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Book Section

The Rise and Fall of Anne George as America’s Premier Montessori Educator

Available from: Springer Link

Book Title: America's Early Montessorians: Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst and Adelia Pyle

Pages: 101-143

Americas, Anne E. George - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Anne E. George, the first American trained as a directress by Montessori in 1910, is significant as the paramount Montessori educator in the United States from 1910 to 1915. George, who established the first American Montessori school in Tarrytown, New York in 1911, was also the English-language translator of Montessori’s book, The Montessori Method (1912). Alexander Graham Bell and his wife, Mabel, intent on promoting Montessori education, established the national Montessori Educational Association, with George as its Director of Research. George was also the headmistress of the Montessori schools supported by the Bells in Washington, DC. In addition, George was Montessori’s aide and translator during her extensive lecture tour in 1913. Montessori’s relationship with George deteriorated. Montessori revoked Anne George’s credentials as a Montessori directress in 1915. The ever-loyal George, who strived to replicate the Montessori Method in American private schools, and, once, the premier American Montessori educator, was discredited by her mentor. After her marriage in 1919, George never returned to the field of education.

Language: English

Published: Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-54835-3

Series: Historical Studies in Education

Doctoral Dissertation

American Writings on Maria Montessori: An Inquiry into Changes in the Reception and Interpretations Given to Writings on Maria Montessori and Montessori Educational Ideas 1910-1915 and 1958-1970

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this dissertation will be to survey and analyze American writings on Maria Montessori and her educational system, in order to show how the idea of Montessori education has interacted with some changing American ideas and social forces. These changes in social and intellectual currents can be likened to a shift from centrifugal to centripetal force; or to the expansion and then the contraction of a universe. The central metaphor is the same. It is applicable to, and illustrative of, much about the changing social and educational scene in America. The writings on Montessori, examined against this framework, should provide a new view on certain changes in American educational thinking.

Language: English

Published: Kent, Ohio, 1973

Article

Survivor: Strong Program and Parent Support Save Prince George's Program Amid Cuts [Prince George's County, Maryland]

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 16, no. 3

Pages: 1, 18

Public Montessori

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Language: English

Book Section

A Study in Personality: Montessori and George, Naumburg, Parkhurst and Pyle

Available from: Springer Link

Book Title: America's Early Montessorians: Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst and Adelia Pyle

Pages: 59-68

Adelia Pyle - Biographic sources, Americas, Anne E. George - Biographic sources, Helen Parkhurst - Biographic sources, Margaret Naumburg - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History, Montessori schools, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This chapter analyzes the personal interactions of the principal characters—George, Naumburg, Parkhurst and Pyle—and an over-powering fifth woman, Maria Montessori. The analysis of the interplay, the personal relationships, and the tensions between these principals, is integrated with the institutional history of educational organizations, schools, and events. George, Naumburg, Parkhurst, and Pyle arrived at the Montessori training courses believing their instructor, the greatest educator in the world, was truly “an educational wonder worker.” A complex multidimensional person, Montessori, determined to control what she had created, expected total loyalty, almost fealty and submission, from her trainees. Montessori’s demanding personality caused tension with her four students that affected the establishment of her method in the United States.

Language: English

Published: Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-54835-3

Series: Historical Studies in Education

Article

Performing Gender, Class and Nation: Rukmini Devi Arundale and the Impact of Kalakshetra

Available from: SAGE Journals

Publication: South Asia Research, vol. 39, no. 3_suppl

Pages: 61S-79S

Asia, India, Kalakshetra (Institute: Chennai, India), Rukmini Devi Arundale - Biographic sources, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Rukmini Devi Arundale, herself a choreographer and dancer, is considered one of the key figures in re-creating Bharatanatyam. Through her utopian arts colony, Kalakshetra, started during the movement towards Indian independence, she taught what she deemed to be a classical, religious and aesthetically pleasing form of dance. Her rejection of what she termed vulgarity and commercialism in dance reflects her Theosophical worldviews and her class position in a rapidly changing South India. The article examines the ways in which her understanding of Bharatanatyam developed in the context of contested forms of nationalism as a gender regime that contributed to creating proper middle-class, Hindu and Indian subjects. It also examines the impacts of this form of cultural heritage relating to gender, culture and nationalism in today’s globalised South Asian dance scenario.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1177/0262728019872612

ISSN: 0262-7280

Book

America's Early Montessorians: Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst, and Adelia Pyle

Available from: Springer Link

Adelia Pyle - Biographic sources, Americas, Anne E. George - Biographic sources, Helen Parkhurst - Biographic sources, Margaret Naumburg - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This book traces the early history of the Montessori movement in the United States through the lives and careers of four key American women: Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst, and Adelia Pyle. Caught up in the Montessori craze sweeping the United States in the Progressive era, each played a significant role in the initial transference of Montessori education to America and its implementation from 1910 to 1920. Despite the continuing international recognition of Maria Montessori and the presence of Montessori schools world-wide, Montessori receives only cursory mention in the history of education, especially by recognized historians in the field and in courses in professional education and teacher preparation. The authors, in seeking to fill this historical void, integrate institutional history with analysis of the interplay and tensions between these four women to tell this educational story in an interesting—and often dramatic—way.

Language: English

Published: Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-54834-6

Series: Historical Studies in Education

Book

The Child, Society and the World: Unpublished Speeches and Writings

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Abstract/Notes: 'The Child, Society and the World: A Selection of Speeches and Writings' was first published in a German translation under the title 'Spannungsfeld Kind-Gesellschaft-Welt. Auf dem Wege zu einer Kopmischen Erziehung' in 1979 (Verlag Herder), coimpiled and edited by Günter Schulz-Benesch.

Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2016

ISBN: 978-90-79506-34-7

Series: The Montessori Series , 7

Book

The Child, Society and the World: Unpublished Speeches and Writings

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: English

Published: Oxford: Clio, 1998

ISBN: 978-1-85109-112-6 1-85109-112-2

Series: The Clio Montessori series

Book

Basic Ideas of Montessori's Educational Theory: Extracts from Maria Montessori's Writings and Teachings

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: This book provides an analysis of Maria Montessori's educational beliefs and methodology and discusses her views on the important problems of education in the family and in the pre-school and school environments. It discusses religious education and its relationship to the child's natural development. The work also includes a biography of Montessori, extracts from a wide range of her published writings and an up-to-date bibliography. Translated from German.

Language: English

Published: Oxford: Clio Press, 1998

Edition: Revised ed.

ISBN: 978-1-85109-276-5

Series: The Clio Montessori series , 14

Article

In Memoriam [Georgette J. J. Bernard]

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1956, no. 4

Pages: 25

Georgette J. J. Bernard - Biographic sources, Obituaries

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Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

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