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455 results

Article

Managing the Use of Resources in Multi-Grade Classrooms

Available from: African Journals Online

Publication: South African Journal of Education, vol. 39, no. 3

Africa, Classroom environment, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Nongraded schools, Prepared environment, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: This study examined how teachers in multi-grade classrooms manage and use available resources in their classrooms. The study focused on multi-grade classrooms in farm schools in the Free State province of South Africa that cover Grades 1 to 9. The concepts “multi-grade classrooms” and “resources” are explained below. The availability and utilisation of resources in multi-grade classrooms is discussed in some depth. A qualitative research design was used to collect data. Interviews were conducted with 9 teachers who worked in multi-grade classrooms. The data reveals that the availability of resources has improved somewhat in the multi-grade classrooms surveyed; however, textbooks specifically meant for multi-grade classrooms are still lacking. The data also points to several other trends. For example, most multi-grade schools in the sample have insufficient resources. Where available, the resources are either under-utilised or used improperly. Furthermore, it is usually the case that learners are required to share resources across various grades. Moreover, teachers often use their personal resources to get their work done, and in this regard, smartphones play an important part. Finally, the study also reveals that teachers do try to use various types of resources to cater for different learning styles.Keywords: activity centres; classroom organisation; Montessori educational theory; multi-grade classrooms; resource corners; resources

Language: English

DOI: 10.15700/saje.v39n3a1599

ISSN: 2076-3433

Article

The Natural World as Prepared Environment

Available from: ERIC

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 39, no. 1

Pages: 41-59

Child development, Conservation of natural resources, Early childhood education, Ecology, Montessori method of education, Natural resources, Prepared environment, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Louise Chawla's autobiographical beginning of this article shows the integration of her world-famous science of the environment and its relationship to early and middle childhood development as it finds its roots in Montessori education. Her academic training brought her to Edith Cobb's writing and unveiled the origins of kinship to the natural world in the developing young human. Her own exploration of nature and culture caused her to return to Montessori writings with a fresh understanding of the natural world as a prepared environment. Louise Chawla stresses that children must frequently encounter "the natural world with empathy and delight" and the prepared environment supports them as they become creative citizens of humanity. [This paper was prepared for the NAMTA Conference titled "Deschooling Montessori" January 25, 2002, in Scottsdale, AZ. Reprinted from "The NAMTA Journal" 27.3 (2002, Summer): 131-148 (see EJ661570).]

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Sensory Perception: Learning to Use Our Natural Resources

Publication: LM Courier

Pages: 3–4

⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

Article

The Growing Abundance of Natural Resources and the Wastefulness of Recycling

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 4, no. 3

Pages: 8–9

⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Performance of Montessori and Traditionally Schooled Nursery Children on Tasks of Seriation, Classification, and Conservation

Available from: ScienceDirect

Publication: Contemporary Educational Psychology, vol. 1, no. 4

Pages: 356-368

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Abstract/Notes: It was hypothesized that the Montessori curriculum accelerates the acquisition of a number of concrete operational skills. To test this, eighty 4-year-old children were given three Piagetian problems—seriation, classification, and conservation. Half of the subjects were from Montessori schools, and the other half were from more traditional nursery settings. Within each type of school, half of the children were first year and the other half were second year enrollees. Results showed that significantly more Montessori than traditional children seriated and classified objects like concrete thinkers but that there were no differences on the conservation problem. Year of enrollment did not influence performance on any of the tasks. It was concluded that the hypothesis was confirmed and that the failure to find acceleration of conservation performance was due to its advanced nature relative to the other problems and/or the tangential manner in which Montessori exercises deal with the critical concepts that underly it.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1016/0361-476X(76)90055-2

ISSN: 0361-476X

Article

Effects of Montessori's Cylinder Block Training on the Acquisition of Conservation

Available from: APA PsycNET

Publication: Developmental Psychology, vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 156

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Abstract/Notes: Assessed whether Montessori's "cylinder block training hinders or facilitates" the acquisition of conservation using 32 kindergarten children. Ss were trained with Montessori blocks, while controls worked with jigsaw puzzles. "From pre- to posttest, conservation scores" of the Ss "decreased (5.75 to 4.80) while those of the control group increased (5.75 to 7.08)." It was found that the difference between the posttest scores of the 2 groups was significant. It is concluded that cylinder block training does not facilitate conservation and may hinder it.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1037/h0028610

ISSN: 1939-0599, 0012-1649

Article

Bonding with the Natural World: The Roots of Environmental Awareness

Available from: ERIC

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 38, no. 1

Pages: 39-51

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: With delicate literary style and allusions, Louise Chawla combines her ecological research and Montessori background to portray the unfolding of childhood in natural places. Starting with "enchantment with the world" as the basis for nature education for the child under six, the article suggests that the "loose parts" in the landscape that children manipulate and use result in optimal creative involvement. The act of finding favorite places in all weather, combined with the companionship of an adult role model, leads to a lifelong appreciation, concern, and activism for the natural world. [Reprinted from "The NAMTA Journal" 28,1 (2003, Winter): 133-154. This paper was prepared for the NAMTA Conference titled "Montessori Education for Human Development: The Child and the Natural World," October 31-November 3, 2002 in Chicago, IL.]

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Place-Based Education and Citizen Science: Resources for Learning Beyond the Classroom

Available from: ERIC

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 43, no. 3

Pages: 4-22

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: This fully documented article about place-based education and citizen science offers annotated sources that can be used for Montessori programs at all levels and in all settings for site selection and curriculum connections. This compilation of resources can serve as a practical tool kit for organizing place-based learning in schools. The reader can enjoy this chapter by reading through from beginning to end or can simply go directly to the resources that are organized by type and topic.

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

The Natural World as Prepared Environment

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 27, no. 3

Pages: 131-148

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Weaves theoretical concepts of Maria Montessori and Edith Cobb to suggest that a moral, meaningful life is influenced by early contact with nature in which adults draw children's attention to its value. Suggests that nature is the prepared environment fostering cosmic harmony and asserts that educators should provide opportunities for early encounters with nature and learning about global needs around the use and distribution of natural resources. (KB)

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Of Natural Science, Women's History, and Montessori's Theory of Knowledge

Available from: ERIC

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 43, no. 3

Pages: 46-61

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Kathleen Allen's reverence for the stories of women naturalists spanning from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries, and their parallel scientific interest in the documentation of life cycles through art and narratives, gives support to the child in history and nature that is so central to Montessori formal research and discipline. The parade of nearly a dozen short bios, from Beatrix Potter to Rachel Carson, frames not only a fresh outlook on science but also brings a soft feminist philosophical outlook while highlighting Montessori's connections to the natural world.This chapter is based on a talk presented at the NAMTA conference titled "Montessori History: Searching for Evolutionary Scientific Truth" in Cleveland, Ohio, April 20--22, 2018.

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

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