Journal, vol. 21, no. 2
Date: Jun 2023
Abstract/Notes: Objectives: Alzheimer's is the most prevalent cognitive disturbance, with a high spread among the elderly. The current research aims to investigate the impact of cognitive rehabilitation on the memory improvement of Alzheimer's disease patients. | Methods: The current research used a semi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test designs. The statistical population in Baghdad in 2021 included 60 patients with Alzheimer's illness, all considered a statistical sample and separated into two experimental and control groups (30 people in each group). The patient's cognitive abilities were assessed prior to the intervention (pre-test), straightly after the intervention (post-test), and two months later (follow-up). The experimental group had twenty-eight 45-minute sessions of training based on the Montessori Method (two sessions per week). The data were analyzed in SPSS version 19 using the independent t-test and repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results have a P-value of less than 0.05. | Results: The findings of the independent t-test demonstrated that there is no significant differ between the scores of the both groups during the pre-test stage (P>0.05) but that this difference is significant during the post-test and follow-up stages (P<0.001). In addition, the findings of repeated measures ANOVA indicated a significant differ between the both groups' mean scores in post-test and follow-up (P<0.001). | Conclusion: Cognitive rehabilitation can help patients with memory disorders and positively affect their memory performance.
ISSN: 1735-3602, 1735-3610
Learning by Heart or with Heart: Brain Asymmetry Reflects Pedagogical Practices
Available from: MDPI
Publication: Brain Sciences, vol. 13, no. 9
Abstract/Notes: Brain hemispheres develop rather symmetrically, except in the case of pathology or intense training. As school experience is a form of training, the current study tested the influence of pedagogy on morphological development through the cortical thickness (CTh) asymmetry index (AI). First, we compared the CTh AI of 111 students aged 4 to 18 with 77 adults aged > 20. Second, we investigated the CTh AI of the students as a function of schooling background (Montessori or traditional). At the whole-brain level, CTh AI was not different between the adult and student groups, even when controlling for age. However, pedagogical experience was found to impact CTh AI in the temporal lobe, within the parahippocampal (PHC) region. The PHC region has a functional lateralization, with the right PHC region having a stronger involvement in spatiotemporal context encoding, while the left PHC region is involved in semantic encoding. We observed CTh asymmetry toward the left PHC region for participants enrolled in Montessori schools and toward the right for participants enrolled in traditional schools. As these participants were matched on age, intelligence, home-life and socioeconomic conditions, we interpret this effect found in memory-related brain regions to reflect differences in learning strategies. Pedagogy modulates how new concepts are encoded, with possible long-term effects on knowledge transfer.
The Urgent Need for an Early Years Workforce Strategy
Available from: MAG Online Library
Publication: Early Years Educator, vol. 24, no. 3
Date: Oct 2023
Abstract/Notes: Statistics published by the DfE in July show the proportion of staff working in the the early years sector with a relevant early years qualification has fallen since 2020. Dr Nathan Archer, director of the International Montessori Institute, outlines his thoughts on how the government could tackle the recruitment and retention crisis and the need for a workforce strategy.
ISSN: 1465-931X, 2052-4617
Socio-Educational Perspectives of Women Education and Educationalists
Publication: International Journal of Progressive Research in Engineering Management and Science (IJPREMS), vol. 3, no. 9
Date: Sep 2023
Abstract/Notes: Women play a key role in construction a nation and every country is being recognized for the power of womens empowerment. It is afundamental element for any nation. Promoting education among women helps them understand their individuality to refrain from any exploitation. There is a great need for womens education to bring the human civilization to the roots of advancement and to attain the progressive development of the society. Women have contributed significantly to the organization of education system in different countries at different time. With the help of the present study the researcher tries to discuss the current status of women education in India and outside India and also discuss the contribution of women in the field of education in India and outside India.
Associations Between Cultural Food Competence and Classroom Nutrition Practices in Montessori Teachers
Available from: ScienceDirect
Publication: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 123, no. 9, Supplement
Date: Sep 2023
Abstract/Notes: Learning Outcome: Upon completion, participants will be able to describe the relationship between Montessori teachers’ cultural food competence, teacher-parent communication and classroom nutrition practices. || Objective: Assess relationships between Montessori teachers’ cultural food competence, teacher-parent nutrition communication, perceived nutrition beliefs and classroom nutrition practices || Design: Pre-test data was obtained from participants enrolled in The T.E.A.C.H. Study, a nutrition program for Montessori teachers, using validated questionnaires to assess nutrition knowledge (NK), nutrition teaching self-efficacy (NTSE),teaching practices, teacher-parent communication (TPC), classroom food practices, & cultural food competence (CFC). ||Participants: Teachers (n=98) were recruited from Montessori schools across the US. Subjects were predominantly female (98%), White (84.7%), non-Hispanic (57.1%). || Statistical Analysis: Descriptives and correlations conducted using SPSS v.26 || Results: CFC was positively associated with TPC (r=.396, p<.001), NTSE (r=.233, p=.021), & providing nutrition education (r=.292, p=.004). However,few teachers "strongly agreed" that they provide nutrition education in their classrooms (14.3%), while the majority had low CFC (67.4%) and reported low amounts of TPC (77.8%). Furthermore, teachers had low NK (average score: 65%)which was positively correlated with NTSE (r=.478, p<.001) and low-fat/sugar food intake (r=.295, p=.003). NK was inversely associated with TPC (r=.270, p=.007), sugary drinks intake (r=-.249, p=.014), using food rewards (r=-.507, p<.001) & permitting unhealthy foods (r=-.356, p<.001). || Conclusion: Montessori teachers’ cultural food competence may impact teacher-parent communication and classroom practices. Teachers with higher cultural competence were more likely to discuss nutrition with parents and provide nutrition education; however, paradoxically nutrition knowledge was inversely associated with teacher-parent communication. With ethnic diversity increasing in schools, cultural nutrition programs would be beneficial to improve teachers’ classroom nutrition practices and parent communication.
Meningkatkan Kemampuan Mengenal Warna Dasar melalui Metode Montessori bagi Siswa Tunagrahita Sedang
Available from: Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai
Publication: Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai, vol. 7, no. 3
Date: Dec 2023
Abstract/Notes: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk membuktikan apakah pengenalan warna dasar atau warna primer pada siswa tunagrahita meningkat melalui metode Montessori di SLB Negeri 1 Padang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan menggunakan pendekatan desain ABA Single Subject Research (SSR) Analisis akan digunakan pada penelitian ini yaitu analisis visual grafik. Hasil baseline (A1) 25 %, 25%, 25%, dan 25%. Selanjutnya pengamatan saat kondisi intervensi dengan persentase 54,1%, 58,3%, 62,5%, 70,8%, 75%, 83.3%, 83.3%, dan 83,3%. Terakhir pengamatan yang dilakssiswaan pada kondisi baseline (A2) dengan perolehan persentase yaitu 83,3%, 91,6%, 91,6% dan 91,6%. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan kemampuan mengenal warna dasar melalui metode montessori bagi siswa tunagrahita Sedang Kelas I/C di SLB Negeri 1 Padang menjadi meningkat. [The purpose of this study was to prove whether the recognition of basic colors or primary colors in mentally retarded students increased through the Montessori method at SLB Negeri 1 Padang. This research is an experimental research using the ABA Single Subject Research (SSR) design approach. The analysis that will be used in this study is graphical visual analysis. Baseline results (A1) 25%, 25%, 25%, and 25%. Furthermore, observations during intervention conditions with percentages of 54.1%, 58.3%, 62.5%, 70.8%, 75%, 83.3%, 83.3%, and 83.3%. The last observation was carried out by students in baseline conditions (A2) with percentage gains of 83.3%, 91.6%, 91.6% and 91.6%. The results of this study indicate that the ability to recognize basic colors through the Montessori method for students with moderate mental retardation in Class I/C at SLB Negeri 1 Padang has increased]
Upotreba faktorske analize u ispitivanju poželjnosti alternativnih odgojnih koncepata [The use of factor analysis in examining the desirability of alternative educational concepts]
Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals
Publication: Pedagogijska istraživanja, vol. 2, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: Ovaj, u osnovi metodološki rad, bavi se demonstracijom upotrebe faktorske analize u ispitivanju poželjnosti alternativnih odgojnih koncepata kod studentske populacije Sveučilišta u Zagrebu. Istraživanje je provedeno na slučajnom, reprezentativnom i stratificiranom uzorku (N=360). Skala poželjnosti osnovnih pedagoških koncepata sastojala se od 29 čestica vezanih uz tradicionalni odgojni koncept i alternativne pedagoške koncepate: Waldorf, Montessori i Summerhill. Primjenom faktorske analize pod komponentnim modelom uz GK kriterij za zaustavljanje ekstrakcije faktora i uz provedbu purifikacije faktorske solucije dobivene su tri latentne dimenzije: 1. NEPRIHVAĆENOST SUMMERHILLSKOG KONCEPTA, 2. TRADICIONALNI ODGOJ i 3. ODGOJ UTEMELJEN NA SAMOSTALNOSTI, IGRI I ZADOVOLJSTVU SPOZNAJOM. Prva dva faktora karakterizira neprihvaćanje summerhillskog i tradicionalnog koncepta, dok je treći faktor kombinacija ideja dviju škola— waldorfske i Montessori. Nalazi ukazuju na prihvaćanje općih pedagoških načela, ali ne i predloženih načina realizacije. Ispitanici su također neskloni pedagoškom radikalizmu. Stoga zaključujemo da su poželjne one pedagoške koncepcije koje ispitanicima ostavljaju mogućnost vlastite intervencije u primarnu i sekundarnu socijalizaciju. Metodološka strana rada pokazala je da poštivanje i primjena osnovnih metodoloških pretpostavki uspješno uklanja „višak” varijabli iz interpretacije, što interpretaciju čini transparentnom, a konceptualne pretpostavke plauzibilnima. Stoga valja zaključiti da faktorska analiza nije sama po sebi primjerena podacima, već da ovisi o njihovoj strukturi pa ju u većoj ili manjoj mjeri moramo prilagoditi podacima.