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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

A New Education for a New Era: The Contribution of the Conferences of the New Education Fellowship to the Disciplinary Field of Education 1921–1938

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, vol. 40, no. 5-6

Pages: 733-755

New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: This article examines the role played by the conferences of the New Education Fellowship (NEF) in the emerging disciplinary field of the sciences of education between the two world wars. As Fuchs points out in an article in the present issue, the field of education at this time was being internationalized, and, being an international movement, the field impacted on by the NEF was international in scope.1 As will be seen, the ideas and practices of the new education were mediated by national cultural differences and thus their impact on the disciplinary field varied from nation to nation.2 In addition, the development of the field in terms of journals, conferences and its institutionalization within nations was uneven, which presents further difficulties when trying to evaluate the impact of the NEF's conferences. Much of the following discussion focuses on their impact on the disciplinary field in England though, as will be seen, not exclusively so. One of the distinguishing features of the NEF other than its international scope was that it was a movement that connected lay enthusiasts for the educational reforms associated with the new education with major figures in the developing disciplines of psychology and education, such as Carl Gustav Jung, Jean Piaget and John Dewey. The relation between these lay and professional constituencies is examined and conclusions drawn regarding the professionalizing process in the field and the impact of the conferences on educational research and its institutionalization.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/0030923042000293742

ISSN: 0030-9230, 1477-674X

Book Section

Die "New Educational Fellowship" - ein Forum der internationalen Reformpädagogik [The New Education Fellowship: An International Forum for Progressive Education]

Book Title: Die Reformpädagogik auf den Kontinenten: ein Handbuch [Progressive Education Across the Continents: A Handbook]

Pages: 191-204

Educational change, New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Progressive education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Language: German

Published: Frankfurt am Main, Germany: P. Lang, 1994

ISBN: 978-3-631-47463-1

Series: Heidelberger Studien zur Erziehungswissenschaft (Frankfurt am Main, Germany) , 43

Book

Towards a New Education: A Record and Synthesis of the Discussions on the New Psychology and the Curriculum at the Fifth World Conference of the New Education Fellowship held at Elsinore, Denmark, in August 1929

Conferences, Denmark, Europe, International Conference of the New Education Fellowship (5th, Helsingør/Elsinore, Denmark, 8-21 August, 1929), International Montessori Congress (1st, Helsingør/Elsinore, Denmark, 8-21 August 1929), New Education Fellowship, Northern Europe, Scandinavia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

Published: New York, New York: A. A. Knopf, 1930

Doctoral Dissertation

The New Education Fellowship and the Reconstruction of Education: 1945 to 1966

Available from: UCL

Educational change, Europe, New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: During the 1920s and 1930s, the New Education Fellowship (NEF), founded in 1919, established itself as an important international force for radical education and educational experimentation. Its membership was drawn from many different countries and included some of the most prominent progressive educators of that period. By 1945, however, the movement was experiencing international decline. Membership had fallen and in many countries the new educational network had ceased to exist. This situation was a result not only of the destruction of the new educational network in Europe during the Second World War, but also of the change in the outlook of educationists and reformers who sought new solutions to the problems of the reconstruction of society and education. The purpose of this study is to explore the NEF's importance as a disseminator of educational and political ideals after 1945 and its contribution to debates about the post-war reconstruction of education and society, using the considerable but currently little-researched material held at the Institute of Education, University of London. This thesis examines the NEF's network after 1945 and considers how far the NEF successfully extended its membership amongst school teachers and educationists at teacher training colleges. The NEF also sought to develop an international network. The international activities of the NEF, both through links with other organisations, for example, the United Nations Educational, Social and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), and its membership in those countries where the NEF maintained branches are explored in order to gauge the success of the NEF as a movement with internationalist ambitions.

Language: English

Published: London, England, 2009

Book Section

The New Education Fellowship: An International Forum for Progressive Education

Book Title: Progressive Education Across the Continents: A Handbook

Pages: 179-191

Educational change, New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Progressive education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Language: English

Published: Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Peter Lang, 1995

ISBN: 978-3-631-48917-8 978-0-8204-2914-4 3-631-48917-X 0-8204-2914-7

Series: Heidelberger Studien zur Erziehungswissenschaft (Frankfurt am Main, Germany) , 44

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Frictions and Fractions in the New Education Fellowship, 1920s-1930s: Montessori(ans) vs. Decroly(ans)

Available from: Università di Macerata

Publication: History of Education and Children's Literature (HECL), vol. 12, no. 1

Pages: 251-270

Belgium, Europe, Holland, Netherlands, New Education Fellowship, Theosophical Society, Theosophy, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The role of important figures and their interconnections has been vital in the existence and development of the New Education Fellowship (NEF). Already from the very beginning the NEF struggled with rivalries partly due to the adoration some of these coryphaei enjoyed by their followers. This affected the so highly-praised solidarity and close cooperation for the benefit of the child. During the 1920s and 1930s a conflict ran on between Montessorians and Decrolyans, culminated at the Locarno Congress (1927) and actually held the potency to undermine the NEF. These two camps propagated Il Metodo (1909) or La Méthode Decroly (1922), and for this purpose made use of Pour l’ère nouvelle, one of the NEF journals. We particularly observed this rivalry within the context of the Low Countries, Belgium and The Netherlands, although the conflict had a wider international character. In The Netherlands, the controversy carried on by the ambiguous Montessorian-Decrolyan Cornelia Philippi-Siewertsz van Reesema, who supported an ‘experimental eclecticism’, ended in a division of the Montessori Society. Even Montessori’s son, Mario, interfered by publishing a «philippic». In the long run, top people as Ensor, Ferrière, Claparède and Bovet – the last two likewise advocates of experimental eclecticism – were compelled to take up a position in order to restrain the conflict, to emphasise again the NEF’s internationality and to guarantee its survival.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 1971-1093, 1971-1131

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The New Education Fellowship and South America: A Panorama of the Establishment of Networks (1920-1930)

Available from: EDUFU - Editora da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

Publication: Cadernos de História da Educação, vol. 22

Pages: Article 204

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Abstract/Notes: The New Education Fellowship (NEF) is a subject matter widely examined by historiography of education, considering its conferences, as presented by Brehony in his best-known article, or related to educators and networks established in different countries, as addressed by Middleton, Haenggeli-Jenni, Watras, and others. However, this historiography is markedly limited to Europe, with some advances into Oceania and North America. With the aim of filling a gap in regard to the processes of establishment of networks between the NEF and South America, we intend to draw up a historical panorama of the initial years of creation of the NEF, from 1920-1930, taking the conference that occurred in Locarno, Switzerland, in 1927 as the inflection point. To review these networks in South America, the main sources are correspondence exchanged by South American educators, reports of conferences, and the journals The New Era and Pour l’Ére Nouvelle. / A New Education Fellowship é um objeto amplamente visitado pela historiografia da educação, considerando seus congressos, como apresentado por Brehony em seu artigo mais conhecido, ou relacionada a educadores e redes estabelecidas em diferentes países, como endereçado por Middleton; Haenggeli-Jenni; Watras, dentre outros. No entanto, esta historiografia está marcadamente circunscrita à Europa, com algumas incursões acerca da Oceania e América do Norte. Com o propósito de preencher uma lacuna no que se refere aos processos de constituição de redes entre a NEF e a América do Sul, pretendemos desenhar um panorama histórico compreendido nos anos iniciais da criação da NEF, entre 1920 e 1930, tomando o Congresso, ocorrido em Locarno, na Suíça, em 1927, como ponto de inflexão. Para retraçar essas redes na América do Sul, as principais fontes são correspondências trocadas por educadores sul-americanos, relatórios dos congressos e as revistas The New Era e Pour l’Ére Nouvelle. / La New Education Fellowship est un objet largement visité dans l'historiographie de l'éducation, pour l'intérêt suscité par ses congrès, comment présentée par Brehony dans son article le plus connu, ou liée aux éducateurs et aux réseaux établis dans différents pays, qui sont abordés dans les travaux de Middleton; Haenggeli-Jenni; Watras et autres.. On perçoit néanmoins que cette historiographie est nettement circonscrite en Europe, certains ouvrages se référant et à l’Océanie, et à l’Amérique du Nord. Nous proposons donc de créer un panorama historique permettant de comprendre le processus impliqué dans la formation de réseaux entre la NEF et l’Amérique du Sud dans les années 1920 et 1930, ayant comme point de repère le fameux congrès de la NEF à Locarno en 1927. Afin de reconstituer ces réseaux en Amérique du Sud, nos principales sources comprendront la correspondance entre les éducateurs sud-américains, les comptes rendus des congrès et les revuesThe New Era et Pour l’Ère Nouvelle. / La New Education Fellowship ha sido objeto muy estudado por la historiografía de la educación, con respecto a son congresos, como la discusión presentada por Brehony en um articulo muy conocido, o en relación a educadores y redes establecidas en diferentes países, tema tratado por Middleton, Haenggeli-Jenni, Watras, y otros. Aún así, podemos percibir que la historiografía está circunscrita de manera marcada a Europa con algunos trabajos referidos a Oceanía y Norte-América. En este sentido, nuestro propósito es crear un panorama que haga posible entender los procesos de constitución de redes entre NEF y América del Sur, en los años veinte y treinta, usando como hito la Conference de NEF in Locarno en 1927. Para trazar estas redes en América del Sur, consultamos los intercambios de correspondencia entre los educadores de América del Sur, los Informes de la Conferencia, y las revistas The New Era y Pour l’Ère Nouvelle.

Language: English, Portuguese

DOI: 10.14393/che-v22-2023-204

ISSN: 1982-7806

Article

New Education Fellowship

Available from: The Times Educational Supplement Historical Archive - Gale

Publication: The Times Educational Supplement (London, England)

Pages: 380

Conferences, International Conference of the New Education Fellowship (5th, Helsingør/Elsinore, Denmark, 8-21 August, 1929), International Montessori Congress (1st, Helsingør/Elsinore, Denmark, 8-21 August 1929), Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, New Education Fellowship

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Language: English

ISSN: 0040-7887

Article

The Fifth International Conference of the New Education Fellowship

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: The Woman Teacher, vol. 10, no. 36

Pages: 295

International Conference of the New Education Fellowship (5th, Helsingør/Elsinore, Denmark, 8-21 August, 1929), International Montessori Congress (1st, Helsingør/Elsinore, Denmark, 8-21 August 1929), Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc.

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Language: English

Encyclopedia Article

Social Imaginaries and the New Education Fellowship

Available from: Springer Link

Page(s): 1-6

New Education Fellowship, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

Published: Singapore, Singapore: Springer, 2016

ISBN: 978-981-287-532-7

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