Quick Search
For faster results please use our Quick Search engine.

Advanced Search

Search across titles, abstracts, authors, and keywords.
Advanced Search Guide.

108 results

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Efficacy of Memory Training Using Montessori Philosophy-based Activities in Mild Dementia Elderly

Available from: Thai Journals Online

Publication: Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, vol. 54, no. 2

Pages: 197-208

Alzheimer's disease, Asia, Dementia, Gerontology, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI), Southeast Asia, Thailand

See More

Abstract/Notes: AbstractObjective: To compare the memory scores in mild dementia elderly who attended Montessori-based Memory training with the control group who did not.Method: The Solomon four-group design was used to test the memory of the subjects. The subject of the study consisted of 40 elderly at Banbanglamung Social Welfare Development Center for Older Persons. Participants were divided to 2 experimental and 2 control groups by random sampling technique. Mini mental status Exam-Thai 2002 and Thai Geriatric Depression scale were used as a tool in selecting the subject and a tool to differentiate the mild dementia elderly group from the depressed group. The digit span and digit symbol subtests of The Wechsler Intelligence scale were used in memory testing. The data obtained was analyzed by means of descriptive statistics, t-test and one-way ANOVA.Results: The average scores of the digit span and digit symbol of the experimental groups and the controlled groups were significantly different (p<0.05). After 4 weeks of training, the average scores ofthe experimental groups increased more than that of the controlled group. After training, the average scores of memory of the four groups were significantly indifferent (p<0.05). Digit symbol scores of the experimental groups were higher than of the controlled groups by using LSD method.Conclusion: After memory training, the average scores of the digit span and digit symbol of the experimental groups were significantly higher than the controlled group. This differentce still persistedat the 12th week of training. Therefore, this memory training should be used with the elderly to prevent and delay dementia.

Language: Thai

ISSN: 2697-4126

Conference Paper

The Creation of a Montessori Based Activity: A Memory Book

Available from: Minnesota State University, Mankato

2022 Undergraduate Research Symposium

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

See More

Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to examine how a dementia friendly memory book following Montessori-based principles is created. Research participants included 17 undergraduate students and 12 interviewees. Undergraduate students selected a timeline based on the common age for individuals with dementia, took steps to create a memory book based on Montessori-based principles, conducted interviews to ensure accuracy of memory book, and compiled feedback from the interviews to modify content. The result was a memory book that was meant to facilitate meaningful and engaging conversations for individuals with dementia.

Language: English

Published: Mankato, Minnesota: Minnesota State University, Apr 12, 2022

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Working Memory and Executive Functions: Effects of Training on Academic Achievement

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: Psychological Research, vol. 78, no. 6

Pages: 852-868

See More

Abstract/Notes: The aim of this review is to illustrate the role of working memory and executive functions for scholastic achievement as an introduction to the question of whether and how working memory and executive control training may improve academic abilities. The review of current research showed limited but converging evidence for positive effects of process-based complex working-memory training on academic abilities, particularly in the domain of reading. These benefits occurred in children suffering from cognitive and academic deficits as well as in healthy students. Transfer of training to mathematical abilities seemed to be very limited and to depend on the training regime and the characteristics of the study sample. A core issue in training research is whether high- or low-achieving children benefit more from cognitive training. Individual differences in terms of training-related benefits suggested that process-based working memory and executive control training often induced compensation effects with larger benefits in low performing individuals. Finally, we discuss the effects of process-based training in relation to other types of interventions aimed at improving academic achievement.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/s00426-013-0537-1

ISSN: 0340-0727

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Education Shapes the Structure of Semantic Memory and Impacts Creative Thinking

Available from: npj Science of Learning

Publication: npj Science of Learning, vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: Article 35

Comparative education, Europe, Knowledge acquisition, Learning, Montessori method of education, Neuroscience, Switzerland, Western Europe

See More

Abstract/Notes: Education is central to the acquisition of knowledge, such as when children learn new concepts. It is unknown, however, whether educational differences impact not only what concepts children learn, but how those concepts come to be represented in semantic memory—a system that supports higher cognitive functions, such as creative thinking. Here we leverage computational network science tools to study hidden knowledge structures of 67 Swiss schoolchildren from two distinct educational backgrounds—Montessori and traditional, matched on socioeconomic factors and nonverbal intelligence—to examine how educational experience shape semantic memory and creative thinking. We find that children experiencing Montessori education show a more flexible semantic network structure (high connectivity/short paths between concepts, less modularity) alongside higher scores on creative thinking tests. The findings indicate that education impacts how children represent concepts in semantic memory and suggest that different educational experiences can affect higher cognitive functions, including creative thinking.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1038/s41539-021-00113-8

ISSN: 2056-7936

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Intergenerational Montessori Program for Adults With Memory Concerns

Available from: ASHA Wire

Publication: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, vol. 30, no. 3

Pages: 1090-1099

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

See More

Abstract/Notes: This study evaluated the effects of an intergenerational Montessori after-school program on the engagement, affect, and quality of life of older adults with memory concerns and on the attitudes of children toward older adults. Eleven older adults were paired with 11 children to participate in a 45-min after-school activity program. Observations of engagement and affect during the interactions were collected 3 times a week for 4 weeks. The older adults' engagement and affect also were observed during 45-min planning/discussion sessions without the children present before their arrival to the program. Results revealed significant differences in older adults' engagement and positive affect when the children were present. Significant pre–post improvements in reported quality of life and maintenance of cognitive status were associated with program participation. Children demonstrated more active than passive engagement and more happy than neutral affect during activity sessions. Four of the seven children improved their positive ratings of older adults. This program documented success in improving engagement and affect in older adults with mild memory concerns while engaging with children. Future studies with a larger sample of participants with varying degrees of memory impairment are needed to investigate the potential of this promising program.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1044/2021_AJSLP-20-00259

ISSN: 1058-0360, 1558-9110

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Performance of Montessori and Traditionally Schooled Nursery Children on Social Cognitive Tasks and Memory Problems

Available from: ScienceDirect

Publication: Contemporary Educational Psychology, vol. 5, no. 2

Pages: 124-137

Americas, Cognition, Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America, United States of America

See More

Abstract/Notes: In two independent experiments, the performance of 4-year-old children drawn from Montessori classrooms was compared with that of children attending traditional preschools. It was speculated that the Montessori children might excel in social cognitive reasoning and in memory—both indirect consequences of the cognitive skills targeted by the curriculum. In Experiment 1, there were three social cognitive tasks—referential communication, speech differentiation, and identifying emotions. In Experiment 2, there were two memory problems—recognition of logically related objects, and free recall. There was no evidence of a difference in the level of performance of children from the two types of schools on social cognitive tasks, and both groups recoded messages more effectively to explicit requests from the listener than to implicit ones. For memory, the Montessori children excelled on the recognition problem, but there was no difference between groups on free recall. It was concluded that the Montessori curriculum does influence cognitive development beyond the narrow bounds of the cognitive skills ostensibly taught in the classroom, but the impact is greatest where there is a close relation between the specific concepts learned in class and the skill in question.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1016/0361-476X(80)90033-8

ISSN: 0361-476X

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Evaluation of the Montessori-Inspired Lifestyle® as the Foundation of Care in Assisted Living Memory Care

Available from: Healio

Publication: Journal of Gerontological Nursing, vol. 46, no. 5

Pages: 40-46

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

See More

Abstract/Notes: The Montessori-Inspired Lifestyle® (MIL) was implemented as the foundation of care in several assisted living memory care (ALMC) neighborhoods to enhance meaningful social roles, engagement, and focus on residents' remaining capabilities. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate the outcomes regarding resident levels of engagement and prescribed antipsychotic medications before and after MIL implementation. A total of 85 residents were observed for 10-minute periods seven times during 1 day to ascertain the level of engagement during meals and planned and unplanned activities. Positive engagement minutes increased after MIL implementation for activities and meals. Outcomes of this project support the MIL as a foundation of care for ALMC residents and have raised the awareness for addressing diverse cognitive abilities. The need for reoccurring training for the sustainability of this model of care was recognized. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 46(5), 40–46.]

Language: English

DOI: 10.3928/00989134-20200409-01

ISSN: 1938-243X, 0098-9134

Blog Post

Montessori students exhibit a more richly connected semantic memory network

Cognitive development, Comparative education, Europe, Montessori method of education, Neuroscience, Switzerland, Western Europe

See More

Abstract/Notes: The type of education a child receives appears to influence how they represent knowledge in long-term memory, according to a new study published in the journal Science of Learning. The findings indicate that Montessori students tend to have a more richly connected network of semantic memories. ...

Language: English

Published: Mar 6, 2022

Book Section

Teaching of Writing and Reading: The Value of Muscular Memory

Book Title: Conference of Teachers: Report of Proceedings

Pages: 5-6

See More

Language: English

Published: London: King and Son, 1913

Article

In Memory: Nancy McCormick Rambusch 1927-1994

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 2, no. 6

Pages: 10

Nancy McCormick Rambusch - Biographic sources, Obituaries

See More

Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Advanced Search