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Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)
Efficacy of Community Building in Adult Online Learning Environments
Available from: St. Catherine University
Abstract/Notes: This qualitative research study was conducted during synchronous class sessions with adult learners enrolled in an online Montessori teacher education program. The aim was to determine which techniques were being used to facilitate adult learning in an online learning environment. The research collected data through data tools designed to record the observed behaviors of participants engaged in online synchronous class sessions. The data revealed the use of learning techniques beneficial to developing self-confidence, community building, and knowledge acquisition by utilizing qualitative and quantitative research methods. This study can serve as a framework for future research projects focusing on adult learning methods and techniques that will positively impact adult learners’ experience in online learning environments. This study provided evidence that supports techniques that focus on supporting and encouraging adult learners to build self-confidence while cultivating a supportive community of learners. Overall, having synchronous class sessions appear to be beneficial to the building of community, self-confidence of the adult learners, and worthwhile use of time to evaluate the effectiveness of learning in online environments. Synchronous class sessions, accompanied by asynchronous activities of adult learners, are a very effective way of educating future teachers in the Montessori method.
Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2022
Kendala Guru Dalam Melakukan Pembelajaran Daring Di TK Syalom Esandom [Teacher Obstacles in Conducting Online Learning at Syalom Esandom Kindergarten]
Available from: Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Manado (Indonesia)
Publication: Montessori Jurnal Pendidikan Kristen Anak Usia Dini, vol. 1, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: Pandemi covid 19 membuat semua jenjang pendidikan termasuk PAUD menghentikan kegiatan pembelajaran tatap muka dan berganti dengan sistem daring. Hal ini menimbulkan kendala bagi peserta didik, orangtua terlebih khusus guru. Secara tiba-tiba guru harus mengganti strategi pembelajaran yang efektif untuk menunjang kelancaran proses pembelajaran daring. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kendala apa saja yang di hadapi guru dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran daring. Adapun metode yang digunakan yaitu metode kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data yaitu observasi dan wawancara kepada guru paud yang melaksanakan pembelajaran daring. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan kendala yang terjadi pada guru dalam melakukan pembelajaran daring yaitu kurangnya pengetahuan guru dan orangtua dalam penggunaan teknologi, kurangnya dampingan orangtua dan kurangnya fasilitas yang dimiliki siswa dalam belajar daring.
Role of Email Management, Online Research, Social Media Management and Online Collaboration in Learners’ Skills Development in Technical and Vocational Institutes
Available from: Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review
Publication: Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, vol. 7, no. 3
Abstract/Notes: TAVET programs are run by the government, which will be opportunity for development and preparing workforce expected for the financial inspire of this country. Objectives of this study were to analyze the role of email management, online research, social media management and online collaboration on learners’ skills development and to recommend appropriate for skill development in technical and vocational institutes. Researcher carried out study on “Role of Email Management, Online Research, Social Media Management and Online Collaboration in Learners’ Skills Development in TAVET”. Use and effectiveness of ICT is also equally important in TAVET. Study was survey type and descriptive in nature. Quantitative technique was adopted. Population of the study comprised all instructors and students of TAVET in Sadiqabad. After carrying out research all the teachers and students have agreed on the use and need of ICT facilities in TAVET. Study recommended that use of ICT may be increased in TAVET and teaching staff may be trained and ICT facilities may be provided in TAVET.
ISSN: 2708-6461, 2708-6453
Online: America Online Is a Treasure Trove of Information and People Watching
Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 7, no. 2
Date: Winter 1995
mLearning in Primary Education: An Online Teacher Training Proposal Based on Montessori Education Principles
Available from: IATED Digital Library
12th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Abstract/Notes: Mlearning is learning through digital mobile environments, making it possible to acquire, interrelate and share new knowledge through mobile devices. There is a consensus on the growth of the use of these devices for different educational actions. According to Sarrab, Elgamel & Aldabbas (2012), there are different recreational and pedagogical uses based on mlearning. According to De Araújo Junior et al (2019), these uses are based on the possibility of combining more than one methodology and learning strategies in line with students’ learning characteristics and needs. To this end, mlearning seeks to integrate learning theories, especially constructivist and behavioral theories to also create collaborative working environments (Crompton, Burke & Gregory, 2017). The greatest advantage of mlearning is the possibility of it being applied pedagogically beyond the school environment, with the participation of families and with various proposals for interaction between teacher-student, student-student, and teacher-student-families. This whole range of possibilities has created a new field of study. By overcoming the design approach on mlearning environments and their different effects (Devinder Singh & Zaitun, 2006), a new line of research is becoming relevant: the role of teachers and their training in the use of this technology. Sanchez-Prieto & Hernández García (2019) point out that despite its advantages, the number of teachers using this technology is still very limited. A bibliographic review of 7 scientific articles related to the use of mlearning in primary classes within different educational contexts identified that teachers still lack, not only technical and/or pedagogical but also comprehensive training, making it difficult for them to become familiar with this technology and applying it as another teaching tool in their primary classes. Considering the needs found regarding digital teacher competence, the basis of digital interaction between teacher-student-families and the assessment, selection, and design of didactic contents, this study is an integral part of the Koulu I +D project (Mobile learning in primary education) number ID19-XX-003, aims to present a proposal for teacher training taught within an online learning environment. It does so regarding the basis, application and use of mlearning in primary classes based on the principles of Montessori education: personal choice of the student, collaborative learning, self-direction, the teacher as a guide and learning by discovery. To this end, the training model is based on these points to guide the work using mlearning by considering the characteristics and needs of primary education, regardless of the tool’s typology. The training proposal is based on providing the necessary teaching knowledge to conduct the pedagogical work at the comprehension, application and assessment levels of mlearning in primary classes. The training was designed as an online format to overcome the first barrier for some teachers: the use of technology. The defined points of training to meet the demands of the application in primary classes are: Digital teacher competence, Montessori and Mlearning Pedagogy, Pedagogical tools and the possibilities of primary education and mlearning Assessment in primary education.
Pembelajaran Matematika di TK GMIM 236 Liandok: Pembelajaran Matematika [Learning Mathematics in Kindergarten GMIM 236 Liandok: Learning Mathematics]
Available from: Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Manado (Indonesia)
Publication: Montessori Jurnal Pendidikan Kristen Anak Usia Dini, vol. 3, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan Pembelajaran matematika di TK GMIM 236 Liandok, Kecamatan Tenga, Kabupaten Minahasa Selatan, Sulawesi Utara. Ada 3 hal utama yang diangkat dalam penelitian ini yaitu pembelajran matematika, pembelajaran matematika AUD, metode yang digunakan guru dalam pengajaran matematika. Penelitan ini menggunakan jenis pendekatan kualitatif. Prosedur pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu wawancara dan dokumentasi . Sumber-sumber data dari penelitian ini yaitu Kepala Sekolah serta guru bantu di TK GMIM 236 Liandok. Hasil penelitian menunjukka proses pembelajaran di sekolah tersebut terlebih khusus dalam pengenalan matematika sudah terealisasi karena pembelajarannya sudah memperhatikan konsep serta usia dari peserta didiknya. Adapun pengajarkan matematika selama dilaksankannya pembelajaran di sekolah tersebut dilakukan dengan cara anak sambil bermain dengan anak lainnya dan membuat permainan sederhana dari barang-barang bekas dilingkungan sekitar. Kata Kunci : Pembelajaran, matematika, Anak usia dini. Abstract Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pembelajaran matematika di TK GMIM 236 Liandok, Kecamatan Tenga, Kabupaten Minahasa Selatan, Sulawesi Utara. Ada 3 hal pokok yang diangkat dalam penelitian ini yaitu pembelajaran matematika, pembelajaran matematika AUD, metode yang digunakan guru dalam pembelajaran matematika. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Prosedur pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wawancara dan dokumentasi. Sumber data dari penelitian ini adalah kepala sekolah dan guru pendamping di TK GMIM 236 Liandok. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa proses pembelajaran di sekolah khususnya dalam pengenalan matematika telah terwujud karena pembelajaran telah memperhitungkan konsep dan usia siswa.
Learning Management with Montessori by Bringing the Trisikkhā Principles, Precepts, Concentration and Wisdom to Integrate in Learning Management
Available from: ASEAN Journal of Religious and Cultural Research
Publication: ASEAN Journal of Religious and Cultural Research, vol. 6, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: This academic article reflects the thoughts from attending the workshop, promotion of learning management based on the Montessori concept uses writing from real experience in the practice as an observer from the early childhood classroom and first-class classrooms that provides teaching with the Montessori concept. The results reflected the ideas from direct experiences from the workshop participants, showing that the atmosphere in the classroom arrangement was bulging good ventilation, beautiful colors, work, interior colors feel cool and comfortable. The room has a fan enough light shelf arrangement separated into media; beautiful, durable, beautiful colors arranged from top to bottom. Characters are clearly visible and durable. Teachers interact with children in order to allow children to concentrate on themselves. The role of the teacher is to be a mentor to guide the children towards achieving their goals. The students and the students’ joint activities to achieve common goals. The result of the observation made the children absorb the threefold principle, namely, the child had precepts indicating that the collection of things was organized, neat, not separating the workpiece, compassionate to help friends, concentration and mindfulness having determination to complete the work. Intellectually, children are knowledgeable, ppossessing the ability to think step by step, distinguish work pieces assemble words and be able to solve problems easily by yourself.
Learning from Students, Learning from Music: Cognitive Development in Early Childhood Reflected through Music-Perceptual Tasks
Available from: Rider University
Publication: Visions of Research in Music Education, vol. 17, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to investigate young children’s perception of melodic construction in hope of finding clues about their broader cognitive development in nonmusical domains. Following Jeanne Bamberger’s example of musical-perceptual tasks with Montessori bells, four children aged three to six were presented with a melodic construction task and asked to create a representation of their work. Analysis of data revealed common themes with varied results of (a) eagerness or hesitancy to participate, (b) whether bells were moved or played, (c) exploration of bells, (d) internalization of rhythm, (e) cognitive readiness for melodic construction, and (f) role of visual representation. No cross-case findings could be drawn about broader cognitive development, however specific characteristics of the children and their approach to the melodic construction task are presented. Recommendations for further study center on potential clues a melodic construction task could provide about language construction in individual children.
Task-based Language Learning in Bilingual Montessori Elementary Schools: Customizing Foreign Language Learning and Promoting L2 Speaking Skills
Available from: Universität Bern (Switzerland)
Publication: Linguistik Online, vol. 54, no. 4
Abstract/Notes: Foreign language learning has been a part of German elementary schools for several years now. Montessori schools focusing on individual learning, i.e. mostly independent from the teacher and based on auto-education, interest, and free choice, are also asked to teach an L2. The original lack of a concept of L2 learning for this environment has brought forth different approaches. Bilingual education seems to be feasible and applicable in Montessori education. The downside to this is that even in a bilingual classroom the Montessori way of learning may not allow for very much oral production of the foreign language. The role of L2 production (cf. Swain 1985, 1995, 2005) for language acquisition has been theoretically claimed and empirically investigated. Output can have a positive influence on L2 learning (cf. e.g. Izumi 2002, Keck et al. 2006). This also applies to interaction (cf. Long 1996), where negotiation of meaning and modified output are factors supporting L2 development (cf. e.g. de la Fuente 2002, McDonough 2005). Task-based Language Learning (TBLL) presents itself as one way to promote oral language production and to provide opportunities for meaning-negotiation. Especially tasks with required information exchange and a closed outcome have been shown to be beneficial for the elicitation of negotiation of meaning and modified output. This paper argues that TBLL is a promising approach for the facilitation of L2 production and thus the development of speaking skills in a Montessori context. It also hypothesizes that TBLL can be implemented in a bilingual Montessori environment while still making the Montessori way of learning possible. Different tasks on various topics, examples of which are presented in this article, can lay the foundation for this. Offering such tasks in a bilingual Montessori elementary classroom promises to foster language production and the use of communication strategies like negotiation of meaning, both being facilitative for L2 acquisition. This hypothesis remains to be tested in future research.
Outdoor Learning, A Pathway to Transformational Learning? Or Another Educational Gimmick?
Available from: Infonomics Society
Publication: International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education, vol. 13, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: Outdoor learning is one of the newest terminologies and implementations of using the outdoors as a part of education. This paper provides an in-depth overview to answer the question, is outdoor learning a pathway to transformational learning or another educational gimmick? To answer this question, this paper will focus on six fundamental sections. This paper begins by highlighting the ambiguity throughout history in defining education outside the classroom, with more than 75 different terminologies used to refer to education in the outdoors. The second theme is that despite this contemporary emergence, outdoor learning has a long and varied history within education, with modern elements of outdoor learning being traced back thousands of years in indigenous cultures. Then being refined throughout the 21st century before settling on the current contemporary form of outdoor learning. The third theme of this paper looks at the benefits of outdoor learning, summarized into six critical sections. These benefits include health and wellbeing, social-emotional and cognitive development, academic and behavioral benefits, memory benefits, increased positive attitudes towards the environment, and positive teacher benefits. The fourth theme of this paper reviews the barriers and challenges to implementing outdoor learning within schooling, with four primary barriers being identified. These barriers include outdoor learning having no formal status in teachers’ educational practice, a lack of teacher confidence in their outdoor teaching expertise, difficulty in starting an outdoor learning program, and physical restraints such as school grounds and weather. The penultimate theme of this paper reviews critical considerations that must be addressed when implementing an outdoor learning program; this includes cost, student numbers, transportation, insurance, time, framework, skills, assessments, the curriculum, and training. The final theme of this paper unpacks the effects of COVID-19 on outdoor learning within all levels of schooling. Initially seen as a method to return to school by being outdoors, outdoor learning has since demonstrated to educators worldwide that it deserves to be embedded as an everyday part of education even after the pandemic subsides.