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17 results

Article

The Taman Siswa Movement: Its Early Eight Years and Javanese Background

Available from: Cambridge University Press

Publication: Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 164-177

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hadjar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: In July 1922 a small private school called Nationale Onderwijs Instituut Taman Siswa was born quietly at a traditional town Yogyakarta in Central Java. Taman Siswa means literally “Garden for Pupils”. Nobody expected then that this pupils' garden would become a tough ground of resistance to the Dutch colonial Government later in the 1930's. The political climate in Indonesia around 1922 was showing a remarkable uprising of nationalism centering around the labor union movement guided by the Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI, Indonesian Communist Party) and Sarekat Islam (Islam Union).

Language: English

DOI: 10.1017/S0022463400017306

ISSN: 0022-4634

Article

Analisis Metode Montessori Dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Membaca Permulaan Siswa SD/MI Kelas Rendah [Analysis of the Montessori Method in Improving the Beginning Reading Ability of Low Grade SD/MI Students]

Available from: Al-Aulad: Journal of Islamic Primary Education

Publication: Al-Aulad: Journal of Islamic Primary Education, vol. 3, no. 2

Pages: 69-77

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Metode Montessori merupakan metode yang dirumuskan berdasarkan teori montessori yang dapat digunakan dalam ranah pendidikan anak  dan disusun berdasarkan teori tentang perkembangan anak.  Karakteristik yang  paling terlihat dari metode ini yaitu menekankan pada aktivitas yang dimunculkan oleh diri anak dengan menekankan pada proses adaptasi lingkungan belajar anak yang dibentuk sesuai dengan tahap perkembangannya menggunakan peran dari aktivitas fisik dalam menyerap konsep pembelajaran untuk memiliki kemampuan yang praktis. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan bagaimanakah metode Montessori dalam meningkatakan kemampuan membaca permulaan. Penelitian ini merupakan studi kepustakaan (library research), pembahasan dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode analisa isi (analysis content). Sumber yang digunakan dalam tulisan ini merupakan tulisan-tuliasan Maria yang telah diterjemahkan kedalam bahasa Indonesia. Hasil Penelitian trekait penerapan metode montessori menggunakan aktivitas rangsangan sesuai dengan prinsip maria montessori ternyata dalam pembelajaran dapat meningkatkan kemampuan membaca siswa dan dapat mengatasi keterbatasan siswa dalam pengenalan huruf-huruf. Maka dengan menggunakan metode Montessori untuk belajar membaca diupayakan dapat membantu peserta didik dalam mengembangkan kemampuan kognitif, psikomotor, dan afektif yang terdapat pada diri peserta didik, dengan membuat anak dapat belajar sesuai dengan tingkat perkembangannya. [The Montessori method is a method formulated based on the montessori theory which can be used in the realm of children's education and is compiled based on the theory of child development. The most visible characteristic of this method is that it emphasizes the activities brought up by the child by emphasizing the adaptation process of the child's learning environment which is formed according to their development stage using the role of physical activity in absorbing the concept of learning to have practical abilities. This paper aims to describe how the Montessori method is to improve pre-reading skills. This research is a library research, the discussion is analyzed using the content analysis method (content analysis). The source used in this paper is Maria's writings which have been translated into Indonesian. The results of this research concerning the application of the montessori method using stimulation activities in accordance with the principle of maria montessori, it turns out that learning can improve students 'reading skills and can overcome students' limitations in recognizing letters. So by using the Montessori method to learn to read, it is endeavored to help students develop cognitive, psychomotor, and affective abilities that are found in students, by enabling children to learn according to their level of development.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.15575/al-aulad.v3i2.7917

ISSN: 2620-5238

Article

Manajemen Kurikulum Taman Kanak-Kanak Kurikulum Islamic Montessori (Studi Kasus di TK Budi Mulia Dua Sedayu Yogyakarta Tahun Pelajaran 2021/2022)

Available from: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Publication: Jurnal Paud Agapedia, vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 43-50

Montessori method of education, ⚠️ Invalid DOI

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Abstract/Notes: Curriculum management is a form of curriculum management in education to develop intelligence. Islamic Montessori-based curriculum management differs from curriculum management in general. The purpose of this study was to describe the curriculum of Budi Mulia Dua Sedayu Kindergarten in Yogyakarta and to describe the involvement of teachers, parents, school committees, and the surrounding community. The research uses an approach with a case study research design. The research subjects as data sources are : principals, teachers, parents, school educators, and the surrounding community. Data collection methods are : observation, interviews, and documentation. In addition, the research uses data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and concluding. The results of the study can be seen that an Islamic Montessori Curriculum management that starts from planning to evaluation. Planning that is adapted to the vision and mission of creating children who have good morals in this world and the hereafter. Organizing by developing indicators according to established themes. Implementation, and achievement of indicators with the Montessori method with an Islamic approach. Evaluations are carried out routinely every day and are held at monthly and annual meetings. The involvement of teachers, parents, school committees and the community looks good and has their respective roles. Manajemen kurikulum merupakan bentuk pengelolaan kurikulum dalam pendidikan untuk mengembangkan intelegensi. Manajemen kurikulum berbasis Islamic Montessori memiliki perbedaan dengan manajemen kurikulum sekolah secara umum. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menggambarkan manajemen kurikulum lembaga Taman Kanak-Kanak Budi Mulia Dua Sedayu Yogyakarta dan untuk menggambarkan keterlibatan guru, orang tua, komite sekolah, dan masyarakat sekitar.  Penelitian mengunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan desain penelitian studi kasus. Subyek penelitian sebagai sumber data adalah : kepala sekolah, guru, orang tua, tenaga pendidik sekolah dan masyarakat sekitar. Metode pengumpulan data adalah : observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Selain itu penelitian menggunakan tahapan pengumpulan data, reduksi data, data penyajian dan penarikan kesimpulan. Validitas data menggunakan triangulasi teknik sumber dan triangulasi metode.  Hasil penelitian dapat dilihat bahwa Taman Kanak-Kanak Budi Mulia Dua Sedayu memiliki manajamen Kurikulum Islamic Montessori yang baik dimulai dari perencanaan hingga evaluasi. Perencanaan disesuaikan dengan visi dan misi yaitu menciptakan anak yang memiliki akhlak baik di dunia dan akhirat. Pengorganisasian dengan mengembangkan indikator sesuai tema yang ditetapkan. Pelaksanaan, mencapai indikator dengan metode Montessori dengan pendekatan Islamic. Evaluasi yang dilakukan rutin setiap hari dan dirapatkan pada rapat bulanan dan tahunan. Keterlibatan guru, orangtua, komite sekolah dan masyarakat terlihat baik dan mempunyai peran masing-masing.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17509/jpa.v6i1.48098

ISSN: 2580-9679

Article

Pengaruh Metode Pembelajaran Montessori Berbantuan Media Movable Alphabet Dalam Meningkatkan Keterampilan Membaca Permulaan Siswa Kelas I SDN 57 di Kecamatan Marusu Kabupaten Maros

Available from: Edunesia

Publication: Edunesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 153-161

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Abstract: The purpose of this study was to learn the ability to read the first grade SDN 57 Bulu-bulu in marusu district maros regency Using the montessori method to help alphabet media and to learn of the significant effects of using the montessori method to help the alphabet to improve literacy skills of the first class I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu Marusu district maros. The type of research used is quasi-research With a design of the design non test control group. The method used was experimental. Research shows that students study results are being observed Of the mean posttest class experiments of 80.60%, whereas of the mean posttest control class of 72.20%. Control class gain index by 0.51. Test t shows value t (3.394)> tables (2.001) and sig value (2-tailed) 0.05 is 0.001 which means the Montessori method Partially covered in alphabet media Significantly the results of learning to read First class I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu in marusu district maros regency 2020/2021. Abstrak: Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kemampuan membaca permulaan siswa kelas I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu di Kecamatan Marusu Kabupaten Maros dengan metode Montessori berbantuan media Movable Alphabet dan untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh signifikan penggunaan metode Montessori berbantuan media Movable Alphabet dalam meningkatkan keterampilan membaca permulaan siswa kelas I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu Kecamatan Marusu Kabupaten Maros. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah Quasi-Experimental Research dengan desain Non Equivalent Kontrol Group Design. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode eksperimen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil belajar siswa di lihat dari nilai mean posttest kelas eksperimen sebesar 80,60%, sedangkan mean posttest kelas control sebesar 72,20%. Indeks gain <g>kelas eksperimen sebesar 0,63 sedangkan <g> kelas control sebesar 0,51. Hasil uji t menunjukkan nilai thitung (3,394) > tabel (2,001) dan nilai Sig. (2-tailed) < 0,05 yaitu 0,001 yang artinya metode Montessori berbantuan media Movable Alphabet secara parsial berpengaruh signifikan terhadap hasil belajar membaca permulaan siswa kelas I SDN 57 Bulu-Bulu di Kecamatan Marusu Kabupaten Maros tahun ajaran 2020/2021.

Language: English

DOI: 10.51276/edu.v2i1.104

ISSN: 2722-7790

Article

Pengaruh Media Pembelajaran Berbasis Metode Montessori Terhadap Kemampuan Membaca Dan Menulis Siswa Kelas I UPT SPF Minasa UPA Kota Makassar

Available from: Nusantara Hasana Journal

Publication: Nusantara Hasana Journal, vol. 2, no. 3

Pages: 293-297

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Abstract/Notes: The main problem in this study is how the influence of the use of learning media based on the Montessori method on the ability to read and write at the beginning of grade 1 at UPT SPF SDN Minasa Upa. This study aims to determine the effect of the use of learning media based on the Montessori method on reading ability and the beginning of class I UPT SPF SDN Minasa Upa. The results of the Hypothesis Test show the value of df = 10 and the value of 0.05/2 = 0.025. We use this value as a basic reference in finding the t table in the t table. Because t count tta table ( t count = 5,422 t table = 2,22814, thus H0 is rejected and H1 is accepted. It can be said that the use of learning media based on the Montessori method affects the reading and writing ability of grade I students at UPT SPF SD Negeri Minasa Upa. Results Based on the research and discussion, it can be concluded that the use of learning media based on the Montessori method in learning affects the ability to read and write at the beginning of class I at UPT SPF SD Negeri Minasa Upa Makassar City. This can be proven from the average score of student learning at the time of the pretest was 79.36 in the medium category and the average score at the posttest was 84.27 in the high category.

Language: English

ISSN: 2798-1428

Article

Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Berbasis Metode Montessori pada Pembelajaran IPA Siswa Kelas V di SDN Rama II Kota Tangerang [Development of Montessori Method-Based Learning Media in Science Learning for Class V Students at SDN Rama II Tangerang City]

Available from: FONDATIA

Publication: FONDATIA: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 285-302

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Learning media are learning aids that can be physical or non-physical to convey messages from teachers to students. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the use and process of product development in the form of Montessori-based learning media in science learning for fifth grade students. The research is a development research (R & D) with the Sugiyono development procedure. Based on the result of product validation, it received an “appropriate” assessment with a score of 3,6 from material experts. While media experts rated “strongly agree” with a score of 4,5. Based on result of product trials, it is known that average pretest value is 52,64 and posttest is 76,66 so that it has increased. Product assessment by students through questionnaires gets a score of 3,98 or when views in the classification table, namely “agree”. Based on the use trial, the average pretest value was 36,8 and posttest was 72,2 so thatit experienced an increase. Product assessment by students through questionnaires gets an average score of 4,3 or if seen in the table, it is “Strongly agree”. This shows that the learning media based on the Montessori method development can be said to be feasible to use.

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.36088/fondatia.v6i2.1816

ISSN: 2579-6194

Article

Pengembangan Buku Panduan Homeschooling Berbantuan Metode Montessori Untuk Pengenalan Bahasa Inggris Dasar Pada Anak

Available from: Institut Pendidikan Tapanuli Selatan (Indonesia)

Publication: Jurnal Education and Development, vol. 10, no. 1

Pages: 68-71

Asia, Indonesia, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Pandemi covid-19 yang berimbas juga kepada dunia pendidikan yang harus melaksanakan Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh menyebabkan juga permasalahan baru mengenai pendampingan belajar siswa khususnya siswa usia TK dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran secara daring dengan pendampingan orang tua di rumah. Berangkat dari permasalahan awal ini, penulis mengadakan penelitian pengembangan buku panduan homeschooling berbantuan metode Montessori untuk pengenalan bahasa Inggris dasar untuk siswa TK B di Kiddos Preschool Gianyar. Kiddos Preschool dipilih sebagai lokasi karena siswa TK B di sekolah tersebut menggunakan bahasa pengantar bahasa Inggris dalam pembelajarannya baik online maupun saat kelas offline. Jumlah subjek yang dipergunakan untuk uji produk kelompok kecil adalah sejumlah 15 orang tua beserta anaknya sebagai siswa TK B. Dari hasil penelitian pengembangan tersebut didapatkan hasil bahwa buku panduan ini sangat baik dipergunakan untuk mengenalkan bahasa Inggris dasar pada anak usia TK B. Ditambah lagi ketika uji kelompok kecil didapatkan hasil keefektifan yang sangat efektif buku ini dipergunakan sebagai panduan homeschooling oleh orang tua kepada anaknya dalam pengenalan bahasa Inggris dasar. / The COVID-19 pandemic which also affected the world of education, which had to implement Distance Learning, also caused new problems regarding student learning assistance, especially kindergarten age students in carrying out online learning with parental assistance at home. Departing from this initial problem, the author conducted research on the development of a homeschooling guidebook assisted by the Montessori method for the introduction of basic English for Kindergarten B students at Kiddos Preschool Gianyar. Kiddos Preschool was chosen as the location because Kindergarten B students at the school use English as the language of instruction in their learning both online and during offline classes. The number of subjects used for the small group product test were 15 parents and their children as Kindergarten B students.

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.37081/ed.v10i1.3161

ISSN: 2614-6061

Article

The Making of Politically Conscious Indonesian Teachers in Public Schools, 1930-42

Available from: J-Stage

Publication: Southeast Asian Studies, vol. 3, no. 1

Pages: 119-149

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hadjar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: This paper deals with the emergence of political consciousness among Indonesian teachers and students in public Dutch-Indonesian teacher training schools (Hollands Inlandse Kweekschool, HIK) during the last colonial decade up to the beginning of the Japanese occupation in 1942. Most of the Indonesian teachers and students, who pursued careers and education respectively in government schools, had initially embarked from personal expectations of upward economic mobility. Yet, in the course of the 1930s, they grew in deliberate willingness and perception to engage in a wider scope of social dynamics without limiting themselves to the area of power politics. In this paper, the manner in which these students and teachers gave meaning to their daily lives inside and outside of school is identified and analyzed as the factor that critically contributed to the emergence of political consciousness among them. Although the transformation that the teachers underwent in their view of school education was a radical leap when seen from the perspective of the Indonesiacentric historiography of the 1930s, it did not actually show a process of transformative pedagogy. The sense of citizenship that the teachers shared in the 1930s, albeit a dramatic shift from the motivation that had originally propelled them, did not reflect the notion of public education as an independent practice of cultural upbringing irrelevant to the state and state-formation ideology.

Language: English

DOI: 10.20495/seas.3.1_119__8211_

ISSN: 2423-8686, 2186-7275

Article

Pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [The Thoughts of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori About Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Universitas PGRI Semarang (Indonesia)

Publication: PAUDIA: Jurnal Penelitian dalam Bidang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Research Journal in the Field of Early Childhood Education], vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 17-35

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hadjar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: Mendalami ilmu pendidikan anak usia dini tidak dapat dilakukan apabila hanya mengkaji pemikiran satu tokoh saja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui (1) pemikiran, (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang pendidikan anak usia dini. Metode yang digunakan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian kepustakaan yang mengkomparasikan pemikiran kedua tokoh. Data dianalisis dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama dua bulan mulai januari sampai februari 2020. Sumber data terdiri dari data primer dan sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) pemikiran pendidikan anak usia dini menurut Ki Hajar Dewantara adalah pendidikan yang diberikan pada anak 0-7 tahun dengan pemberian pendidikan yang memperhatikan unsur alami anak dengan materi melatih panca indera menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah dilakukan di lingkungan keluarga, sekolah dan masyarakat dengan tujuan mengembangkan cipta, rasa dan karsa pada anak. Menurut Maria Montessori pendidikan anak usia dini adalah pendidikan yang diberikan untuk anak 0-6 tahun dilakukannya dilingkungan sekolah dengan materi keterampilan sehari-hari menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah yang memberikan kebebasan anak untuk memilih aktivitas dan media yang ingin digunakan. (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang anak usia dini terletak dari aspek nama dan filosofi sekolah, setting lingkungan, dasar pemikiran PAUD, metode dan tugas pendidik. [The science of early childhood education cannot be understood from one’s thought. This research intended to know (1) the thoughts (2) the similarities and differences of early childhood education thoughts by Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori. The method used was qualitative with library research which compared two experts’ thoughts. The data was analyzed by descriptive approach. This research was done within two months, january to february 2020. The data were from primary and secondary data. The results revealed (1) Ki Hajar Dewantara states that early childhood education is an education given to 0-7 year old children and emphasizes on natural factors by training five senses through outward and inward method around family, school and community environments to develop creativity, feeling and intention. While Maria Montessori says that early childhood education is an education given to 0-6 year old children through daily skills in school environment and uses outward and inward method which let them choose activity and media they want. (2) the similarities and differences of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori thoughts were school’s name and philosopy, environment, ECE basic thoughts, learning method and educator’s duties.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.26877/paudia.v9i1.5610

ISSN: 2598-4047, 2089-1431

Article

On Ki Hadjar Dewantara’s Philosophy of Education

Available from: Universitetsbiblioteket OsloMet

Publication: Nordic Journal of Comparative and International Education (NJCIE), vol. 5, no. 2

Pages: 65-78

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hadjar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: This comparative education article explores the purpose of education in the Indonesian context. My aim is to see if there are any differences between the purpose of education during the colonial era and present-day Indonesia. In order to do that, I draw mostly on the philosophy of Ki Hadjar Dewantara, who is regarded as the father of Indonesian education. This article is particularly relevant because the Indonesian government has recently started to critically re-examine two of the educational concepts proposed by Dewantara, which are "pendidikan karakter" (character education) and "merdeka belajar" (independent learning). In conceptualising education, Dewantara, who was influenced by Tagore, Montessori, and Fröbel, saw the importance of imparting local wisdom and values ignored by the colonial schools. Therefore, in this article, I will compare his educational views with the Dutch view of schooling during the colonial era. I will then look at Indonesia's current approach to education to find the similarities and differences of purpose relative to Dewantara's views of education. In this article, I argue that Dewantara's philosophy is still very much relevant today. I conclude that the Indonesian government should refer back to its history when defining education for its next generation.

Language: English

DOI: 10.7577/njcie.4156

ISSN: 2535-4051

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