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15 results

Article

Maria Montessori: A Visionary Whose Insights Align With Neuroscience / Maria Montessori : une visionnaire dont les idées s'alignent avec les neurosciences

Available from: Cortica

Publication: Cortica, vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 203-222

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Neuroscience

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori’s approach, based on observation of and experimentation with children’s learning processes, remains one of the longest-standing and widely embraced forms of alternative education. Contemporary neuroscience research increasingly validates Montessori’s principles, yet a robust bridge between these two fields remains elusive. Factors such as differing goals, terminology and the lack of a collaborative framework hinder their synergy. This literature review explores the intersection between neuroscience findings and Montessori’s educational philosophy, structured into five key areas. The Perspective first presents various neuroscience insights: an exploration of aspects related to learning, brain development and cognition. Second, a brief background on Maria Montessori’s contributions: a historical overview of Maria Montessori's life, work and educational methodology. Third is the identification of the areas where neuroscience and Montessori principles intersect, including the importance of movement, emotional development, social learning, the role of the prepared environment, the transition from concrete to abstract concepts, self-regulation, sensitive periods and memory. Finally, while acknowledging the challenges and limitations in researching Montessori education, this review emphasises the growing evidence that supports the alignment of Montessori principles with neuroscience findings. This underscores the enduring relevance of Montessori’s holistic education approach and highlights the potential benefits of a deeper collaboration between these fields, to enhance educational practices and promote comprehensive learning experiences for children. / L'approche éducative de Maria Montessori, fondée sur l'observation et l'expérimentation de l'enfant, reste l'une des formes d'éducation alternative les plus anciennes et les plus largement adoptées. La recherche contemporaine en neurosciences valide de plus en plus les principes de Montessori, mais établir un pont solide entre ces deux domaines reste difficile. Des facteurs tels que des objectifs différents, une terminologie différente et l'absence d'un cadre de collaboration entravent leur synergie. Cette revue de la littérature explore l'intersection entre les résultats des neurosciences et la philosophie éducative de Montessori, structurée en cinq domaines clés : Premièrement, la présentation de quelques idées neuroscientifiques : Une exploration de divers aspects neuroscientifiques liés à l'apprentissage, au développement du cerveau et à la cognition. Deuxièmement, un bref historique des contributions de Maria Montessori : un aperçu historique de la vie, de l'œuvre et de la méthodologie éducative de Maria Montessori. L'identification des domaines où les neurosciences et les principes Montessori se croisent est ensuite présentée, notamment l'importance du mouvement, le développement émotionnel, l'apprentissage social, le rôle de l'environnement préparé, la transition des concepts concrets aux concepts abstraits, l'autorégulation, les périodes sensibles et la mémoire. Tout en reconnaissant les défis et les limites de la recherche en éducation Montessori, cette revue met l'accent sur les preuves de plus en plus nombreuses de l'alignement des principes Montessori sur les résultats des neurosciences. Cela souligne la pertinence durable de l'approche éducative holistique de Montessori et met en lumière les avantages potentiels d'une collaboration plus approfondie entre ces domaines, dans le but d'améliorer les pratiques éducatives et de favoriser des expériences d'apprentissage complètes pour les enfants.

Language: English

DOI: 10.26034/cortica.2023.4218

ISSN: 2813-1940

Book Section

Neuroscience of Error Monitoring in the Montessori Context

Book Title: The Bloomsbury Handbook of Montessori Education

Pages: 231-239

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Neuroscience

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Abstract/Notes: Error monitoring is a neuroscience concept representing the mechanism which causes a moment of pause after making a mistake. This pause allows individuals to direct attention to important information which can be integrated in order to adjust behavior and thoughts and then adapt by learning from mistakes. Quantitative measures of behavior, brain structures, and neural responses reveal that students who learn at Montessori schools develop an ability to detect errors early and learn to self-correct, whereas students from traditional schools tend to be response oriented. This chapter describes research on error monitoring among Montessori students and presents characteristic factors of Montessori pedagogy that could have a direct impact on error monitoring in children.

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2023

ISBN: 978-1-350-27561-4 978-1-350-27560-7 978-1-350-27562-1

Series: Bloomsbury Handbooks

Book Section

Revisiting the Foundations of Montessori Education from a Modern Neuroscience Perspective

Book Title: The Bloomsbury Handbook of Montessori Education

Pages: 179-187

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Montessori method of education - History, Neuroscience

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Abstract/Notes: This chapter provides an overview of the ways in which Maria Montessori’s theories are being confirmed through technological advances in neuroscience that she could only have dreamed of so many years ago. The educational philosophy of Maria Montessori was rooted in her lifelong observation of children, which resulted in several strikingly accurate hypotheses on child development that predated related neuroscientific discoveries by decades. These hypotheses include: existence of critical periods of development, effects of a stimulating environment, importance of sensory affective stimulation, human capacity for acquiring language from the environment, and the role of embodied learning.

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2023

ISBN: 978-1-350-27561-4 978-1-350-27560-7 978-1-350-27562-1

Series: Bloomsbury Handbooks

Book Section

Montessori-Pädagogik im Lichte der Neurowissenschaft [Montessori pedagogy in the light of neuroscience]

Book Title: Kinder Sind Anders: Maria Montessoris Bild Vom Kinde Auf Dem Prüfstand [Children Are Different: Maria Montessori's Picture of the Child on the Test Bench]

Pages: 153-181

Neuroscience

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Language: German

Published: Würzburg, Germany: Ergon, 1996

ISBN: 3-928034-90-1

Book Section

The Influence of Neuroscience on Early Childhood Education

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Book Title: Scientific Influences on Early Childhood Education

Pages: 176-190

Developmental psychology, Early childhood education, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Neuroscience

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Abstract/Notes: It is only within very recent history – the past 25 to 30 years – that neuroscience has become a force in child development and educational research, as the tools to study the brain in action have improved and become more readily available. Although neuroscience research on reading, math, and social and emotional function also has important implications for education, this chapter focuses on executive function (EF) skills because these skills play an especially foundational role in learning and because they have been particularly well studied. Basic research on EF development has provided an important foundation for interventions designed to specifically target EF skills in young children, and suggests how to structure places of education to playfully explore their environments in intentional and attentive ways, to practice reflection, and to engage in self-regulated learning. Although neuroscience is a relatively new player in early education, it has transformed people's understanding of the conditions that support learning and brain development.

Language: English

Published: New York: Routledge, 2020

ISBN: 978-0-429-46828-5

Article

Montessori-Pädagogik und Gehirnforschung [Montessori Education and Neuroscience]

Publication: Montessori: Zeitschrift für Montessori-Pädagogik, vol. 43, no. 3

Pages: 97-115

Europe, Germany, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Neuroscience, Western Europe

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Language: German

Article

A Neuroscience-Based Learning Technique: Framework and Application to STEM

Available from: World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology

Publication: International Journal of Educational and Pedagogical Sciences, vol. 14, no. 3

Pages: 197-200

Montessori method of education, Neuroscience

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Abstract/Notes: Existing learning techniques such as problem-based learning, project-based learning, or case study learning are learning techniques that focus mainly on technical details, but give no specific guidelines on learner’s experience and emotional learning aspects such as arousal salience and valence, being emotional states important factors affecting engagement and retention. Some approaches involving emotion in educational settings, such as social and emotional learning, lack neuroscientific rigorousness and use of specific neurobiological mechanisms. On the other hand, neurobiology approaches lack educational applicability. And educational approaches mainly focus on cognitive aspects and disregard conditioning learning. First, authors start explaining the reasons why it is hard to learn thoughtfully, then they use the method of neurobiological mapping to track the main limbic system functions, such as the reward circuit, and its relations with perception, memories, motivations, sympathetic and parasympathetic reactions, and sensations, as well as the brain cortex. The authors conclude explaining the major finding: The mechanisms of nonconscious learning and the triggers that guarantee long-term memory potentiation. Afterward, the educational framework for practical application and the instructors’ guidelines are established. An implementation example in engineering education is given, namely, the study of tuned-mass dampers for earthquake oscillations attenuation in skyscrapers. This work represents an original learning technique based on nonconscious learning mechanisms to enhance long-term memories that complement existing cognitive learning methods.

Language: English

Article

New Developments in Neuroscience Supports [sic.] Montessori Under Three Philosophy

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 20

Pages: 7

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Language: English

Article

Master Mind: Seven Schools Describe How They Are Applying Research in Neuroscience and the Cognitive Sciences to Student Learning

Available from: InformIT

Publication: Independence, vol. 36, no. 1

Pages: 8-14, 16

Cognitive development, Cognitive neuroscience, Developmental psychology, Early childhood care and education, Neuroscience, Preschool education, Primary education

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Abstract/Notes: This article presents descriptions from seven schools of how they are applying research in neuroscience and the cognitive sciences to student learning. Braemar College, Woodend, Victoria implemented Fast ForWord with the knowledge of independently verified results in 2008 to assist students deemed to be at risk academically. Concordia College, Highgate, SA has implemented Brain Week since 2005. It aims to provide Year 8 students with the capacity to understand how their brain works ad to understand what happens to their brain when they learn. The Montessori International College, Buderim, Qld uses the Montessori curriculum to precisely trigger brain functions that are the building blocks of learning and personality. Ravenswood School for Girls Gordon NSW is reviewing its pastoral care program to provide an authentic program which will guide adolescents as they transverse the middle years and promotes student wellbeing, and which has at its base a deep understanding of the changes the adolescent brain is undergoing. St. Michael's Collegiate School, Hobart, Tas is using an executive function mindset to help all students in areas such as planning, organising, prioritising, initiating, sustaining, shifting and self monitoring. This, combined with focused effort, positive self concept, and strategic mindsets, are key to student success across all grades. Scotch Oakburn College, Launceston, Tas is considering brain based maths learning, which in beginning arithmetic takes advantage of the learner's number sense, subitising and counting strategies by making connections to new mathematical operations, so that multiplication tables become tools leading to a deeper understanding of mathematics, rather than an end unto themselves. With the wealth of research evidence growing about the plasticity of the brain, Wilderness School, Medindie, SA designed and implemented in 2011 a 'Thinking and Learning' unit for all Year 9 girls on mindsets.

Language: English

ISSN: 1324-2326

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Confirmation of Montessori Postulates in Contemporary Educational Neuroscience / Potvrde postulata Montessori pedagogije u suvremenoj obrazovnoj neuroznanosti

Available from: University of Zagreb

Publication: Croatian Journal of Education - Hrvatski časopis za odgoj i obrazovanje, vol. 22, no. 4

Croatia, Europe, Neuroscience, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: This paper lends insight into the fundamental postulates of Montessori pedagogyand definitions of contemporary educational neuroscience, focusing on the needsand solutions of contemporary didactic approaches. By presenting the results ofcontemporary researches, the paper connects the achievements of Montessoripedagogic methods and strategies with the scientific indicators of educationalneuroscience about the manners of positive impact on the development of anindividual. The results of the educational neuroscience research will corroborate thepostulates of Montessori pedagogy that state that understanding the developmentalstages of upbringing, individual competences, and specificities of each child areimportant for upbringing. Specific cases will be used to emphasize that, apartfrom the cognitive competence, it is essential to develop psychomotor and affectivecompetences, meaning that the development of these personality spheres isconnected and interdependent. By providing the pedagogic perspective, the paperpoints to the need for further deliberation on how to shape an optimal curriculum.The paper suggests that various social and technological changes are reasons toconsider pedagogic methods, strategies, and approaches of Montessori, which is alsosupported and substantiated by contemporary educational neuroscience.Key words: didactics; Montessori pedagogy; neurodidactics; neuroscience. - U ovom radu daje se uvid u osnovne postulate Montessori pedagogije i definicijesuvremene obrazovne neuroznanosti, orijentirajući se prema potrebama i rješenjimaza suvremene didaktičke pristupe. Prikazom rezultata suvremenih istraživanja radpovezuje dostignuća Montessori pedagoških metoda i strategija sa znanstvenimpokazateljima obrazovne neuroznanosti o načinima pozitivnoga utjecaja na razvojpojedinca. Rezultati istraživanja obrazovne neuroznanosti potkrijepit će postulateMontessori pedagogije da je za odgojni pristup važno razumijevanje razvojnih fazaodrastanja, individualnosti kompetencija i specifičnosti odgajanika. Specifičnimprimjerima naglasit će se da je uz kognitivne, bitno razvijati psihomotorne iafektivne kompetencije, odnosno da je razvoj ovih sfera ličnosti povezan imeđuovisan. Ponuđenom pedagoškom perspektivom rad ukazuje na potrebudaljnjega razmatranja kako pristupiti oblikovanju optimalnih kurikula. U radu sesugerira da je upravo zbog različitih društvenih i tehnoloških promjena potrebnorazmišljati o pedagoškim metodama, strategijama i pristupima Montessoripedagogije, što podržava i potkrepljuje suvremena obrazovna neuroznanost.Ključne riječi: didaktika; Montessori pedagogija; neurodidaktika; neuroznanost.

Language: English

DOI: 10.15516/cje.v22i4.3751

ISSN: 1848-5189, 1848-5197

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