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393 results

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Teachers' and University Students' Evaluation of Chosen Didactic Materials According to the Maria Montessori Pedagogy / Učiteljska i studentska procjena odabranoga didaktičkog materijala prema pedagogiji Marije Montessori

Available from: University of Zagreb

Publication: Croatian Journal of Education - Hrvatski časopis za odgoj i obrazovanje, vol. 17, no. 3

Pages: 755-782

Cosmic education, Croatia, Europe, Mathematics, Montessori materials, Montessori schools, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The goal of this research was to explore teachers' and university students' perceptions of material, cognitive and affective-motivational characteristics as well as the acceptance of didactic materials used in Montessori schools. It has been found that both teachers and university students are not familiar enough with alternative pedagogical concepts and believe there's an insufficient number of them in Croatia. While teachers prefer Cosmic Education and Mathematics materials, university students like Language Education materials more, although teachers show more willingness to use Language Education materials in teaching whereas university students use Cosmic Education materials more readily. Both university students and teachers find it most demanding to make Cosmic Education materials, but they also believe such materials to be most concrete. The results have shown that both university students and teachers are more willing to use in teaching such positively evaluated examples of Montessori didactic materials, which have been explored in this research, when they believe them to be valuable, desirable, necessary and useful.

Language: Croatian, English

DOI: 10.15516/cje.v17i3.1054

ISSN: 1848-5189, 1848-5197

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Design and Validation of Learning Sequences of PGSD Sanata Dharma University Student to Teach the Fraction Concept for Primary Student Using Montessori Manipulatives

Available from: Institute of Physics

Publication: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 1470

Pages: 012083

Asia, Australasia, Efficacy, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Fraction concept is one of the learning problems that often occurs in elementary students. Elementary student’s misconceptions can be caused by teacher’s misconceptions. PGSD students are teacher candidates, so they must have the correct concept then they can teach the concept of fractions correctly too. Learning must be an inspiration for students when they become teachers later. One medium that can be used to teach fraction concepts is media based on Montessori. Local culture can support the use of Montessori media. This study aims to design and validate the learning sequence of PGSD Students in using Montessori media, to develop design principles to teach fraction concepts in elementary school students. The approach in this research is design research which includes three phases, namely design, trial and assessment. In the design phase, researchers formulate students’ prior knowledge and learning objectives. This is used as the basis for the sequence of learning. This stage of learning is evaluated in a repeat trial phases, the hypothesis design principle is developed and from which the learning stages are redesigned. The results of the assessment phase, together with the experience of the previous cycle and research review, are used to perfect the design principles of the student’s learning sequences so they can teach the concept of fractions correctly. From: The 7th South East Asia Design Research International Conference (SEADRIC 2019) 25-27 July 2019, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Language: English

DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1470/1/012083

ISSN: 1742-6596

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Effects of Mindfulness Strategies on Student Self-Regulation Skills in Primary and Elementary Students

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of mindfulness-based interventions, such as the MindUP curriculum and Exercises of Practical Life, on primary and elementary aged students’ self-regulation skills. This study consisted of a sample size of 38 students from three different Montessori environments. The data was collected over a period of four weeks using a pre and post parent assessment, observational field notes and tally sheets, and a behavioral student self-assessment tool. Results show a connection between the mindfulness interventions implemented and the children’s ability to self-regulate their behaviors and emotions. The data shows positive effects on student self-regulatory skills and it can be integrated into the classroom to facilitate student academic achievement. Our recommendation for future research is to allow for more time to conduct the study.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Article

Dr. Montessori Addresses Special Student Assembly: Exponent of Efficient Kindergarten Education Brings 'New Methods in Child Education' to Students

Available from: University of Southern California - Digital Library

Publication: Daily Southern Californian

Pages: 1

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America, University of Southern California (Los Angeles)

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Language: English

Doctoral Dissertation

L'educazione Montessori nelle scuole primarie d'Italia. Indagine su alcuni apprendimenti disciplinari e caratteristiche socio-affettive di studentesse e studenti Montessori

Available from: Sapienza Università di Roma

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori education was born in Italy more than a century ago and today it is widespread in at least 36 countries around the world. In Italy, from 2016 to 2021, the number of Montessori primary schools more than doubled. This explanatory and exploratory research is the most comprehensive evaluation of Montessori education ever conducted in Italy. We investigated: a) the impact of Montessori education on academic and socio-emotional outcomes; b) the profiles of Montessori primary school teachers and the extent to which they implemented Montessori education with fidelity. The longitudinal study on the academic outcomes was conducted on 2nd, 5th, 8th and 10th grade students in two separate cohorts. The results demonstrate that, depending on the grade and the cohort considered, Montessori students achieve similar or significantly higher scores than non-Montessori students. In some cases, they achieve more heterogeneous scores, especially in mathematics. More heterogeneous scores were expected according to the hypothesis that Montessori education aims to develop the characteristics of each one and not to standardize academic outcomes. The study on the socio-emotional outcomes was conducted on 8th grade students and it demonstrates that Montessori students achieve significantly higher scores on the empathy scale. The survey on the teachers permitted to delineate 3 different profiles of them, thanks to a cluster analysis. Only the first group of teachers, which made up half of the sample, managed to implement Montessori education with fidelity. These findings highlight two main requirements. The first is the need to continue monitoring and guiding the diffusion of Montessori education among Italian primary schools, to improve and maintain fidelity. The second concerns the reaffirmation of the value of educational practices and the principles of Montessori activism as possible answers that are still valid to the new needs of the Italian school.

Language: Italian, Spanish

Published: Roma, Italy, 2022

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Model of Teacher–Student Interaction Based on Students’ Uniqueness in Elementary School (Benchmarking to Sto. Rosario Montessori School Philippine)

Available from: Rumah Jurnal - Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kudus

, Mohamad Agung Rokhimawan (Author)

Publication: Elementary: Islamic Teacher Journal, vol. 10, no. 1

Pages: 1-22

Asia, Australasia, Elementary education, Elementary schools, Elementary schools, Montessori schools, Philippines, Southeast Asia, Teacher-student relationships

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Abstract/Notes: The uniqueness of learning in elementary school Sto. Rosario Montessori School Philippines Using the k-12 curriculum, by imitating the United States model, namely the Cooperative Learning model and the Communicative Learning approach. The purpose of this study is to design a teacher-student interaction model for basic education in Indonesia. This model is designed with the benchmarking Sto. Rosario Montessori School, Philippines. This research approach uses a qualitative approach. With the research method of level 1 R&D studies. Then qualitative data processing and data analysis were carried out. Data analysis gives meaning to the data from observations, interviews, documentation, and literature studies that have been collected so that they get a very important meaning in a study. Analyzing qualitative data can be done by reducing data, displaying data, and data conclusions. The result of this research is the design of the teacher-student interaction model for elementary school students which contains the philosophy, concepts, mechanisms and general guidelines for the application of the model. The model in this study uses cooperative learning and communicative learning. (1) The philosophy of the model “students are unique creatures”; (2) The concept of the model: cases, individual conditions of students and solving cases faced by students; (3) The model mechanism: (a) Mapping of students’ conditions; (b) Teacher training on leadership patterns; (c) The teacher classifies the students’ condition; (d) implementation of teaching and learning; (4) General instructions for implementing the designed model.

Language: English

ISSN: 2503-0256, 2355-0155

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Effect of Using Montessori Method and Demonstration Method on Students’ Achievement in Pronunciation at Primary 1 Students of Nakamura School Medan

Available from: Universitas Pahlawan Tuanku Tambusai

Publication: Jurnal Review Pendidikan dan Pengajaran (JRPP), vol. 6, no. 3

Pages: 407-412

Academic achievement, Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Pronunciation is one of important aspects in English and one of the necessary components of oral communication. The purpose of this research is to find out Montessori Method and Demonstration Method effect on students’ Achievement in Pronunciation at Nakamura School. The method of this research based on experimental quantitative research doing with using a number, statistics process and structure. The population of this research will use to the primary 1 students of Nakamura School Medan. The writer used simple Random Sampling that is subset of individuals 9 a sample (chosen from a larger set 9 a population), each individual is chosen randomly and entirely. After collecting and analyzing the data, it was found that the lowest score of pre-test in experimental group was 20 and the highest score was 40 and the mean of pre-test was 30.00 and  after administrated the method of Montessori method, the researcher found the lowest  score of students’ pronunciation was 40 and the highest score was 80 and the mean of post-test was 61.43. It means that there was 20 (40-20) difference of the lowest score in pre-test and post-test. The mean score of the pre-test was 30.00, and the post-test is 61.43 (61.43 – 30.00 = 31.43). It can be concluded that the students’ scores in pre-test of experimental group was smaller than post-test, which was using Montessori method. The lowest score of pre-test in experimental group by Demonstration method was 10 and the highest score was 30, and the mean of pre-test was 22.86. After post-test was administered, the lowest score in experimental group was 50 and the  and the highest was 80 and the mean of post-test was 61.43. The lowest score significantly improved. It means that the difference of the score was 50 (100-50). It also happened to the highest score, 80 improved to 100 (100-80 = 20). It means that the difference of the score was 30. The mean of pre-test was 22.86 and post-test was 61.43 (61.43- 22.86= 38.27). It can be concluded that the students’ score in the experimental group which was taught by applying Montessori method was significantly different and the students’ score in pre-test of experimental group was smaller than post-test , which was Demonstration method.

Language: English

DOI: 10.31004/jrpp.v6i3.18591

ISSN: 2655-6022, 2655-710X

Article

Metode Montessori: Implikasi Student-Centred Learning terhadap Pekembangan Anak di PAUD [The Montessori Method: Implications of Student-Centred Learning on Child Development in PAUD]

Available from: Jurnal Obsesi

Publication: Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Journal of Obsession: Journal of Early Childhood Education], vol. 7, no. 3

Pages: 2961-2976

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Dominasi guru dalam proses belajar masih banyak terlihat, salah satu buktinya saat terjadi pandemik Covid-19, siswa dan orang tua menjadi kebingungan ketika harus belajar dari rumah tanpa kehadiran guru secara langsung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui implikasi student-centred learning terhadap perkembangan anak di PAUD Montessori Futura Indonesia, Lombok Barat. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus dengan menggunakan wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi dalam pengumpulan data. Subyek penelitian berjumlah 10 siswa yang berusia antara 4-6 tahun. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa terdapat beberapa cara yang diterapkan oleh guru dalam pelaksanaan student-centred learning, yaitu: penggabungan usia, penyesuaian fasilitas dengan kebutuhan dan ukuran tubuh anak, menanamkan kemandirian dan mengurangi keterlibatan guru, menyediakan fasilitas bermain yang lengkap dan beragam, dan berkolaborasi dengan orang tua. Sedangkan implikasi student-centred learning terhadap perkembangan anak dapat terlihat dari beberapa pencapaian anak pada 6 aspek perkembangan yaitu aspek perkembangan nilai agama dan moral, fisik-motorik, kognitif, sosial-emosional, dan seni. Oleh sebab itu, guru perlu memberikan kesempatan kepada anak untuk mengeksplorasi lingkungan belajar dengan mempersiapkan kegiatan bermain sesuai kebutuhan anak.

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.31004/obsesi.v7i3.3323

ISSN: 2549-8959

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Differences in Mathematics Scores Between Students Who Receive Traditional Montessori Instruction and Students Who Receive Music Enriched Montessori Instruction

Available from: University of California eScholarship

Publication: Journal for Learning Through the Arts, vol. 3, no. 1

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Abstract/Notes: While a growing body of research reveals the beneficial effects of music on education performance the value of music in educating the young child is not being recognized. If research of students in the school system indicates that learning through the arts can benefit the ‘whole’ child, that math achievement scores are significantly higher for those students studying music, and if Montessori education produces a more academically accomplished child, then what is the potential for the child when Montessori includes an enriched music curriculum? The decision to support music cannot be made without knowing music’s effect on academic achievement and its contribution to a student’s education. This study was an experimental design using a two-group post-test comparison. A sample of 200 Montessori students aged 3-5 years-old were selected and randomly placed in one of two groups. The experimental treatment was an “in-house” music enriched Montessori program and children participated in 3 half-hour sessions weekly, for 6 months. The instrument used to measure mathematical achievement was the Test of Early Mathematics Ability-3 (Barody & Ginsburg) to determine if the independent variable, music instruction had any effect on students’ math test scores. The results showed that subjects who received music enriched Montessori instruction had significantly higher math scores and when compared by age group, 3 year-old students had higher scores than either the 4 year-old or 5 year-old children. This study shows that an arts-rich curriculum has a significant positive effect on young students academic achievement.This comprehensive research presents developmentally appropriate early education curriculum for children from 2 through 6 years old and addresses some of the most compelling questions about early experience, such as how important music is to early brain development. Contemporary theories and practices of music education including strategies for developing pitch, vocal, rhythmic, instrumental, listening, movement and creative responses in children are presented. It explores the interrelationship of music and academic development in children, and demonstrates how music can enhance and accelerate the learning process. This study combines the best of research and practical knowledge to give teachers the necessary tools to educate tomorrow's musicians. It is essential reading for all students and teachers of young children.

Language: English

DOI: 10.21977/D93110059

ISSN: 1932-7528

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Impact of Student-Driven Mathematical Assessment on Learning Behaviors in Sixth Grade Students

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Americas, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America, Public Montessori, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This seven-week study explored the impact of student-self assessment on learning and engagement behaviors of 48 sixth graders during math classes in a public school setting. Data collection tools such as student surveys, pre-and post -self-assessments, observations, reflections, and teacher- student conferencing provided the information to inform the conclusions regarding self-efficacy. Observation confirmed that a student’s participation in using self-evaluation to contribute to their learning affected internal processes such as motivation and engagement. Assessment activities that provided evidence and feedback to inform goals specific to skill development and learner traits yielded significant results. Highly structured assessment tools and classroom routines reduced students' reliance on the teacher to interpret and use individual performance data. The use of formative assessment practices that promoted goal setting, self-assessment and self-determination practices improved engagement and learning behaviors in the classroom.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2022

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