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1221 results

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The IEA preprimary project in Ireland [IEA ‘preprimary project’ en Irlande / IEA ‘preprimary project’ en Irlanda]

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: International Journal of Early Years Education, vol. 5, no. 1

Pages: 47-56

Europe, Ireland, Northern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Despite great changes in the level and type of early childhood services in Ireland over the last decade, relatively little research has been carried out on this topic. We know little about the types of services used, the reason for particular choices, the numbers of children attending different settings and the experiences such children are having. In an effort to broaden the research base and learn more about the lives of our young children the authors undertook to take part in an international comparative study investigating the early experiences of children—the IEA Preprimary Project. This article provides an account of the recent developments in early education in Ireland, addresses the question of quality in service provision and describes Ireland's participation in the research project. [En dépit des grands changements qui ont eu lieu depuis une dizaine d'années le niveau et type d'assistance offerte a la petite enfance, tres peu de recherche a été faite dans ce domaine. Nous savons très peu de choses sur les types de services utilisés, les raisons pour les choix qui sont faits, le nombre d'enfants répartis par groupes de niveaux ainsi que les experiences vécues par ces enfants. Dans le but d'élargir la base de la recherche et aussi d'étudier la vie de nos jeunes enfants, les auteurs se sont engages a participer a une etude comparative Internationale qui examine les premieres experiences de jeunes enfants dans le cadre du ‘IEA Preprimary Project’. Cet article expose les récents développements dans l'enseignement des jeunes enfants en Irlande. Il addresse aussi la question de la qualité des services fournis et décrit la participation de l'Irlande dans ce projet de recherche. / A pesar de grandes cambios en la calidad y tipo de servicios de primera infancia acontecidos en Irlanda en la ultima década, relativamente escasa investigation ha sido desarrollada en este tema. Sabemos poco de los tipos de servicios empleados, el motivo de determinadas elecciones, el número de ninos que acudieron a los diferentes entornos y las experiencias que tales ninos han tenido. En un esfuerzo por ampliar la base investigadora y aprender más sobre las vidas de nuestros pequeños, los autores decidieron indagar en las primeras experiencias de los niños, tomando parte en un estudio comparativo international — IEA Preprimary Project. Este artículo ofrece un informe sobre los útimos progresos en la cuestión de primera education en Irlanda se pronuncia on el tema de la calidad en las prestaciones de cara al futuro y describe la participación de Irlanda en el proyecto de investigación.]

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/0966976970050105

ISSN: 0966-9760

Article

L’Action Philanthropique de Mary Cromwell Pendant et Après la Première Guerre Mondiale: La Méthode Montessori au Secours de la Petite Enfance [The Philanthropy of Mary Cromwell During and After the First World War: Using the Montessori Method to Rescue Early Childhood]

Available from: CAIRN

Publication: Les Études Sociales, vol. 175, no. 1

Pages: 105-125

Europe, France, Mary R. Cromwell - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Western Europe, World War, 1914-1918

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Abstract/Notes: L’article retrace l’itinéraire de la philanthrope américaine Mary Cromwell et sa participation dès le début du XXe siècle à la promotion de la méthode Montessori en France, à des moments charnières qui favorisèrent l’éclosion de réformes éducatives empreintes de progressisme dans le contexte de la Première Guerre mondiale. Loin de l’image des jardins d’enfants montessoriens accueillant les enfants des familles aisées qui fleurissent dans l’entre-deux-guerres, les classes Montessori qu’elle met en place dans les œuvres de guerre au profit de petits réfugiés révèlent une dimension curative de la pédagogie Montessori. Forte de cette expérience, Mary Cromwell tentera d’implanter la pédagogie Montessori dans les classes maternelles de l’Institution publique de l’après-guerre. / This article traces the path of the American philanthropist Mary Cromwell and her participation in the promotion of the Montessori method in France from the beginning of the twentieth century, at pivotal moments that fostered the emergence of progressive educational reforms in the context of the First World War. Far from the image of the Montessori kindergartens for children from wealthy families that flourished between the two wars, the Montessori classes that she set up in war charities for the benefit of child refugees revealed a curative dimension of Montessori pedagogy. Based on this experience, Mary Cromwell then attempted to implement Montessori pedagogy in the kindergarten classes of the post-war public institutions.

Language: French

DOI: 10.3917/etsoc.175.0105

ISSN: 0014-2204

Report

Primary Thoughts: Implementing Kentucky's Primary Program

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: In June 1990, the state of Kentucky passed its innovative Education Reform Act, which totally restructured the finance, governance, and curriculum of its public schools. One of the major provisions of the act was the mandate for Kentucky's primary schools to change from the traditional placement of children of the same age in kindergarten, first, second, and third grades to the placement of youngsters in multi-age, multi-ability classrooms. The resulting primary program recognizes that children grow and develop as a "whole," not one dimension at a time or at the same rate in each dimension. The instructional practices of the primary program address social, emotional, physical, aesthetic, and cognitive needs. The program flows naturally from preschool programs and exhibits developmentally appropriate practices. The philosophy of the primary program stresses a classroom climate that is non-competitive and encourages children to learn from one another as well as from the teachers. The

Language: English

Published: Frankfort, Kentucky, 1993

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Managing the Use of Resources in Multi-Grade Classrooms

Available from: African Journals Online

Publication: South African Journal of Education, vol. 39, no. 3

Africa, Classroom environment, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Nongraded schools, Prepared environment, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: This study examined how teachers in multi-grade classrooms manage and use available resources in their classrooms. The study focused on multi-grade classrooms in farm schools in the Free State province of South Africa that cover Grades 1 to 9. The concepts “multi-grade classrooms” and “resources” are explained below. The availability and utilisation of resources in multi-grade classrooms is discussed in some depth. A qualitative research design was used to collect data. Interviews were conducted with 9 teachers who worked in multi-grade classrooms. The data reveals that the availability of resources has improved somewhat in the multi-grade classrooms surveyed; however, textbooks specifically meant for multi-grade classrooms are still lacking. The data also points to several other trends. For example, most multi-grade schools in the sample have insufficient resources. Where available, the resources are either under-utilised or used improperly. Furthermore, it is usually the case that learners are required to share resources across various grades. Moreover, teachers often use their personal resources to get their work done, and in this regard, smartphones play an important part. Finally, the study also reveals that teachers do try to use various types of resources to cater for different learning styles.Keywords: activity centres; classroom organisation; Montessori educational theory; multi-grade classrooms; resource corners; resources

Language: English

DOI: 10.15700/saje.v39n3a1599

ISSN: 2076-3433

Conference Paper

mLearning in Primary Education: An Online Teacher Training Proposal Based on Montessori Education Principles

Available from: IATED Digital Library

12th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies

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Abstract/Notes: Mlearning is learning through digital mobile environments, making it possible to acquire, interrelate and share new knowledge through mobile devices. There is a consensus on the growth of the use of these devices for different educational actions. According to Sarrab, Elgamel & Aldabbas (2012), there are different recreational and pedagogical uses based on mlearning. According to De Araújo Junior et al (2019), these uses are based on the possibility of combining more than one methodology and learning strategies in line with students’ learning characteristics and needs. To this end, mlearning seeks to integrate learning theories, especially constructivist and behavioral theories to also create collaborative working environments (Crompton, Burke & Gregory, 2017). The greatest advantage of mlearning is the possibility of it being applied pedagogically beyond the school environment, with the participation of families and with various proposals for interaction between teacher-student, student-student, and teacher-student-families. This whole range of possibilities has created a new field of study. By overcoming the design approach on mlearning environments and their different effects (Devinder Singh & Zaitun, 2006), a new line of research is becoming relevant: the role of teachers and their training in the use of this technology. Sanchez-Prieto & Hernández García (2019) point out that despite its advantages, the number of teachers using this technology is still very limited. A bibliographic review of 7 scientific articles related to the use of mlearning in primary classes within different educational contexts identified that teachers still lack, not only technical and/or pedagogical but also comprehensive training, making it difficult for them to become familiar with this technology and applying it as another teaching tool in their primary classes. Considering the needs found regarding digital teacher competence, the basis of digital interaction between teacher-student-families and the assessment, selection, and design of didactic contents, this study is an integral part of the Koulu I +D project (Mobile learning in primary education) number ID19-XX-003, aims to present a proposal for teacher training taught within an online learning environment. It does so regarding the basis, application and use of mlearning in primary classes based on the principles of Montessori education: personal choice of the student, collaborative learning, self-direction, the teacher as a guide and learning by discovery. To this end, the training model is based on these points to guide the work using mlearning by considering the characteristics and needs of primary education, regardless of the tool’s typology. The training proposal is based on providing the necessary teaching knowledge to conduct the pedagogical work at the comprehension, application and assessment levels of mlearning in primary classes. The training was designed as an online format to overcome the first barrier for some teachers: the use of technology. The defined points of training to meet the demands of the application in primary classes are: Digital teacher competence, Montessori and Mlearning Pedagogy, Pedagogical tools and the possibilities of primary education and mlearning Assessment in primary education.

Language: English

Published: Online Conference: International Academy of Technology, Education and Development (IATED), 2020

Pages: 7979-7983

DOI: 10.21125/edulearn.2020.2004

ISBN: 978-84-09-17979-4

Article

Evolution of the Primary Program in Six Kentucky Schools

Available from: ERIC

Publication: Notes from the Field: Education Reform in Rural Kentucky, vol. 6, no. 1

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Abstract/Notes: As part of an 8-year study of education reform in rural Kentucky, this report examines the primary program that has evolved in six rural elementary schools as a result of the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA), which requires that grades K-3 be replaced by a nongraded program. This change aimed to eliminate failure in the first 2 years of schooling and prepare all children for the fourth grade by allowing them to progress at their own developmental rate. Seven mandates for this primary program included developmentally appropriate practices, multiage and multiability classrooms, continuous progress, authentic assessment, qualitative reporting to parents, professional teamwork, and positive parent involvement. This report discusses the relationship of the primary program to other KERA strands, the study methodology, and findings. Reform implementation was hindered by uneven time lines, lack of guidance from the state department, slow formation and organization of school councils, uncertainties about appropriate instructional practices, and KERA mandates for "critical attributes" of primary classrooms. Primary teachers at all study schools attempted to implement the attributes within the first 2 years upon receiving training and new materials, but program implementation was slowed due to over-emphasis on the critical attributes, legislative adjustments, lack of perceived fit to reforms in grades 4-12, and questions of efficacy. Program development at the local level was influenced by principal's leadership, teacher beliefs, school climate, and local response. Attaining program goals may require reinforcing the intent of the primary program and articulating how teachers can infuse challenging content into the primary program in ways that prepare students to meet state academic expectations. Case studies of four primary schools are included. (SAS)

Language: English

Article

Dr. Montessori Will Lecture for Adults

Available from: NewsBank - San Diego Evening Tribune Historical

Publication: San Diego Evening Tribune (San Diego, California)

Pages: 8

Adelia Pyle - Biographic sources, Americas, Anna Fedeli - Biographic sources, Edith Little - Biographic sources, Helen Little - Biographic sources, Helen Parkhurst - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Mario M. Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, Panama-California Exposition (1915, San Diego, California), United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Includes a list of individuals assisting Montessori with her work in San Diego. Also, reports on a 10-lecture series Montessori provided: "For the benefit of mothers, teachers and all others interested, Dr. Montessori has decided to offer a short course of ten lectures and two demonstrations of the use of the didactic appareatus, to begin Wednesday, July 7th, at 3:30 p.m. in the lecture room, at the normal school. Those interested in this course should make personal application on Monday and Tuesday, between the hours of 2 and 3, in the afternoon, in Dr. Montessori's office at the normal school, where they may learn the nature of the work and the requirements for admission. This short course has been arranged in response to the many requests that have been made for it by persons unable to take the advanced course which was begun in Los Angeles and will be continued in San Diego and, later, in San Francisco, for about four months. The first public address by Dr. Montessori will be given at the exposition on the afternoon of July 12, which has been set aside by the exposition management as 'Education Day.'"

Language: English

Article

Establishing Primary Classes No Small Acheivement [Howick Primary School, Manukau City, Auckland, NZ]

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 30

Pages: 18

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Howick Primary School (Auckland), New Zealand, Oceania, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

Article

The Spirit of La Croce Bianca and Mary Cromwell

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 2006, no. 2

Pages: 10

Croce Bianca, Displaced communities, Europe, Refugees, White Cross

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Abstract/Notes: Includes reproduction of London Daily News (UK) article on The White Cross, Sept. 18, 1916.

Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Article

The Mathematical Mind [Birth to Three, The Children's House Child, The Early Primary Child, The Upper Primary Child, The Adolescent]

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 22

Pages: 9–12, 14

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Language: English

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