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Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)
A Comparative Historical and Philosophical Study of the Educational Theories of John Amos Comenius (1592-1670), Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852), and Maria Montessori (1870-1952)
Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: This dissertation was a comparative study from the perspectives of history and philosophy of the educational theories of John Amos Comenius, Friedrich Froebel, and Maria Montessori. The purpose of this dissertation was: 1 - to determine whether or not there were parallel ideas in the educational theories of Comenius, Froebel, and Montessori; 2 - to show to what extent these ideas were actually similar or divergent; and 3 - to consider the additional question of whether or not Froebel and Montessori recognized their theories as part of a sequence of thought originating with Comenius. Using the extant published works of the three educators, descriptions were given of their educational theories in relation to the following topics: the position and principles of methodology; the role of sense realism and the changes in emphasis each educator made in the use of the sense realist concepts of teaching; the role of the religious point of view; the manner of teaching moral values; the role of intellectual and social influences of their respective historical periods in the formation of their educational theories; and the insights of the three educators which can be considered important in the educational world of the latter half of the twentieth century. These descriptions were followed by comparisons of the similarities and differences of the three educators in relation to the above-mentioned topics. The conclusions of the dissertation were the following: 1 - There were parallel ideas present in the educational theories of the three educators. The Comenian concepts and educational emphases which seemed to find restatement most often in the works of Froebel and Montessori were the belief in the importance and the necessity of the use of the correct method of teaching; the theory that if the correct method were used, anything could be taught to nearly anyone; the basic position of the concepts of sense realism in the teaching methodology; and the supreme importance of a definite religious perspective as the groundwork and frame of reference for the whole educational system. 2 - There appeared to be no recognition of influence of the work of Comenius by Froebel and Montessori. In relation to Froebel's gifts or didactic apparatus and his principle of self-activity, there appeared to be a slight recognition of influence by Montessori in the creation of her didactic material and the formulation of her principle of spontaneous activity in a carefully prepared environment. 3 - Concerning the insights of the three educators which may be considered important for education in this century, Comenius was cited for his outstanding ability to systematize knowledge, his championship of the humanitarian ideal of freedom, and his pansophic ideal of universal knowledge through a universal college system with uniform textbooks in a universal auxiliary language. The study of Froebel's work can provide more insights into the educational possibilities of the preschool age child obtained through self-activity. The study of the work of Montessori provides help in the greater educational use of the period of postnatal infancy, and the greater application of the disciplines of anthropology, physiology, and psychology to education. Montessori's work can also prove to be significant in the search for more effective means of education for the culturally deprived child. All three educators seemed to possess an ability to synthesize - to see things in their whole relationships. Specifically they applied this insight to means of educating all facets of human personality.
Published: Denver, Colorado, 1970
A Comparative Study of the Philosophies of John Amos Comenius and Maria Montessori on the Education of Children
Available from: Loyola University Chicago
Published: Chicago, Illinois, 1965
O Ensino de Matemática no Pensamento de Comênius, Pestalozzi e Montessori [The Teaching of Mathematics in the Thinking of Comênius, Pestalozzi and Montessori]
Available from: SciELO
Publication: Educar em Revista, vol. 36
Abstract/Notes: Neste artigo, discutimos os fundamentos para o ensino da Matemática na Pedagogia Tradicional e na Pedagogia Nova, marcadamente, a partir das teorias de fronteira de Comenius, Pestalozzi e Montessori. Esta pesquisa é de cunho documental e bibliográfico. Ao final da análise, concluímos que: há uma circulação de ideias entre o pensamento educacional de Comenius, Pestalozzi e Maria Montessori no que diz respeito ao uso de materiais didáticos e que nos métodos por estes pensadores a Matemática está associada às atividades práticas e gradativas. [In this article, we discuss the fundamentals for the teaching of Mathematics in Traditional Pedagogy and New Pedagogy, markedly, based on theories of Comenius, Pestalozzi and Montessori. This research is documental and bibliographic. At the end of the analysis, we conclude that: there is a circulation of ideas between the educational thoughts of Comenius, Pestalozzi and Maria Montessori regarding the use of didactic materials and that in the methods proposed by these thinkers Mathematics is associated with practical and gradual activities.]
Language: English, Portuguese
ISSN: 0104-4060, 1984-0411
Kaksi pedagogista elämäntyötä: John Dewey e M. Montessori [The life work of two pedagogues: John Dewey and M. Montessori]
Publication: Kasvatus ja koulu (Jyväskylän Yliopisto. Kasvatustieteiden tutkimuslaitos) [Education and school (University of Jyväskylä. Institute of Educational Sciences)], no. 1
John Dewey y María Montessori [John Dewey and Maria Montessori]
Available from: Biblioteca Digital Casa de la Cultura de Ecuador (CCE)
Publication: Revista Ecuatoriana de Educación, vol. 6, no. 23
Date: Sep/Oct 1952
Moving Out with Montessori [John P. Blessington, Delores Erby, Barbara Grosch, Pauletta Hansel, Alix Harper, Kit Johnson, Kathryn Carey Jones and Patti Tepper-Rasmussen, Roxanne Rhoades, Sheri Schlongberger, Terre Stout]
Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 4, no. 2
Summary of Signor Talamo's letter to Maria Montessori
Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 2007, no. 1
Un Segundo Idioma en el Aula: Nos Estamos Perdiendo una Oportunidad? [A Second Language in the Classroom: Are We Missing the Boat?]
Available from: ProQuest
Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 19, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: In recent years there has been greater emphasis placed on second language acquisition in schools. To be prepared for life in the 21st century, to function within an increasingly interdependent world society, to be free from the petty biases that hinder understanding and from the larger hatreds that lead to confrontation, children will need to acquire the basic tools of communication--including a working knowledge of other people's languages. Although early learning of another language is often viewed as exceptional and sometimes as undesirable, studies conducted around age-related issues find that children before the age of 7 tend to acquire second languages with great ease and fluency. Their older brothers and sisters, in traditional high school or college foreign language courses, seldom reach such communicative competence--even after 4 or 5 years of instruction. Research data, personal observation, and anecdotal information about children suggest encouragement of early second language introduction. This article discusses the benefits of introducing second language programs to young children.
Long-Distance Learning, a Spring Time Adventure [Amarillo Montessori Academy, TX; Sage Montessori School, Los Alamos, NM]
Publication: The National Montessori Reporter
Inspiracje współczesnego myślenia o wychowaniu dla pokoju (Komeński, Kant, Montessori) / Inspirations for Contemporary Thinking About Education for Peace (Comenius, Kant, Montessori)
Available from: Index Copernicus International
Publication: Kwartalnik Psychologiczny (Warsaw, 1956), vol. 60, no. 1 (whole no. 235)
Immanuel Kant - Biographic sources, Immanuel Kant - Philosophy, John Amos Comenius - Biographic sources, John Amos Comenius - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Peace, Peace education
Abstract/Notes: The article presents the philosophies of John Amos Comenius, Immanuel Kant and Maria Montessori. It focuses on problem areas that are particularly inspiring for modern thinking about peace and education for peace and points out a broad definition of peace provided by each of the above philosophers. Their theories go far beyond identifying peace with the absence of war and they consider peace to be a process that requires building and strengthening as well as the participation of all people, not only politicians. From this perspective, peace building becomes an important educational task. The basic goal is to ensure that individuals have the feeling of authorship and responsibility for peaceful coexistence among people. Only a combination of peace-reinforcing political initiatives with daily activities supported by education and aimed at promoting peace provides real chances to make the world a better place.
ISSN: 0023-5938, 2657-6007