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205 results

Article

AMS Peace Retreat Highlights Cultural Awareness

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 19, no. 2

Pages: 11

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Effect of Montessori Education on the Development of Phonological Awareness and Print Awareness

Available from: SCIndeks

Publication: Istraživanja u Pedagogiji / Research in Pedagogy, vol. 11, no. 1

Pages: 264-277

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori education program offers an alternative education opportunity for children, and it supports the development of children in early childhood period as well. In the study, it was aimed to examine the effect of Montessori education on the development of phonological awareness and print awareness, which are among the early childhood literacy skills. This study was conducted in a longitudinal research design. As the data were collected from the same participants, panel design was taken as the basis of the study. The study group was composed of a total of 50 children, 24 boys and 26 girls, in the" 4-6 age" group with normal development who received education in the Montessori class of a state nursery located in Sivas province of Turkey in the 2019-2020 academic year. As data collection tool, the "Scale for Evaluating Early Literacy Skills" (SEELS), which was developed by Karaman Benli (2013) and whose validity and reliability studies were carried out by the same author, was used. In the study, in order to examine whether there was a significant difference between the pretest and posttest scores in the phonological awareness and print awareness of children attending the Montessori Education program, dependent samples t-test was performed. In addition, in order to investigate whether there was a difference between the pretest and posttest scores regarding the participants' phonological awareness and print awareness in terms of gender, two-factor ANOVA test was employed. As a result of the study, it was determined that there was a difference in favor of posttest scores between the pretest and posttest mean scores of children with normal development in the "4-6" age group who were attending the Montessori Education program in terms of general phonological awareness, matching words starting with the same initial sounds, matching rhyming words, noticing the initial sounds of words, omitting sounds and syllables, connecting sounds, and general print awareness skills, and that this difference did not vary according to gender.

Language: English

DOI: 10.5937/IstrPed2101264B

ISSN: 2217-7337, 2406-2006

Article

Cultural Diversity: The Arts Help Raise Awareness about Working Children

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 2005, no. 1

Pages: 25–27

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Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Pädagogische Kulturtransfers Italien-Tessin (1894-1936) [Cultural Transfers Between Educational Systems: Italy-Ticino (1894-1936) / Transfer culturali tra sistemi educativi: Italia-Ticino (1894-1936) / Transferts culturels entre systèmes éducatifs: Italie-Tessin (1894-1936)]

Available from: Universität Bern

Publication: Schweizerische Zeitschrift fuer Bildungswissenschaften / Swiss Journal of Educational Research, vol. 40, no. 1

Pages: 49-66

Europe, Italy, Montessori method of education - History, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: In the period 1880-1940 the education system of italian-speaking Canton Ticino was seeing pedagogical transfers coming from Italy. In a first period, the peagogical élite although deied that these pedagocal ideas came from Italy, using the terminological (and ideological) construction of “Metodo intuitivo” (i.e. Pestalozzi and Girard as the only fathers of the method). After 1910 the pedagogical influence of italian New Education (Montessori, Lombardo-Radice) grew more because the general interest in Ticino for italian culture grew with the movement for Defence of Ticino’s italian identity. World war 1 and fascism brought the New Education fellows in Ticino into a deep dilemma: their pedagogical ideas and actions were accepted only if accompanied by a total distance from any official italian political position. This was very difficult and led at the end to a growing total distance from Italy, even if the pedagogical élite tried to avoid the complete end of any cultural contact with Italy. The end cames with Abyssinia war and World war II that led to a total isolation of Ticino from Italy.

Language: German

DOI: 10.24452/sjer.40.1.5052

ISSN: 2624-8492

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effect of a Culturally Diverse Art Curriculum on the Early Childhood Student’s Cultural Competency

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Art education, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: This action research project was completed to test the effects of a culturally diverse art program on early childhood students’ cultural competency. The setting was a Montessori early childhood classroom of 22 children. There were two Asian students, one African American student, and 19 Caucasian students. Data were collected using a student conference form, self-portrait rubric, and tally sheets - continent symbol matching, group discussions and art activities. A group presentation took place each week about an artist from one the six inhabited continents which included a biography and examples of their artwork. Following the presentation an art activity was placed on the art shelf. The results showed that the program had a positive impact on the students’ cultural competency. This program will continue to evolve by interweaving it with other cultural curricula in the classroom and spending more than one week with each artist and activity.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2022

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori en un contexto multicultural: ¿se pueden realizar buenas prácticas educativas en contextos vulnerables? [Montessori in multicultural context: Can best educational practices be carried out in vulnerable contexts?]

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 8, no. 1-2

Pages: 147-153

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Abstract/Notes: La educación multicultural ha estado en el punto de mira durante décadas desde finales del siglo pasado. El fenómeno de la inmigración y los asentamientos masivos en determinados puntos de nuestro país, obligaron a las autoridades a cubrir las necesidades de estos nuevos núcleos poblacionales. De este modo, surgieron nuevas escuelas que poco a poco iban transformándose en guetos de un alumnado inmigrante que desconocía tanto la cultura como la lengua del país de destino. Estos centros educativos, focos de controversia, se han convertido en un reto para sus docentes que, implicados/as en su labor, han ido transformando la realidad para conseguir mejorar la calidad. En este contexto, situamos la “buena práctica” en educación infantil, donde una profesora con un alumnado en riesgo ha hecho realidad su sueño de trasladar la metodología Montessori a su clase. / Multicultural Education has been in the spotlight for ages. During the last decades of last century, the phenomenon of immigration and the development of massive settlements of immigrant communities in certain parts of Spain led political and educational authorities to confront and help in assisting the needs of these growing social groups. In this way, new school communities emerged but they slowly became into ghettos of immigrant students who, in many occasions, did know little or nothing about the target language or culture of their new country. These schools may have been seen as spots of controversy and they have indeed been a challenge for their teachers, who have been able to improve the quality of education through their daily work. Considering this context, we place the concept of ‘good practice’ in young children education at the core of this article by making reference to the experience of a female teacher who has made true her dream of implementing Montessori Methodology in a risk group of Infant students.

Language: Spanish

ISSN: 2255-0666

Article

Awareness for Children's Songs of Young Children, Their Teacher's and Parents and Component Analysis of Their Favorite Children's Songs / 유아,교사,학부모의 동요에 대한 인지수준과 구성요소 분석

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 14, no. 2

Pages: 79-104

Asia, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Attention-deficit-disordered children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Montessori method of education, South Korea

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Abstract/Notes: In order to know general awareness for children's song among preschoolers, their teachers and parents the questionary paper survey was performed against 212 of kindergarteners, 63 of their teachers and 197 of their parents. At the sametime their favorite children's songs were collected among the prepared lists of children's songs and selected about 10 children's songs for each group, in order. Also, those selected children's songs were analyzed their musical elements, too. The under 4 year old and female children more favorited the singing children's songs everyday than the 5 year old and male. Thachers replied that they selected the proper children's songs in the basic of the topics of usual daily life and children's interests. Also, parents believed that children's songs is very important to develop their children's musicality. Finally, the favorite children's songs were analyzed as followings the major beat was 4/4, the major tonality was C major, the major form and leongth were 8-34 measures, and the major rhythm was the replicated, symcopated and nimbled one. / 본 연구에서는 유아·교사·학부모의 동요에 관한 인지수준과 선호하는 동요의 유형은 어떠한지 또한 유아들이 선호하는 동요의 음악적 구성요소는 어떠한지에 대해 알아보았다. 연구의 대상은 국·공·사립유치원의 유아 212명, 교사 63명 및 학부모 197명이다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 유아·교사·학부모의 동요에 관한 인지수준은 유아·교사·학부모 모두가 동요를 좋아하고 동요부르기가 음악성 발달에 매우 중요한 것으로 인식하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 유아·교사·학부모가 선호하는 동요의 유형은 유아는 동물 또는 가족과 관련된 창작동요를 교사는 동물과 식물에 관련된 창작동요제곡과 인터넷동요를 학부모는 식물과 사랑, 기본생활습관에 관련된 창작동요와 인터넷동요를 선호하였다. 결과적으로 유아·교사·학부모의 선호하는 동요는 크게 차이는 없지만 유아들이 선호하는 동요는 학부모의 선호도 보다는 교사가 선호하는 동요와 일치도가 높아 학부모보다는 교사의 영향을 더 받는 것으로 판단되었다. 셋째, 유아들이 선호하는 동요의 악곡의 특징은 노래 마지막 부분에 강세가 있거나 반복적인 리듬과 노랫말에 엄마, 아빠, 아기로 표현된 가족과 연관된 노래와 동물을 의인화한 노래 또는 동물의 의성어를 표현한 노래를 좋아하는 것으로 나타났다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Article

Development of a Peace Education Program by the Kindergarten Teacher Awareness for Peace Education in Korea

Available from: The Korean Society for Early Childhood Education

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood Education, vol. 9, no. 2

Pages: 39-69

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Abstract/Notes: This study examines the baseline data of peace educational ideas in the level of recognition and practice among Korean kindergarten teachers. Data was collected through a questionnaire survey. Subjects served for this study consisted of 265 kindergarten teachers including 93 Montessori teachers and 172 traditional kindergarten teachers among 42 kindergartens located in Seoul and Kyungki province area, a using random sampling method. Data was analyzed by IBM-PC computer, using a SPSS program. Statistical methods employed were frequency: of item, t-test, and ANOVA. The authors developed a peace education activity, and applying the kindergarten based on the data obtained from this study and Montes-sort four domains for a peace education to be reviewed. The results of this study were as follows: There was no significant difference in the awareness of peace education between Montessori teachers and traditional kindergarten teachers. The teachers who had much more teaching experiences showed the higher awareness for peace educational practice than younger teachers with the shorter teaching career. Even though Montessori and traditional kindergarten teachers had the high recognition for a peace education did not have the systemically peace education program. Authors developed 12 activities of peace education included self-awareness (3 activities), community awareness (3 activities), cultural awareness (3 activities), and global environmental awareness (3 activities). The peace educational program on the basis of research data and the Montessori had four domains. The standards of a peace educational program are decided and accomplished on the basis of these four categorical interactions and all practical data available for the real state of affairs in a specific cultural community and country. In conclusion, standards of peace education are subject to change as the actual circumstances of country and the world change and teacher practice patterns for the peace education evolve. These parameters of peace education should be considered in peace education programs only.

Language: English

ISSN: 1226-9557, 2733-9653

Master's Thesis

Mississippi River Program: A Mixed-Method Examination of the Effects of a Place-Based Curriculum on the Environmental Knowledge and Awareness of Montessori Adolescents

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

Comparative education, Mississippi River Program, Sustainability

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Abstract/Notes: The Mississippi River Program was an interdisciplinary environmental education curriculum implemented in La Crosse, Wisconsin. The program integrated theory and practice of experiential, environmental, adventure, and place-based education, and was designed, implemented and assessed by the researcher. Effects of the Mississippi River Program on the environmental knowledge and awareness of middle school adolescents were unknown at the onset of this study. This was a quasi-experimental design involving non-random sampling of a charter Montessori Middle School as the experimental group (n=17), and a sample of public middle school students as the comparison group (n=18). A mixed-methods approach entailed quantitative assessment of mean pretest and posttest scores on the Environmental Knowledge and Beliefs Questionnaire, and a qualitative analysis of reflective papers written by the Montessori group. The research instrument was drawn directly from the state standards for environmental education for middle school adolescents, published by the Wisconsin Department of Instruction (1998). Results of ANOVA indicated a significant improvement in mean scores from pretest to posttest for the experimental group, with no significant difference in scores for the comparison group (p=.0002). Quantitative results revealed that Item Six of the survey instrument contributed significantly to the increase in scores (p=.0000). This Item required knowledge of environmental agencies, which the experimental group gained during “Outdoor Careers Day.” Student reflective papers written about experiences during this event were qualitatively assessed using an emergent open coding method, which revealed five environmental learning themes. Qualitative findings reinforced the quantitative results, indicating that the program participants improved significantly in knowledge of environmental content areas; and awareness of a personal relationship with, and responsibility to, the environment. Further investigations are needed to increase the research base for programs that incorporate multiple outdoor education models. Innovative educational approaches would also benefit from research on the long term effects of participation in these programs.

Language: English

Published: Mankato, Minnesota, 2006

Article

Spreading Montessori Awareness

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 30, no. 4

Pages: 25

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

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