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Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)

The Role of Educational Evaluation in Three Selected Montessori Elementary Classrooms

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: This study was designed to explore the role of educational evaluation in three selected Montessori elementary classrooms; to characterize educational evaluation in these three classrooms in terms of an educational philosophical orientation and an evaluation model; and to analyze critically and interpret the observed role of educational evaluation within the framework of Montessori philosophy and methods. Three classrooms (two kindergarten-first and one second-third grade class) from two Montessori schools in the Newark-Wilmington, Delaware area comprised the sample of the study. Following a pilot study, arrangements were made to interview parents, teachers, and students. Other sources of data included 60 hours of classroom observation and three questionnaires that focused on educational philosophy and evaluation. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in the classrooms, but the emphasis was on the former approaches, such as observation and questioning. Problem-solving techniques were used, especially with regard to social conflicts. The instructional programs and evaluation primarily were individualized. The observed evaluative practices were consistent with Montessori philosophy and represented a logical outgrowth of the Montessori method. Evaluation was carried out in a positive, supportive way that focused on the individuals; however, the well-being of the class was also important. The observed evaluative practices observed were indicative of a liberal philosophical orientation. Reasons for this assessment include the emphasis on problem-solving, the importance of the individual and of the group as a social collective, the use of non-testing evaluation practices, the individualized nature of the evaluation activities, and the guiding/collaborative nature of the teacher's role. Quantitative methods were used, but served to confirm observations gathered by less formal means. For both teachers and children, the approach to evaluation was an individualized one. An aspect common to both teachers and children was the understanding and appreciation of others as individuals. Teachers sought information on which they could make decisions regarding individuals and the class as a social unit. Students were encouraged to become independent by learning how to evaluate their own work, to become their own best critics.

Language: English

Published: Newark, Delaware, 1989

Book Section

Evaluation - auch ein Thema für die Montessori-Pädagogik? [Evaluation - also an issue for the Montessori education?]

Book Title: Das Lernen in die eigene Hand nehmen: Mut zur Freiheit in der Montessori-Pädagogik [Taking learning into your own hands: Courage for freedom in Montessori pedagogy]

Pages: 48-59

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Language: German

Published: Münster, Germany: LIT, 2008

ISBN: 978-3-8258-0850-1

Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 19

Book Section

Altersgemischte Grundschule Evaluation einer Schulentwicklungsmaßnahme [Mixed-age primary school evaluation of a school development measure]

Book Title: Untersuchungen und Ansätze zur Weiterentwicklung der Montessori-Pädagogik in Österreich [Investigations and approaches for the further development of Montessori pedagogy in Austria]

Pages: 175-199

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Language: German

Published: Innsbruck, Germany: Studien Verlag, 2009

Edition: 1st ed.

ISBN: 978-3-7065-4721-5 3-7065-4721-X

Series: Initiative neues Lernen

Master Thesis

Evaluation of the Early Childhood Education Curriculum Developed in 2013 According to Analytical Curriculum Evaluation Model

Available from: Middle East Technical University

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Abstract/Notes: The study aims to evaluate the early childhood education curriculum developed in 2013 using Demirel’s analytical curriculum evaluation model through preschool teachers’ views. The mixed research method was utilized in this study. The participants of the study consist of preschool teachers working in independent public pre-school affiliated with the Ministry of National Education Ankara/ Turkey. The quantitative data consisted of 203 preschool teachers’ responses selected from all districts of Ankara using a stratified sampling method, while the qualitative data consisted of 10 preschool teachers’ responses who volunteered to participate interview. The data of the study were collected through a questionnaire and semi-structured interview form. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics while qualitative data were analyzed through content analysis. After analyzing the quantitative and qualitative data separately, they were reported in the results section in line with the research questions. The findings of this study revealed that preschool teachers have both positive and negative views about the early childhood education curriculum. As a result of the study, preschool teachers expressed positive views regarding the clarity, comprehensibility, and flexibility of the 2013 early childhood education curriculum they applied, while negative views arose about the existence of a single curriculum for different age groups, lack of resources, limited applicability for all environment, and inadequacy addressing 21st-century skills and new education trends in today's conditions. Additionally, views have been expressed advocating for a longer duration of early childhood education for 5-year-old children.

Language: English

Published: Ankara, Turkey, 2023

Book

Evaluation of Educational Outcomes: Noncognitive Domains

Conference proceedings

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Abstract/Notes: Proceeding of a national conference on the evaluation of Montessori and open classrooms.

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: American Montessori Society, 1977

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Socio-Educational Perspectives of Women Education and Educationalists

Available from: International Journal of Progressive Research in Engineering Management and Science (IJPREMS)

Publication: International Journal of Progressive Research in Engineering Management and Science (IJPREMS), vol. 3, no. 9

Pages: 17-19

Education - History, Education - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Women educators

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Abstract/Notes: Women play a key role in construction a nation and every country is being recognized for the power of womens empowerment. It is afundamental element for any nation. Promoting education among women helps them understand their individuality to refrain from any exploitation. There is a great need for womens education to bring the human civilization to the roots of advancement and to attain the progressive development of the society. Women have contributed significantly to the organization of education system in different countries at different time. With the help of the present study the researcher tries to discuss the current status of women education in India and outside India and also discuss the contribution of women in the field of education in India and outside India.

Language: English

ISSN: 2583-1062

Article

A Theosophical Paradigm in Montessori Educational Thought: A Point of Contact with Steiner Educational Thought / モンテッソーリ教育思想にみる神智学的パラダイム--シュタイナー教育思想との接点 / A Theosophical Paradigm in Montessori Educational Thought: A Point of Contact with Steiner Educational Thought

Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 39

Pages: 50-68

Montessori method of education, Theosophy, Waldorf method of education

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Abstract/Notes: This is an article from Montessori Education, a Japanese language periodical published by the Japan Association Montessori.

Language: Japanese

ISSN: 0913-4220

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

A Study Educational Philosophy of Maria Montessori and Its Relevance in Present Educational Scenario

Available from: Sabhavna Research Journal

Publication: Sadbhavna: Research Journal of Human Development, vol. 10, no. 2

Pages: 100-107

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori system its impact can easily be seen in the field of pre-primary education in the European countries, U.S.A., India, China, Japan, African countries, Latin American countries and all through the world, This system has encouraged lovers of education to discover new methods of teaching young children. This system emphasized the necessity of study of children in order to educate them properly. As a result, education became child-centered. The construction of curriculum became oriented to the actual needs of life. It was considered necessary to provide a good environment in the school. The aims of education became oriented to individual development of each child. Hence emphasis was laid on the development of personality of each child. Proper training of teachers was considered necessary.

Language: English

ISSN: 2277-7377

Article

Psychological Evaluations, What does it all mean?

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 23, no. 1

Pages: 26–27

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Abstract/Notes: includes one figure

Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

Standards in Our Schools [Includes evaluation forms]

Publication: Montessori Quarterly, vol. 15, no. Supplement

Pages: 27–34

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Abstract/Notes: Extracts from lecture, April 21, 1979, "The Standards Set by AMI for Schools in the USA."

Language: English

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