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Book Section

Maria Montessori en Inde: Adoption et Adaptation d'une Méthode Pédagogique [Maria Montessori in India: Adoption and Adaptation of a Pedagogic Method]

Available from: OpenEdition Books

Book Title: L'Inde et l'Italie: Rencontres intellectuelles, politiques et artistiques [India and Italy: Intellectual, political and artistic encounters]

Pages: 245-285

Asia, India, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: In this article I focus on the impact of the Maria Montessori’s pedagogical method during the years of her work in South Asia (1939-1946; 1947-1949). The genesis of this research started in the late 1980s during the years of my fieldwork in Madras (today Chennai), when I was amazed to find a large number of “Montessori” schools in that city. Certainly, they were many more than in Italy, and in Rome itself, where Maria Montessori founded the first “House of Children” on the 6th January 1907. Thus, out of mere curiosity I started to enquire about the reasons of such “implantation”. Soon I came to know that Maria Montessori (1870-1952) and her son, Mario Montesano Montessori (1898-1982), from 1939 till 1949, spent almost ten years in India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. In all those countries they collaborated and interacted with local pedagogists, by also training hundreds of children and more than thousand students and teachers to the homonimous “Montessori” pedagogical method. India, after Italy, was also the country where Maria Montessori spent the longest period of her life. After relating to the major events of her personal life as well as her scientific and social engagements as psychiatrist, pedagogist, outspoken feminist and antifascist, I deal here with the adoption and adaptation of her pedagogical method in South Asia. Finally, I tackle the influence of the local educational systems and cultural practices on Maria Montessori herself and on her own method’s further development. Due to such a synergic encouter and interaction, today India is one of the most dynamic and prestigeous international centers for the “Montessori” pedagogical method teachers’ training.,Dans cet article, j’étudie en particulier l’impact de la méthode pédagogique de Maria Montessori durant ses années en Asie du Sud (1939-1946, 1947-1949). La genèse de cette recherche a débuté à la fin des années 1980, quand j’ai été étonnée de trouver à Madras (Chennai) un si grand nombre d’écoles Montessori au cours de mon long terrain dans cette ville. Certes, elles étaient beaucoup plus nombreuses que celles présentes en Italie, et plus qu’à Rome même, où Maria Montessori fonda la première Maison des Enfants le 6 janvier 1907. Ainsi, par simple curiosité, je commençai à m’enquérir des raisons d’une telle « implantation ». Bientôt, j’ai réalisé que Maria Montessori (1870-1952) et son fils, Mario Montesano Montessori (1898-1982), avaient de 1939 à 1949, séjourné près de dix ans en Inde, au Pakistan et au Sri Lanka. Dans tous ces pays, ils ont collaboré et interagi avec les pédagogues locaux, en formant également des centaines d’enfants et plus de mille élèves et enseignants à la méthode pédagogique « Montessori ». L’Inde, après l’Italie, était aussi le pays où Maria Montessori a passé la plus longue période de sa vie. Après avoir évoqué les grands événements de sa vie personnelle ainsi que ses engagements scientifiques et sociaux en tant que psychiatre, pédagogue, féministe et antifasciste, je traite ici de l’adoption et de l’adaptation de sa méthode pédagogique en Asie du Sud. Enfin, j’analyse l’influence des systèmes éducatifs locaux et des pratiques culturelles sur Maria Montessori elle-même et sur le développement ultérieur de sa propre méthode. Grâce à cette rencontre et à cette interaction synergiques, l’Inde est aujourd’hui l’un des centres internationaux les plus dynamiques et les plus prestigieux pratiquant la méthode pédagogique Montessori.

Language: French

Published: Paris, France: OpenEdition Books, 2018

ISBN: 978-2-7132-3154-4

Series: Purushartha

Doctoral Dissertation

Adaptación, ansiedad y autoestima en niños: comparación entre escuelas tradicional y Montessori [Adaptation, anxiety and self-esteem in children: comparison between traditional and Montessori schools]

Available from: Universidad de las Américas Puebla - Institutional Repository

Americas, Child development, Comparative education, Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico, Montessori method of education, Normalization, Wellbeing

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Abstract/Notes: En el presente trabajo se describen y comparan los niveles de adaptación, ansiedad y autoestima registrados en 72 alumnos de escuela tradicional y 65 de escuela Montessori de la ciudad de Puebla, de entre 9 y 12 años de edad. No habiendo encontrado diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las tres variables estudiadas entre estas dos escuelas, es dado concluir que tanto la adaptación, como la ansiedad y la autoestima son fenómenos determinados por una multiplicidad de factores tanto internos (inteligencia, personalidad, maduración, aptitudes, actitudes, entre otros.), como externos (familia, escuela, sociedad, cultura), que actúan interrelacionados. Así mismo se establecen las correlaciones existentes entre adaptación, ansiedad y autoestima. Se describen, además, los análisis factoriales aplicados a los tres instrumentos psicométricos utilizados en esta investigación, ya que dos fueron generados en España y otro en Estados Unidos de América. Se recomienda que, ante la escasez de instrumentos psicométricos construidos y validados en nuestro país, se promuevan investigaciones que tengan como fin la producción y difusión de tests en México, lo que permitirá realizar estudios confiables y válidos en el campo de la Psicología. [In this work, the levels of adaptation, anxiety and self-esteem registered in 72 students from a traditional school and 65 from a Montessori school in the city of Puebla, between 9 and 12 years of age, are described and compared. Not having found statistically significant differences in the three variables studied between these two schools, it is possible to conclude that both adaptation, anxiety and self-esteem are phenomena determined by a multiplicity of internal factors (intelligence, personality, maturation, aptitudes, attitudes , among others.), and external (family, school, society, culture), which act interrelated. Likewise, the existing correlations between adaptation, anxiety and self-esteem are established. The factor analyzes applied to the three psychometric instruments used in this research are also described, since two were generated in Spain and another in the United States of America. It is recommended that, given the shortage of psychometric instruments built and validated in our country, research is promoted aimed at the production and dissemination of tests in Mexico, which will allow reliable and valid studies in the field of Psychology.]

Language: Spanish

Published: Cholula, Mexico, 2010

Article

La enseñanza Montessori en la India - Escuela de Rajghat en Benares (fundada por la Sociedad Teosófica de la India, inaugurada por Rabindranath Tagore)

Available from: ARCA. Arxiu de Revistes Catalanes Antigues

Publication: Montessori: Revista Mensual Ilustrada, vol. 1, no. 3

Pages: 8-9

Asia, India, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Rabindranath Tagore - Biographic sources, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This article is preceded by a photograph of Rabindranath Tagore with a dedication note by Tagore referencing his meeting with Maria Montessori. The article is accompanied by photographs of children involved in Montessori activities.

Language: Spanish

ISSN: 2604-8167, 2604-8159

Article

L'ambiente e il bambino secondo Maria Montessori [The environment and the child according to Maria Montessori]

Publication: Cultura e educazione per il bambino, vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 14-16

Marziola Pignatari - Writings, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 1125-8527

Article

Maria Montessori, Il Metodo della Pedagogia Scientifica applicato all'educazione infantile nelle Case dei Bambini. Edizione critica, Roma, Edizioni Opera Nazionale Montessori

Available from: La Mediazione Pedagogica

Publication: La Mediazione Pedagogica, vol. 2, no. 1

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History

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Language: Italian

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Da Maria Montessori a Margherita Zoebeli: l'Impegno Educative nei Confronti dell'Infanzia Traumatizzata dalla Guerra [From Maria Montessori to Margherita Zoebeli: the Educational Commitment in the Confrontation of Children Traumatized by War]

Available from: Annali online della Didattica e della Formazione Docente

Publication: Annali della Didattica e della Formazione Docente, vol. 8, no. 12

Pages: 115-128

Margherita Zoebeli - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Abstract/Notes: Attraverso l’utilizzo di un’ampia documentazione, basata su fonti bibliografiche e archivistiche, nel presente saggio è stato individuato un filo conduttore tra due personalità femminili, tra loro molto diverse, anche dal punto di vista generazionale: Maria Montessori e Margherita Zoebeli. Le loro iniziative in campo educativo, rispettivamente durante la prima e la seconda guerra mondiale, si svilupparono a partire dai bisogni di un’infanzia segnata tragicamente dagli eventi bellici. Proprio nelle loro esperienze è possibile individuare il fulcro vitale e propulsivo di quella che oggi viene definita “pedagogia dell’emergenza”. / In this essay, through the use of an extensive documentation, based on bibliographical and archival sources, a red thread has been identified between two female personalities, who are very different from each other, not only from a generational point of view: Maria Montessori e Margherita Zoebeli. Their initiatives in the educational field, respectively during the first and the second world war, developed starting from the needs of a childhood tragically marked by the war. In their experiences it is possible to find the cornerstone of what we can define today as “Emergency Pedagogy”.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.15160/2038-1034/1348

ISSN: 2038-1034

Article

Az "Opera Montessori" új elnöke [The new president of "Opera Montessori"]

Available from: Arcanum Digitális Tudománytár

Publication: Néptanítók Lapja, vol. 64, no. 8

Pages: 27

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Abstract/Notes: [On February 16 of this year, due to Gentile's resignation, the "Opera Montessori" association elected a new president in the person of Emilio Bodrero, the vice president of the House. The next work plan of the association will be established by the new president.]

Language: Hungarian

Article

Montessori, Caribbean Style [St. Maarten Montessori School]

Publication: Montessori Leadership, vol. 8, no. 3

Pages: 45–46

Americas, Caribbean, Latin America and the Caribbean, Sint Maarten (Dutch), St. Maarten (Dutch)

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Language: English

Article

La D.ssa Montessori a San Francisco: Essa inizierà' un corso di educazione all'Esposizione-Le pratiche per essere ammesse alle classi Montessori

Available from: Chronicling America (Library of Congress)

Publication: L'Italia (San Francisco, California)

Pages: 4

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: "La famosa Dottoressa Maria Montessori che si trova attualmente a Los Angeles e celebre in tutto il mondo per il suo noto sistema di educazione che da essa ha preso il nome, sarà far noi a cominciare dal primo agosto. La illustre educatrice inizierà subito un corso di lezioni pratiche alla Esposizione a beneficio della gioventù femminile della città e dello Stato che è ansiosissima di imparare e conoscere i metodi di educazione che essa ha reso celebri e popolari. Delle classi saranno istituite nel Palazzo dell'Educazione nel Padiglione Italiano e, forse, nella Scuola Normale della città. Fanno parte della Commissione incaricata di organizzare i corsi della Dottoressa Montessori il Dr. Claxton, il Dr. Jordan, Dr. Adelaide Brown, Dr. Mariana Bertola, presidente del Club Vittoria Colonna e Miss Margaret Wilson, figlia del Presidente. Parecchi Commissari esteri hanno messo a disposizione della signora Montessori i padiglioni delle rispettive nazioni e qualcuna di queste gentili offerte sarà forse accettata. Le lezioni saranno tenute nella mattinata di modo che tutti possano assistervi, una avrà luogo nel Palazzo dell'Educazione ed una nel Padiglione Italiano. Intanto i directtori dell'Esposizione hanno deciso che il giorno 21 agosto sia fissato come il "Montessori Day". Il programma per tale giorno non è stato ancora fissato. Sarà reso noto al pubblico che gli aspiranti alle classi Montessori possono inoltrare la loro domanda quanto vogliono e che i bambini dell'età dai 3 anni ai 6 anni che non abbiano avuto precendente educazione scolastica e che si trovino in buone condizioni fisiche e mentali saranno accettati nelle classi. Le applicazioni devono essere fatte a Wallace Hatch, 2612, Parker st., Berkeley, Cal. Non vi è alcuna tassa per frequentare queste classi e le maestro saranno scelte fra coloro che hanno lavorato qualche anno sotto la guida di Mme Montessori e che sono quindi al corrente dei suoi metodi di educazione. La Signora Montessori sopraintenderà questo lavoro delle sue collaboratrici." / "The famous Doctor Maria Montessori, who is currently in Los Angeles, and celebrated all over the world for her well-known education system that takes its name from her, will be visiting us starting from August 1st. The illustrious educator will immediately begin a course of practical lessons at the Exposition for the benefit of the female youth of the city and the State who are very eager to learn and know the methods of education that she has made famous and popular. Classes will be set up in the Education Building, in the Italian Pavilion and, perhaps, in the city's Normal School. The Commission responsible for organizing Dr. Montessori's courses are Dr. Claxton, Dr. Jordan, Dr. Adelaide Brown, Dr. Mariana Bertola, president of the Vittoria Colonna Club and Miss Margaret Wilson, daughter of the President. Several foreign commissioners have made the pavilions of their respective countries available to Madame Montessori and some of these kind offers will perhaps be accepted. Lessons will be held in the morning so that everyone can attend them, one will take place in the Education Building and one in the Italian Pavilion. Meanwhile, the directors of the Exposition have decided that August 21 will be set as "Montessori Day." The schedule for that day has not yet been fixed. It will be made known to the public that aspirants to Montessori classes can submit their application as much as they want and that children aged 3 to 6 who have not had prior school education and who are in good physical and mental condition will be accepted in the classes. Applications must be made to Wallace Hatch, 2612, Parker st., Berkeley, Cal. There is no fee to attend these classes and the teachers will be chosen from among those who have worked for a few years under the guidance of Mme Montessori and are therefore aware of her education methods. Madame Montessori will supervise this work of her collaborators."

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2637-5400

Book Section

Zur Vorgeschichte der Montessori-Vereinigung [On the history of the Montessori Association]

Book Title: Montessori-Pädagogik in Deutschland: Rückblick - Aktualität - Zukunftsperspektiven ; 40 Jahre Montessori-Vereinigung e.V. [Montessori Pedagogy in Germany: Review - Current Issues - Future Perspectives 40 years of the Montessori Association]

Pages: 64-68

Deutsche Montessori-Vereinigung e.V., Europe, Germany, Western Europe

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Language: German

Published: Münster, Germany: Lit, 2002

ISBN: 978-3-8258-5746-2

Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 7

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