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Article

Da Ellen Key a Maria Montessori: La Progettazione di Nuovi Spazi Educativi per l’Infanzia [From Ellen Key to Maria Montessori: Planning New Educational Spaces for Childhood]

Available from: Università di Bologna

Publication: Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica / Journal of Theories and Research in Education, vol. 5, no. 1

Ellen Key - Biographic sources, Ellen Key - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: In questa prima fase della ricerca - ancora in itinere - si compie un’analisi storico-pedagogica del rapporto infanzia/famiglie/istituzioni. L’indagine si focalizza sulle trasformazioni dei modelli familiari, visti nella loro interdipendenza con l’elaborazione di nuove pratiche educative. Al riguardo, l’avvento del’900 si profila come un passaggio importante, che trova un suo esito nel volume di Ellen Key, Il secolo dei fanciulli. Proprio in quest’opera, la scrittrice svedese elabora una nuova idea di “maternità” e di “paternità” che pone al centro i bisogni e le esigenze infantili. La sua prospettiva diventa oggetto di dibattito, agli inizi del secolo scorso, sia in campo pedagogico, sia in campo femminista, soprattutto in merito al dilemma per la donna di coniugare insieme sfera pubblica e sfera privata, maternità e autonomia individuale. Secondo l’ipotesi qui evidenziata è in particolare Maria Montessori a raccogliere la sfida di Ellen Key, con il suo esperimento pedagogico della “Casa dei bambini”, in cui lo spazio domestico, “privato” si trasforma in uno spazio scolastico, “pubblico”, a misura di “bambino” (valenza estetica degli ambienti, cura delle relazioni umane, ecc.). [In the first phase of research it conducts an historical and pedagogical analysis on the relationship between childhoods, families and institutions, identifying family-models changes and their interdependence with the elaboration of new educative practices. At the beginning of twentieth century, Ellen Key wrote the famous book The century of children. Following the introduction of Modernity age, the author defined a new idea of “motherhood” and “fatherhood” which focused on childish subjects’ needs and requirements. Her prospective became item of debate both in pedagogic and in feminist fields, especially in regard to women’s dilemma on how to combine public and private life, motherhood and individual autonomy. In particular, Maria Montessori took up the Ellen Key challenge, in fact she made the pedagogical experiment of Children’s House, where domestic space became institutional space (settings’ aesthetic quality, human relationships’ care).]

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.6092/issn.1970-2221/1767

ISSN: 1970-2221

Doctoral Dissertation

American Writings on Maria Montessori: An Inquiry into Changes in the Reception and Interpretations Given to Writings on Maria Montessori and Montessori Educational Ideas 1910-1915 and 1958-1970

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this dissertation will be to survey and analyze American writings on Maria Montessori and her educational system, in order to show how the idea of Montessori education has interacted with some changing American ideas and social forces. These changes in social and intellectual currents can be likened to a shift from centrifugal to centripetal force; or to the expansion and then the contraction of a universe. The central metaphor is the same. It is applicable to, and illustrative of, much about the changing social and educational scene in America. The writings on Montessori, examined against this framework, should provide a new view on certain changes in American educational thinking.

Language: English

Published: Kent, Ohio, 1973

Doctoral Thesis

Ellen Key e la rete delle scuole nuove in Europa (1899-1914)

Available from: AMS Dottorato - Institutional Theses Repository (University of Bologna Digital Library)

Ellen Key - Biographic sources, Ellen Key - Philosophy, Europe, New Education Movement

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Abstract/Notes: La ricerca parte dall’intento di indagare le relazioni che intrattenne Ellen Key con i fondatori delle scuole nuove in Europa a cavallo del Novecento e il contributo che lei offrì alla loro disseminazione. All’inizio del Novecento Ellen Key era al centro del dibattito pedagogico e femminista, non solo in Svezia ma in tutta l’Europa Centrale e anche in Italia, dove compì lunghi soggiorni (1900-1901 e 1906-1908). La pedagoga svedese fu un’intellettuale che sostenne strenuamente la libertà di espressione e di stampa, fu promotrice di una Carta dei diritti dei bambini e fautrice di politiche sociali per la protezione della maternità e della relazione madre-bambino. Al volgere del Ventesimo secolo si verificò l’emergere di una serie di esperimenti pedagogici innovativi che presero le mosse dalla Abbotsholme school fondata da Cecil Reddie, nel 1889, e si diffusero in Francia con la fondazione della Ecole des Roches da parte di Edmond Demolins, in Germania con le scuole di campagna (Landerziehungsheime di Ilseburg, Haubinda e Bieberstein) fondate da Hermann Lietz, la comunità scolastica di Wickersdorf e la Odenwaldschule di Paul Geheeb. Ellen Key si relazionò con questi importanti esperimenti pedagogici e, grazie ai suoi continui spostamenti, visitò alcune scuole nuove. Nello specifico la ricerca prende le mosse dall’analisi dei manoscritti e dei carteggi del fondo Ellen Key, presso la Biblioteca Reale di Stoccolma e la biblioteca privata di Ellen Key a Villa Strand. Dai documenti analizzati emerge come la scrittrice svedese, abbia assunto un ruolo di mediatrice per la disseminazione delle Scuole Nuove che nei primissimi anni del Novecento raggiunsero un elevato grado di diffusione.

Language: Italian

Published: Bologna, Italy, 2020

Book

Kindheit bei Maria Montessori und Ellen Key - Disziplinierung und Normalisierung [Childhood with Maria Montessori and Ellen Key - Discipline and Normalization]

Ellen Key - Biographic sources, Ellen Key - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy

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Abstract/Notes: Reformpädagogik gilt bis heute als »magische Größe«. Ihre Anhänger verzaubert sie mit der eingängigen Formel: Nicht nur »naturgemäß« soll Erziehung sein, sondern auch wertschätzend, praxisnah und individuell. So verspricht sie Heilung (von falscher Pädagogik) und argumentiert scheinheilig: Sowohl »begradigen« als auch »überwinden« sind unverzichtbare Bestandteile ihres Kanons pädagogischer Leitbegriffe. Die Kindheitskonzepte von Maria Montessori und Ellen Key werden besonders dafür geschätzt, dass sie das »Leben« feiern. Dabei argumentieren sie mitunter allerdings wenig lebensbejahend. Besonders augenfällig ist, dass sie vor allem gesunde, normale und folgsame Kinder besonders wertschätzen. Der ideale Nachwuchs soll sowohl folgsam als auch unauffällig sein: Nicht jedes Kind ist aus sich heraus wertvoll. Daher appellieren sie an künftige Eltern, möglichst nur den richtigen Erbanlagen ins Leben zu verhelfen (was nicht zwangsläufig die eigenen sind). Überhaupt haben beide sehr konkrete Vorstellungen davon, wie Kinder sein müssen... und was passieren könnte, wenn sie nicht sind, wie sie sein sollen. [Reform pedagogy is still considered a »magic factor« today. She enchants her followers with the catchy formula: Education should not only be »natural«, but also appreciative, practical and individual. So she promises healing (from false pedagogy) and hypocritically argues: Both "straighten" and "overcome" are indispensable components of her canon of pedagogical guiding principles. Maria Montessori and Ellen Key's concepts of childhood are particularly valued for their celebration of "life." Sometimes, however, their arguments are not very life-affirming. What is particularly striking is that they particularly appreciate healthy, normal and obedient children. The ideal offspring should be both obedient and inconspicuous: not every child is valuable in and of itself. They therefore appeal to future parents to only help the right hereditary factors into life (which are not necessarily their own). In general, both have very specific ideas about how children should be... and what could happen if they aren't how they should be.]

Language: German

Published: Paderborn, Germany: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2013

ISBN: 978-3-657-77324-4 3-657-77324-X 978-3-506-77324-1

Article

Lecture by Miss Stevens on Montessori Method

Available from: Newspapers.com

Publication: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (New York City)

Pages: 4

Americas, Ellen Yale Stevens - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, North America, United States of America

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Language: English

Article

Children’s Stories in the Educational Theories of Ellen Key, Rudolf Steiner, and Maria Montessori

Available from: Università di Bologna

Publication: Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica / Journal of Theories and Research in Education, vol. 11, no. 2

Pages: 47-66

Children’s Literature, Ellen Key - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Rudolf Steiner - Philosophy, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: The article explores the educational value that Ellen Key (1849-1926), Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) and Maria Montessori (1870-1952) attributed to children's stories. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century these three important authors contributed to the renewal of the educational theories and practices. They dedicated a part of their pedagogical reflections to the educational meanings of children's stories; consider, e.g., the many pages of Ellen Key on children's literature, the recommendations of Rudolf Steiner on the educational relevance of fairy tales and mythology or, finally, Maria Montessori's reflections on fairy tales. The article examines these ideas from a historical and pedagogical point of view.

Language: English

DOI: 10.6092/issn.1970-2221/6374

ISSN: 1970-2221

Book

The Child, Society and the World: Unpublished Speeches and Writings

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Abstract/Notes: 'The Child, Society and the World: A Selection of Speeches and Writings' was first published in a German translation under the title 'Spannungsfeld Kind-Gesellschaft-Welt. Auf dem Wege zu einer Kopmischen Erziehung' in 1979 (Verlag Herder), coimpiled and edited by Günter Schulz-Benesch.

Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2016

ISBN: 978-90-79506-34-7

Series: The Montessori Series , 7

Book

Basic Ideas of Montessori's Educational Theory: Extracts from Maria Montessori's Writings and Teachings

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: This book provides an analysis of Maria Montessori's educational beliefs and methodology and discusses her views on the important problems of education in the family and in the pre-school and school environments. It discusses religious education and its relationship to the child's natural development. The work also includes a biography of Montessori, extracts from a wide range of her published writings and an up-to-date bibliography. Translated from German.

Language: English

Published: Oxford: Clio Press, 1998

Edition: Revised ed.

ISBN: 978-1-85109-276-5

Series: The Clio Montessori series , 14

Book

The Child, Society and the World: Unpublished Speeches and Writings

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: English

Published: Oxford: Clio, 1998

ISBN: 978-1-85109-112-6 1-85109-112-2

Series: The Clio Montessori series

Article

The Montessori Movement

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: McClure's Magazine, vol. 41, no. 1

Pages: 182

Americas, Ellen Yale Stevens - Writings, Montessori method of education - History, North America, United States of America, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

ISSN: 2637-7179

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