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Book Section

Gli albori dell'era nuova: Maria Montessori e il movimento progressista in Europa [The dawn of the new era: Maria Montessori and the progressive movement in Europe]

Book Title: Storia dell'educazione occidentale [History of Western Education]

Pages: 431-443

Eastern Europe, Europe, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe

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Language: Italian

Published: Milano: Mondadori, [unknown]

Volume: 3

Article

Schools in Europe [visited during 8th International Montessori Congress, San Remo, Italy, August, 1949]

Publication: The Montessori Magazine: A Quarterly Journal for Teachers, Parents and Social Workers (India), vol. 4, no. 3

Pages: 31-42

Conferences, Eastern Europe, Europe, International Montessori Congress (8th, San Remo, Italy, 22-29 August 1949), Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe

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Language: English

Master's Thesis

Montessori and Religious Education in Western Cape Preschools

Available from: University of Cape Town

Africa, Catholic schools, Comparative education, Jewish religious schools, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Religious education, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: The debate about whether or not religious education should be included in early childhood education is a longstanding one. Even those who believe that Religious education should be included in early childhood programs cannot agree about the content or method for including it. The phenomenon of religious education in Montessori pre-primary schools in the Western Cape Province of South Africa is explored in this study, using a qualitative research approach. More specifically, the study explored the goals of their religious education; the level of awareness of Montessori's approach to religious education and finally looked at how they were implementing religion in their schools. A sample of 4 pre-schools were selected from the 90 Montessori pre-schools in the Western Cape. These included a Non-Denominational, Muslim, Christian and a Jewish School. The Muslim and Non-Denominational schools are full Montessori schools, while the Christian and Jewish schools have incorporated Montessori alongside other curriculums, namely the Jubilee Excellence School Curriculum and Reggio-Emilia approach, respectively. A collective case study approach was adopted and data was collected through observations and interviews. While the findings cannot easily be generalized, it is significant in providing a starting point to understanding the phenomenon of religious education in Montessori pre-schools in the Western Cape. The study highlighted Dr Montessori's personal and professional struggle with religion and found that the struggles Dr Montessori faced in terms of Religion have still not been resolved today. The schools in the Western Cape still grappled with the essence of Montessori's struggle, i.e. where to place religion and how to integrate it in the Montessori method and philosophy. Dr Montessori's beliefs about the importance of spirituality in the early years were found to be consistent with the contemporary views of scholars around the world. The religious schools followed guidelines of their own religions when deciding on which values to focus on. At the Jewish school, the focus was on the community, while at the Muslim school the focus was on the individual and selfetiquette. The focus of the Christian school was on discipline and obedience. The schools had various commitments to spiritual and ethical development of the children. Finally, the study found that the Montessori method was ideal for teaching the practices of religion, but when schools delved into issues of faith or love of God, they switched to other modes of teaching (e.g. preaching). This disjuncture between teaching faith and practices was ultimately Dr Montessori's reason for abolishing religious education from her method.

Language: English

Published: Cape Town, South Africa, 2017

Article

Missions to Europe [Croatia, Romania, Lithuania]

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 8, no. 4

Pages: 10

Croatia, Eastern Europe, Europe, Lithuania, Northern Europe, Public Montessori, Romania, Southern Europe

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Language: English

Book Section

For Peace [An address given before the European Congress for Peace in Brussels on 3 September 1936]

Book Title: Education and Peace

Pages: 21-24

Belgium, Europe, European Congress for Peace, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Maria Montessori - Writings, Peace, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: First published in Italy as 'Educazione e Pace' ©1949. First published in this translation in the USA in 1972. A collection of lectures from international congresses and peace councils in the 1930s.

Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2018

ISBN: 978-90-79506-21-7

Series: The Montessori Series , 10

Article

European Roots of the First Psychology Clinic in North America

Available from: Hogrefe

Publication: European Psychologist, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 44-50

Americas, Lightner Witmer - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Lightner Witmer (1867-1956) founded the first psychology clinic in Philadelphia 100 years ago, in March 1896. Even though he was an American, he readily acknowledged some European roots of his work. Witmer earned his Ph.D. at the University of Leipzig, Germany, under Wilhelm Wundt. He was encouraged by his Philadelphia mentor, James McKeen Cattell, to focus on individual differences in the tradition of Francis Galton of England. Witmer modeled his clinical interventions after the previous efforts of J.R. Pereira, J.M.G. Itard, and Edouard Seguin of France and Maria Montessori of Italy. The consequences for modern psychology of Witmer's idea that psychologists should use their knowledge to help people individually were noteworthy. Clinical psychology is today the most common psychology specialty in Europe and, indeed, in much of the world. However, Witmer's concept that clinical psychologists should be trained at the doctoral level is as yet far better accepted in North America than it is elsewhere.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1027/1016-9040.1.1.44

ISSN: 1016-9040 1878-531X

Article

A Delicate Balance: The Praxis of Empowerment at a Midwestern Montessori School

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Communication Education, vol. 51, no. 2

Pages: 183-201

Americas, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This study examines empowerment as a communicative process among teachers and students at a Midwestern Montessori school. The Montessori method, developed by Maria Montessori in the early twentieth century, is attentive to the tension individuals experience as they attempt to balance their individual freedom with the good of their community. This educational philosophy suggests that empowerment occurs on a systems level as teachers and students learn to manage this tension. Through longitudinal research, I explored the praxis of empowerment in the organizational context of three Montessori classrooms. My analysis of field notes and transcribed interviews yielded three specific areas in which I observed the praxis of empowerment: the nature of the environment, the management of discipline, and the social construction of learning.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/03634520216509

ISSN: 0363-4523

Article

Il pensiero di Maria Montessori e la scuola europea. 2

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 20, no. 4

Pages: 6-7

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Article

International Notes [Europe, Russia, China, India, New Zealand, Central/South America]

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 20, no. 3

Pages: 11

Americas, Asia, Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Central America, China, East Asia, Eastern Europe, Europe, India, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori movement

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Language: English

Article

Women’s Role in Early Childhood Education in Europe

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 25, no. 1

Pages: 67-75

Europe, Feminism

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Abstract/Notes: The history of education is mainly a history of male educators and their ideas and systems of education, whereas the history of early childhood education is to a large extent a field of history where women have been the actors and to some extent also the writers about early childhood education. But this history is coloured by the withdrawn and to a large degree subordinate status of women, which is also reflected in the way history is written: A history of invisibility and anonymity, which also may have affected the place early childhood education has had in general educational history...

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/BF03174635

ISSN: 1878-4658

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