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Article

Pädagogische Kulturtransfers Italien-Tessin (1894-1936) [Cultural Transfers Between Educational Systems: Italy-Ticino (1894-1936) / Transfer culturali tra sistemi educativi: Italia-Ticino (1894-1936) / Transferts culturels entre systèmes éducatifs: Italie-Tessin (1894-1936)]

Available from: Universität Bern

Publication: Schweizerische Zeitschrift fuer Bildungswissenschaften / Swiss Journal of Educational Research, vol. 40, no. 1

Pages: 49-66

Europe, Italy, Montessori method of education - History, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: In the period 1880-1940 the education system of italian-speaking Canton Ticino was seeing pedagogical transfers coming from Italy. In a first period, the peagogical élite although deied that these pedagocal ideas came from Italy, using the terminological (and ideological) construction of “Metodo intuitivo” (i.e. Pestalozzi and Girard as the only fathers of the method). After 1910 the pedagogical influence of italian New Education (Montessori, Lombardo-Radice) grew more because the general interest in Ticino for italian culture grew with the movement for Defence of Ticino’s italian identity. World war 1 and fascism brought the New Education fellows in Ticino into a deep dilemma: their pedagogical ideas and actions were accepted only if accompanied by a total distance from any official italian political position. This was very difficult and led at the end to a growing total distance from Italy, even if the pedagogical élite tried to avoid the complete end of any cultural contact with Italy. The end cames with Abyssinia war and World war II that led to a total isolation of Ticino from Italy.

Language: German

DOI: 10.24452/sjer.40.1.5052

ISSN: 2624-8492

Article

Bank of Italy in New Home Next Saturday

Available from: California Digital Newspaper Collection

Publication: Los Angeles Herald (Los Angeles, California)

Pages: 13

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: "Bank of Italy in New Home Next Saturday - The opening of the new quarters of the Bank of Italy, at Seventh and Broadway, Saturday, May 8, will be marked by the attendance of several notables of international reputation. Among these will be Ernesto Nathan, former mayor of Rome, Italy, now minister plenipotentiary and commissioner general from the Italian government to the Panama-Pacific exposition. Madame Marla Montessorl, the distinguished Italian woman who originated the Montessori system of child instruction and who is now in Los Angeles, also has been Invited to attend. Signor Ernesto Nathan, distinguished as the only member of the Jewish race ever elected mayor of an Italian city, will attend the opening ceremonies in company with First Vice President Giannlni of the Bank of Italy. Both are expected to arrive from San Francisco Wednesday morning, May 6. Other members of the party will be Chevallier Castatini, Signor Nathans private secretary, P. C. Hale of Hale Brothers, San Francisco, and C. F. Grondino, the latter two directors of the Bank of Italy."

Language: English

Article

Fairy Tales, Children’s Books and Schools in Sweden and Italy in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries: Historical Comparisons and Pedagogical Remarks

Available from: Università di Bologna

Publication: Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica / Journal of Theories and Research in Education, vol. 9, no. 2

Pages: 39-56

Europe, Italy, Montessori method of education, Northern Europe, Scandinavia, Southern Europe, Sweden

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Abstract/Notes: This paper examines some historical parallels in the field of children’s literature and education between Sweden and Italy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Sweden and Italy are at the opposite ends of Europe, but they exhibited some interesting similarities in children’s book and pedagogy during those decades. Suffice it to say that two of the most important European education experts of the time – the Swede Ellen Key and the Italian Maria Montessori – were in relationship, appreciated each other’s work and exchanged ideas and remarks on educational and social issues. Parallels cannot obscure the large differences between the two nations, but there were also convergences that must be examined: researches on folktales, mass education and education of the élite were important issues in both countries. Moreover the convergences will intensify further in the coming decades, because Sweden and Italy belong to the same European context.

Language: English

DOI: 10.6092/issn.1970-2221/4362

ISSN: 1970-2221

Archival Material Or Collection

Album #2 1915 [Maria Montessori's School in Italy]

Available from: Online Archive of California

Europe, Italy, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: [Disassembled album of Maria Montessori's school in Italy. Includes images of Montessori and other teachers with students.]

Language: English, German, French

Extent: 18.73 linear ft

Archive: Special Collections and University Archives, San Diego State University (San Diego, California)

Doctoral Dissertation

Race and Childhood in Fascist Italy, 1923-1940

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: This dissertation explores the evolution of Italian Fascist ideas of racial identity between 1923 and 1940 and contends that those ideas led to some of the most significant Fascist policies, such as the invasion of Ethiopia and the passage of the 1938 racial laws. Common belief holds that racism played no role in the doctrine of Benito Mussolini's government. On the contrary, from the very beginning of their regime, Fascists worked to infuse the Italian population with concrete conceptions of their national identity—their italianità—and its superiority over all others. The education of Italian children vividly illustrates the racial project at the heart of Fascist doctrine. One of the regime's earliest priorities was to restructure the national education system in order to more effectively inform the population of the ideals of the new Fascist order. The administration centralized the existing infrastructure and founded the new institutions of the National Organization for the Protection of Mothers and Children (ONMI) and the National Balilla Organization (ONB). Thus, the state embraced all aspects of the young Italian's life, from the cradle to school, on the weekends and during summer vacations. Contemporary textbooks, teaching manuals, pedagogical journals, and government documents reveal an early and lasting commitment to instilling Italy's youngest generations with a collective identity based upon inherited historical, cultural, and spiritual characteristics that resulted in a belief in racial entitlement. As the regime solidified its power, it initiated further changes to the education system with the goal of turning children into ideal Fascists. As it militarized the population and sent Italians to civilize foreign lands, officials created a more direct language that mobilized the nation's youth to protect the fatherland against its enemies. Such a curriculum was unavoidably racist in content, and when Mussolini legalized discrimination against 'non-Italians' in 1938, the pre-existing pedagogy allowed for a relatively smooth transition between pre-racial-law education and post-racial-law education. When Italy entered World War II in 1940, the values were set for Italians to wage a war for national pride and racial privilege.

Language: English

Published: New Haven, Connecticut, 2010

Book

L'alba di una nuova era: teosofia ed educazione in Italia agli inizi del Novecento [The dawn of a new era: Theosophy and education in Italy during the early 20th century]

Europe, Italy, Montessori method of education - History, Southern Europe, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: Il fascino della teosofia catturò una fascia non marginale delle élites intellettuali europee nel primo Novecento e tale fenomeno non mancò di interessare la cultura e la società italiana. Nel solco delle nuove correnti di spiritualità allargatesi con l’aprirsi del nuovo secolo, e sulle macerie del positivismo scientistico che aveva egemonizzato la precedente stagione, la teosofia esercitò un’influenza straordinaria entro diversi ambiti di impegno culturale, che continuavano a guardare con fiducia alla possibilità di contribuire al progresso dell’umanità. La costruzione di una mitologia allegorica sull’avvento prossimo di una Nuova Era coinvolse specialmente la cultura dell’educazione, generando elementi di rinnovamento profondo del sapere pedagogico e dell’iniziativa in campo educativo. L’investimento di energie sulla bontà dei principi e dei metodi della pedagogia Montessori costituì solo uno degli aspetti, tra i più significativi, che assunse tale frontiera innovativa in area pedagogica, particolarmente sostenuta dalle reti teosofiche. La riscoperta del notevole contributo che la cultura teosofica complessivamente offrì a favore dell’organizzazione di una ‘teoria’ dell’Educazione Nuova costituisce, pertanto, un’operazione storiografica importante, per intendere come, anche in Italia, tra aspirazioni ideali, illusioni e generosi slanci profetici, una nuova pedagogia – moderna, democratica, liberale e mondial/globalista – si aprì degli spazi decisivi per cominciare a cambiare gli orizzonti contemporanei della formazione. / The fascination of theosophy captured a non-marginal band of European intellectual elites in the early twentieth century and this phenomenon did not fail to interest Italian culture and society. In the wake of the new currents of spirituality that widened with the opening of the new century, and on the ruins of the scientistic positivism that had dominated the previous season, theosophy exercised an extraordinary influence on various spheres of cultural commitment, which continued to look with confidence at opportunity to contribute to the progress of humanity. The construction of an allegorical mythology on the imminent advent of a New Era especially involved the culture of education, generating elements of profound renewal of pedagogical knowledge and initiative in the educational field. The investment of energy on the goodness of the principles and methods of Montessori pedagogy was only one of the most significant aspects that this innovative frontier assumed in the pedagogical area, particularly supported by theosophical networks. The rediscovery of the remarkable contribution that theosophical culture as a whole offered in favor of the organization of a 'theory' of New Education therefore constitutes an important historiographical operation, to understand how, also in Italy, between ideal aspirations, illusions and generous prophetic impulses, a new pedagogy - modern, democratic, liberal and mondial / globalist - opened up decisive spaces to begin to change the contemporary horizons of education.

Language: Italian

Published: Santarcangelo di Romagna, Italy: Maggioli, 2020

ISBN: 978-88-916-4601-9

Article

Education About Colour: A Look at Some Authors From the 19th and 20th Centuries in Italy: Corrado Ricci, Maria Montessori and Giuseppina Pizzigoni

Available from: Gruppo del Colore – Associazione Italiana Colore

Publication: Cultura e Scienza del Colore [Color Culture and Science], vol. 11, no. 2

Pages: 43-48

Europe, Italy, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: In this contribution, the aim is to juxtapose three figures who, in spite of their very different skills, were interested in the element of colour. The first is Corrado Ricci, an illustrious art critic and historian, who started to study children’s drawings at the end of the 1800s, making him one of the first in Italy to do so. In 1877, he published a small pamphlet called L'arte dei bambini (The art of children), which included a special reflection about the theme of colour. Conversely, the other two authors are pedagogists: Maria Montessori (1870–1952), an internationally renowned figure who also dealt with the theme of colour through her method, equipment and tools, and Giuseppina Pizzigoni (1870–1947), a pedagogist who dedicated positivist attention to the theme of colour, which she linked to natural aspects and a connection to the vegetable garden, a cornerstone of her method. At the end of this historical overview, a survey that was conducted by the Istituto Comprensivo Rinnovata Pizzigoni is presented, in an attempt to observe the colour-related proposals that have been made.

Language: English

DOI: 10.23738/CCSJ.110205

ISSN: 2384-9568

Article

Notice [8th International Montessori Congress, San Remo, Italy, August, 1949]

Publication: The Montessori Magazine: A Quarterly Journal for Teachers, Parents and Social Workers (India), vol. 3, no. 2

Pages: 58

Conferences, Europe, International Montessori Congress (8th, San Remo, Italy, 22-29 August 1949), Italy, Southern Europe, Trainings

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Language: English

Article

Recasting Il Metodo: Maria Montessori and Early Childhood Education in Italy (1909-1926)

Available from: Firenze University Press - Wayback Machine (Internet Archive)

Publication: CROMOHS (Cyber Review of Modern Historiography), vol. 16

Pages: 1-18

Europe, Italy, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori’s Il Metodo della Pedagogia Scientifica was published at the end of the 1910s. The text enjoyed great success after its publication, both in Italy and abroad. Over the course of the following decades, this work underwent numerous changes: various editions were published and numerous translations made, while the author herself added many sections and deleted others from the original draft. In this essay, I examine the first three editions of Il Metodo to analyze the changes that were made and their relation to the advent of fascism. This essay, divided into three distinct parts that follow the first three editions of the work, explores how Montessori was conditioned by fascism and how fascist educators both perceived her work and influenced the changes made to the text.

Language: English

DOI: 10.13128/Cromohs-13674

ISSN: 1123-7023

Article

News from... [U.S.A., Ceylon, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Sweden]

Publication: Montessori Society Quarterly Bulletin (England)

Pages: 29-31

Americas, Asia, Ceylon, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, North America, Northern Europe, Scandinavia, South Asia

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Language: English

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