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Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)
Improving Montessori Teacher Effectiveness through a School-University Partnership
Available from: Wilmington University
Elementary education, Teacher education
Abstract/Notes: In an effort to improve the quality of education received by the nation’s children, research has been conducted to identify factors that contribute to student success. Research indicates that teacher training and credentials are related to higher student achievement. This paper explores the literature regarding teacher effectiveness and then compares practices of effective teachers with the training received by Montessori teachers. The results were used to identify a gap in the teacher-training program. This information was substantiated by data collected using an online survey. The survey also measured the percent of Delaware Montessori teachers who have their state teaching certification as well as their interest in a potential Montessori teacher education graduate program. With this information, a school-university graduate partnership was designed. The graduate program would result in educators becoming dual certified, both Montessori certified and state licensed and certified. This executive position paper advocates for the establishment of a school-university partnership between the Delaware Institute for Montessori Education (DIME) and the College of Education at Wilmington University for the purposes of creating a pathway to a graduate degree and dual certification for qualified Montessori educators.
Published: New Castle, Delaware, 2016
Doctoral Dissertations (Ed.D.)
The Impact of Montessori Practices
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: This mixed methods study examined the impact of School Y’s Montessori approach on their students’ academic achievement, perceptions of executive functioning skills, and the school’s culture. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of length of enrollment on academic achievement in a Montessori upper elementary and middle school classroom. Administrator, parent, student, and teacher perceptions of the impact of School Y’s Montessori approach on students’ executive functioning were examined. The stakeholders’ perceptions of School Y’s culture were also identified. There were three main findings of the study: 1) there was no statistically significant relationship between the number of years students have been enrolled and their academic scores on both the Stanford Achievement Test and the OLSAT, 2) executive functioning skills were attributed to student success, and 3) cultural practices included individual instruction, mastery, real-life learning, positive discipline, peace education, a strong sense of community, parent education and support, mindfulness in the classroom, and an emphasis on environment. Additional findings showed the NCE results of both the Stanford and the OLSAT were above grade level expectations across all grade levels and subjects. These results could be an indication that the Montessori approach used by School Y was preparing the students for success in the subjects assessed. The findings were inconclusive because there was no statistically significant relationship between the number of years students have been enrolled and their academic scores on both the Stanford Achievement Test and the OLSAT. However, their results were above grade level expectations across all grade levels and subjects.
Published: Nashville, Tennessee, 2017
Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)
Strategies to Support Classroom Integration Among New Elementary Montessori Students: Qualitative Case Study
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: Elementary students transferring from traditional education classrooms to a Montessori school lack executive function skills (EFS) and struggle with academic performance and disrupt classes. The specific problem is the lack of strategies and support from school administrators to address an overwhelming number of new elementary Montessori students needing EFS improvement. The purpose of this qualitative exploratory case study was to explore teachers' and school administrators' perceptions of strategies to support teachers regarding EFS development among new Montessori students in grades first through sixth in a single Southwestern Montessori school. The theoretical framework was primarily Vygotsky's social constructionism. The research question involved: What are teachers' and school administrators' perceptions regarding strategies used to support teachers in developing EFS among new Montessori students in grades first through sixth in a Southwestern Montessori school? The sample included four administrators, eight classroom teachers, and four student support teachers. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted, and 2 focus groups were employed: 1 for administrators, and a separate 1 for teachers/support personnel. Findings indicated the need for improved vetting of potential students during the admission process, additional classroom resources, and improvements to the parental education module. Future research is needed to explore the potential for an issue-based strategic planning model to foster collaboration between school administration and teachers.
Published: Phoenix, Arizona, 2023
Islamic Religious Education in Montessori Preschool
Available from: European Union Digital Library
International Graduate Conference in Islam and Interdisciplinary Studies (IGCIIS)
Abstract/Notes: This research is based on the importance of developing Islamic Montessori model for religious education learning in Montessori Preschool. The aim of this research is to analyze Islamic religious Education in Montessori Preschool. This article is a preliminary research and development study that orch
Published: Matarma, Lombok, Indonesia (Oct 19-20, 2022): EAI, May 26, 2023
Pages: 9 p.
Implementation of Early Childhood Learning with the Montessory Method in TK IT Cendikia Purwakarta
Available from: State Islamic University of Prof. K. H. Saifuddin Zuhri
Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood Community Learning, vol. 1, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: Montessori is a teacher's method in facilitating students to explore their abilities and environment. Children are given the freedom to recognize their respective potentials by practicing at will and promoting independence in learning. The purpose of this study was to determine the application of learning with the Montessori Method in TK IT Cendikia and to find out the things supporting and inhibiting the Montessori method. The research method uses descriptive qualitative data collection through interviews, observation and documentation. The results of the study indicate that the implementation of the Montessori method in TK IT Cendikia has been carried out properly starting from planning with the design of the Daily Program (RPPH), Weekly Program (RPPM), Semester Program (PROMES) and Annual Program (PROTA), implementation of learning using the Montesssori method. , and evaluation of learning. The implementation of the Montessori method in Cendikia IT Kindergarten shows a fairly good implementation which is marked by the development of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects of children
Psychology within Montessori pedagogy – theory and practice
Available from: dLibra
Publication: Pedagogika, vol. 27, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: In this paper titled Psychology within Montessori pedagogy – theory and practice the authors elaborate a current topic of access to upbringing and education, a theme that encompasses both psychology and pedagogy. Based on her experience as an assistant professor on the subject Educational anthropology and her experience as a pedagogue at a private preschool, which follows a Montessori approach, author Topic provides a theoretical approach to upbringing and education in the educational sector in the city of Mostar. Despite it being a review of a single city, the patterns and behaviors observed can be found in any other place or a city.By nurturing an individual approach to each child and taking into account their needs, children are encouraged to study by themselves, therefore allowing and supporting them to develop self confidence and self actualization. The example given is taken from a kindergarten provides an overview of practices which encourage the child towards healthy growth and development into a confident young people who will be able to form and make good choices in life.Through practical psychology, author Colak, provides us with an answer to the question why is all that important. Through her experiences in work with young people who suffer from consequences of, among other things, an inadequate approach to upbringing and education in their younger age.And to answer why this is important, psychology might have some cues. Author Čolak from her work experience with young people at Psychiatry Clinic in Mostar considers consequences that (according to literature, theory and practice) have some causes in upbringing approach at an earlier age and which behaviors were/are reinforced through evaluation systems and early messages from adults. Working with young people, author Čolak presents case study of female student with extremely low self-esteem and extremely high perfectionism in cognitive-behavioral therapy process. We discuss how and why those are so immensely pathologically connected. Some risk factors (following bio-psycho-social model of illness/wellness) are connected with psychological and social context. Thus, by educating parents and educators so we may have chance to improve mental health of children and later adults.As a conclusion, co-operation and multidisciplinary approach is suggested. Education, psychotherapy and prevention have much in common. Montessori approach is not the only one which deals with it, but in its foundations holds the bases to help us to react in time, both as a profession and as humans too. / W artykule niniejszym autorki odnoszą się do aktualnego problemu dostępu do wychowania i kształcenia, obejmującego zarówno psychologię, jak i pedagogikę. Opierając się na swoim doświadczeniu w zakresie antropologii edukacyjnej oraz jako pedagoga w prywatnym przedszkolu pracującym w oparciu o podejście M. Montessori, Kristina Topić zapewnia teoretyczne podejście do wychowania i edukacji w sektorze edukacyjnym w Mostarze (Bośnia i Hercegowina). Pomimo tego, że tekst dotyczy jednego miasta, zaobserwowane wzorce i zachowania można znaleźć w każdym innym miejscu. Pielęgnując indywidualne podejście do każdego dziecka i biorąc pod uwagę jego potrzeby, zachęca się je do samodzielnego uczenia się, umożliwiając i wspierając w rozwijaniu pewności siebie i samorealizacji. Podany przykład, pochodzący z przedszkola, zawiera przegląd praktyk, które zachęcają dziecko do prawidłowego rozwoju, aby stać się ludźmi, którzy będą w stanie tworzyć i dokonywać dobrych wyborów w życiu. Poprzez psychologię praktyczną, Iva Čolak, formułuje odpowiedź na pytanie, dlaczego wskazane wyżej praktyki są tak ważne. Poprzez swoje doświadczenia w pracy z młodymi ludźmi, którzy cierpią z powodu popełnianych błędów w wychowaniu i kształceniu. W celu odpowiedzi, dlaczego indywidualizacja podejścia, samodzielność w uczeniu się i wspieranie w rozwoju są ważne, psychologia może dostarczyć pewnych interpretacji. Iva Čolak z perspektywy swojego doświadczenia w pracy z młodzieżą w Klinice Psychiatrii w Mostarze rozważa konsekwencje, które (zgodnie z teorią i praktyką) mają pewne przyczyny w podejściu do wychowania młodych ludzi oraz w zachowaniach, które zostały (bądź są) wzmacniane poprzez systemy oceniania i wczesne informacje zwrotne od dorosłych. Pracując z młodzieżą, przedstawia ona case study studentki o skrajnie niskiej samoocenie i niezwykle wysokim perfekcjonizmie będących przedmiotem terapii poznawczo-behawioralnej. Omówione zostało, jak i dlaczego te zjawiska są powiązane. Niektóre czynniki ryzyka (zgodnie z biopsychospołecznym modelem choroby / dobrego samopoczucia) są powiązane z kontekstem psychologicznym i społecznym. W ten sposób, poprzez edukację rodziców i wychowawców, możemy mieć szansę na poprawę zdrowia psychicznego dzieci i dorosłych. Podsumowując, Autorki sugerują współpracę i interdyscyplinarne podejście. Edukacja, psychoterapia i profilaktyka mają ze sobą wiele wspólnego. Podejście Montessori nie jest jedynym, które zajmuje się relacjami między tymi pojęciami, ale w jego fundamentach znajdują się podstawy, które pomagają reagować na czas.
The relationship between spatial form of interior learning space and children behavior
Available from: AIP Conference Proceedings
Publication: AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2560, no. 1
Date: May 22, 2023
Pages: Article 020020
Abstract/Notes: Schools as a microsystem are a critical part of a child’s life at every stage of development. School building research demonstrates that attributes of the facility are linked to critical student outcomes (Maxwell, 2018a). Kindergarten space is one of the key interiors where children spend most of their time out of their homes. Children need a physical environment presenting rich opportunities where they can discover experiences, and stimulate their senses (Yalçın, 2017). This research is generated from the question for the interior design of the earning environment affects the children’s development. To be more precise, which elements affect children’s cognitive development. The theories that dealt with this idea clarified disconnected analysis which produces a knowledge gap. The problem statement of the research is represented by the lack of knowledge that is concerned with the effect of spatial forms in the learning environment on cognitive development. The study came up of researching the characteristics and role of spatial form, including identifying key factors from spatial forms and their visual perception, in creating the physical environment of classroom interior space in-depth to analyze its influence on childrchildren’stive development from 3 to 5 years ago. Document analysis has been applied as the main method of this study. from seven preschools (three Montessori preschools, one Reggio Emilia preschool, one Pikler preschool, and others (Audrey Migliani, 2020, 2021). The designs will be analyzed and summarized to analyze spatial forms which are selected by architects and designers in designing preschool spaces as well as their influences on children’s behavior. Finally, the result of this study could provide educators and designers with significant insight to design priorities of the physical classroom environment of early children space.
Nature-Based Education in the Light of Montessori Philosophy: Meaning, Principles and Practices
Available from: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies
Publication: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies, vol. 8, no. 1
Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Nature education
Abstract/Notes: The subject of the article is the role of nature in learning as an essential part of the Montessori Philosophy in early childhood education. This article highlights the use of nature-based activities within Montessori’s pedagogical perspective for including content about the natural world in early childhood settings. In this paper, it is aimed to increase the awareness of learning through nature on child development and to disseminate nature-based practices used in line with the Montessori approach in preschools. Firstly, the role of nature as an educational tool is described, followed by an understanding of nature pedagogy and its educational value according to Maria Montessori. Additionally, the article reviews the implementation of nature-based learning activities as an integral part of the educational work in Montessori schools. In this educational stream, nature-related work stands as the main methodical means for early childhood education and supporting the development of children. Nature in itself serves as a kind of special resonance and restorative effect that can help children understand the world and impart meaning to their lives. Subsequently, recommendations for nature-based practices that can be applied in preschools were presented in light of the Montessori philosophy. Article visualizations:
Eksistesialisme Menurut Maria Montessori Dalam Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Existentialism According to Maria Montessori in Early Childhood Education]
Available from: Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Purwokerto (Indonesia)
Publication: Jurnal Tumbuh Kembang Anak Usia Dini [Journal of Early Childhood Development], vol. 1, no. 1
Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Existentialism, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education
Abstract/Notes: Little humans have great potential, develop optimally by involving teachers, parents and children. Teachers and parents contribute to early childhood education (PAUD) services applying various lessons and curricula according to their basis. In this study, it examines the idea of existentialism according to Maria Montessori in Early Childhood Education. This study used a library research method which refers to the data sources on Montessori existentialism in early childhood education. Research is empirical and theoretical by examining theories on objects and phenomena that are the focus of research from rational expressions of ideas. The results of the study describe the thoughts of children that have an impact on the training of daily life skills, sensory training, and children's language development. then in the concept of PAUD existentialism according to Maria Montessori emphasizes learning and curriculum through children's experiences that naturally involve the roles of teachers, students, and parents. The impact of Montessori existentialist thinking is respect for the child, the mind that absorbs the child, and the environment that is ready. This has an impact on the substance of Montessori-based existentialism.
Achieving Inclusive Education in Early Childhood: From the Viewpoint of an Affinity Between Inclusive Education and Montessori Education
Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 49
Asia, East Asia, Inclusive education, Japan, Montessori method of education
Abstract/Notes: This is an article from Montessori Education, a Japanese language periodical published by the Japan Association Montessori.
An Examination of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy and Antibias-Antiracist Curriculm in a Montessori Setting
Available from: Lynn University - Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Abstract/Notes: The research consisted of a qualitative case study of three urban public Montessori schools with a population of 51% or more of students of color and a commitment of 2 years or more of CRP-ABAR within a Montessori setting. The theoretical framework used for the study was the critical race theory, which is the conceptual foundation for examining inequities in public education. This research dissertation had a focus on gaining an insight into the perceptions of administrators, teachers, and parents toward CRP-ABAR in Montessori schools by examining the practices in three public Montessori schools. The possible connections to student outcomes, such as behavioral referrals, suspension rates, and academic achievement for students of color were explored to determine if any connections exist between CRP-ABAR and outcomes for students of color within a public Montessori setting. Three major themes emerged of the perceptions of administrators, teachers, and parents about the impact of the CRP-ABAR in a Montessori setting. The CRP-ABAR could be delivered through a curriculum-oriented approach or a systemic-oriented approach and the CRP-ABAR connects to Montessori through peace-global education and the prepared teacher-environment. The CRP-ABAR practices impact students of color primarily through social emotional growth with limited academic outcomes. Even with an intentional focus and diversity training, many non-Black teachers’ perceptions of students of color included deficit theory thinking. Some parents believed racism is being dismantled through the curriculum and celebrations of diversity. Other parents identified some teachers-staff with underpinning instances of biases and insensitivity.
Published: Boca Raton, Florida, 2020
From Montessori to Culturally Relevant Schools Under the Trees in Kenya
Available from: Springer Link
Book Title: Common Characteristics and Unique Qualities in Preschool Programs: Global Perspectives in Early Childhood Education
Africa, Culturally responsive teaching, East Africa, Kenya, Sub-Saharan Africa
Abstract/Notes: Kenya distinguishes itself from other sub-Saharan African countries with its well-established system of early childhood development and education (ECDE). This chapter describes environmental, economic and social-cultural circumstances in Kenya and how these affect ECDE program design, curriculum and preschool activities. The author will provide a brief historical overview of early childhood educational contexts in Kenya and how preschool teachers meet minimum standards of a quality program using Guidelines for Early Childhood Development in Kenya (NACECE (National Center for Early Childhood Education). (2003). Guidelines for early childhood development in Kenya. Nairobi: Author.) with an African approach. Specific focus will be given to the diverse and contrasting program settings for early childhood care and education from the affluent city suburbs to the rural agrarian farms and the arid and semi arid (ASAL) areas of Kenya.
Published: Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Netherlands, 2013
ISBN: 978-94-007-4972-6 978-94-007-4971-9
Series: Educating the Young Child
Culturally Relevant Education and the Montessori Approach: Perspectives from Hawaiian Educators
Available from: ERIC
Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, Apr 8, 2006)
Americas, Culturally responsive teaching, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America, United States of America
Abstract/Notes: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, Apr 8, 2006). The purpose of this study was to investigate why some Hawaiian language and culture-based (HLCB) educators perceived the Montessori approach to be congruent with their goals and values and to determine the salient features of the Montessori approach used by HLCB teachers who received Montessori training. The sociocultural perspective on learning provided the theoretical foundations and grounded theory methodology guided the research process. Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 40 HLCB participants, including 15 key informants who had at least 180 hours of Montessori training. Data also included classroom and school visits and analyses of school documents. Data analysis revealed six themes and two linkages that related the themes and their elements. Four themes were related to why HLCB educators have perceived the Montessori approach to be congruent with their values and goals. These were (a) similar views regarding their work as a lifestyle, (b) common pedagogical practices, (c) shared values and beliefs as educators, and (d) an overlapping world-view. One theme described the distinctions between the approaches. The final theme included challenges to implementing and maintaining HLCB programs. The findings suggest that researchers and teacher educators interested in culturally congruent education should take into account the underlying world-view of both the research paradigm and the participants involved, and that school reform should be comprehensive, culturally congruent, and generated from within communities and other stakeholders. They also indicate that culturally congruent, place-based education may enhance academic self-efficacy and could serve as a bridge between seemingly disparate educational approaches.
Creating High-Quality Early Childhood Education in Rwanda: Teacher Dispositions, Child-Centred Play, and Culturally Relevant Materials
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Early Child Development and Care, vol. 190, no. 15
Africa, Culturally responsive teaching, East Africa, Rwanda, Sub-Saharan Africa
Abstract/Notes: Overcoming challenges to quality early education in developing nations, TEACH Rwanda, one high-performing education system, offers a model of childhood learning through sensitive teacher dispositions, child-centred play, and culturally relevant materials. This manuscript provides a unique window into the practices of a quality early childhood system in Rwanda and articulates how these high-quality approaches to early childhood education can be executed successfully in developing nations with limited resources. The guidelines for practice and illustrations from real classrooms are relevant for a range of educators around the world. One key to success is the programmes’ homegrown professional development approach featuring Rwandans teaching Rwandans, which builds capacity within the system. The professional development description encourages administrators and directors to establish such programmes which can successfully build capacity and sustainability within their schools.
ISSN: 0300-4430, 1476-8275
An Alternative to “No Excuses”: Considering Montessori as Culturally Responsive Pedagogy
Available from: National Center for Montessori in the Public Sector (NCMPS)
Publication: Journal of Negro Education
African American community, African Americans, Americas, Culturally responsive teaching, Montessori method of education, North America, United States of America
Abstract/Notes: [in press]
ISSN: 0022-2984, 2167-6437
Culturally Responsive Pedagogy: An Intersection with Montessori Education
Available from: National Association of Independent Schools
Publication: Independent Teacher: The eJournal for Independent School Educators, no. Spring
Od pedagogiki krytycznej ku postkrytycznej pedagogii (z metodą Montessori w tle) [From critical pedagogy to post-critical pedagogy (with the Montessori method in the background)]
Available from: University of Gdańsk
Publication: Ars Educandi, no. 9
Abstract/Notes: Autorzy artykułu orientują się wobec praktyk nauczycielskich w kontekście pedagogiki krytycznej, rozumienia uczniów oraz wspólnego kontruowania edukacji - także w kontekście problemów na tym polu, zmian społecznych i demaskacji. [The authors of the article focus on teaching practices in the context of critical pedagogy, student understanding and joint contradiction of education - also in the context of problems in this field, social changes and unmasking.]
ISSN: 2083-0947, 2657-6058
Pedagogika Montessori – ciągle aktualne wyzwanie dla współczesnej pedagogiki / Montessori Pedagogy as Still a Challenge for Contemporary Pedagogy
Available from: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski (Poland)
Publication: Edukacja – Technika – Informatyka, vol. 1, no. 23
Montessori method of education
Abstract/Notes: In accordance with the constructivist concept of didactics, the teacher’s duty is to support students in acquiring tools for understanding the world and building resources of their own knowledge and skills. On the other hand, the task of education is to help each individual in developing his ability to become a holistic human being, not just a tool for economics. The charge directed most often towards the Polish school is failure to perform this task, which is manifested by the poor preparation of young people to live and work, to the development challenges, but also the threats of the modern world. It is worth looking for solutions that will create opportunities for children and young people to develop according to their abilities. One of such solutions has the pedagogy of Maria Montessori emphasizing the importance of the child’s activity in the process of learning. The article compared briefly the hebratism with the trend of “new upbringing” to which Maria Montessori’s pedagogy is included, and further considerations have been referred to the modern knowledge of how the brain is taught. / W myśl konstruktywistycznej koncepcji dydaktyki powinnością nauczyciela jest wspieranie uczniów w zdobywaniu przez nich narzędzi poznania i rozumienia świata oraz budowaniu zasobów własnej wiedzy i umiejętności. Zadaniem edukacji jest natomiast pomoc każdej jednostce w rozwijaniu zdolności w stawaniu się całościowym bytem ludzkim, a nie jedynie narzędziem dla ekonomii. Zarzutem kierowanym najczęściej w kierunku polskiej szkoły jest niewywiązywanie się z tego zadania, co przejawia się słabym przygotowaniem młodych ludzi do życia i pracy, do wyzwań rozwojowych, ale i zagrożeń współczesnego świata. Warto poszukiwać takich rozwiązań, które stworzą dzieciom i młodzieży możliwość rozwoju na miarę ich możliwości. Jednym z takich rozwiązań dysponuje pedagogika Marii Montessori, podkreślając znaczenie aktywności dziecka w procesie jego uczenia się. W artykule krótko porównano hebratyzm z nurtem „nowego wychowania”, do którego zaliczana jest pedagogika Marii Montessori, a dalsze rozważania odniesione zostały do współczesnej wiedzy o tym, jak uczy się mózg.
ISSN: 2080-9069, 2450-9221
Montessoripedagogik: En pedagogik för världens alla barn [Montessori Pedagogy: A Pedagogy for all Children in the World]
Available from: DiVA Portal
Book Title: Boken om pedagogerna [The Book of Educators]
Abstract/Notes: Boken är en aktuell och mångfacetterad beskrivning av vårt pedagogiska arv och dagens skolverklighet. Viktiga frågor som rör utbildningens innehåll, form och mål har fått en särskilt framträdande plats. Kapitlet presenterar Montessoripedagogikens filosofiska idé och gör nedslag i den praktiska tillämpningen från förskola till grundskolans senare år. [The book is a current and multifaceted description of our pedagogical heritage and today's school reality. Important issues concerning the content, form and goals of the education have been given a particularly prominent place. The chapter presents the philosophical idea of Montessori pedagogy and reflects on the practical application from preschool to the later years of primary school.]
Published: Stockholm, Sweden: Liber, 2005
Pädagogik und Politik "vom Kinde aus" - Zum historichen Kontext der Pädagogik bei Freinet, Montessori und Steiner [Pedagogy and politics "from the child" - On the historical context of the pedagogy of Freinet, Montessori and Steiner]
Book Title: Montessori- , Freinet- , Waldorfpädagogik: Konzeption und aktuelle Praxis
Alternative education, Célestin Freinet - Biographic sources, Célestin Freinet - Philosophy, Educational change, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Rudolf Steiner - Biographic sources, Rudolf Steiner - Philosophy, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.
Published: Weinheim, Germany: Beltz, 2007
Edition: 5th ed.
ISBN: 978-3-407-25444-3 3-407-25444-X