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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Taman Siswa Movement: Its Early Eight Years and Javanese Background

Available from: Cambridge University Press

Publication: Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 164-177

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hajar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: In July 1922 a small private school called Nationale Onderwijs Instituut Taman Siswa was born quietly at a traditional town Yogyakarta in Central Java. Taman Siswa means literally “Garden for Pupils”. Nobody expected then that this pupils' garden would become a tough ground of resistance to the Dutch colonial Government later in the 1930's. The political climate in Indonesia around 1922 was showing a remarkable uprising of nationalism centering around the labor union movement guided by the Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI, Indonesian Communist Party) and Sarekat Islam (Islam Union).

Language: English

DOI: 10.1017/S0022463400017306

ISSN: 0022-4634

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Manajemen Kurikulum Taman Kanak-Kanak Kurikulum Islamic Montessori (Studi Kasus di TK Budi Mulia Dua Sedayu Yogyakarta Tahun Pelajaran 2021/2022) [Curriculum Management Kindergarten Islamic Montessori Curriculum (Case Study at Kindergarten Budi Mulia Dua Sedayu Yogyakarta Academic Year 2021/2022)]

Available from: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Publication: Jurnal Paud Agapedia, vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 43-50

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Curriculum management is a form of curriculum management in education to develop intelligence. Islamic Montessori-based curriculum management differs from curriculum management in general. The purpose of this study was to describe the curriculum of Budi Mulia Dua Sedayu Kindergarten in Yogyakarta and to describe the involvement of teachers, parents, school committees, and the surrounding community. The research uses an approach with a case study research design. The research subjects as data sources are : principals, teachers, parents, school educators, and the surrounding community. Data collection methods are : observation, interviews, and documentation. In addition, the research uses data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and concluding. The results of the study can be seen that an Islamic Montessori Curriculum management that starts from planning to evaluation. Planning that is adapted to the vision and mission of creating children who have good morals in this world and the hereafter. Organizing by developing indicators according to established themes. Implementation, and achievement of indicators with the Montessori method with an Islamic approach. Evaluations are carried out routinely every day and are held at monthly and annual meetings. The involvement of teachers, parents, school committees and the community looks good and has their respective roles. Manajemen kurikulum merupakan bentuk pengelolaan kurikulum dalam pendidikan untuk mengembangkan intelegensi. Manajemen kurikulum berbasis Islamic Montessori memiliki perbedaan dengan manajemen kurikulum sekolah secara umum. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menggambarkan manajemen kurikulum lembaga Taman Kanak-Kanak Budi Mulia Dua Sedayu Yogyakarta dan untuk menggambarkan keterlibatan guru, orang tua, komite sekolah, dan masyarakat sekitar.  Penelitian mengunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan desain penelitian studi kasus. Subyek penelitian sebagai sumber data adalah : kepala sekolah, guru, orang tua, tenaga pendidik sekolah dan masyarakat sekitar. Metode pengumpulan data adalah : observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Selain itu penelitian menggunakan tahapan pengumpulan data, reduksi data, data penyajian dan penarikan kesimpulan. Validitas data menggunakan triangulasi teknik sumber dan triangulasi metode.  Hasil penelitian dapat dilihat bahwa Taman Kanak-Kanak Budi Mulia Dua Sedayu memiliki manajamen Kurikulum Islamic Montessori yang baik dimulai dari perencanaan hingga evaluasi. Perencanaan disesuaikan dengan visi dan misi yaitu menciptakan anak yang memiliki akhlak baik di dunia dan akhirat. Pengorganisasian dengan mengembangkan indikator sesuai tema yang ditetapkan. Pelaksanaan, mencapai indikator dengan metode Montessori dengan pendekatan Islamic. Evaluasi yang dilakukan rutin setiap hari dan dirapatkan pada rapat bulanan dan tahunan. Keterlibatan guru, orangtua, komite sekolah dan masyarakat terlihat baik dan mempunyai peran masing-masing.

Language: Indonesian

ISSN: 2580-9679, 2581-2823

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Analisis Metode Montessori Dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Membaca Permulaan Siswa SD/MI Kelas Rendah [Analysis of the Montessori Method in Improving the Beginning Reading Ability of Low Grade SD/MI Students]

Available from: Al-Aulad: Journal of Islamic Primary Education

Publication: Al-Aulad: Journal of Islamic Primary Education, vol. 3, no. 2

Pages: 69-77

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Metode Montessori merupakan metode yang dirumuskan berdasarkan teori montessori yang dapat digunakan dalam ranah pendidikan anak  dan disusun berdasarkan teori tentang perkembangan anak.  Karakteristik yang  paling terlihat dari metode ini yaitu menekankan pada aktivitas yang dimunculkan oleh diri anak dengan menekankan pada proses adaptasi lingkungan belajar anak yang dibentuk sesuai dengan tahap perkembangannya menggunakan peran dari aktivitas fisik dalam menyerap konsep pembelajaran untuk memiliki kemampuan yang praktis. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan bagaimanakah metode Montessori dalam meningkatakan kemampuan membaca permulaan. Penelitian ini merupakan studi kepustakaan (library research), pembahasan dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode analisa isi (analysis content). Sumber yang digunakan dalam tulisan ini merupakan tulisan-tuliasan Maria yang telah diterjemahkan kedalam bahasa Indonesia. Hasil Penelitian trekait penerapan metode montessori menggunakan aktivitas rangsangan sesuai dengan prinsip maria montessori ternyata dalam pembelajaran dapat meningkatkan kemampuan membaca siswa dan dapat mengatasi keterbatasan siswa dalam pengenalan huruf-huruf. Maka dengan menggunakan metode Montessori untuk belajar membaca diupayakan dapat membantu peserta didik dalam mengembangkan kemampuan kognitif, psikomotor, dan afektif yang terdapat pada diri peserta didik, dengan membuat anak dapat belajar sesuai dengan tingkat perkembangannya. [The Montessori method is a method formulated based on the montessori theory which can be used in the realm of children's education and is compiled based on the theory of child development. The most visible characteristic of this method is that it emphasizes the activities brought up by the child by emphasizing the adaptation process of the child's learning environment which is formed according to their development stage using the role of physical activity in absorbing the concept of learning to have practical abilities. This paper aims to describe how the Montessori method is to improve pre-reading skills. This research is a library research, the discussion is analyzed using the content analysis method (content analysis). The source used in this paper is Maria's writings which have been translated into Indonesian. The results of this research concerning the application of the montessori method using stimulation activities in accordance with the principle of maria montessori, it turns out that learning can improve students 'reading skills and can overcome students' limitations in recognizing letters. So by using the Montessori method to learn to read, it is endeavored to help students develop cognitive, psychomotor, and affective abilities that are found in students, by enabling children to learn according to their level of development.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.15575/al-aulad.v3i2.7917

ISSN: 2620-5238

Article

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Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Berbasis Metode Montessori pada Pembelajaran IPA Siswa Kelas V di SDN Rama II Kota Tangerang [Development of Montessori Method-Based Learning Media in Science Learning for Class V Students at SDN Rama II Tangerang City]

Available from: FONDATIA

Publication: FONDATIA: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 285-302

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Learning media are learning aids that can be physical or non-physical to convey messages from teachers to students. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the use and process of product development in the form of Montessori-based learning media in science learning for fifth grade students. The research is a development research (R & D) with the Sugiyono development procedure. Based on the result of product validation, it received an “appropriate” assessment with a score of 3,6 from material experts. While media experts rated “strongly agree” with a score of 4,5. Based on result of product trials, it is known that average pretest value is 52,64 and posttest is 76,66 so that it has increased. Product assessment by students through questionnaires gets a score of 3,98 or when views in the classification table, namely “agree”. Based on the use trial, the average pretest value was 36,8 and posttest was 72,2 so thatit experienced an increase. Product assessment by students through questionnaires gets an average score of 4,3 or if seen in the table, it is “Strongly agree”. This shows that the learning media based on the Montessori method development can be said to be feasible to use.

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.36088/fondatia.v6i2.1816

ISSN: 2579-6194

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Pengaruh Media Pembelajaran Berbasis Metode Montessori Terhadap Kemampuan Membaca Dan Menulis Siswa Kelas I UPT SPF Minasa UPA Kota Makassar

Available from: Nusantara Hasana Journal

Publication: Nusantara Hasana Journal, vol. 2, no. 3

Pages: 293-297

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Abstract/Notes: The main problem in this study is how the influence of the use of learning media based on the Montessori method on the ability to read and write at the beginning of grade 1 at UPT SPF SDN Minasa Upa. This study aims to determine the effect of the use of learning media based on the Montessori method on reading ability and the beginning of class I UPT SPF SDN Minasa Upa. The results of the Hypothesis Test show the value of df = 10 and the value of 0.05/2 = 0.025. We use this value as a basic reference in finding the t table in the t table. Because t count tta table ( t count = 5,422 t table = 2,22814, thus H0 is rejected and H1 is accepted. It can be said that the use of learning media based on the Montessori method affects the reading and writing ability of grade I students at UPT SPF SD Negeri Minasa Upa. Results Based on the research and discussion, it can be concluded that the use of learning media based on the Montessori method in learning affects the ability to read and write at the beginning of class I at UPT SPF SD Negeri Minasa Upa Makassar City. This can be proven from the average score of student learning at the time of the pretest was 79.36 in the medium category and the average score at the posttest was 84.27 in the high category.

Language: English

ISSN: 2798-1428

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Pengaruh Metode Pembelajaran Montessori Berbantuan Media Movable Alphabet Dalam Meningkatkan Keterampilan Membaca Permulaan Siswa Kelas I SDN 57 di Kecamatan Marusu Kabupaten Maros

Available from: Edunesia

Publication: Edunesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 153-161

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Abstract: The purpose of this study was to learn the ability to read the first grade SDN 57 Bulu-bulu in marusu district maros regency Using the montessori method to help alphabet media and to learn of the significant effects of using the montessori method to help the alphabet to improve literacy skills of the first class I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu Marusu district maros. The type of research used is quasi-research With a design of the design non test control group. The method used was experimental. Research shows that students study results are being observed Of the mean posttest class experiments of 80.60%, whereas of the mean posttest control class of 72.20%. Control class gain index by 0.51. Test t shows value t (3.394)> tables (2.001) and sig value (2-tailed) 0.05 is 0.001 which means the Montessori method Partially covered in alphabet media Significantly the results of learning to read First class I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu in marusu district maros regency 2020/2021. Abstrak: Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kemampuan membaca permulaan siswa kelas I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu di Kecamatan Marusu Kabupaten Maros dengan metode Montessori berbantuan media Movable Alphabet dan untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh signifikan penggunaan metode Montessori berbantuan media Movable Alphabet dalam meningkatkan keterampilan membaca permulaan siswa kelas I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu Kecamatan Marusu Kabupaten Maros. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah Quasi-Experimental Research dengan desain Non Equivalent Kontrol Group Design. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode eksperimen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil belajar siswa di lihat dari nilai mean posttest kelas eksperimen sebesar 80,60%, sedangkan mean posttest kelas control sebesar 72,20%. Indeks gain <g>kelas eksperimen sebesar 0,63 sedangkan <g> kelas control sebesar 0,51. Hasil uji t menunjukkan nilai thitung (3,394) > tabel (2,001) dan nilai Sig. (2-tailed) < 0,05 yaitu 0,001 yang artinya metode Montessori berbantuan media Movable Alphabet secara parsial berpengaruh signifikan terhadap hasil belajar membaca permulaan siswa kelas I SDN 57 Bulu-Bulu di Kecamatan Marusu Kabupaten Maros tahun ajaran 2020/2021.

Language: English

DOI: 10.51276/edu.v2i1.104

ISSN: 2722-7790

Article

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Meningkatkan Kemampuan Mengenal Warna Dasar melalui Metode Montessori bagi Siswa Tunagrahita Sedang

Available from: Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai

Publication: Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai, vol. 7, no. 3

Pages: 20086-20090

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Abstract/Notes: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk membuktikan apakah pengenalan warna dasar atau warna primer pada siswa tunagrahita meningkat melalui metode Montessori di SLB Negeri 1 Padang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan menggunakan pendekatan desain ABA Single Subject Research (SSR) Analisis akan digunakan pada penelitian ini yaitu analisis visual grafik. Hasil baseline (A1) 25 %, 25%, 25%, dan 25%. Selanjutnya pengamatan saat kondisi intervensi dengan persentase 54,1%, 58,3%, 62,5%, 70,8%, 75%, 83.3%, 83.3%, dan 83,3%. Terakhir pengamatan yang dilakssiswaan pada kondisi baseline (A2) dengan perolehan persentase yaitu 83,3%, 91,6%, 91,6% dan 91,6%. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan kemampuan mengenal warna dasar melalui metode montessori bagi siswa tunagrahita Sedang Kelas I/C di SLB Negeri 1 Padang menjadi meningkat. [The purpose of this study was to prove whether the recognition of basic colors or primary colors in mentally retarded students increased through the Montessori method at SLB Negeri 1 Padang. This research is an experimental research using the ABA Single Subject Research (SSR) design approach. The analysis that will be used in this study is graphical visual analysis. Baseline results (A1) 25%, 25%, 25%, and 25%. Furthermore, observations during intervention conditions with percentages of 54.1%, 58.3%, 62.5%, 70.8%, 75%, 83.3%, 83.3%, and 83.3%. The last observation was carried out by students in baseline conditions (A2) with percentage gains of 83.3%, 91.6%, 91.6% and 91.6%. The results of this study indicate that the ability to recognize basic colors through the Montessori method for students with moderate mental retardation in Class I/C at SLB Negeri 1 Padang has increased]

Language: Indonesian

ISSN: 2614-3097

Article

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Efektivitas Metode Montessori Dalam Penanaman Karakter Tanggung Jawab Siswa Kelas Rendah SD Lab School FIP UMJ [The Effectiveness of the Montessori Method in Cultivating Responsible Character in Lower Class Students at Elementary School Lab School FIP UMJ]

Publication: Jurnal Pendidikan Transformatif (Jupetra), vol. 2, no. 5

Pages: 74-83

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Abstract/Notes: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the Montessori method in instilling the character of responsibility of Lab School FIP UMJ elementary school students. By using the Montessori method, students are trained to do something on their own with the direction of teachers and parents. At school students are trained to do daily activities consciously and responsibly. Data collection uses several techniques, namely observation, interviews, and documentation. Some of the tools used in student activities such as buttons, patchwork, needles, threads, pencils, scissors. In the activity of making their own breakfast, students bring some ingredients such as bread, beef slice, lettuce, cheese, packaged sauce, mayonnaise, and so on. By learning daily activities can train students in cultivating the character of responsibility. There are 18 characters but this research only focuses on the character of responsibility. Students' awareness to do their own daily activities needs to be instilled in students continuously. The character of responsibility can be formed not by itself, but by habits that are carried out continuously or continuously. Realizing the character of responsibility is a noble value for the life of individual creatures, social creatures who hone the character of responsibility in order to behave well, do good, and have good morals. Responsibility can be in the form of action or speech. The focus of this research is student action. The consequences for students who are unable to instill the character of responsibility will get social sanctions. / Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas metode Montessori dalam menanamkan karakter tanggung jawab siswa SD Lab School FIP UMJ. Dengan menggunakan metode Montessori, siswa dilatih untuk melakukan sesuatu sendiri dengan arahan dari guru dan orang tua. Di sekolah siswa dilatih untuk melakukan aktivitas sehari-hari secara sadar dan bertanggung jawab. Pengumpulan data menggunakan beberapa teknik yaitu observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Beberapa alat yang digunakan dalam kegiatan siswa seperti kancing, tambal sulam, jarum, benang, pensil, gunting. Dalam kegiatan membuat sarapan sendiri, siswa membawa beberapa bahan seperti roti, irisan daging sapi, selada, keju, saus kemasan, mayonaise, dan lain sebagainya. Dengan pembelajaran kegiatan sehari-hari dapat melatih siswa dalam menumbuhkan karakter tanggung jawab. Terdapat 18 karakter namun penelitian ini hanya berfokus pada karakter tanggung jawab. Kesadaran siswa untuk melakukan aktivitas sehari-hari sendiri perlu ditanamkan pada diri siswa secara terus menerus. Karakter tanggung jawab tidak dapat terbentuk dengan sendirinya, melainkan melalui kebiasaan yang dilakukan secara terus menerus atau terus menerus. Mewujudkan karakter tanggung jawab merupakan nilai luhur bagi kehidupan makhluk individu, makhluk sosial yang mengasah karakter tanggung jawab agar berperilaku baik, berbuat baik, dan berakhlak mulia. Tanggung jawab dapat berupa tindakan atau ucapan. Fokus penelitian ini adalah tindakan siswa. Konsekuensinya bagi siswa yang tidak mampu menanamkan karakter tanggung jawab akan mendapat sanksi sosial.

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.9000/jpt.v2i5.1090

Article

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Meningkatkan Kemandirian Siswa SD Melalui Pembelajaran Metode Montesorri

Available from: Kurnia Group

Publication: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Budaya Indonesia (JISBI), vol. 1, no. 2

Pages: 51-57

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Abstract/Notes: This study is to further illustrate how to increase student independence using Montessori learning modules. This study applies a type of literary study research. This study was conducted by examining other research related to how to increase the independence of elementary school students by describing, explaining and presenting related research and then drawing conclusions. The conclusions of this research are 1) the need for learning that is specifically designed to increase student independence, 2) teachers need to provide learning resources, 3) the need for collaboration between students, teachers and parents in order to achieve optimal educational goals.

Language: English

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Pengaruh Metode Montessori untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi pada Pelajaran Matematika Siswa Kelas V SDN 101751 Klambir Lima

Available from: Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai

Publication: Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai, vol. 8, no. 1

Pages: 1545-1553

, North America

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir siswa dengan menggunakan metode montessori pada pembelajaran matematika dalam tema bangun datar di kelas V SDN 101751 Klambir Lima Kebun. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif metode eksperimen. Sampel pada penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VB SDN 101751 Klambir Lima yang berjumlah 20 siswa. Instrumen penelitian berupa tes dan agket, yaitu pre-test dan post-test sebanyak 5 soal isian dan 20 pernyataan pada lembar kuesioner. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berupa uji validitas, uji normalitas, uji homogenitas dan uji hipotesis. Berdasarkan penyajian data dan analisis data terkait penelitian hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa data diambil berasal dari populasi yang berdistribusi normal diperoleh nilai sig. yaitu 0,326>0,05 pada kelas eksperimen dan 0,221>0,05 pada kelas kontrol dan data diambil dari populasi yang memiliki variansi sama (Sig. Based on Mean 0,699>0,05). Selanjutnya data di analisis dengan menggunakan uji t-test. Berdasarkan perhitungan nilai Sig. (2-tailed) sebesar 0,001<0,05, maka Ho ditolak dan Ha diterima, sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan Metode Montessori untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa kelas V pada pelajaran matematika.

Language: English

ISSN: 2614-3097

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