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Article

Maria Montessori e Anna Freud: intrecci e contaminazioni tra pedagogia e psicoanalisi / Maria Montessori and Anna Freud: Links and Influences Between Pedagogy and Psychoanalysis

Available from: Rivista di Storia dell’Educazione

Publication: Rivista di Storia dell’Educazione, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 73-82

Anna Freud - Biographic sources, Anna Freud - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Psychoanalysis

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Abstract/Notes: The fascination with the Montessori Method stems from a never quite exhaustive analysis of her studies, which, due to the multiplicity and complexity of its elements, continually lend themselves to readings, hermeneutic interpretations and discoveries. Following a series of “clues” that see the figure of Maria Montessori intertwined with that of Anna Freud, this article intends to enhance the interdisciplinary interweaving and the multiple links which, by relating pedagogy with psychoanalysis, favor a broader vision of the implications relating to the changes occurring during the first half of the twentieth century, in which the child is the protagonist.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.36253/rse-10329

ISSN: 2532-2818

Book Section

Maria Montessori und die Psychoanalyse [Maria Montessori and psychoanalysis]

Book Title: Kinder Sind Anders: Maria Montessoris Bild Vom Kinde Auf Dem Prüfstand [Children Are Different: Maria Montessori's Picture of the Child on the Test Bench]

Pages: 103-127

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education, Psychoanalysis

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Language: German

Published: Würzburg, Germany: Ergon, 1996

ISBN: 3-928034-90-1

Article

Psychoanalysis and Education

Publication: NAMTA Quarterly, vol. 4, no. 1-2

Pages: 34-39

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Language: English

Book Section

Il segreto dell’infanzia tra educazione e psicoanalisi [The secret of childhood between education and psychoanalysis]

Book Title: L'Utopia Montessoriana: Pace, Diritti, Libertà, Ambiente [Montessorian Utopia: Peace, Rights, Freedom, Environment]

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Peace education

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Language: Italian

Published: Trento, Italy: Erickson, 2019

ISBN: 978-88-590-2042-4 88-590-2042-5

Book Section

Educazione come aiuto alla vita. Maria Montessori e la psicoanalisi [Education as an aid to life: Maria Montessori and psychoanalysis]

Book Title: L'Utopia Montessoriana: Pace, Diritti, Libertà, Ambiente [Montessorian Utopia: Peace, Rights, Freedom, Environment]

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Peace education

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Language: Italian

Published: Trento, Italy: Erickson, 2019

ISBN: 978-88-590-2042-4 88-590-2042-5

Article

The Complexity of 'Simple Aladdin': Psychodynamic Themes in the Works of Maria Montessori

Publication: MoRE Montessori Research Europe newsletter

Pages: 4-5

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: "MORE Abstracts 2003? The aim of this work is to suggest the possibility of a further interpretation of Maria Montessori’s thinking and works, with respect to the usual pedagogical one. In particular, a psychodynamic interpretation is proposed for certain aspects of her system. To do this, we must, on the one hand, define the concept of “psychodynamic theme” and the context of variety and complexity of psychodynamic tradition, linked to Freud and psychoanalysis, but not limited to these. On the other, the great “availability” of Montessorian thinking is stressed and accounted for in terms of the capacity to adapt, develop and grow – a presupposition that makes it particularly suitable for comparison with research spheres even not directly relevant to educational themes. Following a historical perspective, Maria Montessori’s university education and early works are taken into consideration within a scientific and cultural context not different from the one of the early Freudian experiences, with what would then be the discovery of the unconscious and of psychoanalysis, with reference to environments of dynamic psychiatry and to the experiences in psychiatric clinics. The idea is to demonstrate how this “coincidence” of contexts for the development of the two distant but parallel systems was not irrelevant. The contribution then goes on to analyse the works that a certain tradition tends to define of psychoanalytic inspiration: Il Segreto dell’infanzia, Il Bambino in famiglia, and La Mente del bambino, in order to demonstrate how psychoanalysis and the new Montessorian psychology performed an identical operation of revealing the internal dimension, as well as to evaluate the importance of some differences. The detailed analysis of the more “social” elements of the Montessori system becomes an opportunity to evaluate the importance and influences of Adler’s Individual Psychology on it. The many cues and hypotheses that emerge from this work aims to show that the “psychoanalysis” cited in Montessorian texts is not Freudian, Adlerian or relational – it is all of these put together. Our interpretative needs require differentiation, classification and criteria for distinguishing and ordering. This is a limitation that this work aims to overcome by redrawing not just an educationist and teacher Montessori but rather an “indefatigable researcher who, in several directions, explores man’s knowledge, such that today it stands as an old, sturdy and rich tree still capable of bearing much useful fruit” (Augusto Scocchera).

Language: English

ISSN: 2281-8375

Dissertation

Montessori und Freud: Versuch einer Verhältnisbestimmung von Montessori-Pädagogik und pädagogisch relevanten Konzeptionen der Psychoanalyse Freudscher Tradition

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Psychoanalysis

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Language: German

Published: Münster, 1980

Article

Theories of Play

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 21, no. 3

Pages: 24-40

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Abstract/Notes: Discusses several theories of play advanced before the development of psychoanalysis, including the theories of surplus energy, recreation, and practice. Examines the psychoanalytical view advanced by Freud and others, which focuses on the emotional release of play and its role in discovery and learning. (MDM)

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Mother, Melancholia, and Humor in Erik H. Erikson’s Earliest Writings

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: Journal of Religion and Health, vol. 47, no. 3

Pages: 415-432

Erik H. Erikson - Biographic sources

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Abstract/Notes: Erik H. Erikson wrote three articles when he was in his late-twenties and an up-and-coming member of the psychoanalytic community in Vienna. At the time he wrote these articles, he was in a training psychoanalysis with Anna Freud, teaching at the Heitzing School in Vienna, and learning the Montessori method of teaching. These articles focus on the loss of primary narcissism and the development of the superego (or punitive conscience) in early childhood, especially through the child’s conflict with maternal authority. They support the idea that melancholia, with its internalized rage against the mother, is the inevitable outcome of the loss of primary narcissism. I note, however, that the third of these articles makes a case for the restorative role of humor, especially when Freud’s view that humor is a function of the superego is taken into account.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/s10943-008-9178-x

ISSN: 1573-6571

Book Section

The Child Today

Book Title: The Secret of Childhood

Pages: 1-10

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Abstract/Notes: Includes the following section(s): The Century of the Child, The Child and Psychoanalysis, The Secret of Childhood, Accusation

Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2017

ISBN: 978-90-79506-39-2

Series: The Montessori Series , 22

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