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86 results

Article

Montessori Improved Cognitive Domains in Adults with Alzheimer's Disease

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Physical and Occupational Therapy In Geriatrics, vol. 20, no. 3-4

Pages: 19-33

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori materials were used in two adult day-care centers to slow cognitive decline in adults with Alzheimer's disease. Using a within-subject design, participants in one adult day care received three months of the Montessori materials, then standard intervention later. Participants were administered a battery of cognitive measures at baseline, three months, and six months. Favorable scores for the Montessori condition were significant with the subscales of the Ordinal Scale of Psychological Development-Modified (total, object permanence, means-ends), Dementia Rating Scale (total, attention, concept, memory), Parachek Geriatric Behavior Rating Scale (social behavior), and the Wechsler Memory Scale (digit forward). Montessori materials appeared instrumental in positively influencing basic cognitive abilities of attention, object permanence, and social behavior.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/J148v20n03_02

ISSN: 0270-3181

Article

Montessori Methods: Interventions for Adults with Alzheimer's Disease

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 8, no. 1

Pages: 10–12

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI), ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Effectiveness of Environment-Based Interventions for People with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias

Available from: American Journal of Occupational Therapy

Publication: AJOT: American Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol. 65, no. 5

Pages: 514-522

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori method of education, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: A systematic review of evidence for the efficacy of environment-based interventions on the affect, behavior, and performance of people with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias was conducted as part of the American Occupational Therapy Association’s Evidence-Based Literature Review Project. Thirty-three reports met inclusion criteria. Results suggest that ambient music, aromatherapy, and Snoezelen® are modestly effective in reducing agitation but do not consistently have long-term effects. Visually complex environments that give the illusion of barriers deter people from wandering to unsafe places but do not reduce the urge to wander. Evidence that bright light therapy can aid in regulating mood and the sleep–wake cycle and thus help people remain awake during the day is preliminary. Montessori-based programming can be useful in matching activities to the person’s remaining skills. Further research is needed to evaluate the long-term effect, contraindications, and best dosages of these interventions.

Language: English

DOI: 10.5014/ajot.2011.002600

ISSN: 0272-9490, 1943-7676

Article

Meng tai suo li xunlian gaishan a'er zi hai mo bing huanzhe yichang jinshi xingwei de xingdong yanjiu / 蒙台梭利训练改善阿尔兹海默病患者异常进食行为的行动研究 [An Action Research on Montessori Training to Improve Abnormal Eating Behavior of Patients with Alzheimer's Disease]

Publication: Journal of Nursing Science, vol. 36, no. 13

Pages: 95-98

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: 目的 探讨蒙台梭利训练改善阿尔兹海默病患者异常进食行为的有效性和可行性,建立阿尔兹海默病患者蒙台梭利训练的适宜模式.方法 选取68例阿尔兹海默病患者为研究对象,所有患者在常规治疗与护理基础上采用行动研究法予以蒙台梭利进食训练,首先明确问题,了解阿尔茨海默病患者进食存在的问题;再采用计划、行动、观察、反思为轴线的行动研究方法进行干预.比较患者干预前后营养状况及异常进食行为改善情况.结果 干预前后患者自主进食时间、实际进食比例、异常进食行为、营养评分比较,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.01).结论 基于行动研究法建立和完善阿尔兹海默病患者蒙台梭利进食训练模式,可改善阿尔兹海默病患者异常进食行为. [Objective To explore the effectiveness and feasibility of Montessori training in improving abnormal eating behavior in patients with Alzheimer's disease, and to establish an appropriate model of Montessori training for patients with Alzheimer's disease. Methods 68 patients with Alzheimer's disease were selected. As the research objects, all patients were given Montessori eating training by action research method on the basis of routine treatment and nursing. First, the problems were identified and the problems of eating in patients with Alzheimer's disease were understood; The action research method for the axis was used to intervene. The nutritional status and abnormal eating behavior improvement of the patients were compared before and after the intervention. Results The patients' voluntary eating time, actual eating ratio, abnormal eating behavior, and nutritional score were compared before and after the intervention, and the differences were statistically significant (all P <0.01). Conclusion The establishment and improvement of the Montessori eating training model for patients with Alzheimer's disease based on the action research method can improve the abnormal eating behavior of patients with Alzheimer's disease.]

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 1001-4152

Article

Montessori and Alzheimer's: A Partnership That Works

Available from: SAGE Journals

Publication: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, vol. 12, no. 3

Pages: 138-140

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori was a precursor of the human rights for children movement. From her work in medicine, psychiatry, hygiene, pedagogy, and anthropology she devised teaching methods that can be used at both ends of the age spectrum. Her philosophy is inherently respectful of the individual; her terminology sheds a positive and analytical perspective on Alzheimer behaviors. Montessori claimed that play was the child's work. For the Alzheimer patient, work has become play. When skills used in former roles are performed, however slowly and imperfectly the person with Alzheimer's is riveted and reassured Activities that merely resemble useful work increase concentration. Sweeping, washing, andkitchen tasks stirmuscle memory andsense ofworth. This paper will review Montessori principles andpractices and suggest many applications to cognitively-impaired elders. While some suggestions are more easily carried out when patients are getting daily care at home, others may be incorporated into adult day care and institutional programs.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1177/153331759701200307

ISSN: 1082-5207, 2162-9986

Article

Children and Contagious Diseases: Things Montessorians Should Know

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 3, no. 4

Pages: 29–30

⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Montessori Helps Alzheimer's Patients Relearn Lost Skills

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 34

Pages: 8

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Language: English

Article

Montessori Methods Yield Cognitive Gains in Alzheimer's Day Cares

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Activities, Adaptation and Aging, vol. 24, no. 3

Pages: 1-22

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: Alzheimer day-care clients received three months of Mon-tessori type activities and three months of routine activities, in a within-subjects design. The effects of the two conditions were compared using changes in clients' scores on 22 cognitive measures. From this, a measure of performance after the Montessori activities, compared to after routine activities (Montessori Benefit Score), was calculated for each subject and a distribution of subject scores was generated. Using a resampling statistic, the mean Montessori Benefit Score was compared to one obtained under a null hypothesis that no difference existed in performance between routine and Montessori conditions. The observed mean Montessori Benefit Score (m = 7.4) fell outside the 95% confidence interval for the means based on the null hypothesis, indicating that Montessori materials benefit the Alzheimer's clients in this study.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1300/J016v24n03_01

ISSN: 0192-4788

Article

Tambroni, La Ooforoterapia nelle Malattie Nervose e Mentali (recensione) [Tambroni, Oophorotherapy in Nervous and Mental Diseases (review)]

Publication: Rivista Quindicinale di Psicologia, Psichiatria, Neuropatologia: ad uso dei medici e dei giurusti, vol. 1, no. 4

Pages: 60-61

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: Italian

AudioRecording

Micro Temoin: Batey Merger; Peter Hesse sur la pedagogie Montessori

Available from: Digital Library of the Caribbean

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Abstract/Notes: (00:00:00) Repòtaj sou jan moun ap viv nan mizè nan Batèy Mèje, yon batèy ayisyen nan zòn Bon Repo. Moun k ap abite Mèje dekri grangou, maladi, lanmò timoun (ki konn mouri pou maladi lèzòm ak maladi Bondye), ak move trètman patwon konn fè yo sibi. Travayè yo pa touche regilyèman, epi pafwa grangou fè yo manje kann, menm si yo ka arete yo pou sa. Dapre moun yo, abitasyon sa a te pou yon blan meriken ki rele "Mr. Hill" men kounye a se pou HASCO li ye. Sa se premye fwa yon radyo vin entèvyouve moun Mèje, 1988-09-06 (00:20:09) J.J. Dominique entèvyouve Peter Hesse sou edikasyon Montessori nan peyi d Ayiti, 1988-09-15|(00:00:00) Report on the horrendous living conditions at Batèy Merger, a Haitian batèy near Bon Repos. Residents of Batèy Merger describe hunger, disease, the deaths of children from both "maladi lèzòm" and "maladi Bondye" (diseases sent by others and natural diseases), and mistreatment by employers. Workers are paid irregularly, and hunger sometimes forces them to eat sugar cane, for which they can be arrested. According to speakers, the plantation was owned by an American named "Mr. Hill" who then passed ownership to HASCO. This is the first time a radio station has ever come to interview them, 1988-09-06 (00:20:09) J.J. Dominique interviews Peter Hesse about Montessori education in Haiti, 1988-09-15

Language: English

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