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342 results

Article

Origine et Évolution des Recherches Psychologiques sur le Toucher en France [Early Psychological Studies on Touch and Their Evolution in France]

Available from: CAIRN

Publication: L'Année Psychologique, vol. 111, no. 4

Pages: 701-723

Europe, France, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: C’est au cours de la fin du XIXe et de la première moitié du XXe siècle que s’est constituée en France une véritable psychologie du toucher, dont l’apport est souvent méconnu. L’intérêt pour ce sens généralement considéré comme mineur provient de deux sources, l’une d’origine éducative pratique et l’autre expérimentale et fondamentale. Sur le plan éducatif, les deux praticiens pionniers que furent Valentin Haüy et Louis Braille ont voulu faire accéder les enfants aveugles à l’instruction et la scolarisation. Ils ont donc recherché des procédés d’écriture en relief compatibles avec les propriétés fonctionnelles du toucher, propriétés qu’ils ont mises en partie en évidence. L’autre origine de ces études sur le toucher se trouve, grâce à Henri Piéron et à ses associés, dans le développement de la psychologie expérimentale et des méthodes de mesure psychophysique des sensations. La sensibilité cutanée et plus généralement somesthésique a fait l’objet au début du XXe siècle de différents travaux de laboratoire sur des adultes voyants, et ces travaux ont complété les recherches sur la vision et l’audition, bien plus nombreuses. Dans le présent article, nous décrivons l’apport de ces deux courants de recherche qui ont d’abord progressé indépendamment l’un de l’autre, puis qui ont fusionné en France à partir de la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. [During the end of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, a psychology of touch emerged in France as a result of educational motivations and of the development of academic experimental psychology. Educational motivations concerned mainly two practitioners, Valentin Haüy and Louis Braille, who worked with blind people and informally searched for methods allowing blind children to be schooled and to read through raised-line alphabets adapted to the functional properties of touch. On the other hand, the development of experimental psychology and psychophysics led researchers (mainly Henri Piéron and his associates) to work on the analysis of cutaneous and somaesthetic sensations and perceptions of sighted adults. These two directions of research developed first independently in France until the end of the Second World War. By this time, they became associated and experimental research on the tactile modality was conducted both on blind and sighted children and adults. In the present article, we describe this evolution of the works on touch.]

Language: French

DOI: 10.4074/S0003503311004040

ISSN: 0003-5033

Article

Maria Montessori et la France: Genèse d’une histoire [Maria Montessori and France: Genesis of a History]

Available from: Università di Macerata

Publication: History of Education and Children's Literature (HECL), vol. 9, no. 2

Pages: 379-398

Europe, France, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: This article deals with the first twenty years (1911-1934) of the presence of the Montessori Method in France. The reconstruction is based on written evidences and on the main actors’ experiences in the implementation of Maria Montessori’s ideas. This historical outline allows to better recognise the reasons why Montessori’s educative principles were not welcomed in France so warmly as in other European countries. Several initiatives took indeed place, but they remained insubstantial because they were almost always the result of efforts carried by single persons rather than institutions.

Language: French

ISSN: 1971-1093, 1971-1131

Book Section

Maria Montessori et la France [Montessori and France]

Book Title: Maria Montessori e il pensiero pedagogico contemporaneo [Maria Montessori and contemporary pedagogical thought]

Pages: 305-310

Conferences, Europe, France, International Montessori Congress (11th, Rome, Italy, 26-28 September 1957), Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: This speech was delivered on September 28, 1957 at the 11th International Montessori Congress (Rome, Italy).

Language: French

Published: Roma: Vita dell'infanzia, 1959

Book Section

Maria Montessori, Francesco Randone e la Società d’Arte Educatrice [Maria Montessori, Francesco Randone and the Società d’Arte Educatrice]

Book Title: La Cura dell'Anima in Maria Montessori: l'Educazione Morale, Spirituale e Religiosa dell'Infanzia [Care of the Soul in Maria Montessori: Moral, Spiritual and Religious Education of Childhood]

Pages: 90-107

Europe, Italy, Montessori method of education, Religious education, Southern Europe, Spirituality

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Language: Italian

Published: Rome, Italy: Fefè Editore, 2011

ISBN: 978-88-95988-34-4

Article

Les Pédagogies Alternatives en France Aujourd’hui: Essai de Cartographie et de Définition [Alternative Pedagogies in France Today: Mapping and Definition Essay]

Available from: OpenEdition Journals

Publication: Tréma, no. 50

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Abstract/Notes: Comment définir ces pédagogies alternatives et comprendre leurs finalités éducatives ? Nous avons choisi de mettre en avant les principes fédérateurs de ces pédagogies sans toutefois omettre les oppositions et les conflits entre ces mouvements. Quels sont les invariants théoriques, les pratiques et les finalités communes de ces écoles et de ces « pédagogies » ? Quelles sont leurs aspirations, leur volonté de changer le paradigme scolaire ? Ces écoles sont-elles, comme la plupart des acteurs de ces écoles le soulignent, l’illustration de l’essor d’une autre vision de notre société avec des rapports humains plus bienveillants et plus fraternels pour le bien-être des enfants ou, de façon non assumée, une volonté de repli sur soi ? Une cartographie nous est apparue nécessaire pour expliciter la variété de la nébuleuse des courants dits des pédagogies alternatives mais aussi pour analyser leurs caractéristiques.

Language: French

DOI: 10.4000/trema.4174

ISSN: 1167-315X

Article

Les Pionnières de la Méthode Montessori en France: Diversité Sociale et Pluralité d’Engagement (1910-1920) / The Pioneers of the Montessori Method in France: Social Diversity and Multiple Commitments (1910–1920)

Available from: CAIRN

Publication: Les Études Sociales, vol. 175, no. 1

Pages: 75-104

Europe, France, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Comment, au début du vingtième siècle, la méthode d’éducation des très jeunes enfants, conçue en Italie par la docteure en médecine et pédagogue Maria Montessori, a-t-elle diffusé en France et grâce à qui ? Telle est la question à laquelle nous tentons de répondre. Notre étude identifie d’abord les individus – au premier rang desquels une quinzaine d’éducatrices – qui, en France, avant 1914 et jusqu’au retour de la paix, ont diffusé cette méthode par des écrits, des conférences et surtout des expériences princeps. Puis, elle montre l’arrière-fond culturel et institutionnel et les valeurs (internationalité, engagement féministe et spiritualiste, compétence professionnelle) qui ont conditionné leur action. / How, at the beginning of the twentieth century, did the method of educating very young children conceived in Italy by the physician and educator Maria Montessori spread in France, and thanks to whom? This is the question that our study attempts to answer. It identifies the individuals−including some fifteen educators−who, in France, before 1914 and until the return of peace, disseminated this method through writings, conferences, and, above all, through pioneering experiences. It also shows the cultural and institutional background and the values (internationality, feminist and spiritualist commitment, professional skill) that conditioned their action.

Language: French

DOI: 10.3917/etsoc.175.0075

ISSN: 0014-2204

Article

La circolazione della pedagogia montessoriana attraverso le reti internazionali della fratellanza teosofica nei primi decenni del Novecento: il caso francese / The Transfer of Montessori’s Pedagogy Through the Theosophical International Network in the Early Twentieth Century: The French Case

Available from: Rivista di Storia dell’Educazione

Publication: Rivista di Storia dell’Educazione, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 109-121

Europe, France, Montessori method of education, Montessori movement, Theosophical Society, Theosophy, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The study takes advantage from the reconstruction of the cultural atmosphere widely characterizing the Early Twentieth Century for the powerful raising of spirituality. Among the modernist tendencies, the success of Theosophy took a relevant place in renewing contemporary feelings of religion and piety. Particularly, the essay highlights the relevance of the spiritual cenacle working at the Montesca House, where the first edition of the Montessori’s Method was accomplished. Theosophical characters also moved around this spiritual circle and some of them played a distinctive role in the first transfer of the Montessori’s system to France.   

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.36253/rse-10354

ISSN: 2532-2818

Article

The Casa of Sevres, France

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 21, no. 3

Pages: 42-54

Europe, France, Margot R. Waltuch - Writings, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Discusses the author's teaching experiences during the 1930s at "La Maison des Enfants," a Montessori school in Sevres, France. Provides photographs and descriptions of the school day, outdoor activities, gardening, cooking and eating, practical activities, and creative activities. (MDM)

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Der 2. Internationale Montessori-Kongress in Nizza [The 2nd International Montessori Congress in Nice (France)]

Publication: Montessori: Blätter der Internationalen Montessori-Gesellschaft, no. 2

Pages: 48-53

Europe, France, International Montessori Congress (2nd, Nice, France, 29 July - 12 August 1932), Western Europe, Western Europe

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Language: German

Book Section

Montessori nella scuola pubblica: un'esperienza francese [Montessori in public school: a French experience]

Book Title: Montessori: Perché No? Una Pedagogia per la Crescita

Pages: 211-236

Europe, France, Public Montessori, Western Europe

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Language: Italian

Published: Milano: Franco Angeli, 2000

ISBN: 88-464-2088-8

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