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Transgresje w biograficznych doświadczeniach wybitnych pedagogów: Marii Montessori i Janusza Korczaka [Transgressions in the biographical experiences of outstanding educators: Maria Montessori and Janusz Korczak]

Available from: University of Gdańsk

Publication: Podstawy Edukacji [Fundamentals of Education], vol. 10

Pages: 13-32

Janusz Korczak - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Abstract/Notes: Transgressions are innovative and creative activities. They allow people to go beyond the limits of their current functioning, thus gaining new areas of activity or creating new values. Motivation specific to transgression is hubristic motivation. The article analyzes the biographical experiences of outstanding pedagogues. – Maria Montessori and Janusz Korczak. Maria Montessori – Italian physician, education system creator and Montessori pedagogy based on the needs of the child. Transcendental biography of Janusz Korczak – doctor, pedagogue, writer, journalist, visionary. Biographies contain different spaces of transgressive activities: personal, professional, social, creative, literary. They concern the concept of education, methods of pedagogical work with the child. The accomplishments of outstanding pedagogues include immutable values.

Language: Polish

ISSN: 2081-2264

Video Recording

L'éducation en questions, 1. Korczak, Montessori, Freinet, Oury

Célestin Freinet - Biographic sources, Célestin Freinet - Philosophy, Janusz Korczak - Biographic sources, Janusz Korczak - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy

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Abstract/Notes: Documentaire pédagogique. Quatre parties : "Comment surseoir à la violence?" Janusz Korczak, a été le premier à définir les droits de l'enfant. Confronté à ce problème, il a élaboré des méthodes pédagogiques pour aider les enfants à surseoir à la violence -- Au début des années 1900, un grand mouvement se développe: c'est la découverte par plusieurs que l'enfant n'est pas simplement un adulte en miniature, qu'il a une personnalité qui fonctionne différemment de celle de l'adulte. Maria Montessori s'est intéressée à ce mouvement en se posant la question suivante : "Peut-on apprendre à un enfant à être autonome?"--"Comment susciter le désir d'apprendre?". Chacun sait que l'apprentissage et l'école sont des choses sérieuses et importantes. Comment retrouver le goût du travail à l'école? Voilà la question à laquelle Célestin Freinet va consacrer toute sa vie. Il est convaincu que les enfants ont envie de travailler, mais qu'il faut donner un sens à leur travail -- "Y a-t-il une autre loi possible dans la classe?" Certains enfants ne comprennent pas la nécessité de se soumettre à des règles à l'école nous rappelle Fernand Oury. Pourtant, leur avenir scolaire et social en dépend. Comment faire pour qu'il acceptent un minimum de règles dans l'apprentissage, dans la vie collective et qu'à partir de là, ils puissent apprendre et sortir de l'exclusion à laquelle ils seraient autrement condamnés?

Runtime: 52 minutes

Language: French


The Democratic School and the Pedagogy of Janusz Korczak: A Model of Early Twentieth Century Reform in Modern Israel

Available from: International Association of Educators (INASED)

Publication: International Journal of Progressive Education, vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 119-132

Asia, Israel, Janusz Korczak - Biographic sources, Middle East, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This article explores the history and pedagogy of Janusz Korczak within the context of his contemporary early Twentieth-Century European Innovative Educators which include Maria Montessori, Homer Lane, A.S. Neill, and Anton Semyonovitch Makarenko. The pedagogies of the aforementioned are compared and contrasted within the literature.

Language: English

ISSN: 1554-5210

Book Section

Janusz Korczak: Erinnerungen an einen Friedenspädagogen

Book Title: Erziehung zum Frieden für eine Welt: der Beitrag der Montessori-Pädagogik

Pages: 154-169

Janusz Korczak - Biographic sources, Janusz Korczak - Philosophy, Peace education

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Language: German

Published: Münster, Germany: Lit, 2000

ISBN: 3-8258-4706-3 978-3-8258-4706-7

Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 3


Makarenko, Montessori, Korczak: Vorstellungen über den Umgang mit Kindern und Jugendlichen

Available from: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek

Anton S. Makarenko - Biographic sources, Anton S. Makarenko - Philosophy, Janusz Korczak - Biographic sources, Janusz Korczak - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy

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Language: German

Published: Oldenburg, Germany: BIS-Verl., 2008

ISBN: 978-3-8142-1179-4

Series: Oldenburger Universitätsreden , 179


Managing the Use of Resources in Multi-Grade Classrooms

Available from: African Journals Online

Publication: South African Journal of Education, vol. 39, no. 3

Africa, Classroom environment, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Nongraded schools, Prepared environment, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: This study examined how teachers in multi-grade classrooms manage and use available resources in their classrooms. The study focused on multi-grade classrooms in farm schools in the Free State province of South Africa that cover Grades 1 to 9. The concepts “multi-grade classrooms” and “resources” are explained below. The availability and utilisation of resources in multi-grade classrooms is discussed in some depth. A qualitative research design was used to collect data. Interviews were conducted with 9 teachers who worked in multi-grade classrooms. The data reveals that the availability of resources has improved somewhat in the multi-grade classrooms surveyed; however, textbooks specifically meant for multi-grade classrooms are still lacking. The data also points to several other trends. For example, most multi-grade schools in the sample have insufficient resources. Where available, the resources are either under-utilised or used improperly. Furthermore, it is usually the case that learners are required to share resources across various grades. Moreover, teachers often use their personal resources to get their work done, and in this regard, smartphones play an important part. Finally, the study also reveals that teachers do try to use various types of resources to cater for different learning styles.Keywords: activity centres; classroom organisation; Montessori educational theory; multi-grade classrooms; resource corners; resources

Language: English

DOI: 10.15700/saje.v39n3a1599

ISSN: 2076-3433


Interaktive und sinnesbezogene Erziehung im Kindergartenalter, vorrangig orientiert an: Korczak, Kükelhaus und Montessori [Interactive and sensory education in kindergarten, primarily based on: Korczak, Kükelhaus and Montessori]

Hugo Kükelhaus - Biographic sources, Janusz Korczak - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Language: German

Published: Regensburg, Germany: Roderer, 1994

ISBN: 3-89073-697-1


Korczak en Montessori: het kind, zijn natuur en de toekomst [Korczak and Montessori: the child, its nature and the future]

Publication: MM: Montessori mededelingen, vol. 24, no. 1

Pages: 13-14

Janusz Korczak - Biographic sources

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Language: Dutch

ISSN: 0166-588X


Dr. Montessori Will Lecture for Adults

Available from: NewsBank - San Diego Evening Tribune Historical

Publication: San Diego Evening Tribune (San Diego, California)

Pages: 8

Adelia Pyle - Biographic sources, Americas, Anna Fedeli - Biographic sources, Edith Little - Biographic sources, Helen Little - Biographic sources, Helen Parkhurst - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Mario M. Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, Panama-California Exposition (1915, San Diego, California), United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Includes a list of individuals assisting Montessori with her work in San Diego. Also, reports on a 10-lecture series Montessori provided: "For the benefit of mothers, teachers and all others interested, Dr. Montessori has decided to offer a short course of ten lectures and two demonstrations of the use of the didactic appareatus, to begin Wednesday, July 7th, at 3:30 p.m. in the lecture room, at the normal school. Those interested in this course should make personal application on Monday and Tuesday, between the hours of 2 and 3, in the afternoon, in Dr. Montessori's office at the normal school, where they may learn the nature of the work and the requirements for admission. This short course has been arranged in response to the many requests that have been made for it by persons unable to take the advanced course which was begun in Los Angeles and will be continued in San Diego and, later, in San Francisco, for about four months. The first public address by Dr. Montessori will be given at the exposition on the afternoon of July 12, which has been set aside by the exposition management as 'Education Day.'"

Language: English


Dedicato a Janusz Korczak

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Abstract/Notes: Numero monografico di Vita dell'infanzia, 29 (giu./lugl. 1980), n. 9-10

Language: Italian

Published: Roma: Vita dell'infanzia, 1980

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