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509 results

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Çocuklarda Merak Duygusunu Uyandırmada Montessori Öğretmenlerinin Kullandıkları Stratejiler / The Strategies of Montessori Teachers to Raise the Curiosity in Children

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi / Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Journal of Education Faculty, no. 25

Pages: 269-290

Asia, Creative thinking in children, Curiosity in children, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Teachers, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The aim of this research is to deeply investigate strategies for arousing curiosity in children in Montessori method acknowledged as a modern education approach. Based on this aim, study participants are composed of 10 female preschool teachers working in Montessori schools in Germany. Study data has been gathered according to qualitative research methods. In analysis of qualitative data, descriptive analysis method has been used. Data is obtained by the process that questions in semi-structured interview form developed by researcher have been asked to teachers. Open-ended questions have been posed to teachers in order to identify under which situations it is difficult/easy to arouse curiosity, which activities/topics are easy/difficult for arousing curiosity, and specific strategies for arousing curiosity in children. Study findings indicates that for arousing curiosity in children, Montessori teachers apply sensitive observation, prepared environment, free choice, special attention, attention polarisation-concentration and sensitive phases principles. / Bu araştırmanın amacı, dünyanın modern eğitim anlayışlarından biri olarak kabul edilen Montessori yaklaşımında çocuklarda merak duygusunu uyandırmak için uygulanan stratejilerin ayrıntılı olarak incelenmesidir. Bu amaç doğrultusunda araştırmanın çalışma grubunu, Almanya’da Montessori okullarında görev yapan toplam 10 bayan okul öncesi öğretmeni oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmaya ilişkin veriler nitel araştırma yöntemiyle toplanmıştır. Nitel verilerin analizinde betimsel analiz yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Araştırma verileri araştırmacılar tarafından hazırlanan yapılandırılmış görüşme formundaki soruların öğretmenlere sorulmasıyla elde edilmiştir. Araştırmaya katılan Montessori öğretmenlerine, en kolay/zor merak uyandırdıkları etkinlikler/konular ve çocukların merak duygularını uyandırmak için kullandıkları stratejileri belirlemeye yönelik açık uçlu sorular yöneltilmiştir. Araştırma sonuçları, Montessori öğretmenlerinin çocuklarda merak duygusunu uyandırmak için hassas gözlem, hazırlanmış çevre, özgür seçim, özel ilgi, dikkatin polarizasyonukonsantrsayon ve duyarlı evreler ilkelerini uyguladıklarını göstermektedir.

Language: Turkish

ISSN: 1302-8944

Article

Montessoribarn är de värsta barnen vi kan få hit [Montessori children are the worst children we can get here]

Publication: Montessori-tidningen (Svenska montessoriförbundet), no. 3

Pages: 26

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Language: Swedish

ISSN: 1103-8101

Article

Introverted Children, Extroverted Children

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 3, no. 4

Pages: 4

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

Awareness for Children's Songs of Young Children, Their Teacher's and Parents and Component Analysis of Their Favorite Children's Songs / 유아,교사,학부모의 동요에 대한 인지수준과 구성요소 분석

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 14, no. 2

Pages: 79-104

Asia, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Attention-deficit-disordered children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Montessori method of education, South Korea

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Abstract/Notes: In order to know general awareness for children's song among preschoolers, their teachers and parents the questionary paper survey was performed against 212 of kindergarteners, 63 of their teachers and 197 of their parents. At the sametime their favorite children's songs were collected among the prepared lists of children's songs and selected about 10 children's songs for each group, in order. Also, those selected children's songs were analyzed their musical elements, too. The under 4 year old and female children more favorited the singing children's songs everyday than the 5 year old and male. Thachers replied that they selected the proper children's songs in the basic of the topics of usual daily life and children's interests. Also, parents believed that children's songs is very important to develop their children's musicality. Finally, the favorite children's songs were analyzed as followings the major beat was 4/4, the major tonality was C major, the major form and leongth were 8-34 measures, and the major rhythm was the replicated, symcopated and nimbled one. / 본 연구에서는 유아·교사·학부모의 동요에 관한 인지수준과 선호하는 동요의 유형은 어떠한지 또한 유아들이 선호하는 동요의 음악적 구성요소는 어떠한지에 대해 알아보았다. 연구의 대상은 국·공·사립유치원의 유아 212명, 교사 63명 및 학부모 197명이다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 유아·교사·학부모의 동요에 관한 인지수준은 유아·교사·학부모 모두가 동요를 좋아하고 동요부르기가 음악성 발달에 매우 중요한 것으로 인식하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 유아·교사·학부모가 선호하는 동요의 유형은 유아는 동물 또는 가족과 관련된 창작동요를 교사는 동물과 식물에 관련된 창작동요제곡과 인터넷동요를 학부모는 식물과 사랑, 기본생활습관에 관련된 창작동요와 인터넷동요를 선호하였다. 결과적으로 유아·교사·학부모의 선호하는 동요는 크게 차이는 없지만 유아들이 선호하는 동요는 학부모의 선호도 보다는 교사가 선호하는 동요와 일치도가 높아 학부모보다는 교사의 영향을 더 받는 것으로 판단되었다. 셋째, 유아들이 선호하는 동요의 악곡의 특징은 노래 마지막 부분에 강세가 있거나 반복적인 리듬과 노랫말에 엄마, 아빠, 아기로 표현된 가족과 연관된 노래와 동물을 의인화한 노래 또는 동물의 의성어를 표현한 노래를 좋아하는 것으로 나타났다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Making Room for Children's Autonomy: Maria Montessori's Case for Seeing Children's Incapacity for Autonomy as an External Failing

Available from: Wiley Online Library

Publication: Journal of Philosophy of Education, vol. 50, no. 3

Pages: 332-350

Maria Montessori - Philosophy

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Abstract/Notes: This article draws on Martha Nussbaum's distinction between basic, internal, and external (or combined) capacities to better specify possible locations for children's ‘incapacity’ for autonomy. I then examine Maria Montessori's work on what she calls ‘normalization’, which involves a release of children's capacities for autonomy and self-governance made possible by being provided with the right kind of environment. Using Montessori, I argue that, in contrast to many ordinary and philosophical assumptions, children's incapacities for autonomy are best understood as consequences of an absence of external conditions necessary for children to exercise capacities they already have internally, rather than intrinsic limitations based on their stage of life. In a closing section, I show how Montessori proposes a model wherein both children and adults have autonomy, power, and responsibility, but over different spheres, and suggest implications of these differences for who has responsibility for establishing the conditions under which children can flourish.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1111/1467-9752.12134

ISSN: 1467-9752

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The 'Cosmic' Task of the Youngest Children – Direct, Anticipate or Respect? Experiences Working with Small Children

Available from: Stockholm University Press

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research and Education, vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 1–12

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Abstract/Notes: The article derived from Grazia Honegger Fresco’s years in close cooperation with Maria Montessori and Adele Costa Gnocchi. The author illustrates how small children from the moment they start using their hands and are standing unassisted on their own legs must act in their own way. The teacher must observe before acting and intervene as little as possible. Honegger Fresco follows the work of Montessori and Costa Gnocchi and she compares the findings with different fields of science, such as ethnology and neurology. As a result of her observations and experiences she points toward the relationship between a good childhood, and in the long term, human responsibility on Earth, using the concept “the Cosmic Task”. The method in this article is based on autoethnography, as the author shares her personal experience and reflections, both as a teacher and as an educator. The aim is to shed light on aspects regarding the needs of small children and to point at the essential role of adults, educators as well as parents. As Schiedi explains, autoethnography “extends its narrative horizon to a social, professional, organizational dimension of the self” (2016). During Honegger Fresco’s career, she was primarily inspired by Maria Montessori’s research about child development and children’s needs and rights, and she had continuously deepened her understanding by studying other researchers in this field. Thus, the article will share her conviction that by serving the creative spirit of the youngest children we will build a better future for our planet.

Language: English

DOI: 10.16993/jmre.10

ISSN: 2002-3375

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Children's Preference for Real Activities: Even Stronger in the Montessori Children's House

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 4, no. 2

Pages: 1-9

Americas, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: In the United States, children are often given the opportunity to engage in pretend activities; many believe this kind of play benefits children’s development. Recent research has shown, though, that when children ages 4 to 6 are given a choice to do the pretend or the real version of 9 different activities, they would prefer the real one. The reasons children gave for preferring real activities often concerned their appreciation of the functionality; when children did prefer pretend activities, their reasons often cited being afraid of, not allowed to, or unable to do the real activity. Given that children in Montessori classrooms have more experience performing real, functional activities, in this study we asked if this preference for real activities is even stronger among children in Montessori schools. We also asked children to explain their preferences. The data are from 116 3- to 6-year-old children (M = 59.63 months, SD = 12.08 months; 68 female): 62 not in Montessori schools and 54 in Montessori schools. Children explained their preferences for pretendand real versions of 9 different activities. Children in Montessori schools preferred real activities even more than did children in other preschools, but all children explained their choices in similar ways. The implications of these results are discussed with regard to play in preschool classrooms.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v4i2.7586

ISSN: 2378-3923

Article

Aktion Sonnenschein–Integrated Education of Healthy Children and Children with Multiple and Variable Disorders

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1981, no. 1/2

Pages: 29

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Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Article

Flotsam and Jetsam; Amsterdam - Children at Montessori Primary Schools Perform Better than Other Children in Traditional Schools

Available from: Digital Library of the Caribbean

Publication: Bonaire Reporter (Bonaire, Caribbean Netherlands)

Pages: 3

Caribbean

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Language: English

Article

Schoolchildren Help Schoolchildren [Gilbachstrasse Montessori School, Cologne, Germany]

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1983, no. 1

Pages: 25–29

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Abstract/Notes: Reprinted from Kolner Presse

Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

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