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Article

Montessori Eğitim Yönteminin Rousseaucu Kökenleri / The Rousseauian Roots of Montessori Education Method

Available from: The Journal of Academic Social Science Studies

Publication: Journal of Academic Social Science Studies, vol. 14, no. 86

Pages: 535-556

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Abstract/Notes: Bu çalışmada eğitim felsefesinde adı çokça zikredilen Fransız filozof Jean-Jacquez Rousseau’nun, Maria Montessori tarafından kurulan ve kendi adıyla anılan Montessori eğitim yöntemi üzerindeki etkisi incelenecektir. Rousseau’nun meşhur Emile kitabı, eğitimin amacı ve işlevi meselesine dair ayrıntılı bir izah içerir. Onun eğitim konusuna yaklaşımı kimi zaman sert tartışmalara sebep olmuş kimi zaman da ilham kaynağı olmuştur. İtalya’nın ilk kadın doktoru olarak da bilinen Maria Montessori onun fikirlerinden olumlu yönde etkilenen bir isimdir. Montessori, yaşama uzanan yardım eli yaklaşımına indirgediği eğitim meselesini aldığı tıp, felsefe ve antropoloji eğitimi sayesinde geniş bir bakış açısıyla inceler. Bu sayede daha sistemli ve bilimsel temeli olan bir eğitim modeli sunar. Rousseau ise kelimenin tam anlamıyla sistematik olmaktansa doğal gidişata göre hareket etmeyi ve kendi gözlemlerinden faydalanmayı tercih eder. Bu tercihinden dolayı kendisine ağır eleştirilerin yapıldığı da bir gerçektir. Rousseau’nun ve Maria Montessori’nin eğitim alanındaki fikirleri pek çok tartışmayı beraberinde getirse de her iki ismin pedagoji alanındaki etkisi görmezden gelinemez. Ancak Rousseau’nun bu alandaki düşüncelerinin bir eğitim tasarısı ya da eğitime dair yapılan bir yorum düzeyinde kaldığı söylenebilir. Rousseau’nun aksine Maria Montessori’nin fikirlerinin ise pek çok ülkede benimsendiği ve bu fikir doğrultusunda pek çok eğitim kurumunun açıldığı görülür. Her ne kadar somut alanda aralarında bu denli fark olsa da çıkış noktaları ve eğitim alanındaki bazı tasavvurları benzerlik göstermektedir. Bu çalışmada söz konusu benzerlik kavramsal bir çerçeve doğrultusunda ele alınacaktır. Böylece Rousseau’nun Maria Montessori üzerindeki etkisi irdelenip onun eğitim alanında bir romandan fazlasını yazdığı sonucuna ulaşılacaktır. / In this study, the effect of the French philosopher Jean-Jacquez Rousseau, whose name is mentioned a lot in educational philosophy, on the Montessori education method established by Maria Montessori and named after her will be examined. Rousseau’s famous book Emile contains a detailed explanation on the goal and function of the education. Sometimes, his approach to education caused very significant discussions and sometimes it was a source of inspiration. Maria Montessori, who is also known as Italy’s first female doctor was one of the names who was affected from his opinion in a positive way. Montessori examines the issue of education considered as helping hand approach to life from a wide perspective thanks to her education in medicine, philosophy and anthropology. In this way, she presents a more systematic and scientific based education model. On the other hand, Rousseau prefers to act according to the natural course and uses his own observations rather than being systematic in the strictest sense of the world. It is a fact that he was heavily criticized for this preference. Even though Rousseau and Maria Montessori’s ideas on the education field bring a lot of debate, the effect of both names in pedagogy cannot be ignored. However, it can be noted that Rousseau’s ideas in the field stayed only as an education design or a comment made on education. Unlike Rousseau, it is seen that Maria Montessori’s ideas were adopted in many countries and a lot of educational institutions were established in the direction of this idea. Although there is such a difference between them in the concrete field, their starting points and some of their imaginations in the field of education are similar. These similarities in the direction of a conceptual frame will be addressed in the study. Thus, Rousseau’s influence on Maria Montessori will be examined and it will be concluded that he wrote more than a novel in the field of education.

Language: Turkish

DOI: 10.29228/JASSS.50020

ISSN: 2148-4163

Article

Dialogue: Jean-Jacques Rousseau Meets Maria Montessori

Publication: NAMTA Quarterly, vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 39-42

Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Language: English

Article

Erziehung und Freiheit (wie versuchen Rousseau, Tolstoi und Montessori das Problem zu lösen?) [Education and freedom (how do Rousseau, Tolstoy and Montessori try to solve the problem?)]

Available from: Bibliothek für Bildungsgeschichtliche Forschung des DIPF (BBF)

Publication: Allgemeine Deutsche Lehrerzeitung: Pädagogische Zeitung, vol. 53, no. 6

Pages: 75-77

Autonomy in children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Philosophy, Leo Tolstoy - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy

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Language: German

ISSN: 0002-5836

Book

The Emile of Jean Jacques Rousseau

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Language: English

Published: New York: Teachers College, Columbia University Press, 1962

Article

Educazione e Grazia: Agostino, Rousseau, Montessori [Education and Grace: Agostino, Rousseau, Montessori]

Publication: Pedagogia e Vita: Bimestrale di Problemi Pedagogici Educativi e Scolastici [Pedagogy and Life: Bimonthly of Educational and Scholastic Pedagogical Problems], vol. 58, no. 4

Pages: 27-41

Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education, Winfried Böhm - Writings

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0031-3777

Book Section

The Influences of Rousseau, Locke, and Piaget in Montessori Schools Today

Book Title: Montessori Schools in America: Historical, Philosophical, and Empirical Research Perspectives

Pages: 86-91

Americas, Jean Piaget - Biographic sources, Jean Piaget - Philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Biographic sources, Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Philosophy, John Locke - Biographic sources, John Locke - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America, United States of America

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Language: English

Published: Lexington, Massachusetts: Ginn Custom Pub., 1983

Edition: 2nd ed.

ISBN: 0-536-04367-1

AudioRecording

Pe Jacques Mesidor sou ekspilsyon Pe Jean-Bertrand Aristide

Available from: Digital Library of the Caribbean

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Abstract/Notes: Father Jacques Mésidor talks about the Salesian decision to expel Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and about the future of the Selavi Family. Father Jacques Mésidor discusses the Salesian order's decision to expel Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and the future of the Selavi Family. : 00: 00__Report on the miserable living conditions in the Batèy de Merger, a Haitian batèy in the Bon Repos region, Merger residents describe hunger, disease, infant mortality (children die of natural diseases or "other Workers are not paid regularly, they are sometimes forced to eat only cane, even though they may be arrested for doing so. residents, the plantation is owned by an American named “Mr Hill,” but it is currently owned by HASCO.This is the first time a journalist has met the people of Merger, 1988-09-06 (00: 20: 09__J .J Dominique interrogates P eter Hesse on Montessori Education in Haiti, 1988-09-15

Language: English

Doctoral Dissertation

Φύση και αγωγή στη διαδικασία διαμόρφωσης της προσωπικότητας: εξέταση των ιδεών των Ζ.Ζ. Ρουσσώ, Μ. Μοντεσσόρι, Κ. Ρότζερς και Λ. Βυγκότσκι [Nature and education in the process of personality development: an analysis of the ideas of J.J. Rousseau, M. Montessori, C. Rogers and L. Vygotsky]

Available from: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Carl Rogers - Biographic sources, Carl Rogers - Philosophy, Child development, Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Biographic sources, Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Philosophy, Lev Vygotsky - Biographic sources, Lev Vygotsky - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Maturation (Psychology), Student-centered learning

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Abstract/Notes: Η παρούσα διατριβή επιχειρεί τη διερεύνηση της διαμόρφωσης της προσωπικότητας υπό το πρίσμα της αλληλεπίδρασης μεταξύ των βιολογικών και των κοινωνικών συνιστωσών της ανάπτυξης του παιδιού, όπως την πραγματεύονται οι θεωρίες του Ζαν-Ζακ Ρουσσώ, της Μαρίας Μοντεσσόρι, του Καρλ Ρότζερς και του Λεβ Βυγκότσκι. Δεδομένου ότι η προσωπικότητα αποτελεί το επίκεντρο κάθε παιδαγωγικής θεωρίας συνιστώντας το ιδεώδες στο οποίο αποσκοπεί η αγωγή, εξετάζονται οι δυνατότητες και οι περιορισμοί της αγωγής όσον αφορά τη διαμόρφωση της προσωπικότητας των παιδιών μέσω της συγκριτικής ανάλυσης της πολιτισμικής-ιστορικής θεωρίας του Λ. Βυγκότσκι και της παιδοκεντρικής παράδοσης, όπως εκφράζεται στις θεωρίες του Ζ.Ζ. Ρουσσώ, της Μ. Μοντεσσόρι και οτου Κ. Ρότζερς. Στο πρώτο κεφάλαιο επιχειρείται η εννοιολόγηση του όρου προσωπικότητα όπως αποτυπώνεται στις κυριότερες θεωρίες προσωπικότητας και στα επόμενα κεφάλαια παρουσιάζονται και εξεταζονται κριτικά οι θεωρίες των τεσσάρων προαναφερθέντων στοχαστών. Τέλος, διατυπώνονται ορισμένα μεθοδολογικά συμπεράσματα σχετικά με τη διαλεκτική αλληλεπίδραση μεταξύ φύσης και αγωγής στη διαδικασία διαμόρφωσης της προσωπικότητας και αναδεικνύεται η συμβολή των τεσσάρων θεωριών που εξετάστηκαν στη διαμόρφωση της παιδαγωγικής σκέψης. Επιπλέον, προσεγγίζεται η έννοια της ολόπλευρα ανεπτυγμένης προσωπικότητας ως σκοπού της αγωγής. [The present thesis aims to study personality development in the light of the interaction between biological and social factors of child development as it is discussed in the theories of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Maria Montessori, Carl Rogers and Lev Vygotsky. Given the fact that personality development constitutes the centre of every pedagogical theory, being the ideal to which education aims, the potential and the limits of education with regard to the development of children’s personality are examined through the comperative analysis of L. Vygotsky’s cultural-historical theory, and the child-centred tradition as it is presented in the theories of J.J. Rousseau, M. Montessori, and C. Rogers. In the first chapter there is an attempt to conceptually delineate the term personality as it is outlined in the main personality theories, and in the following chapters the theories of the four thinkers mentioned above are presented and critically examined. Finally, some methodological conclusions concerning the dialectical interaction between nature and education in the process of personality development are put forth, and the contribution of the four theories which were investigated in the development of pedagogical thinking is highlighted. Furthermore, the notion of the wholly developed personality as the goal of education is approached.]

Language: Greek

Published: Thessaloniki, Greece, 2018

Article

In Memoriam [Jean-Jacques Bernard and Reverend Mother Long]

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1972, no. 4

Pages: 40

Jean-Jacques Bernard - Biographic sources, Obituaries, Reverend Mother Long - Biographic sources

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Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Article

Jean Jacques Bernard Speaks about Maria Montessori

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1962, no. 2

Pages: 5–7

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: with introduction by Mario M. Montessori

Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

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