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Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)
Improving Montessori Teacher Effectiveness through a School-University Partnership
Available from: Wilmington University
Elementary education, Teacher education
Abstract/Notes: In an effort to improve the quality of education received by the nation’s children, research has been conducted to identify factors that contribute to student success. Research indicates that teacher training and credentials are related to higher student achievement. This paper explores the literature regarding teacher effectiveness and then compares practices of effective teachers with the training received by Montessori teachers. The results were used to identify a gap in the teacher-training program. This information was substantiated by data collected using an online survey. The survey also measured the percent of Delaware Montessori teachers who have their state teaching certification as well as their interest in a potential Montessori teacher education graduate program. With this information, a school-university graduate partnership was designed. The graduate program would result in educators becoming dual certified, both Montessori certified and state licensed and certified. This executive position paper advocates for the establishment of a school-university partnership between the Delaware Institute for Montessori Education (DIME) and the College of Education at Wilmington University for the purposes of creating a pathway to a graduate degree and dual certification for qualified Montessori educators.
Published: New Castle, Delaware, 2016
Doctoral Dissertations (Ed.D.)
The Impact of Montessori Practices
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: This mixed methods study examined the impact of School Y’s Montessori approach on their students’ academic achievement, perceptions of executive functioning skills, and the school’s culture. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of length of enrollment on academic achievement in a Montessori upper elementary and middle school classroom. Administrator, parent, student, and teacher perceptions of the impact of School Y’s Montessori approach on students’ executive functioning were examined. The stakeholders’ perceptions of School Y’s culture were also identified. There were three main findings of the study: 1) there was no statistically significant relationship between the number of years students have been enrolled and their academic scores on both the Stanford Achievement Test and the OLSAT, 2) executive functioning skills were attributed to student success, and 3) cultural practices included individual instruction, mastery, real-life learning, positive discipline, peace education, a strong sense of community, parent education and support, mindfulness in the classroom, and an emphasis on environment. Additional findings showed the NCE results of both the Stanford and the OLSAT were above grade level expectations across all grade levels and subjects. These results could be an indication that the Montessori approach used by School Y was preparing the students for success in the subjects assessed. The findings were inconclusive because there was no statistically significant relationship between the number of years students have been enrolled and their academic scores on both the Stanford Achievement Test and the OLSAT. However, their results were above grade level expectations across all grade levels and subjects.
Published: Nashville, Tennessee, 2017
Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)
Strategies to Support Classroom Integration Among New Elementary Montessori Students: Qualitative Case Study
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: Elementary students transferring from traditional education classrooms to a Montessori school lack executive function skills (EFS) and struggle with academic performance and disrupt classes. The specific problem is the lack of strategies and support from school administrators to address an overwhelming number of new elementary Montessori students needing EFS improvement. The purpose of this qualitative exploratory case study was to explore teachers' and school administrators' perceptions of strategies to support teachers regarding EFS development among new Montessori students in grades first through sixth in a single Southwestern Montessori school. The theoretical framework was primarily Vygotsky's social constructionism. The research question involved: What are teachers' and school administrators' perceptions regarding strategies used to support teachers in developing EFS among new Montessori students in grades first through sixth in a Southwestern Montessori school? The sample included four administrators, eight classroom teachers, and four student support teachers. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted, and 2 focus groups were employed: 1 for administrators, and a separate 1 for teachers/support personnel. Findings indicated the need for improved vetting of potential students during the admission process, additional classroom resources, and improvements to the parental education module. Future research is needed to explore the potential for an issue-based strategic planning model to foster collaboration between school administration and teachers.
Published: Phoenix, Arizona, 2023
Islamic Religious Education in Montessori Preschool
Available from: European Union Digital Library
International Graduate Conference in Islam and Interdisciplinary Studies (IGCIIS)
Abstract/Notes: This research is based on the importance of developing Islamic Montessori model for religious education learning in Montessori Preschool. The aim of this research is to analyze Islamic religious Education in Montessori Preschool. This article is a preliminary research and development study that orch
Published: Matarma, Lombok, Indonesia (Oct 19-20, 2022): EAI, May 26, 2023
Pages: 9 p.
Implementation of Early Childhood Learning with the Montessory Method in TK IT Cendikia Purwakarta
Available from: State Islamic University of Prof. K. H. Saifuddin Zuhri
Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood Community Learning, vol. 1, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: Montessori is a teacher's method in facilitating students to explore their abilities and environment. Children are given the freedom to recognize their respective potentials by practicing at will and promoting independence in learning. The purpose of this study was to determine the application of learning with the Montessori Method in TK IT Cendikia and to find out the things supporting and inhibiting the Montessori method. The research method uses descriptive qualitative data collection through interviews, observation and documentation. The results of the study indicate that the implementation of the Montessori method in TK IT Cendikia has been carried out properly starting from planning with the design of the Daily Program (RPPH), Weekly Program (RPPM), Semester Program (PROMES) and Annual Program (PROTA), implementation of learning using the Montesssori method. , and evaluation of learning. The implementation of the Montessori method in Cendikia IT Kindergarten shows a fairly good implementation which is marked by the development of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects of children
Psychology within Montessori pedagogy – theory and practice
Available from: dLibra
Publication: Pedagogika, vol. 27, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: In this paper titled Psychology within Montessori pedagogy – theory and practice the authors elaborate a current topic of access to upbringing and education, a theme that encompasses both psychology and pedagogy. Based on her experience as an assistant professor on the subject Educational anthropology and her experience as a pedagogue at a private preschool, which follows a Montessori approach, author Topic provides a theoretical approach to upbringing and education in the educational sector in the city of Mostar. Despite it being a review of a single city, the patterns and behaviors observed can be found in any other place or a city.By nurturing an individual approach to each child and taking into account their needs, children are encouraged to study by themselves, therefore allowing and supporting them to develop self confidence and self actualization. The example given is taken from a kindergarten provides an overview of practices which encourage the child towards healthy growth and development into a confident young people who will be able to form and make good choices in life.Through practical psychology, author Colak, provides us with an answer to the question why is all that important. Through her experiences in work with young people who suffer from consequences of, among other things, an inadequate approach to upbringing and education in their younger age.And to answer why this is important, psychology might have some cues. Author Čolak from her work experience with young people at Psychiatry Clinic in Mostar considers consequences that (according to literature, theory and practice) have some causes in upbringing approach at an earlier age and which behaviors were/are reinforced through evaluation systems and early messages from adults. Working with young people, author Čolak presents case study of female student with extremely low self-esteem and extremely high perfectionism in cognitive-behavioral therapy process. We discuss how and why those are so immensely pathologically connected. Some risk factors (following bio-psycho-social model of illness/wellness) are connected with psychological and social context. Thus, by educating parents and educators so we may have chance to improve mental health of children and later adults.As a conclusion, co-operation and multidisciplinary approach is suggested. Education, psychotherapy and prevention have much in common. Montessori approach is not the only one which deals with it, but in its foundations holds the bases to help us to react in time, both as a profession and as humans too. / W artykule niniejszym autorki odnoszą się do aktualnego problemu dostępu do wychowania i kształcenia, obejmującego zarówno psychologię, jak i pedagogikę. Opierając się na swoim doświadczeniu w zakresie antropologii edukacyjnej oraz jako pedagoga w prywatnym przedszkolu pracującym w oparciu o podejście M. Montessori, Kristina Topić zapewnia teoretyczne podejście do wychowania i edukacji w sektorze edukacyjnym w Mostarze (Bośnia i Hercegowina). Pomimo tego, że tekst dotyczy jednego miasta, zaobserwowane wzorce i zachowania można znaleźć w każdym innym miejscu. Pielęgnując indywidualne podejście do każdego dziecka i biorąc pod uwagę jego potrzeby, zachęca się je do samodzielnego uczenia się, umożliwiając i wspierając w rozwijaniu pewności siebie i samorealizacji. Podany przykład, pochodzący z przedszkola, zawiera przegląd praktyk, które zachęcają dziecko do prawidłowego rozwoju, aby stać się ludźmi, którzy będą w stanie tworzyć i dokonywać dobrych wyborów w życiu. Poprzez psychologię praktyczną, Iva Čolak, formułuje odpowiedź na pytanie, dlaczego wskazane wyżej praktyki są tak ważne. Poprzez swoje doświadczenia w pracy z młodymi ludźmi, którzy cierpią z powodu popełnianych błędów w wychowaniu i kształceniu. W celu odpowiedzi, dlaczego indywidualizacja podejścia, samodzielność w uczeniu się i wspieranie w rozwoju są ważne, psychologia może dostarczyć pewnych interpretacji. Iva Čolak z perspektywy swojego doświadczenia w pracy z młodzieżą w Klinice Psychiatrii w Mostarze rozważa konsekwencje, które (zgodnie z teorią i praktyką) mają pewne przyczyny w podejściu do wychowania młodych ludzi oraz w zachowaniach, które zostały (bądź są) wzmacniane poprzez systemy oceniania i wczesne informacje zwrotne od dorosłych. Pracując z młodzieżą, przedstawia ona case study studentki o skrajnie niskiej samoocenie i niezwykle wysokim perfekcjonizmie będących przedmiotem terapii poznawczo-behawioralnej. Omówione zostało, jak i dlaczego te zjawiska są powiązane. Niektóre czynniki ryzyka (zgodnie z biopsychospołecznym modelem choroby / dobrego samopoczucia) są powiązane z kontekstem psychologicznym i społecznym. W ten sposób, poprzez edukację rodziców i wychowawców, możemy mieć szansę na poprawę zdrowia psychicznego dzieci i dorosłych. Podsumowując, Autorki sugerują współpracę i interdyscyplinarne podejście. Edukacja, psychoterapia i profilaktyka mają ze sobą wiele wspólnego. Podejście Montessori nie jest jedynym, które zajmuje się relacjami między tymi pojęciami, ale w jego fundamentach znajdują się podstawy, które pomagają reagować na czas.
The relationship between spatial form of interior learning space and children behavior
Available from: AIP Conference Proceedings
Publication: AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2560, no. 1
Date: May 22, 2023
Pages: Article 020020
Abstract/Notes: Schools as a microsystem are a critical part of a child’s life at every stage of development. School building research demonstrates that attributes of the facility are linked to critical student outcomes (Maxwell, 2018a). Kindergarten space is one of the key interiors where children spend most of their time out of their homes. Children need a physical environment presenting rich opportunities where they can discover experiences, and stimulate their senses (Yalçın, 2017). This research is generated from the question for the interior design of the earning environment affects the children’s development. To be more precise, which elements affect children’s cognitive development. The theories that dealt with this idea clarified disconnected analysis which produces a knowledge gap. The problem statement of the research is represented by the lack of knowledge that is concerned with the effect of spatial forms in the learning environment on cognitive development. The study came up of researching the characteristics and role of spatial form, including identifying key factors from spatial forms and their visual perception, in creating the physical environment of classroom interior space in-depth to analyze its influence on childrchildren’stive development from 3 to 5 years ago. Document analysis has been applied as the main method of this study. from seven preschools (three Montessori preschools, one Reggio Emilia preschool, one Pikler preschool, and others (Audrey Migliani, 2020, 2021). The designs will be analyzed and summarized to analyze spatial forms which are selected by architects and designers in designing preschool spaces as well as their influences on children’s behavior. Finally, the result of this study could provide educators and designers with significant insight to design priorities of the physical classroom environment of early children space.
Nature-Based Education in the Light of Montessori Philosophy: Meaning, Principles and Practices
Available from: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies
Publication: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies, vol. 8, no. 1
Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Nature education
Abstract/Notes: The subject of the article is the role of nature in learning as an essential part of the Montessori Philosophy in early childhood education. This article highlights the use of nature-based activities within Montessori’s pedagogical perspective for including content about the natural world in early childhood settings. In this paper, it is aimed to increase the awareness of learning through nature on child development and to disseminate nature-based practices used in line with the Montessori approach in preschools. Firstly, the role of nature as an educational tool is described, followed by an understanding of nature pedagogy and its educational value according to Maria Montessori. Additionally, the article reviews the implementation of nature-based learning activities as an integral part of the educational work in Montessori schools. In this educational stream, nature-related work stands as the main methodical means for early childhood education and supporting the development of children. Nature in itself serves as a kind of special resonance and restorative effect that can help children understand the world and impart meaning to their lives. Subsequently, recommendations for nature-based practices that can be applied in preschools were presented in light of the Montessori philosophy. Article visualizations:
Eksistesialisme Menurut Maria Montessori Dalam Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Existentialism According to Maria Montessori in Early Childhood Education]
Available from: Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Purwokerto (Indonesia)
Publication: Jurnal Tumbuh Kembang Anak Usia Dini [Journal of Early Childhood Development], vol. 1, no. 1
Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Existentialism, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education
Abstract/Notes: Little humans have great potential, develop optimally by involving teachers, parents and children. Teachers and parents contribute to early childhood education (PAUD) services applying various lessons and curricula according to their basis. In this study, it examines the idea of existentialism according to Maria Montessori in Early Childhood Education. This study used a library research method which refers to the data sources on Montessori existentialism in early childhood education. Research is empirical and theoretical by examining theories on objects and phenomena that are the focus of research from rational expressions of ideas. The results of the study describe the thoughts of children that have an impact on the training of daily life skills, sensory training, and children's language development. then in the concept of PAUD existentialism according to Maria Montessori emphasizes learning and curriculum through children's experiences that naturally involve the roles of teachers, students, and parents. The impact of Montessori existentialist thinking is respect for the child, the mind that absorbs the child, and the environment that is ready. This has an impact on the substance of Montessori-based existentialism.
Achieving Inclusive Education in Early Childhood: From the Viewpoint of an Affinity Between Inclusive Education and Montessori Education
Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 49
Asia, East Asia, Inclusive education, Japan, Montessori method of education
Abstract/Notes: This is an article from Montessori Education, a Japanese language periodical published by the Japan Association Montessori.
Behind NCLB: Does No Child Left Behind Mean No Child Followed?
Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 16, no. 1
Date: Fall 2003
Pages: 1, 23
Awareness for Children's Songs of Young Children, Their Teacher's and Parents and Component Analysis of Their Favorite Children's Songs / 유아,교사,학부모의 동요에 대한 인지수준과 구성요소 분석
Available from: RISS
Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 14, no. 2
Asia, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Attention-deficit-disordered children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Montessori method of education, South Korea
Abstract/Notes: In order to know general awareness for children's song among preschoolers, their teachers and parents the questionary paper survey was performed against 212 of kindergarteners, 63 of their teachers and 197 of their parents. At the sametime their favorite children's songs were collected among the prepared lists of children's songs and selected about 10 children's songs for each group, in order. Also, those selected children's songs were analyzed their musical elements, too. The under 4 year old and female children more favorited the singing children's songs everyday than the 5 year old and male. Thachers replied that they selected the proper children's songs in the basic of the topics of usual daily life and children's interests. Also, parents believed that children's songs is very important to develop their children's musicality. Finally, the favorite children's songs were analyzed as followings the major beat was 4/4, the major tonality was C major, the major form and leongth were 8-34 measures, and the major rhythm was the replicated, symcopated and nimbled one. / 본 연구에서는 유아·교사·학부모의 동요에 관한 인지수준과 선호하는 동요의 유형은 어떠한지 또한 유아들이 선호하는 동요의 음악적 구성요소는 어떠한지에 대해 알아보았다. 연구의 대상은 국·공·사립유치원의 유아 212명, 교사 63명 및 학부모 197명이다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 유아·교사·학부모의 동요에 관한 인지수준은 유아·교사·학부모 모두가 동요를 좋아하고 동요부르기가 음악성 발달에 매우 중요한 것으로 인식하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 유아·교사·학부모가 선호하는 동요의 유형은 유아는 동물 또는 가족과 관련된 창작동요를 교사는 동물과 식물에 관련된 창작동요제곡과 인터넷동요를 학부모는 식물과 사랑, 기본생활습관에 관련된 창작동요와 인터넷동요를 선호하였다. 결과적으로 유아·교사·학부모의 선호하는 동요는 크게 차이는 없지만 유아들이 선호하는 동요는 학부모의 선호도 보다는 교사가 선호하는 동요와 일치도가 높아 학부모보다는 교사의 영향을 더 받는 것으로 판단되었다. 셋째, 유아들이 선호하는 동요의 악곡의 특징은 노래 마지막 부분에 강세가 있거나 반복적인 리듬과 노랫말에 엄마, 아빠, 아기로 표현된 가족과 연관된 노래와 동물을 의인화한 노래 또는 동물의 의성어를 표현한 노래를 좋아하는 것으로 나타났다.
Komunikace s předškolními dětmi v pedagogice M. Montessori (Děti s českým a jiným mateřským jazykem) / Communication with pre-school children in Montessori approach (Children with Czech and other first language)
Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository
Abstract/Notes: The goal of this thesis is to describe teachers' communication with toddlers and pre- schoolers from mono- and bilingual families in Montessori schools or schools inspired by the Montessori method. The thesis consists of two parts. The first part is theoretical and contains chapters on children's communication and communication with children, its forms and specific aspects; language and language acquisition, bilingualism, the founder of Montessori education, the Montessori education per se and communication with children according to its principles. The second part is practical and presents an analysis of the pragmatic component of teachers' communication with children through audio recordings or hand-written notes taken during participant observation. It focuses on the characteristics and specific features of teachers' communication with children in Montessori pre- schools. It includes the description of communication environment which complements the teachers' communication with children. It also contains semi-structured interviews with teachers and photographs in the attachment. / Cílem této diplomové práce je charakterizovat komunikaci učitelek s dětmi batolecího a předškolního věku z mono- i z bilingvních rodin, v zařízeních typu Montessori nebo v zařízeních touto pedagogikou inspirovaných. Diplomová práce je tvořena dvěma částmi - první, teoretickou část, představují kapitoly o komunikaci dětí a s dětmi, jejích formách a specificích, o jazyku a jeho osvojování, o bilingvismu, o zakladatelce pedagogiky Montessori a jejích metodách a o komunikaci s dětmi v tomto výchovném směru. Druhá, praktická část, prezentuje analýzu pragmatické složky komunikace učitelek s dětmi, skrze audio nahrávky či písemné záznamy komunikace ze zúčastněného pozorování. Zaměřuje se na charakteristiku a specifické rysy komunikace učitelek s dětmi v Montessori zařízeních předškolního typu. Věnuje se také popisu komunikačního prostředí, který doplňuje komunikaci učitelek s dětmi, stejně tak jako polostrukturované rozhovory s učitelkami a fotografie, jež uvádíme v příloze.
Published: Prague, Czechia, 2022
Children Helping Children in New York [Shoreham-Wading River Middle School, Long Island]
Publication: Montessori Observer, vol. 7, no. 6
Date: Nov 1986
Pages: 1, 4
Child Psychology: II. The Kindergarten Child: Its Conception of Life and its Mental Powers
Published: London, England: Gyldendal, 1920
Volume: 2 of 3
Access to the General Early Childhood Curriculum: An Investigation of Participation in the Montessori Early Childhood Curriculum and Provided Instructional Supports
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: This study investigated factors that affect access to the general early childhood education curriculum of 4 kindergarten-aged children with disabilities attending an inclusive Montessori program; it replicated with adaptations, components of a previous study on access. Factors included curriculum participation, engagement, type of involvement, and provided instructional supports. Quantitative and qualitative methods were employed to analyze video data of each child recorded during the daily open work period. The children in the present study exhibited slightly higher engagement and received more instructional supports than in the previous study. The general conclusions were that the 4 children participated in the Montessori curriculum to varying degrees due to a complex set of associated factors related to child characteristics, teacher skills, instructional support, and attributes of the Montessori educational approach.
Published: Lawrence, Kansas, 2008
Cooking with Julia – A Montessori Child [Julia Child]
Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 11, no. 4
Integrated Edcuaton of Healthy Children and Children with Multiple and Variable Disorders
Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1981, no. 1/2
Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Special education
A Study on the Relationship Between Early Childhood Mathematical Content Knowledge and Mathematics Teaching Efficacy of the Early Childhood Pre-Service Teachers / 예비유아교사의 유아수학교육내용 지식과 수학적 교수효능감과의 관계
Available from: RISS
Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 17, no. 1
Asia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Montessori method of education, South Korea
Abstract/Notes: This study aims to examine relationship between early childhood pre-service teachers' early childhood mathematical content knowledge and mathematics teaching efficacy. This study's subjects are 73 early childhood pre-service teachers from two four-year universities, A and B, situated in Daejeon Metropolitan City. Their mathematical content knowledge and mathematics teaching efficacy were analysed using a concept map and a questionnaire, respectively. The results are as follows. First, there was static correlation between early childhood pre-service teachers' early childhood mathematical content knowledge and mathematics teaching efficacy. Second, relationship between early childhood pre-service teachers' early childhood mathematical content knowledge and outcome expectation was not statistically significant. Third, there was static correlation between early childhood pre-service teachers' early childhood mathematical content knowledge and efficacy expectation. The above results mean that pre-service teachers' good learning of a specific subject's content knowledge leads to their excellent teaching, and therefore good learning of content knowledge is crucial. / 본 연구의 목적은 예비유아교사들의 유아수학교육내용 지식과 수학적 교수효능감과의 관계를 알아보는 것이다. 본 연구의 대상은 대전광역시에 위치한 4년제 A, B 대학 예비유아교사 73명이다. 유아수학내용지식은 개념도를 통해, 수학적 교수효능감은 질문지를 통해 분석하였다. 연구결과, 첫째, 예비유아교사의 유아수학교육내용 지식과 수학적 교수효능감과는 정적인 상관이 있었다. 둘째, 예비유아교사의 유아수학교육내용 지식과 수학적 교수 효능감 중 결과기대 효능감과의 관계는 통계적으로 유의미하지 않았다. 셋째, 예비유아교사의 유아수학교육내용 지식과 수학 교수 능력신념 효능감과는 정적인 상관이 있었다. 이와 같은 결과는 과목 내용지식을 잘 배우면 앞으로 잘 가르칠 수 있게 된다고 볼 수 있기 때문에 내용지식을 잘 배우는 것은 매우 중요하다고 할 수 있다.
Introverted Children, Extroverted Children
Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records
Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 3, no. 4
Date: Summer 1991