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An Association Between Montessori Education in Childhood and Adult Wellbeing

Available from: Frontiers in Psychology

Publication: Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 12

Pages: 721943

Angeline Stoll Lillard - Writings, Developmental psychology, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Human development, Montessori method of education, Wellbeing

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Abstract/Notes: Wellbeing, or how people think and feel about their lives, predicts important life outcomes from happiness to health to longevity. Montessori pedagogy has features that enhance wellbeing contemporaneously and predictively, including self-determination, meaningful activities, and social stability. Here, 1905 adults, ages 18-81 (M = 36), filled out a large set of wellbeing scales followed by demographic information including type of school attended each year from 2 to 17. About half the sample had only attended conventional schools and the rest had attended Montessori for between 2 and 16 years (M = 8 years). To reduce the variable set, we first developed a measurement model of wellbeing using the survey data with exploratory then confirmatory factor analyses, arriving at four factors: general wellbeing, engagement, social trust, and self-confidence. A structural equation model that accounted for age, gender, race, childhood SES, and years in private school revealed that attending Montessori for at least two childhood years was associated with significantly higher adult wellbeing on all four factors. A second analysis found that the difference in wellbeing between Montessori and conventional schools existed even among the subsample that had exclusively attended private schools. A third analysis found that the more years one attended Montessori, the higher one's wellbeing as an adult. Unmeasured selection effects could explain the results, in which case research should determine what third variable associated with Montessori schooling causes adult wellbeing. Several other limitations to the study are also discussed. Although some of these limitations need to be addressed, coupled with other research, including studies in which children were randomly assigned to Montessori schools, this study suggests that attending Montessori as a child might plausibly cause higher adult wellbeing.

Language: English

DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.721943

ISSN: 1664-1078

Doctoral Dissertation

'My Self-Image and Your Interactions': The Influence of the Preschool Educator's Image of the Child as a Learner on Children's Wellbeing and Involvement

Americas, Comparative education, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Europe, Ireland, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, North America, Northern Europe, Play, Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education)

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Abstract/Notes: The introduction in 2011 of a universal free preschool year for all children in Ireland prior to attending primary school was heralded as a significant commitment to children and families. As a result of this policy initiative there are increasing numbers of young children accessing preschool provision. However, despite increased access and increased investment in ECEC provision, little is known about the quality of preschool children’s experiences, or the impact of the pedagogical approach on children’s levels of wellbeing and involvement in their learning. Equally there has been no evaluation of the quality or the effectiveness of the preschool provision in supporting children’s development of 21st century skills. This thesis explores how the preschool educator’s image of the child as a learner influences her/his pedagogical approach and how the educator’s pedagogical approach subsequently impacts on children’s levels of wellbeing and involvement in their meaning making processes. The study, an ethnographic comparative study, was conducted across three preschool setting types, Montessori, Play-based and Reggio inspired in the west of Ireland and Boston. The findings identify that children’s levels of wellbeing and involvement are high when their basic needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness are met in an autonomy supportive, child-centred learning environment. In comparison, when the learning environment is controlling and the approach to teaching and learning is didactic and adult-led, children’s levels of wellbeing and involvement are low. These findings have significant implications for policy and practice and provide a compelling argument for the evaluation of the quality of preschool provision in Ireland.

Language: English

Published: Galway, Ireland, 2020


Activities for Health and Wellbeing at Local Level: The Case Study of Karposh Municipality [North Macedonia]

Available from: Central and Eastern European Online Library

Publication: ЕВРОДИЈАЛОГ Списание за европски прашања [EURODIALOG: Journal of European Affairs], no. 23

Pages: 369-382

Europe, North Macedonia, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Health protection and social status improvement are complex processes that require multidisciplinary approach. Hereupon the complexity in planning and realization of annual programme plans regarding health and social protection of citizens realized at a local level by the Municipality of Karposh. Through the annual programme activities, the local self-government plans and promotes healthy generations that will acquire healthy eating habits and creates, i.e. provides normal psychosocial development throughout their lives. In order to contribute in this area, the Municipality of Karposh established the Department for Child, Social and Health Care. The way of work and the activities of this Department are prevention, monitoring field conditions for each issue and timely resolution of problems in accordance with the competences of the local self-government and the legislative of the Republic of Macedonia. Of particular importance is the cooperation of the Municipality with other state institutions, the non-governmental sector and the international organizations through which it exchanges knowledge and experiences. From that aspect, the Municipality of Karposh creates programme activities regarding health and social policy of children, equally including children from persons/families at social risk. A number of activities aimed at the non-institutional forms of social protection of the vulnerable groups affected by the effects of poverty and social exclusion and activities for promotion of education are realized. The activities aimed at these target groups include all children from the earliest age, and in some urban communities where the Roma or Albanian population is dominant, special attention is paid to social inclusion and preventive health care of children of these ethnicities. The public awareness of health care of the population is being raised from every aspect through professional workshops, announcements, professional presentations and trainings and other forms of education. These activities are usually conducted by social and health workers and predagogists from the Department for Child, Social and Health Protection and the NGO sector, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy and international educational centres such as the “Montessori” Centre. The Municipality of Karposh does not forget its “third age” citizens. Through cultural and entertaining programmes, the youngest assemble and entertain the guardians of retirement homes, “Humane patrols” active on field are organized that help in the daily life of fragile, old and ill persons that are unable to leave their homes. Through its programme activities, the Department for Child, Social and Health Care in the Municipality of Karposh encompasses all groups of citizens on the territory of the local self-government, regardless of their sex, gender, age or ethnicity.

Language: English

ISSN: 1857-6222


Looking Back to the Future: The Current Relevance of Maria Montessori's Ideas About the Spiritual Well-Being of Young Children

Available from: University of South Australia

Publication: The Journal of Student Wellbeing, vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 1-15

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori (1870-1952) was an Italian educator whose ideas and principles have validity in informing, understanding and responding to the challenges faced by contemporary educators . Many of her foundational principles are at the forefront of current educational thinking but are unacknowledged or unknown in mainstream education. It is argued that her ideas and principles about the spiritual wellbeing of young children have validity in the current debate. Montessori saw spirituality as innate in young children, the primary force driving their development and central to their capacity for joyful and deep engagement with their environment. She saw children’s capacity and ability to concentrate deeply as a spiritual pathway to a new level of individual consciousness and connection to the environment. These principles can inform our current thinking, understanding and response to young children’s spirituality. The conditions to bring about, support and protect what Montessori calls ‘concentration’ should be considered in pedagogical responses to the spiritual needs of young children

Language: English

DOI: 10.21913/JSW.v2i2.392

ISSN: 1835-7806

Book Section

Narratives of Everyday Spirituality: Pedagogical Perspectives from Three Early Childhood Settings in Aotearoa New Zealand

Available from: Springer Link

Book Title: International Handbook of Education for Spirituality, Care and Wellbeing

Pages: 873-890

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, New Zealand, Oceania, Spirituality

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Abstract/Notes: Early childhood settings in Aotearoa New Zealand are informed by an internationally recognised curriculum, Te Whāriki (Ministry of Education, 1996). This whāriki, or woven mat, includes references to the spiritual; the principle of kotahitanga/holistic development intersects with the strand of mana atua/wellbeing. Qualitative case study research in a Montessori casa, a private preschool, and a Steiner kindergarten found the concept “everyday spirituality” illuminating. Three themes were identified: spiritual withness, spiritual in-betweeness and spiritual elsewhere. These relational spaces are proposed as a way of reconceptualising holistic approaches to pedagogy and wellbeing in early childhood educational contexts.

Language: English

Published: Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009

ISBN: 978-1-4020-9018-9

Series: International Handbooks of Religion and Education

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effect of Goal Setting and Student Self-Reflection on Motivation and On Task Behavior in the Upper Elementary Public Montessori Environment

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Americas, Goal (Psychology), North America, Public Montessori, United States of America, Upper elementary

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this action research project was to study the effects of goal-setting and self-reflection on the intrinsic motivation and on task behavior of students in an upper level (ages 9-12) public Montessori classroom. The project used multiple data sources to better understand the impact of goal-setting and self-reflection on student academic achievement, prosocial behavior, and emotional wellbeing. Teacher-made rating scales and self-reflection prompts were used to determine student outlook on completion of their goals while semi-structured student interviews, given at the beginning, middle, and end of the project, gave insight into student perceptions of goal-setting benefits. After analyzing the results of the data, it was found that weekly short term and long range goal-setting can have a positive impact on student achievement, prosocial behavior, and emotional wellbeing.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2018


The Social Relevance of Montessori in the First Plane

Available from: ERIC

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 40, no. 2

Pages: 31-61

Child development, Cognitive development, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Language acquisition, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Social development, Wellbeing, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: This article represents an amazing reversal of linguistic analysis. Usually Montessori language is translated into "state" terminology. In this case, Sarah Werner Andrews puts state quality assessment terms into Montessori language. For example, domains for school readiness include 1) physical wellbeing and motor development, 2) social and emotional development, 3) approach to learning, 4) language development, 5) cognition and general knowledge. Sarah's use of rich Montessori theory and descriptive language brings Montessori to the essential state keys for expected government proof of quality. [This talk was presented at the NAMTA conference titled "The Social Relevance of the Montessori First Plane: Engaging Families, Building Partnerships, and Finding Common Ground with the Wider Early Childhood Community" in Dallas, TX, January 15-18, 2015.]

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Doctoral Dissertation

Adaptación, ansiedad y autoestima en niños: comparación entre escuelas tradicional y Montessori [Adaptation, anxiety and self-esteem in children: comparison between traditional and Montessori schools]

Available from: Universidad de las Américas Puebla - Institutional Repository

Americas, Child development, Comparative education, Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico, Montessori method of education, Normalization, Wellbeing

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Abstract/Notes: En el presente trabajo se describen y comparan los niveles de adaptación, ansiedad y autoestima registrados en 72 alumnos de escuela tradicional y 65 de escuela Montessori de la ciudad de Puebla, de entre 9 y 12 años de edad. No habiendo encontrado diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las tres variables estudiadas entre estas dos escuelas, es dado concluir que tanto la adaptación, como la ansiedad y la autoestima son fenómenos determinados por una multiplicidad de factores tanto internos (inteligencia, personalidad, maduración, aptitudes, actitudes, entre otros.), como externos (familia, escuela, sociedad, cultura), que actúan interrelacionados. Así mismo se establecen las correlaciones existentes entre adaptación, ansiedad y autoestima. Se describen, además, los análisis factoriales aplicados a los tres instrumentos psicométricos utilizados en esta investigación, ya que dos fueron generados en España y otro en Estados Unidos de América. Se recomienda que, ante la escasez de instrumentos psicométricos construidos y validados en nuestro país, se promuevan investigaciones que tengan como fin la producción y difusión de tests en México, lo que permitirá realizar estudios confiables y válidos en el campo de la Psicología. [In this work, the levels of adaptation, anxiety and self-esteem registered in 72 students from a traditional school and 65 from a Montessori school in the city of Puebla, between 9 and 12 years of age, are described and compared. Not having found statistically significant differences in the three variables studied between these two schools, it is possible to conclude that both adaptation, anxiety and self-esteem are phenomena determined by a multiplicity of internal factors (intelligence, personality, maturation, aptitudes, attitudes , among others.), and external (family, school, society, culture), which act interrelated. Likewise, the existing correlations between adaptation, anxiety and self-esteem are established. The factor analyzes applied to the three psychometric instruments used in this research are also described, since two were generated in Spain and another in the United States of America. It is recommended that, given the shortage of psychometric instruments built and validated in our country, research is promoted aimed at the production and dissemination of tests in Mexico, which will allow reliable and valid studies in the field of Psychology.]

Language: Spanish

Published: Cholula, Mexico, 2010


The Relation Between the Child's Work and Cosmic Work

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 24, no. 2

Pages: 77-83

Cosmic education, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education, Religious education, Wellbeing, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Considers the nobility of children's work, its relationship to human psychological health and peacefulness, its purposefulness, and its revelation of God's cosmic plan. Links Maria Montessori's cosmic view to the Catechists of the Good Shepherd and the Montessori community at large. (Author/KB)

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734


La visione del bambino in Maria Montessori: tra pedagogia speciale, psicologia dello sviluppo e didattica generale [Maria Montessori’s Vision of the Child: Between Special Education, Developmental Psychology and General Didactics]

Available from: Pensa Multimedia

Publication: Italian Journal of Special Education for Inclusion, vol. 7, no. 2

Pages: 25-36

Children with disabilities, Developmental psychology, Inclusive education, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori materials, Special education

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Abstract/Notes: This contribution aims to highlight the aspects of the Montessori Method that are particularly functional to inclusive classroom management and for a heterogeneous school context. The theoretical framework is the idea of education in the Montessori approach in that she is considered the forerunner of an inclusive pedagogical vision. In fact, while the first years of her research were addressed to the field of special education, she was soon convinced of the possibility of extending her studies also to “conventional” schools. On the basis of this belief, her experimental work was soon extended from institutions for disabled children to a series of kindergartens (called “Children’s House”) first in Rome and then in the rest of the world. In the second part of this brief analysis, a study is presented on the use of the QBS questionnaire (Tobia & Marzocchi, 2015) with a sample of 73 Montessori public school children and their parents. The questionnaire on “Quality of Wellbeing at School” is the tool we selected for the phase of data collection, with the intention to investigate the point of view of pupils and their parents. Our analysis aims to understand the perception of well-being at school in children and their families. The statistical analysis applied to the results from the administration of the questionnaires revealed some significant data, in particular in the scale relating to satisfaction and recognition and in the scale relating to the relationship with classmates. At the same time, the statistical analysis of the questionnaire dedicated to parents revealed a significant effect on the scale related to child awareness.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2282-5061, 2282-6041

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