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118 results

Book

L'alba di una nuova era: teosofia ed educazione in Italia agli inizi del Novecento [The dawn of a new era: Theosophy and education in Italy during the early 20th century]

Europe, Italy, Montessori method of education - History, Southern Europe, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: Il fascino della teosofia catturò una fascia non marginale delle élites intellettuali europee nel primo Novecento e tale fenomeno non mancò di interessare la cultura e la società italiana. Nel solco delle nuove correnti di spiritualità allargatesi con l’aprirsi del nuovo secolo, e sulle macerie del positivismo scientistico che aveva egemonizzato la precedente stagione, la teosofia esercitò un’influenza straordinaria entro diversi ambiti di impegno culturale, che continuavano a guardare con fiducia alla possibilità di contribuire al progresso dell’umanità. La costruzione di una mitologia allegorica sull’avvento prossimo di una Nuova Era coinvolse specialmente la cultura dell’educazione, generando elementi di rinnovamento profondo del sapere pedagogico e dell’iniziativa in campo educativo. L’investimento di energie sulla bontà dei principi e dei metodi della pedagogia Montessori costituì solo uno degli aspetti, tra i più significativi, che assunse tale frontiera innovativa in area pedagogica, particolarmente sostenuta dalle reti teosofiche. La riscoperta del notevole contributo che la cultura teosofica complessivamente offrì a favore dell’organizzazione di una ‘teoria’ dell’Educazione Nuova costituisce, pertanto, un’operazione storiografica importante, per intendere come, anche in Italia, tra aspirazioni ideali, illusioni e generosi slanci profetici, una nuova pedagogia – moderna, democratica, liberale e mondial/globalista – si aprì degli spazi decisivi per cominciare a cambiare gli orizzonti contemporanei della formazione. / The fascination of theosophy captured a non-marginal band of European intellectual elites in the early twentieth century and this phenomenon did not fail to interest Italian culture and society. In the wake of the new currents of spirituality that widened with the opening of the new century, and on the ruins of the scientistic positivism that had dominated the previous season, theosophy exercised an extraordinary influence on various spheres of cultural commitment, which continued to look with confidence at opportunity to contribute to the progress of humanity. The construction of an allegorical mythology on the imminent advent of a New Era especially involved the culture of education, generating elements of profound renewal of pedagogical knowledge and initiative in the educational field. The investment of energy on the goodness of the principles and methods of Montessori pedagogy was only one of the most significant aspects that this innovative frontier assumed in the pedagogical area, particularly supported by theosophical networks. The rediscovery of the remarkable contribution that theosophical culture as a whole offered in favor of the organization of a 'theory' of New Education therefore constitutes an important historiographical operation, to understand how, also in Italy, between ideal aspirations, illusions and generous prophetic impulses, a new pedagogy - modern, democratic, liberal and mondial / globalist - opened up decisive spaces to begin to change the contemporary horizons of education.

Language: Italian

Published: Santarcangelo di Romagna, Italy: Maggioli, 2020

ISBN: 978-88-916-4601-9

Book Section

Théosophie et éducation en Espagne (1891-1939): espaces de sociabilité et réseaux éducatifs [Theosophy and education in Spain (1891-1939): spaces of sociability and educational networks]

Available from: OpenEdition Books

Book Title: Éduquer dans et hors l’école: Lieux et milieux de formation. XVIIe-XXe siècle

Pages: 87-102

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: L’occasion de lancer des recherches sur les liens entre le mouvement théosophique et l’éducation en Espagne et l’intérêt que celles-ci pouvaient présenter surgirent à partir de la lecture du Petit Journal d’Adolphe Ferrière dans les Archives de l’institut J.-J. Rousseau de l’université de Genève. En 1930, de passage à Barcelone sur le chemin de son long voyage vers l’Amérique latine, le pédagogue suisse fut reçu par Maria Solà de Sellarés, Attilio Bruschetti et José Forteza. Cependant ces personnages n’apparaissent pas dans les pages de l’historiographie de l’éducation nouvelle et de la rénovation pédagogique en Catalogne au cours du premier tiers du XXe siècle. Après les recherches qui s’imposaient, nous sûmes qu’ils militèrent dans l’hétérodoxe mouvement théosophique et que, suivant les pas de Béatrice Ensor, ils se rapprochèrent de sa pédagogie par le biais de la Fraternité internationale de l’Éducation. La vocation éducative du mouvement théosophique se manifesta dans l’organisation de cours et de conférences, l’édition de livres et de dépliants à caractère doctrinal et didactique, la création d’espaces de sociabilité et, entre autres initiatives, par la fondation d’un certain nombre d’écoles et de centres éducatifs qui tentèrent de rejoindre les mouvements rénovateurs européens, tout en restant fidèles au spiritualisme oriental. Plus tard et malgré les distances que leur imposèrent dissidences et fractures, un autre courant allait apparaître à l’horizon de l’évolution de ce mouvement: l’anthroposophie de Steiner et la pédagogie Waldorf. Cet article se propose d’analyser, dans les contextes européen et international, la fonction sociale, éducative et socialisatrice de la théosophie et des réseaux socioéducatifs théosophiques, hors et dans l’école, en Espagne au cours du premier tiers du XXe siècle. Cette recherche part de l’analyse de sources orales (membres de familles de théosophes et personnes ayant des liens avec le mouvement théosophique) et de sources écrites (directes et indirectes) consultées et étudiées dans diverses archives : Biblioteca de Cataluña (Barcelone), bibliothèque privée de la Branche Arjuna de Barcelone, Centro nacional de la Memoria histórica de Salamanque (Espagne), archives privées de la famille Jover Dalmau (ancien élève de l’école Damon) et Archives historiques municipales de Sabadell (Catalogne). [The opportunity to launch research on the links between the theosophical movement and education in Spain and the interest that these could present arose from the reading of the Petit Journal d'Adolphe Ferrière in the Archives of the institute J.-J. Rousseau from the University of Geneva. In 1930, passing through Barcelona on the way to his long journey to Latin America, the Swiss teacher was received by Maria Solà de Sellarés, Attilio Bruschetti and José Forteza. However, these characters do not appear in the pages of the historiography of new education and educational renewal in Catalonia during the first third of the twentieth century. After the necessary research, we learned that they were active in the heterodox theosophical movement and that, following in the footsteps of Beatrice Ensor, they approached her pedagogy through the International Fraternity of Education. The educational vocation of the theosophical movement was manifested in the organization of courses and conferences, the publication of books and leaflets of a doctrinal and didactic nature, the creation of spaces for sociability and, among other initiatives, by the foundation of a number of schools and educational centers which tried to join the European renovating movements, while remaining faithful to Eastern spiritualism. Later and despite the distances imposed by dissidence and fractures, another current would appear on the horizon of the evolution of this movement: the anthroposophy of Steiner and the Waldorf pedagogy. This article aims to analyze, in European and international contexts, the social, educational and socializing function of theosophy and theosophical socio-educational networks, outside and in school, in Spain during the first third of the twentieth century. This research starts from the analysis of oral sources (members of families of Theosophists and people with links to the Theosophical movement) and written sources (direct and indirect) consulted and studied in various archives: Biblioteca de Cataluña (Barcelona), library private of the Arjuna Branch of Barcelona, ​​Centro nacional de la Memoria histórica de Salamanca (Spain), private archives of the Jover Dalmau family (former pupil of the Damon school) and Municipal Historical Archives of Sabadell (Catalonia).]

Language: French

Published: Rennes, France: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2018

ISBN: 978-2-7535-5561-7

Series: Histoire

Article

La Theosophie et la Methode Montessori [Theosophy and the Montessor Method]

Publication: Revue Théosophique, le Lotus Bleu, vol. 48

Pages: 275

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

Book Section

Teosofia e antroposofia nell'Italia del primo Novecento [Theosophy and anthroposophy in early twentieth century Italy]

Book Title: Storia d'Italia. Annali

Pages: 569-598

Europe, Feminism, Italy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Southern Europe, Spirituality, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: An English version, which was "revised, expanded", of this article appeared in, Theosophical History, vol. 16, no. 2 (2012).

Language: Italian

Published: Torino, Italy: Einaudi, 2010

ISBN: 978-88-06-19035-4

Volume: 25 (Esoterismo)

Article

Theosophy and Education

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: The Theosophist, vol. 39, no. 2

Pages: 125-140

Asia, George S. Arundale - Writings, India, South Asia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

ISSN: 0972-1851

Book Section

Maria Montessori in India: I Rapporti con la Teosofia e la Società Teosofica [Maria Montessori in India: Relations with Theosophy and the Theosophical Society]

Book Title: La Cura dell'Anima in Maria Montessori: l'Educazione Morale, Spirituale e Religiosa dell'Infanzia [Care of the Soul in Maria Montessori: Moral, Spiritual and Religious Education of Childhood]

Pages: 108-129

Asia, India, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History, South Asia, Spirituality, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: Italian

Published: Rome, Italy: Fefè Editore, 2011

ISBN: 978-88-95988-34-4

Series: Psicopedagogica , 15

Article

Theosophy and Anthroposophy in Italy during the First Half of the Twentieth Century

Available from: Theosophical History

Publication: Theosophical History, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 81-119

Europe, Feminism, Italy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Southern Europe, Spirituality, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: "This is a revised, expanded version of an essay originally published in Italian in: Gian Mario Cazzaniga (ed.), Storia d'Italia. Annali 25: Esoterismo, Einaudi, Turin 2010, 569598."

Language: English

ISSN: 0951-497X

Article

シュタイナー教育とモンテッソーリ教育に基づく発達障がい児教育モデルの構築 : 両教育の接点とシュタイナー療育の事例 [Development of an Educational Model for Children with Developmental Disabilities Based on Steiner and Montessori Education Systems and the Case of Steiner’s Therapeutic Education]

Available from: Hiroshima University Institutional Repository

Publication: 倫理学研究 / Journal of Ethical Studies, no. 26

Pages: 1-14

Children with disabilities, Developmentally disabled children, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: The primary purpose of this paper is to clarify the relationship between Montessori educational thought and the influence of theosophy in Montessori’s work before, during (1939–1946), and after the period she stayed in India. The image of the Montessori method is corrected by consideration and various concepts of the Montessori method compared with theosophy are presented as a new perspective. A peculiar vertical paradigm related to theosophy as a “relationship that I conform to the universe” and a “transformation of the subject for the rise of the spirit” is shown as an effective index for understanding Montessori educational thought. Through a profound perspective based on concepts such as holism, various concepts of the Montessori method, such as “social reformation,” “order,” “concentration,” “work,” and the “sensitive periods” are reviewed as a “prelude to religious awakening.” This vertical paradigm can also be found in Steiner educational thought. The second purpose of this paper is to introduce the practice of both therapeutic education systems based on this vertical paradigm.

Language: Japanese

DOI: 10.15027/50881

ISSN: 0916-247X

Article

Dr. Maria Montessori

Publication: Theosophy in Australia, vol. 18, no. 4

Pages: 12

Australasia, Australia, Australia and New Zealand, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Oceania, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

ISSN: 1038-1139

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