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1036 results

Article

Políticas para pessoa com deficiência e as contribuições de Freire e Montessori [Policies for people with disabilities and the contributions of Freire and Montessori]

Available from: Pontificia Universidade Católica do RIo Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Publication: Textos and Contextos (Porto Alegre), vol. 19, no. 1

Pages: e36611

Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Paulo Freire - Biographic sources, Paulo Freire - Philosophy

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Abstract/Notes: Resumo A temática central deste artigo versa sobre o atendimento das Pessoas com Deficiência, busca-se deste modo inferir sobre algumas contribuições históricas a partir da pedagogia proposta por Paulo Freire e Maria Montessori. Apesar de em estudos preliminares Freire não ter tratado diretamente sobre o tema pessoa com deficiência, traz em suas obras um vasto material que dividiu barreiras entre a educação para poucos e a sua democratização. Freire (2013, p. 47) defende que a Educação é um processo em que o sujeito deve apreender através da sua vivência, não se evolui recebendo conhecimentos prontos, ou seja: “ensinar não é transferir conhecimentos, mas criar as possibilidades para a sua própria produção ou a sua construção”. Deste modo, permite-se estabelecer uma relação entre a pedagogia de Paulo Freire e a política educacional para as pessoas com deficiência, pois ambas desejam que todas as pessoas da sociedade tenham acesso à política de educação. Já a pedagogia proposta por Maria Montessori está inter-relacionada com a inclusão das pessoas com deficiência, uma vez que seus estudos inicialmente voltaram-se para a educação de crianças com deficiência intelectual.

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.15448/1677-9509.2020.1.36611

ISSN: 1677-9509

Article

Benefits of Good Shepherd Catechesis Among Children with Intellectual Disabilities in Kenya

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: Journal of Religious Education, vol. 66, no. 3

Pages: 225-234

Africa, Children with disabilities, East Africa, Inclusive education, Kenya, Learning disabilities, People with disabilities, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: Since Martin Luther, religious education has largely been identified with catechism that used question and answer method, particularly in the Catholic church. For a person with intellectual disability, this offers a grave difficulty in religious formation. Could there be alternatives? The present study aimed at exploring the benefits of Catechesis of the Good Shepherd (CGS) for children living with intellectual disabilities. The participants were 23 children and nine care-givers in a Catholic context in Kenya. Observation guides and interviews were used to collect data that showed that children with intellectual disabilities had the ability to spontaneously relate with the spiritual world, and in some cases, with Jesus. The findings confirmed that the CGS offers children with special needs the space, tools, and time to get in touch with the Divine through witnessing to the narrative of the Word.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/s40839-018-0069-5

ISSN: 2199-4625

Doctoral Dissertation

Improving Early Reading Skills of First-Grade Students with Learning Disabilities Using Montessori Learning Strategies

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, People with disabilities

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Abstract/Notes: This study focused on helping students with learning disabilities to improve their listening comprehension and acquire early reading skills of decoding, reading and understanding what a word and two- or -three-word phrases say. Since reading at the advanced stage involves comprehension of sentences and paragraphs, in this study, building the foundation of reading at the word level is the logical place to start. With that skill in place, combining words into a phrase and understanding what it means will be the next step. Meanwhile, helping the students understand what was read to them through questioning builds their listening comprehension skills, which will be a great help in reading comprehension once the students have advanced enough to read sentences and paragraphs. The target group used for this study included six 1st graders with learning disabilities, who had difficulties with reading and comprehending. These 1st graders with learning disabilities were not taught one-on-one due to large class size. They had no knowledge of phonics. They could not relate the sounds they heard to the letters of the alphabet. The curriculum-based assessment (CBA) model was the alternative assessment model that was used to assess the students. The 12-week intensive study focused on two variables: a dependent variable and an independent variable. The dependent variable was reading at the word and phrase level, and the independent variable was word sound, blending vowels, consonant blending, and consonant and vowel blending. The scientific methodology was the single subject model, a 1-minute assessment. Each student was assessed for 1 minute each day for 3 days. The results of the assessment were used to determine the baseline before the intervention implementation. This methodology is also known as "AB Design." AB refers to a two-phase design, the baseline phase and the intervention phase. The intervention phase was introduced after the baseline phase was established and recorded in data format. Intervention data were recorded as well. The data collected were graphed in two phases. The results showed that the students were able to learn how to read and acquire comprehension within the 12 weeks. The reading strategies that were used in this study were based on Montessori's methods, which is a methodology in learning how to decode words which leads to automatic reading. These strategies are being used in Montessori schools throughout Dade County public schools, but not particularly with special education students. The results of this study were positive.

Language: English

Published: Cincinnati, Ohio, 2003

Article

Interaction of Children with and without Communication Disorders Using Montessori Activities for the Tablet

Available from: SpringerLink

Publication: Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, vol. 25

Pages: 495-507

Children with disabilities, Communicative disorders in children, Inclusive education, Montessori method of education, Montessori method of education, People with disabilities

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Abstract/Notes: Mobile technologies used for education may offer advantages for children with Communication Disorders, among which we can find language disorders and speech disorders, which are identified in DSM-V. In this research, we have introduced two educational activities, “Matching Cards” and “Cards & Sounds”, based on the Montessori Method and which deal with the first stages of reading and writing. We have tested these two activities with children with and without Communication Disorders in order to study how they interact. These groups of children use a Tablet to perform the two activities, which vary in visual and auditory stimuli. The activities employ two touch interactions: tap and drag & drop. Based on Montessori, the activity and the interaction do not produce either positive or negative feedback. The analysis performed with the variables of time, interaction and mistake has shown that children from both groups change their efficiency of use. Differences regarding the interaction of children with and without Communication Disorders have also been observed. Additionally, children with Communication Disorders need additional strategies as explicit indicators in the interaction which may be a guide to be able to carry out specific actions.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/s00779-020-01471-7

ISSN: 1617-4909, 1617-4917

Article

Integrating the Educational Principles of Maria Montessori in the Process of Pedagogical Support for Pupils with Learning Disabilities

Available from: EconJournals

Publication: International Review of Management and Marketing, vol. 6, no. 3S

Pages: 118-124

Children with disabilities, Eastern Europe, Europe, Inclusive education, Learning disabilities, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., People with disabilities, Russia, Special education, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of the present article was to search for new ways of individual pedagogical support for primary school children with learning disabilities. The article describes the mechanisms for putting the educational principles of Maria Montessori into the system of pedagogical support for children with learning disabilities, which apply the exercises of practical life to a real social environment. The objective of the exercises was to develop universal learning activities, e.g., the ability to plan and manage a child's activity, to reflect its results, to build up communication, to encourage cognitive development.Keywords: learning disabilities, individual pedagogical support, Maria Montessori, universal learning activitiesJEL Classifications: I20; I23

Language: English

ISSN: 2146-4405

Article

Caring for People with Dementia in Residential Aged Care: Successes with a Composite Person-Centered Care Model Featuring Montessori-based Activities

Available from: ScienceDirect

Publication: Geriatric Nursing, vol. 36, no. 2

Pages: 106-110

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: Person-centered models of dementia care commonly merge aspects of existing models with additional influences from published and unpublished evidence and existing government policy. This study reports on the development and evaluation of one such composite model of person-centered dementia care, the ABLE model. The model was based on building the capacity and ability of residents living with dementia, using environmental changes, staff education and organizational and community engagement. Montessori principles were also used. The evaluation of the model employed mixed methods. Significant behavior changes were evident among residents of the dementia care Unit after the model was introduced, as were reductions in anti-psychotic and sedative medication. Staff reported increased knowledge about meeting the needs of people with dementia, and experienced organizational culture change that supported the ABLE model of care. Families were very satisfied with the changes.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2014.11.003

ISSN: 0197-4572

Article

Honoring Montessori's Work with Children with Special Needs

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 28, no. 3

Pages: 9

Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, People with disabilities, Special education, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: In the report summarizing the results, Jackie Cossentino, MLC member, indicated that the area of professional development most requested by teachers is working with children with learning differences, including children on the autism spectrum.(Other areas of professional development Montessori teachers expressed a need for were reading and writing, observation, math, science, parent/community engagement, nature/ environment, peace education, social studies, Grace and Courtesy, Practical Life, Sensorial, art, gifted students, English-language learners, serving lowincome students, and state standards.) The Special Education Endorsement Task Force is preparing a survey, expanding upon the MLC survey, that we hope will provide more information regarding perceptions among our AMS community of 14,000 members about working with students with special needs in our Montessori classrooms as well as professional-development needs related to special education.The area of professional development most requested by Montessori teachers is working with children with learning differences, including children on the autism spectrum.

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Playing to Learn: An Overview of the Montessori Approach with Pre-school Children with Autism Spectrum Condition

Available from: Wiley Online Library

Publication: Support for Learning, vol. 31, no. 4

Pages: 313-328

Autism in children, Children with disabilities, Developmentally disabled children, Montessori method of education, Montessori method of education, Preschool children

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Abstract/Notes: This article explores some of the literature concerning the effectiveness of the Montessori educational approach for children with ASC within an English school context. Firstly, there is a discussion, including a short historical review, regarding the ideology of inclusion and how it has impacted upon mainstream education. Also, how this can be facilitated using play-based approaches such as Montessori. Secondly, various models of disability are identified in order to highlight how they have informed societal attitudes towards people with disabilities. There is a brief history of ASC detailing how a child with this disability may be affected on a daily basis and the effectiveness of alternative play-based educational approaches such as Montessori in helping children with ASC to develop the appropriate skills they need in order to self-regulate and thus modify their behaviour. Furthermore, the value of play-based curriculums in supporting a child diagnosed with ASC throughout the learning process is also evaluated. The summary highlights the need for more evidence-based studies to be undertaken in order to assess whether the Montessori approach is a valid alternative in teaching pre-school children with ASC.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1111/1467-9604.12140

ISSN: 1467-9604

Bachelors Thesis

Η ενσωμάτωση των παιδιών με μαθησιακές δυσκολίες στο εκπαιδευτικό σύστημα Μοντεσσόρι [The Inclusion of Children with Learning Disabilities into the Montessori Education System]

Available from: University of Western Macedonia

Children with disabilities, Europe, Greece, Inclusive education, Learning disabilities, Montessori method of education, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Η εργασία αναφέρεται στην δυνατότητα ενσωμάτωσης παιδιών προσχολικής ηλικίας με ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες στο παιδαγωγικό σύστημα Μοντεσσόρι. Πιο αναλυτικά η παρούσα πτυχιακή εργασία αποτελείται από τρία κεφάλαια, ουσιαστικά τρία κύρια μέρη. Το πρώτο κεφάλαιο της εργασίας παρουσιάζει τον εννοιολογικό προσδιορισμό των μαθησιακών δυσκολιών και αναφέρει αναλυτικά τα χαρακτηριστικά των παιδιών με ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες. Μετέπειτα, αναφέρεται στο ιδανικό εκπαιδευτικό περιβάλλον μάθησης, στο οποίο κατηγοριοποιούνται οι πιο συχνές ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες. Αφετέρου, τεκμηριώνεται με σαφήνεια ο ορισμός και η έννοια της ενσωμάτωσης στο πλαίσιο του παιδαγωγικού συστήματος της Μοντεσσόρι εστιασμένο σε παιδιά με ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες και τεκμηριώνονται οι παράγοντες που επηρεάζουν την ενσωμάτωση. Το δεύτερο κεφάλαιο περιλαμβάνει το Διαθεματικό Ενιαίο Πλαίσιο Προγραμμάτων Σπουδών (ΔΕΠΠΣ), τις βασικές αρχές και τον σκοπό ολόπλευρης ανάπτυξης των παιδιών και την ανάγκη ποικίλων διδακτικών προσεγγίσεων, διότι κάθε άτομο έχει διαφορετικές ανάγκες. Επίσης, επισημαίνεται η αναγνώριση πρώιμων ενδείξεων για τις ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες στην πρώιμη σχολική ηλικία. Ακόμη, τονίζεται η σημασία της πρώιμης παρέμβασης ως προς την αποφυγή δευτερογενών προβλημάτων. Το τρίτο κεφάλαιο αναφέρεται αρχικά, στην βιογραφία και το έργο της Μαρίας Μοντεσσόρι, στη συνέχεια, παρουσιάζονται τρόποι για την χρήση εκπαιδευτικού υλικού σε παιδιά με ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες. Επίσης, περιγράφεται η οπτική της Μοντεσσόρι για τα παιδιά με ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες. Τέλος, αναλύεται ο ρόλος του εκπαιδευτικού και το πρόγραμμα σπουδών για τα παιδιά φυσιολογικής ανάπτυξης που συμπεριλαμβάνει και τα παιδιά που αντιμετωπίζουν μαθησιακές δυσκολίες. [The current thesis refers to the possibility of integrating preschool children with special learning disabilities into the Montessori pedagogical system. In more detail, this dissertation consists of three chapters, essentially three main parts. The first chapter of the work presents the conceptual definition of learning disabilities and mentions in detail the characteristics of children with special learning disabilities. Subsequently, it refers in detail to the ideal educational learning environment, in which the most common special learning disabilities are categorized. On the other hand, the definition and concept of integration within the Montessori pedagogical system is clearly documented in children with special learning disabilities and the factors that affect integration are documented. The second chapter includes the Interdisciplinary Unified Curriculum Framework (IUCF), the basic principles and purpose of children's all-round development and the need for a variety of teaching approaches, because each person has different needs. It is also important to recognize early indications of special learning disabilities in the kindergarten. It also emphasizes the importance of early intervention to avoid secondary problems. The third chapter first deals with the biography and work of Maria Montessori, then presents ways to use educational material in children with special learning disabilities. Montessori's vision for children with special learning disabilities is also described. Lastly are analyzed the role of the teacher and the curriculum for children of normal development, including children with learning disabilities.]

Language: Greek

Published: Kozani, Greece, 2020

Article

Effectiveness of Montessori Sensorial Training Program for Children with Mild Intellectual Disabilities in Pakistan: A Randomized Control Trial

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: International Journal of Disability, Development and Education

Pages: 1-11

Asia, Children with disabilities, Developmentally disabled children, Pakistan, Sensorial education, Sensorial materials, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Intellectual disability is a serious lifelong disability that places heavy demands on society and the health system. The study was designed to determine the extent to which the intellectually challenged children are capable of improving their cognitive abilities as well as adaptive functioning through the Montessori Sensorial Training program when introduced in a different setting (i.e. special education school system). With randomised control trial (RCT) of pre-and post-testing, 30 children with mild intellectual disabilities were randomly allocated to Montessori Sensorial Training intervention condition (n = 15) and waitlist control condition (n = 15). The intervention group showed significant improvement in cognitive abilities (i.e. classification, seriation, recognition, ordination, and visual and auditory discrimination) as compared to the control group at post-assessment. Children who received training also showed improvement in communication and self-care domain as compared to the control group. This study provides evidence that Montessori Sensorial Training is not only effective for children going to mainstream schools but also for children with intellectual disabilities. Despite some limitations, the results of the study are encouraging and suggesting that Montessori Sensorial Training is an effective intervention to facilitate self-based learning, independence, and decision-making skills in children with mild intellectual disabilities.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/1034912X.2021.2016657

ISSN: 1034-912X

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