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Doctoral Dissertation

Promotion of Peace and Peace Education Through Schooling: Perspectives and Experiences of Girls and Boys in Mauritius

Available from: British Library - EthOS

Africa, East Africa, Mauritius, Peace education, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: This thesis explores young boys' and girls' perceptions and experiences of their schooling in the small island developing state of Mauritius. It brings to the forefront problems related to cultural and structural violence that can hamper a peaceful schooling in three state secondary schools: a single-sex girls' school, a single-sex boys' school and a mixed school which also promote the educational theories of M. K. Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore. The findings reveal that there can be a 'fideistic' attitude to Gandhi and Tagore in this context, which highlight the need for a critical peace education that question taken-for-granted assumptions. It also shows that in schools, problems can be hidden and not discussed. The methodology was based on a participatory worldview that asserts the importance of a 'holistic inquiry' and learning from the 'Other' for peaceful coexistence. In this regard, there can be serious ethical challenges for a 'native' researcher to conduct participatory research with young people in a small-connected community like Mauritius. The research also brings together various philosophies of education and peace for the promotion of peace education. It builds on commonalities from the East and West to highlight the importance of the 'holistic' in peace education. It promotes the concept of 'wholeness' as much emphasised in the East. The research was informed by M.K. Gandhi's, Rabindranath Tagore's and Maria Montessori's educational theories for peace. It was also gender-sensitive and promoted a 'peace-focused-feminism', which is grounded in the Eastern philosophies of 'Yin' and 'Yang', 'Shakti' and 'Shiva' and 'Prakriti' and 'Purusha'.

Language: English

Published: Nottingham, England, 2018

Article

Power Picture Books: Tools for Teaching Peace

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 20, no. 4

Pages: 32-37

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: The picture book is a simple yet profound tool for teaching peace. Picture books are nearly pieces of art--with rich text accompanied by illustrations, paintings, and photographs that speak to the spirit of the child. They are an ideal peace resource, in part because they are readily accessible for all age levels. Books can be borrowed through local library services, an easy and cost-free option. A school may find it worthwhile to build a peace library collection, thereby establishing a resource pool that can be shared by all teachers in the building. Five hundred dollars will buy about 30 books. A fund drive or a small grant are options for tight budgets. In some schools, children donate a book to the classroom or school library on their birthdays. Consider creating a peace bibliography and asking families to donate a book from the list as a contribution to the peace book project. Next, look at what it means to teach for peace and how to organize the learner objectives for teaching peace. The following categories form the framework for a curriculum for teaching peace: (1) Inner Peace; (2) Peace in a Classroom Community; (3) Universal/Cultural Peace; and (4) Peace in Nature. Given this framework for cultivating the peace-loving spirit of the child, it is possible to look more closely at the picture book themes that will form the basis for or complement the objectives that shape the 4-part framework. This article discusses books which have been included for both powerful text and exceptional art.

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

How Peace Education Motivates Youth Peacebuilding: Examples from Pakistan

Available from: ScienceDirect

Publication: International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 66

Pages: 62-69

Asia, Pakistan, Peace education, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This article examines the impact of four peace education programs involving Pakistani youth to illuminate peace education’s role in peacebuilding efforts in conflict contexts. It argues that alumni tried to replicate their individual transformations as stimulated by these peace education programs. They did so through community-level projects modelled after the same program processes that had transformed them. Impact on peacebuilding was supported by peace education programs combining different theories of change, focusing on follow-on projects, and providing support structures for alumni. Because alumni modelled their projects after their program experiences, programs should be more transparent in order to maximize impact.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2019.02.006

ISSN: 0738-0593

Conference Paper

Education for Conflict – Education for Peace

Available from: ERIC

Annual Meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society

City Montessori School (Lucknow, India), Peace education, Public Montessori

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Abstract/Notes: This paper contrasts the use of education for conflict with the use of education for peace, shows some historical developments in the field of peace education, and summarizes facets and the diffusion of peace education. The paper explores some considerations for learning environments suitable for peace education programs and describes selected features of two schools to illustrate the implementation of some of the characteristics of peace education. It explains that, although college offerings in peace education worldwide demonstrate the scarcity of peace education programs in mainstream educational institutions, a Web site listing colleges and universities that offer peace studies programs shows approximately 120 graduate and undergraduate programs, most of which are located in North America. The paper notes that in public schools, peace education can at best be found in the international education or conflict resolution programs designed to prevent school violence. Appended is a reference list of peace education Web sites, selected by the U.S. Department of Education. (Contains 27 references.)

Language: English

Published: Orlando, Florida: Comparative and International Education Society, Mar 2002

Article

Conceptual Awareness of Secondary School Teachers Regarding Peace Education: Analysis

Available from: International Journal of Innovation in Teaching and Learning (IJITL)

Publication: International Journal of Innovation in Teaching and Learning (IJITL), vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 1-11

Asia, Pakistan, Peace education, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Peace education is a key process for creating peace and devastating conflict and violence. Therefore, peace education promotes the knowledge, skills, attitudes as well as values that pursue to convert individual’s mindsets, attitudes as well as behaviours. So, peace education is a key instrument for developing a culture of peace and a plan which has been used a large number of nations to stop violent and fatal conflicts. The objectives of the study were: (i) to examine the conceptual awareness of secondary school teachers regarding knowledge component of peace education in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.(ii) To examine the awareness of secondary school teachers regarding the skills and attitude of peace education in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. All secondary school teachers of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were the population of the study. According to the nature of the study the researcher selected 320 secondary teachers from different districts. A self-developed questionnaire was used as a research tool. All statements on the questionnaire were related to conceptual awareness of secondary school teachers regarding peace education. The validity and reliability of the research instrument were accurately confirmed. The data were analyzed through SPSS (version 20). The findings and conclusions of the study showed that most of male secondary school teachers were aware about the three components of peace education. Majority of female secondary school teachers were not aware about the components of peace education.

Language: English

DOI: 10.35993/ijitl.v2i1.380

ISSN: 2520-0003, 2664-2247

Book Section

For Peace [An address given before the European Congress for Peace in Brussels on 3 September 1936]

Book Title: Education and Peace

Pages: 21-24

Belgium, Europe, European Congress for Peace, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Maria Montessori - Writings, Peace, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: First published in Italy as 'Educazione e Pace' ©1949. First published in this translation in the USA in 1972. A collection of lectures from international congresses and peace councils in the 1930s.

Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2018

ISBN: 978-90-79506-21-7

Series: The Montessori Series , 10

Article

Peace Profile: Maria Montessori – Peace Through Education

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice, vol. 26, no. 3

Pages: 427-433

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Peace, Peace education

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/10402659.2014.938003

ISSN: 1040-2659

Doctoral Dissertation

La Problematique de l'Education a la Paix a la Lumiere de Deux Representants de l'Education Nouvelle: Célestin Freinet et Maria Montessori [The Problematic of Education for Peace in the Light of Two Representatives of New Education: Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori]

Available from: Université Lyon 2 Theses

Célestin Freinet - Biographic sources, Célestin Freinet - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, New Education Fellowship, Peace education

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Abstract/Notes: L'étude du thème de l'éducation à la paix en regard des options spécifiques, éducatives et pédagogiques - historiquement ancrées - de Célestin Freinet et Maria Montessori, inscrites dans le mouvement de l'Education nouvelle, imposent avant tout d'interroger le concept de paix à la lumière des approches philosophiques. La notion de conflit, comme lieu - d'espace et de temps, moment différé à la violence - où s'articulent les rapports de tensions entre les contraires mis en présence, apparaît dès lors comme l'élément central à prendre en considération dans ce qui caractérise les relations humaines, afin que ces dernières ne dégénèrent pas en violence aveugle. S'il est indéniable que les deux pédagogues ont été animés par un profond désir de voir la paix s'installer dans le monde après deux catastrophes mondiales, il n'en demeure pas moins que leurs approches en ce domaine révèlent, à l'instar de leur attitude vis à vis des conflits armés, un déni de la notion même de conflit au sein des relations entre les hommes et par voie de conséquence de la valeur qui lui est attachée. L'établissement d'une adéquation entre nature et paix, renforcée en cette époque charnière du début du XXe siècle, amène Célestin Freinet et Maria Montessori à asseoir leurs conceptions, pour l'un comme pour l'autre, sur les bases du naturalisme et du vitalisme en prenant, pour Maria Montessori plus particulièrement, le chemin de la religion. C'est en cela que les conceptions et démarches de ces deux pédagogues, s'inscrivant dans le mouvement plus général de l'Education nouvelle, s'appuient sur la nécessité de l'éradication des conflits. Outre le fait que par la voie du pacifisme, la paix ne saurait advenir, l'éducation à la paix demeure un problème parce qu'elle se doit de considérer la composante conflictuelle tant dans les relations inter-individuelles qu'inter-éthniques et inter-étatiques. Il reste au demeurant que non seulement on peut mais que l'on doit éduquer à la paix, au risque de la violence possible, afin d'assurer aux futures générations l'apprentissage de liberté et de l'autonomie. [The probematics of education for peace in light of two representatives of the New education : Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori The study of education for peace theme from the specific, educational and pedagogical – historically rooted – options of Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori, registered in the New Education movement, imposes first to question the concept of peace in the light of philosophical approaches. The notion of conflict, as unit – of space and time, moment differred to violence – where tension struggles between opposites, appear from that time as the central element to be considered in what caracterizes human relations, so that these relations do not degenerate in blind violence. If it is undeniable that both pedagogues have been incited by a deep desire to see peace spreading over the world after both world catastrophes, the fact remains that their approaches in this domain reveal, in the manner of their attitude towards armed conflicts, a denial of the very notion of conflict in relations between men and consequently of the value hereto attached. The setting-up of an adequacy between nature and peace, reinforced at this hinge time of the beginning of the 20th century, leads Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori to ground their conceptions, for both of them, on the basis of naturalism and vitalism, by taking, especially for Maria Montessori, the way of religion. Conceptions and approaches of these both pedagogues, in the scope of the general New Education movement, lean on the necessity to eradicate conflicts. Besides the fact that by the way of pacifism, peace could not come to pass, education to peace remains a problem because it has to consider the conflict element in inter-individual as well as inter-ethnical and inter-state relations. The fact remains that education to peace not only can be but has to be dispensed, at the risk of possible violence, in order to ensure to future generations learning of freedom and autonomy.]

Language: French

Published: Lyon, France, 2004

Book

Peace 101: The Introduction of Education for Peace as a Mandatory Subject of the Montessori Teacher Education Curriculum

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Language: English

Published: [S.I.]: Nienhuis Montessori USA, 1992

Article

Peacemaking: Establishing the Potential for a Peaceful Society by Achieving Community in the Elementary Classroom

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 32–39

⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

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