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Doctoral Dissertation

The Growth of the Montessori Movement in the United States, 1909-1970

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

Americas, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to examine the growth of the Montessori Movement in the United States during the periods 1909-1921 and 1952-1970. The Montessori system was viewed as an innovation in American education and special attention was directed to the leaders of the movement and the role they played in its growth. The primary sources used for the initial period were the papers of Mabel Bell kept in the Bell Room of the National Geographic Society and the McClure Manuscripts housed in the Lilly Library at Indiana University. For the latter period, the following sources were utilized: American Montessori Society files, files of Whitby School, tape recordings from the American Montessori Society, interviews with Nancy Rambusch, Cleo Monson, John McDermott and correspondence with Mario Montessori and Margaret Stephensen. In addition to visits to the original Casa dei Bambini in Rome and modern Case in Italy, many Montessori schools in the United States were observed. The background of Dr. Montessori was discussed and the influences, principles and contributions of her method were examined. The period from 1909-1921 was analyzed with reference to the leadership of Maria Montessori, S.S. McClure, Mabel Bell, Helen Parkhurst and William Kilpatrick. The social, educational, political, theoretical and communications problems were examined to determine possible reasons for the demise of Montessori education in that era. The renascance [sic] of Montessori education in the United States (1952-1970) was examined with emphasis on the leadership of Mario Montessori, Nancy Rambusch, Margaret Stephenson, Cleo Monson and John McDermott. The areas of social, educational, theoretical and communications were studied for likely reasons for the resurgence of Montessori education in America. A paradigmatic schema was used to compare the role of the leaders in each period: Policy maker- Maria Montessori and Mario Montessori; Promoter- S.S. McClure and Nancy Rambusch; Organizer- Mabel Bell and Cleo Monson; Disciple- Helen Parkhurst and Margaret Stephenson; Professional Educator- William Kilpatrick and John McDermott. The qualities of leadership which led to the original demise of the Montessori Movement were: 1) Mistrust and lack of direct contact with United States educators and Montessori promoters by Maria Montessori; 2) Withdrawal of lecture and film rights from S.S. McClure by Dr. Montessori; 3) Dissolution of Montessori organizations by Mabel Bell and Helen Parkhurst because of lack of confidence in them by Maria Montessori; 5) Strong influence by William Kilpatrick (who did not believe in the Montessori method) on kindergarten teachers. The rebirth of the Montessori Movement was influenced by: 1) Mario Montessori's strong adherence to the original ideas of Maria Montessori; 2) Nancy Rambusch's proper use of leadership and timing and the formation of the American Montessori Society by her; 3) The organized efforts of the American Montessori Society and its teacher-training and public relations function by Cleo Monson; 4) The loyalty and knowledge displayed by Margaret Stephenson in running the Association Montessori Internationale teacher-training course in Washington; 5) the efforts of John McDermott to put Montessori in an American cultural context in teacher-training and professionalization of Montessori education. The writer finds strong indications for the thesis that it was the leadership which effected the growth of the Montessori Movement in the United States and recommends further research into other educational innovations in the United States such as the British Infant School Movement and Headstart with attention to the leadership.

Language: English

Published: New York, 1971

Article

News from the Regions [Mexico, United States, South America, Central America]

Publication: El Boletin [Consejo Interamericano Montessori]

Pages: 2-3

Americas, Central America, Consejo Interamericano Montessori - History, Consejo Interamericano Montessori - Periodicals, Latin America and the Caribbean, Latin American community, Latino community, Mexico, North America, South America, United States of America, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

Article

News from the Regions [Mexico, South America, Central America, United States]

Publication: El Boletin [Comité Hispano Montessori]

Pages: 1-4

Americas, Central America, Comité Hispano Montessori - History, Comité Hispano Montessori - Periodicals, Latin America and the Caribbean, Latin American community, Latino community, Mexico, North America, South America, United States of America, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

Article

News from the Regions [Mexico, United States, South America, Central America]

Publication: El Boletin [Consejo Interamericano Montessori]

Pages: 1-4

Americas, Central America, Consejo Interamericano Montessori - History, Consejo Interamericano Montessori - Periodicals, Latin America and the Caribbean, Latin American community, Latino community, Mexico, North America, South America, United States of America, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

Article

News from the Regions [South America, Central America, Mexico, United States]

Publication: El Boletin [Comité Hispano Montessori]

Pages: 1-2

Americas, Central America, Comité Hispano Montessori - History, Comité Hispano Montessori - Periodicals, Latin America and the Caribbean, Latin American community, Latino community, Mexico, North America, South America, United States of America, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

La fortuna di Maria Montessori negli Stati Uniti d'America 1909-1989: prime linee di ricerca [The fortune of Maria Montessori in the United States of America 1909-1989: first lines of research]

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, North America, United States of America

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Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy, 1988

Article

Regional Reports [United States, Caribbean, Central America, South America]

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 13, no. 1

Pages: 19

Americas, Caribbean, Central America, Latin America and the Caribbean, Latin American community, North America, Public Montessori, South America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: El Boletin, September 2000

Language: English

Article

News from the Regions [Mexico, United States, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Brazil]

Publication: El Boletin [Consejo Interamericano Montessori]

Pages: 4-8

Americas, Latin America and the Caribbean, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

Doctoral Dissertation

Barriers Contributing to the Minimal Participation of African American Parents in Their Children's Schools: A Qualitative Case Study of African American Parent Involvement in an Urban K–8 Elementary School in Minnesota

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

African American community, African Americans, Americas, North America, Early childhood education - Parent participation, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, North America, Parent participation, Parent-teacher relationships, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This research is a case study of African American parent involvement at a urban Montessori school in Minnesota. African American parents at this school have had limited involvement in conferences, PTSO meetings, school activities, and on the Site-Based Leadership Team. An examination of the literature was made to investigate the influences on African American parents when they make decisions about their parental involvement. This research covered the historical background, theoretical background, implications, racial barriers, and strategies that increased African American parent involvement. An ethnography was designed to gather data from 9 mothers of African American students. These parents provided information about their backgrounds and their experiences with the school. Staff at the school (6) were interviewed as to their experiences with African American parent involvement. The results of the study offer findings on attitudes, perceptions, needs and ideas for improving African American parent involvement at any school.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2000

Book Section

Die Montessori-Pädagogik in den USA [Montessori Education in the United States of America]

Book Title: Die Montessori-Pädagogik und das behinderte Kind: Referate und Ergebnisse des 18. Internationalen Montessori Kongresses (München, 4-8 Juli 1977) [Montessori Pedagogy and the Handicapped Child: Papers and Results of the 18th International Montessori Congress (Munich, July 4-8, 1977)]

Pages: 339-350

Americas, Conferences, International Montessori Congress (18th, Munich, Germany, 4-8 July 1977), Montessori method of education, North America, United States of America

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Language: German

Published: München: Kindler, 1978

ISBN: 3-463-00716-9

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