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Théosophie et éducation en Espagne (1891-1939): espaces de sociabilité et réseaux éducatifs [Theosophy and education in Spain (1891-1939): spaces of sociability and educational networks]

Available from: OpenEdition Books

Book Title: Éduquer dans et hors l’école: Lieux et milieux de formation. XVIIe-XXe siècle

Pages: 87-102

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: L’occasion de lancer des recherches sur les liens entre le mouvement théosophique et l’éducation en Espagne et l’intérêt que celles-ci pouvaient présenter surgirent à partir de la lecture du Petit Journal d’Adolphe Ferrière dans les Archives de l’institut J.-J. Rousseau de l’université de Genève. En 1930, de passage à Barcelone sur le chemin de son long voyage vers l’Amérique latine, le pédagogue suisse fut reçu par Maria Solà de Sellarés, Attilio Bruschetti et José Forteza. Cependant ces personnages n’apparaissent pas dans les pages de l’historiographie de l’éducation nouvelle et de la rénovation pédagogique en Catalogne au cours du premier tiers du XXe siècle. Après les recherches qui s’imposaient, nous sûmes qu’ils militèrent dans l’hétérodoxe mouvement théosophique et que, suivant les pas de Béatrice Ensor, ils se rapprochèrent de sa pédagogie par le biais de la Fraternité internationale de l’Éducation. La vocation éducative du mouvement théosophique se manifesta dans l’organisation de cours et de conférences, l’édition de livres et de dépliants à caractère doctrinal et didactique, la création d’espaces de sociabilité et, entre autres initiatives, par la fondation d’un certain nombre d’écoles et de centres éducatifs qui tentèrent de rejoindre les mouvements rénovateurs européens, tout en restant fidèles au spiritualisme oriental. Plus tard et malgré les distances que leur imposèrent dissidences et fractures, un autre courant allait apparaître à l’horizon de l’évolution de ce mouvement: l’anthroposophie de Steiner et la pédagogie Waldorf. Cet article se propose d’analyser, dans les contextes européen et international, la fonction sociale, éducative et socialisatrice de la théosophie et des réseaux socioéducatifs théosophiques, hors et dans l’école, en Espagne au cours du premier tiers du XXe siècle. Cette recherche part de l’analyse de sources orales (membres de familles de théosophes et personnes ayant des liens avec le mouvement théosophique) et de sources écrites (directes et indirectes) consultées et étudiées dans diverses archives : Biblioteca de Cataluña (Barcelone), bibliothèque privée de la Branche Arjuna de Barcelone, Centro nacional de la Memoria histórica de Salamanque (Espagne), archives privées de la famille Jover Dalmau (ancien élève de l’école Damon) et Archives historiques municipales de Sabadell (Catalogne). [The opportunity to launch research on the links between the theosophical movement and education in Spain and the interest that these could present arose from the reading of the Petit Journal d'Adolphe Ferrière in the Archives of the institute J.-J. Rousseau from the University of Geneva. In 1930, passing through Barcelona on the way to his long journey to Latin America, the Swiss teacher was received by Maria Solà de Sellarés, Attilio Bruschetti and José Forteza. However, these characters do not appear in the pages of the historiography of new education and educational renewal in Catalonia during the first third of the twentieth century. After the necessary research, we learned that they were active in the heterodox theosophical movement and that, following in the footsteps of Beatrice Ensor, they approached her pedagogy through the International Fraternity of Education. The educational vocation of the theosophical movement was manifested in the organization of courses and conferences, the publication of books and leaflets of a doctrinal and didactic nature, the creation of spaces for sociability and, among other initiatives, by the foundation of a number of schools and educational centers which tried to join the European renovating movements, while remaining faithful to Eastern spiritualism. Later and despite the distances imposed by dissidence and fractures, another current would appear on the horizon of the evolution of this movement: the anthroposophy of Steiner and the Waldorf pedagogy. This article aims to analyze, in European and international contexts, the social, educational and socializing function of theosophy and theosophical socio-educational networks, outside and in school, in Spain during the first third of the twentieth century. This research starts from the analysis of oral sources (members of families of Theosophists and people with links to the Theosophical movement) and written sources (direct and indirect) consulted and studied in various archives: Biblioteca de Cataluña (Barcelona), library private of the Arjuna Branch of Barcelona, ​​Centro nacional de la Memoria histórica de Salamanca (Spain), private archives of the Jover Dalmau family (former pupil of the Damon school) and Municipal Historical Archives of Sabadell (Catalonia).]

Language: French

Published: Rennes, France: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2018

ISBN: 978-2-7535-5561-7

Series: Histoire

Article

Spain Recalls Montessori: Has $75,000 Offer to Install System, She Sends Word

Available from: Newspapers.com

Publication: New York Tribune (New York City, NY)

Pages: 5

Europe, John F. Sims - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, Southern Europe, Spain

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Abstract/Notes: "Stevens Point, Wis., Dec. 17 - Mme. Montessori, explaining she had received an offer of $750,000 from the royal government of Spain to install her system personally in the primary schools of the kingdom, has advised John F. Sims, president of the Board of Education, she will not be able to give her advertised course in teacher here. She is said to be on her way to Spain."

Language: English

ISSN: 1941-0646

Article

The Bases of Montessori Pedagogy as a Facilitating Factor for Child Development in Burkina Faso and Spain

Available from: DOAJ

Publication: European Journal of Educational Research, vol. 10, no. 1

Pages: 175-186

Africa, Burkina Faso, Europe, Southern Europe, Spain, Sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa

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Abstract/Notes: Education faces barriers all over the world, which sometimes makes it difficult to look after children’s rights and their individual development. Hence, society is clamoring for new practices, and different approaches are emerging, Montessori among them. Despite the fact that this approach was developed to attend to the poor strata, nowadays it is basically promoted by elitist sectors, though it can be perfectly applied as an education system for all children, regardless of their socio-economic and cultural backgrounds. This study analyzes the bases of Montessori pedagogy in a school from a low-to-middle-income country (LMIC), Burkina Faso, and another school in a high-income country (HIC), Spain. The study takes into account children, family, school environment and teacher training all of which contribute to children’s development.

Language: English

DOI: 10.12973/eu-jer.10.1.175

Article

Montessori Sees a Freer Childhood as a Need in World Reconstruction: Famous Italian Educator, Now Back in Spain Under the Republic, Discusses Effects of Adult Domination of Youth - Decries the Emphasis on Fine Buildings in American Schools

Publication: New York Times (New York)

Pages: E8

Americas, Europe, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, Southern Europe, Spain, United States of America

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Language: English

ISSN: 0362-4331

Article

International Center Planned for Spain

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 10, no. 1

Pages: 30

Europe, Montessori method of education - History, Montessori movement, Montessori research, Montessori-Palau International Research and Training Center (MIRTC), Southern Europe, Spain

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Language: English

Article

Educaterus sans Frontieres 2004 Assembly, Burgos, Spain, 1-22 August 2004

Publication: The Alcove: Newsletter of the Australian AMI Alumni Association, no. 13

Pages: 6–9

Educateurs sans Frontieres (EsF), Europe, Southern Europe, Éducateurs sans Frontières (EsF)

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Language: English

Article

The Photography and Propaganda of the Maria Montessori Method in Spain (1911–1931)

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, vol. 48, no. 4

Pages: 571-587

Europe, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Photographs, Southern Europe, Spain

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Abstract/Notes: This article analyses photography as a tool for reinforcing textual discourses in the written press and supporting the popularisation of certain methods and practices in the illustrated press and magazines. The photographs will not be analysed as educational documents or testimony to educational activities but rather in an effort to explore the attempts to illustrate a message graphically so as to influence public opinion and change society’s perception of schools’ role and the functions of education. The way in which the Maria Montessori method was graphically disseminated in Spanish illustrated magazines between 1911 and 1931 is the focus of this paper.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/00309230.2011.633924

ISSN: 0030-9230

Article

First Language? Teaching English to the English in Spain

Publication: Montessori International, vol. 65

Pages: 34–35

Bilingualism, Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Language: English

Article

Analysis of Training Offers on Active Methodologies for University Teachers in Spain

Available from: European Journal of Educational Research

Publication: European Journal of Educational Research, vol. 9, no. 3

Pages: 1223-1234

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Abstract/Notes: The current offer of training courses for university teachers is due, among other needs, to the implementation of an educational model...

Language: English

DOI: 10.12973/eu-jer.9.3.1223

ISSN: 2165-8714

Article

A Montessori Voice in Vitoria [First International Conference on Early Education, Vitoria, Spain]

Publication: Montessori Courier, vol. 3, no. 6

Pages: 6–7

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Language: English

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