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530 results

Article

Educazione rivolta a tutti. Comenio, Itard, Séguin e Maria Montessori: il ruolo della pedagogia [Education aimed at all. Comenius, Itard, Séguin and Maria Montessori: the role of pedagogy]

Publication: Handicap e scuola, vol. 31, no. 9-10

Pages: 6-8

Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, Jean Marc Gaspard Itard - Biographic sources, Jean Marc Gaspard Itard - Philosophy, John Amos Comenius - Biographic sources, John Amos Comenius - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, People with disabilities, Édouard Séguin - Biographic sources, Édouard Séguin - Philosophy

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Language: Italian

Article

A Proposed Individualized Writing/Reading Program for Young Children, Based on Their Interest in Food and on the Pedagogical Principles Derived from the Work of Edward Seguin, Maria Montessori and Contemporary Developmental Theorists

Publication: American Montessori Society Bulletin, vol. 12, no. 2

Pages: 1-15

Literacy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Nancy McCormick Rambusch - Writings, Édouard Séguin - Biographic sources, Édouard Séguin - Philosophy

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Language: English

ISSN: 0277-9064

Doctoral Dissertation

Per un'educazione al pensiero complesso Metodo Montessori e Philosophy for Children: connessioni e sconfinamenti

Available from: AMS Dottorato - Institutional Theses Repository (University of Bologna Digital Library)

Comparative education, Montessori method of education, Philosophy for Children

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Abstract/Notes: La presente ricerca, di impianto teorico, si prefigge lo scopo di indagare - all’interno della cornice teorica del problematicismo pedagogico - le connessioni tra due proposte educative che concorrono alla promozione dell’esercizio del pensiero complesso già nell’infanzia: il Metodo elaborato da Maria Montessori e la Philosophy for Children sviluppata da Matthew Lipman. Attingendo alla bibliografia scientifica di riferimento, sia nazionale sia internazionale, e a partire dalle connessioni individuate, si arrischiano sconfinamenti in saperi altri: sostando in ambiti di ricerche, apparentemente lontani, vengono interrogate le teorie dell’apprendimento, i rapporti con le tecnologie, fino al confronto con le interessanti conferme che emergono dalle recenti ricerche neuroscientifiche. La scelta dell’oggetto della ricerca nasce da una riflessione relativa all’emergere di fenomeni di negazione dell’infanzia e dei suoi diritti; ra gli altri, il diritto al pensiero. Sembra necessario richiamare alla responsabilità di accompagnare l’infanzia sulle strade della complessità nella cittadinanza GLocale. In questa direzione, le proposte educative prese in esame sembrano offrire, a partire dall’infanzia, modalità diversificate e divergenti delle esperienze di conoscere, sentire, comunicare alle quali poter attingere come bambini e bambine e nelle successive età della vita. Con il presente lavoro di ricerca, che mi ha vista impegnata in diverse forme per tre ricchi e intensi anni, ho tentato di mettere al centro della riflessione l’esercizio del pensiero che emerge come imprescindibile responsabilità educativa a cui i dispositivi propri del Metodo Montessori e della Philosophy for Children possono contribuire a corrispondere. [The research undertaken for this doctoral thesis - within the theoretical framework of pedagogical problematicism - explores the connections between two educational proposals that contribute to the promotion of the exercise of complex thought already since childhood: the Method elaborated by Maria Montessori and the Philosophy for Children developed by Matthew Lipman. With reference to the scientific bibliography, both national and international, this work matches Learning Theories, Studies on New Technologies and Practices in Education, comparing it with the interesting discoveries that emerge from recent neuroscientific research. It seems necessary to recall the responsibility of accompanying childhood on the roads of complexity in GLocal citizenship and, so, to offer children the tools and times for developing the capacity to think critically, to reason around events, and to undertake constructive relations with the environment and with others. With the present research, which has engaged me in different forms for three richly intense years, I have tried to centre my analysis on the exercise of thought as an indispensable educational responsibility to which the devices of the Montessori Method and of the Philosophy for Children can contribute.]

Language: Italian

Published: Bologna, Italy, 2018

Article

“The Ayn Rand School for Tots”: John Dewey, Maria Montessori, and Objectivist Educational Philosophy during the Postwar Years

Available from: Historical Studies in Education (Canada)

Publication: Historical Studies in Education/Revue d'histoire de l'éducation, vol. 25, no. 1

John Dewey - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Objectivism (Philosophy) - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Progressive education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Objectivism, the libertarian philosophy established by Ayn Rand during the postwar years, has attracted a great deal of attention from philosophers, political scientists, economists, and English professors alike in recent years, but it hasn’t received much notice from historians with an interest in education. This article will address that problem by discussing how Rand and her followers established a philosophy of education during the 1960s and 1970s that was based, in part, on vilifying the so-called collectivist ideas of John Dewey and lionizing the so-called individualist ideas of Maria Montessori. Unfortunately, the narrative that emerged during this time seriously misrepresented the ideas of both Dewey and Montessori, resulting in a somewhat distorted view of both educators.

Language: English

DOI: 10.32316/hse/rhe.v25i1.4285

ISSN: 0843-5057, 1911-9674

Article

L’educazione degli “ineducabili”: i contributi di Jean Itard, Édouard Séguin e Maria Montessori

Available from: MeTis Journal

Publication: MeTis. Mondi educativi. Temi, indagini, sugestioni, vol. IV, no. 2

Pages: [unpaged]

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Abstract/Notes: In questo scritto si propone un breve excursus storico sullo sviluppo dei metodi e dei materiali educativi per i soggetti con deficit intellettivo, rintracciando alcuni nuclei teorici ed operativi elaborati da tre studiosi: Jean Itard, Édouard Séguin e Maria Montessori, ancora attualmente forieri di arricchenti riflessioni. A partire dall’influenza delle teorie di John Locke e dell’Abbé de Condillac nell’opera pionieristica di Jean Itard, si evidenzia il contributo offerto da Édouard Séguin con la sistematizzazione di un metodo centrato sullo studio individuale del bambino e sull’analisi dei fenomeni fisiologici e psichici nei processi educativi, per poi completare la dissertazione con la significativa rielaborazione critica compiuta da Maria Montessori in relazione in particolare agli aspetti legati all’apprendimento della scrittura e della lettura. A corredo illustrativo dello scritto, si presentano in appendice alcuni dei materiali di sviluppo ideati dai tre studiosi. / In this paper we offer a brief historical overview of the development of methods and educational materials for subjects with intellectual deficit, retracing some theoretical and operational nuclei processed by three researchers: Jean Itard, Édouard Séguin and Maria Montessori, still currently harbingers of enriching reflections. Starting with the influence of the theories of John Locke and de Condillac on the pioneering work of Jean Itard, we highlight Edouard Seguin's contribution whose systematization of a method centered on the study of the individual child and on the analysis of physiological and psychical phenomena in educational processes. Finally, we complete the dissertation with the significant critical reworking by Maria Montessori particularly in relation to the learning of writing and reading. An illustrative appendix shows the most representative learning objects devised by the three researchers.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.12897/01.00043

ISSN: 2240-9580

Article

Seguin's Principles of Education as Related to the Montessori Method

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: Journal of Education (Boston), vol. 77, no. 20

Pages: 538-541, 550-551

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Édouard Séguin - Biographic sources, Édouard Séguin - Philosophy

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1177/002205741307702003

ISSN: 0022-0574

Article

Itard and Seguin: Forerunners of Montessori

Publication: American Montessori Society Bulletin, vol. 18, no. 4

Pages: 1-14

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Jean Marc Gaspard Itard - Philosophy, Édouard Séguin - Philosophy

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Language: English

ISSN: 0277-9064

Article

The Montessori Philosophy is a Good Foundation to Education of New Generation

Available from: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

Publication: ILIRIA International Review, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 227-238

⚠️ Invalid DOI

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of the paper is to present the philosophy of reform of education in Albania during the post-communist transition. Reforming education is a priority, but has been neglected by governments over the last 25 years. Over the last five years, the new curriculum and the new textbook system are being implemented according to the European standards. The core of reform is "have human beings learnt" (E. Ultarur, 2012). The constructivist philosophy of learning is a sure foundation that guarantees the new quality of the educational process. The Montessori's philosophy guarantees high quality and safety for the future because: First, this philosophy serves as a theoretical basis and serves as a method. Montessori has discovered the stages of natural development of the thinking human beings from childhood to adolescence, basing on scientific evidence, from childhood to adolescence. Secondly, Montessori’s constructivism moved the knowledge from the product into the process. Montessori illuminates the way of building human values during educational teaching process at school and in the community by the falling down of the classic wall that separates school from the community (public). Our research is based on the study of curricular experiences and on data from consultations with students, parents and specialists. The search method is holistic. By the holistic education the children need not only to develop academically, but to develop the ability as well in order to survive in the real world. The real world in our era is in front of the virtual world. In this contexts, we must teach children to learn not what?, but how? (How does it work/learn?). The teacher must learn his/her students how they construct the values by their immediate relationships with their friends and family as well as social development, health, and intellectual development.

Language: English

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v8i2.447

ISSN: 2365-8592, 2192-7081

Article

On Ki Hadjar Dewantara’s Philosophy of Education

Available from: Universitetsbiblioteket OsloMet

Publication: Nordic Journal of Comparative and International Education (NJCIE), vol. 5, no. 2

Pages: 65-78

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hadjar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: This comparative education article explores the purpose of education in the Indonesian context. My aim is to see if there are any differences between the purpose of education during the colonial era and present-day Indonesia. In order to do that, I draw mostly on the philosophy of Ki Hadjar Dewantara, who is regarded as the father of Indonesian education. This article is particularly relevant because the Indonesian government has recently started to critically re-examine two of the educational concepts proposed by Dewantara, which are "pendidikan karakter" (character education) and "merdeka belajar" (independent learning). In conceptualising education, Dewantara, who was influenced by Tagore, Montessori, and Fröbel, saw the importance of imparting local wisdom and values ignored by the colonial schools. Therefore, in this article, I will compare his educational views with the Dutch view of schooling during the colonial era. I will then look at Indonesia's current approach to education to find the similarities and differences of purpose relative to Dewantara's views of education. In this article, I argue that Dewantara's philosophy is still very much relevant today. I conclude that the Indonesian government should refer back to its history when defining education for its next generation.

Language: English

DOI: 10.7577/njcie.4156

ISSN: 2535-4051

Article

Maria Montessori’s Philosophy of Experimental Psychology

Available from: The University of Chicago Press Journals

Publication: HOPOS: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science, vol. 5, no. 2

Pages: 240-268

Maria Montessori - Philosophy

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Abstract/Notes: Through philosophical analysis of Montessori’s critiques of psychology, I aim to show the enduring relevance of those critiques. Maria Montessori sees experimental psychology as fundamental to philosophy and pedagogy, but she objects to the experimental psychology of her day in four ways: as disconnected from practice, as myopic, as based excessively on methods from physical sciences, and—most fundamentally—as offering detailed examinations of human beings (particularly children) under abnormal conditions. In place of these prevailing norms, Montessori suggests a model of the teacher-scientist in a specially prepared environment, who can engage in sustained and impassioned observation of “normalized” children. Drawing from a variety of texts and recently published lectures, this article lays out Montessori’s philosophy of experimental psychology and briefly discusses its relevance today.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1086/682395

ISSN: 2152-5188

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