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Book Section

Peace Education: Education and Peace

Book Title: The Bloomsbury Handbook of Montessori Education

Pages: 91-95

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History, Peace education

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Abstract/Notes: This chapter examines Maria Montessori’s text, Education and Peace (1972) which was first published in 1949 in Italian. The text is a series of speeches she gave throughout Europe during the Interwar period of 1932-1939 and is divided into three parts. Part I is an introduction to Montessori’s vision for peace education. Part II collects the lectures from the Sixth International Montessori Congress in Copenhagen, 1937. Part III focuses on the lecture, “The Importance of Education in Bringing about Peace,” from an address to the International School of Philosophy in Amersfoort, 1937. The final section contains Montessori’s “Address to the World Fellowship of Faiths” in London, 1939. Montessori’s works assume a worldview where peace is the most natural state of consciousness and express her belief that humans can concretely address the fact that humanity seems to be devolving into greater forms of violence instead of advancing toward peace.

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2023

ISBN: 978-1-350-27561-4 978-1-350-27560-7 978-1-350-27562-1

Series: Bloomsbury Handbooks

Book Section

Erziehung zum Frieden - aber wie?: Praktische Beispiele zur Friedenserziehung [Education for Peace - But How?: Practical Examples for Peace Education]

Book Title: Montessori-Pädagogik und die Erziehungsprobleme der Gegenwart [Montessori Pedagogy and Current Educational Problems]

Pages: 112-115

Peace education

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Language: German

Published: Würzburg, Germany: Königshausen und Neumann, 1990

ISBN: 3-88479-423-X

Article

Development of a Peace Education Program by the Kindergarten Teacher Awareness for Peace Education in Korea

Available from: The Korean Society for Early Childhood Education

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood Education, vol. 9, no. 2

Pages: 39-69

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Abstract/Notes: This study examines the baseline data of peace educational ideas in the level of recognition and practice among Korean kindergarten teachers. Data was collected through a questionnaire survey. Subjects served for this study consisted of 265 kindergarten teachers including 93 Montessori teachers and 172 traditional kindergarten teachers among 42 kindergartens located in Seoul and Kyungki province area, a using random sampling method. Data was analyzed by IBM-PC computer, using a SPSS program. Statistical methods employed were frequency: of item, t-test, and ANOVA. The authors developed a peace education activity, and applying the kindergarten based on the data obtained from this study and Montes-sort four domains for a peace education to be reviewed. The results of this study were as follows: There was no significant difference in the awareness of peace education between Montessori teachers and traditional kindergarten teachers. The teachers who had much more teaching experiences showed the higher awareness for peace educational practice than younger teachers with the shorter teaching career. Even though Montessori and traditional kindergarten teachers had the high recognition for a peace education did not have the systemically peace education program. Authors developed 12 activities of peace education included self-awareness (3 activities), community awareness (3 activities), cultural awareness (3 activities), and global environmental awareness (3 activities). The peace educational program on the basis of research data and the Montessori had four domains. The standards of a peace educational program are decided and accomplished on the basis of these four categorical interactions and all practical data available for the real state of affairs in a specific cultural community and country. In conclusion, standards of peace education are subject to change as the actual circumstances of country and the world change and teacher practice patterns for the peace education evolve. These parameters of peace education should be considered in peace education programs only.

Language: English

ISSN: 1226-9557, 2733-9653

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Integration of peace education into early childhood education programs

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 28, no. 2

Pages: 29-36

Peace education

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Abstract/Notes: Preschool educators may observe that this unique historical period is an opportunity to integrate peace education into the educational program. The communication that has developed thanks to new technology has offered the opportunity for transformation. Teaching, nonviolence, conflict resolution, well-being, economic, political participation and interest in the environment can be considered as concepts of education for peace. This visionary idea includes global education, prevention of violence, character education and moral education. The educational program and methods of education for peace of preschool children (from birth to 8 years old) include different themes: 1) promote cooperation and resolve conflicts 2) respect for self and authority; 3) appreciation of diversity 4) the role of permeating cultural violence including television, video games, films and dramatic games stimulated by toys and representations of violent actions. These central themes contain the hope that the principles contained in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child will be applied. Parents' participation seen as essential agents in decision-making concerning their children is a fundamental concept. The study of this event produced a visionary model, identified as education for peace, with the participation of parents. OMEP members act as catalysts for peace education efforts with an emphasis on intercultural education. Peace education was, is and will be a goal of pre-school and primary education for all educators around the world. There is a great need for activities in preschool, primary and other educational programs to reduce tensions peacefully.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/BF03174500

ISSN: 0020-7187, 1878-4658

Book Section

Montessori Education: Ecoliteracy, Sustainability, and Peace Education

Book Title: The Bloomsbury Handbook of Montessori Education

Pages: 545-552

Ecology, Experiential learning, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Sustainability

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori’s vision of peace education includes a deep respect for integral human development where a focus on the whole child in the context of the larger community is the norm. Within Montessori education, children learn each part of the universe, living and non-living, play a role in the cosmic order of the world. Long before climate change became a mainstream concern and imminent threat, Montessori understood that ecoliteracy and a deep reverence for understanding how sustainability, sustainable living, respect for the environment, and a deep understanding of the means of production and exchange were essential to the development of a peaceful world. This chapter explores her philosophy of peace education, its relationship to environmental stewardship, and the implementation of these themes within the Montessori context.

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2023

ISBN: 978-1-350-27561-4 978-1-350-27560-7 978-1-350-27562-1

Series: Bloomsbury Handbooks

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Effects of Peace Education and Grace and Courtesy Education on Social Problem-Solving Skills and Social Awareness

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Grace and courtesy, Montessori method of education, Peace education

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Abstract/Notes: This action research studied the impact of peace education and portions of the Positive Discipline curriculum in a three-six primary Montessori classroom. During five weeks of implementing the research, sixteen students participated in class meetings for twenty minutes a day. The peace table activities and wheel of choice lessons were conducted individually and as a whole class. The peace table activities included a set of mini dishes on a tray, a rain stick, and a peace rose. The wheel of choice consisted of pictures and words of examples of what students could choose to help them solve problems. A few examples are count to ten, apologize, ask for help, and write your name on the agenda. Implementing the presentations into the classroom environment became a work for the students to use if needed and did not occur daily. As a work choice, the previous activities were available on tables and children were allowed to choose the work as many times as they felt was necessary. The research began with baseline data collection through SWIS (School Wide Information System) referral records, student interviews, and student surveys. Sources of data obtained during the study included interviews, surveys, observation tally sheets, and a field journal. The results presented an increase in social awareness and problem-solving skills through the class meetings. Students began acknowledging problems and brainstorming solutions. Class meetings will continue daily to extend the positive problem-solving capabilities and mindfulness students developed in their classroom community.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2016

Article

Mission Possible: Peace: Peace Education for Primary Age Children at Princeton Montessori School

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 13, no. 3

Pages: 13–15

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

How Peace Education Motivates Youth Peacebuilding: Examples from Pakistan

Available from: ScienceDirect

Publication: International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 66

Pages: 62-69

Asia, Pakistan, Peace education, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This article examines the impact of four peace education programs involving Pakistani youth to illuminate peace education’s role in peacebuilding efforts in conflict contexts. It argues that alumni tried to replicate their individual transformations as stimulated by these peace education programs. They did so through community-level projects modelled after the same program processes that had transformed them. Impact on peacebuilding was supported by peace education programs combining different theories of change, focusing on follow-on projects, and providing support structures for alumni. Because alumni modelled their projects after their program experiences, programs should be more transparent in order to maximize impact.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2019.02.006

ISSN: 0738-0593

Book Section

Friedensmodelle und friedenserziehung: der beitrag Maria Montessoris [Peace models and peace education: Maria Montessori's contribution]

Book Title: Montessori-Pädagogik und die Erziehungsprobleme der Gegenwart [Montessori Pedagogy and Current Educational Problems]

Pages: 106-111

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Peace, Peace education

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Language: German

Published: Würzburg, Germany: Königshausen und Neumann, 1990

ISBN: 3-88479-423-X

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

From Peace Education to Culture of Peace: Context and Issues

Available from: Università Degli Studi Firenze

Publication: Studi sulla Formazione / Open Journal of Education, vol. 16, no. 1

Pages: 167-179

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Abstract/Notes: From peace education to culture of peace: context and issues

Language: English

DOI: 10.13128/Studi_Formaz-13492

ISSN: 2036-6981

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