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Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)
The Effects of Sign Language on Second Language Acquisition
Available from: St. Catherine University
Abstract/Notes: This action research project examined the effects of sign language on the ability of primary students to learn new Spanish vocabulary in a bilingual Montessori classroom. The research took place at a public charter Montessori school in Washington, District of Columbia. Twenty-seven primary school aged children were included in this seven-week study. Sources of data collection included a parent-teacher questionnaire, a baseline assessment, daily observation logs, a daily checklist, a weekly journal, and a summative assessment. Students were grouped by Spanish fluency and taught eight different vocabulary words in Spanish. Half of the words were taught alongside a sign in American Sign Language and the other half were taught without an accompanying sign. The summative assessment data showed that students of all ages displayed a significant increase in their ability to recall new Spanish vocabulary words that were introduced with an accompanying sign in American Sign Language. Future research could examine the roles of sign language and gesturing in helping children recall vocabulary in the long-term.
Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2016
Birth to Three Language Acquisition: Influences of Ambient Language in the Montessori Setting
Available from: Long Island University - Institutional Repository
Abstract/Notes: There is an expanse of literature looking at various topics supporting Montessori education, especially in preschool; however, there is a lack of research in infant and toddler Montessori classrooms. Most of the empirical data regarding language acquisition has focused on the child’s acquisition of vocabulary through direct instruction, rather than the learning capability from overhearing a third party in a naturalistic setting. The purpose of this intervention study was to add to the limited empirical research on language acquisition in infant and toddler Montessori environments. More specifically, the intervention assessed if infants and toddlers could indirectly acquire new vocabulary through the Absorbent Mind from teachers and peers’ ambient dialogue during the Montessori three-period lesson. The research utilized a descriptive, correlational pre-and-post quasi-experimental design to assess and analyze vocabulary and ambient language. Data collection occurred in three Association Montessori Internationale (AMI) and American Montessori Society (AMS) infant and toddler mixed-aged environments throughout New York State and Maryland. The Language Environmental Analysis (LENA) system was used to analyze audio recordings. Transcriptions of audio recordings quantified vocabulary acquisition and ambient language. Paired t-tests and ANCOVA were used to analyze children’s acquired vocabulary. A fidelity scale analyzed the extent to which Montessori trained teachers adhered to the three-period lesson intervention. The findings provide opportunities to improve infant and toddler teachers' classroom practice related to language acquisition. Suggestions were offered for early childhood teacher preparation programs.
Published: Brookville, New York, 2021
The Implementation of Montessori Approach on Children's Language Acquisition (A Case Study in FL Haus Indonesia)
Abstract/Notes: The objectives of this research were to explain about how Montessori implemented the teaching and learning process of English for children and to explain about how Montessori Approach can be implemented on children’s language acquisition for two-word stages in the classroom. The researcher used a qualitative research method of case study by implementing three stages of analysis from Miles & Huberman. The result of this research showed that (1) the teaching and learning process in Kinder Haus class was done into four stages. There were warm up activities (singing & dancing, games), the first main lesson activity (Art & Craft, language), second lesson activity (Practical Life) and the third lesson activity (Sensory activity). (2) Montessori Approach can be implemented on children’s language acquisition for two - word stages in the classroom especially in the “practical life” area. The children used the simple words or instructions automatically, either with themselves or their friends in the classroom. Therefore, the implementation of Montessori Approach in the classroom can be done into four stages and the children produced the words for the level of the two – words. Keywords : Children, Classroom, Language Acquisition, Montessori Approach, Practical Life
Published: Serang, Indonesia, 2023
Second-Language Acquisition in Irvine's Public Schools [Irvine, California]
Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 2, no. 4
Date: Summer 1990
Pengaruh Video Lagu Anak – Anak Terhadap Pemerolehan Bahasa Anak Usia Dini (Kajian Psikolinguistik) / Early Child Language Acquisition and The Impact of Children’s Songs Video (Psycolinguistics Studies)
Available from: Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Manado (Indonesia)
Publication: Montessori Jurnal Pendidikan Kristen Anak Usia Dini, vol. 2, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: Pemerolehan Bahasa pada anak – anak tidak akan berlangsung dengan baik apabila tidak disertai dengan stimulus dari lingkungan sekitarnya. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mendeskripsikan pengaruh video lagu anak – anak sebagai salah satu stimulus terhadap pemerolehan Bahasa anak usia dini. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini ialah kualitatif deskriptif, dengan pemaparan situasi yang disajikan dalam bentuk uraian naratif. Subjek penelitian adalah anak usia dini yang sedang berada dalam fase sintaksis. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa video lagu anak – anak memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan pada pemerolehan Bahasa anak. Banyaknya perbendaharaan kata dalam video menjadi stimulus yang tepat bagi anak usia dini untuk mengembangkan proses pemerolehan Bahasa.
Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 26, no. 2
Early childhood education, Infants, Language acquisition, Montessori method of education, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals, Parent and child, Second language acquisition, Silvana Quattrocchi Montanaro - Writings
Abstract/Notes: Discusses pre-linguistic and linguistic stages of language acquisition that are part of a continuum of receptivity and communication every child experiences in the first 3 years of life. Suggests parents assist language development by being sympathetic to each developmental turning point, providing the right emotional climate for expression, and providing the infant's brain with rich linguistic experiences. (TJQ)
Publication: Montessori Today (London), vol. 2, no. 1
Date: Jan/Feb 1989
Pages: 8-9, 11
Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)
Language Acquisition: Effectiveness of Collaboration on Teacher Practices and Beliefs
Available from: St. Catherine University
Abstract/Notes: The effectiveness and challenges of teacher collaboration as a tool to drive teaching outcomes has been observed in various educational settings. This research project was designed to answer the question, “Would collaboratively creating a Useful Words Handbook for teachers increase the number of language teaching opportunities that could occur during the day?” This action research project, conducted in a Montessori preschool setting, focused on two classroom teachers who educate children between the ages of two and three. Three intervals were identified for data collection. Four weeks of collaboration on the Useful Words Handbook began after two weeks of baseline data collection, during which the frequency of language teaching opportunities were recorded. A weekly topic was presented to the teachers, who provided feedback the following week, in addition to ideas for improving the topic for the handbook. Collaboration involved creating an introduction and four topics about teaching useful phrases to early language learners. The data showed a positive correlation between collaboration and an increase in the number of teaching language opportunities that occur during the day. The data also show that while it is possible to make short-term changes in the classroom through collaboration, changing teacher beliefs about teaching language and collaboration remain a challenge that is characteristic of the teacher collaboration process. Investigating strategies to increase awareness about teaching language should continue.
Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2013
Preschool Second-Language Acquisition: A Parent Involvement Program to Reinforce Classroom Learning
Available from: ProQuest
Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 15, no. 2
Date: Spring 2003
CD-ROM Taal: taalbeschouwing, taaldozen, taalsymbolen en ontleden [CD-ROM Language: language reflection, language boxes, language symbols and parsing]
Publication: MM: Montessori mededelingen, vol. 24, no. 2