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Doctoral Dissertation

Imported Education: Investigating Educational Innovation Through a Case Study of a Montessori School in Thailand

Available from: University of Illinois - IDEALS

Asia, Southeast Asia, Thailand

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Abstract/Notes: This study investigates the dynamics of importing an innovative educational program across a cultural boundary. It is a case study of a particular Montessori School in Thailand that has practiced Montessori education for over sixteen years. The research's aim is to explore the process of adoption and adaptation as the program evolved, and to examine the cultural and social factors in Thailand that may be related to the adaptations. A combination of in-depth interviews and school/classroom observations was used in this study. The school was observed for a period of three months, and interviews were conducted with the director, twelve teachers, and eight parents. The method of triangulation and crosschecking were employed to ensure the validity and accuracy of the findings. The study explored in detail the various historical stages of the evolution of the school and analyzed them as involving different phases and types of changes, adaptations and conflicts. Much of the analysis relied on the perceptions of the director. These include her ideals and personal evolution with the program, her perceptions of difficulties as the program evolved, her perceptions of teachers' and 08 December 2012 Page 13 of 17 ProQuest parents' relationships to Montessori education, and her accounts of many decisions that she had to make. In addition, the teachers' feelings and attitudes regarding their work and the parents' perspectives and attitudes toward the school and education of their children also informed the analysis. The process of evolution of the imported educational method is conceptualized into four partially overlapping phases--Transportation, Translation, Transformation, and Nationalization. Aspects of program's implementation are classified into three features, representing three ways in which the existing cultural values and social expectations interacted with the program. These include adaptations to preserve the host's cultural values, adaptations to ensure the survival of the program, and conflicts of values and norms experienced by the teachers in their work at the school and by the parents in their vision of education for their children.

Language: English

Published: Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, 2002

Article

The Unconscious in History

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 23, no. 2

Pages: 44-64

Maria Montessori - Writings, Mario M. Montessori - Writings

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Abstract/Notes: Describes the absorbent mind as the manifestation of individual unconscious and as the unconscious forces manifested in nature's evolution. The natural creative unconscious directs the instinctive balance of nonhuman lives. Human consciousness creates a conscious, human-made universe, a cultural and technological zone, which evolves on its own terms. Children become more conscious of the collective human role in evolution. (Author)

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Book Section

Théosophie et éducation en Espagne (1891-1939): espaces de sociabilité et réseaux éducatifs [Theosophy and education in Spain (1891-1939): spaces of sociability and educational networks]

Available from: OpenEdition Books

Book Title: Éduquer dans et hors l’école: Lieux et milieux de formation. XVIIe-XXe siècle

Pages: 87-102

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: L’occasion de lancer des recherches sur les liens entre le mouvement théosophique et l’éducation en Espagne et l’intérêt que celles-ci pouvaient présenter surgirent à partir de la lecture du Petit Journal d’Adolphe Ferrière dans les Archives de l’institut J.-J. Rousseau de l’université de Genève. En 1930, de passage à Barcelone sur le chemin de son long voyage vers l’Amérique latine, le pédagogue suisse fut reçu par Maria Solà de Sellarés, Attilio Bruschetti et José Forteza. Cependant ces personnages n’apparaissent pas dans les pages de l’historiographie de l’éducation nouvelle et de la rénovation pédagogique en Catalogne au cours du premier tiers du XXe siècle. Après les recherches qui s’imposaient, nous sûmes qu’ils militèrent dans l’hétérodoxe mouvement théosophique et que, suivant les pas de Béatrice Ensor, ils se rapprochèrent de sa pédagogie par le biais de la Fraternité internationale de l’Éducation. La vocation éducative du mouvement théosophique se manifesta dans l’organisation de cours et de conférences, l’édition de livres et de dépliants à caractère doctrinal et didactique, la création d’espaces de sociabilité et, entre autres initiatives, par la fondation d’un certain nombre d’écoles et de centres éducatifs qui tentèrent de rejoindre les mouvements rénovateurs européens, tout en restant fidèles au spiritualisme oriental. Plus tard et malgré les distances que leur imposèrent dissidences et fractures, un autre courant allait apparaître à l’horizon de l’évolution de ce mouvement: l’anthroposophie de Steiner et la pédagogie Waldorf. Cet article se propose d’analyser, dans les contextes européen et international, la fonction sociale, éducative et socialisatrice de la théosophie et des réseaux socioéducatifs théosophiques, hors et dans l’école, en Espagne au cours du premier tiers du XXe siècle. Cette recherche part de l’analyse de sources orales (membres de familles de théosophes et personnes ayant des liens avec le mouvement théosophique) et de sources écrites (directes et indirectes) consultées et étudiées dans diverses archives : Biblioteca de Cataluña (Barcelone), bibliothèque privée de la Branche Arjuna de Barcelone, Centro nacional de la Memoria histórica de Salamanque (Espagne), archives privées de la famille Jover Dalmau (ancien élève de l’école Damon) et Archives historiques municipales de Sabadell (Catalogne). [The opportunity to launch research on the links between the theosophical movement and education in Spain and the interest that these could present arose from the reading of the Petit Journal d'Adolphe Ferrière in the Archives of the institute J.-J. Rousseau from the University of Geneva. In 1930, passing through Barcelona on the way to his long journey to Latin America, the Swiss teacher was received by Maria Solà de Sellarés, Attilio Bruschetti and José Forteza. However, these characters do not appear in the pages of the historiography of new education and educational renewal in Catalonia during the first third of the twentieth century. After the necessary research, we learned that they were active in the heterodox theosophical movement and that, following in the footsteps of Beatrice Ensor, they approached her pedagogy through the International Fraternity of Education. The educational vocation of the theosophical movement was manifested in the organization of courses and conferences, the publication of books and leaflets of a doctrinal and didactic nature, the creation of spaces for sociability and, among other initiatives, by the foundation of a number of schools and educational centers which tried to join the European renovating movements, while remaining faithful to Eastern spiritualism. Later and despite the distances imposed by dissidence and fractures, another current would appear on the horizon of the evolution of this movement: the anthroposophy of Steiner and the Waldorf pedagogy. This article aims to analyze, in European and international contexts, the social, educational and socializing function of theosophy and theosophical socio-educational networks, outside and in school, in Spain during the first third of the twentieth century. This research starts from the analysis of oral sources (members of families of Theosophists and people with links to the Theosophical movement) and written sources (direct and indirect) consulted and studied in various archives: Biblioteca de Cataluña (Barcelona), library private of the Arjuna Branch of Barcelona, ​​Centro nacional de la Memoria histórica de Salamanca (Spain), private archives of the Jover Dalmau family (former pupil of the Damon school) and Municipal Historical Archives of Sabadell (Catalonia).]

Language: French

Published: Rennes, France: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2018

ISBN: 978-2-7535-5561-7

Series: Histoire

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

A Systemic Model of Furniture Meant for Stimulating Development of a Child

Available from: Index Copernicus International

Publication: Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences SGGW - Forestry and Wood Technology, vol. 113

Pages: 13-19

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Abstract/Notes: In furniture design, understood as a kind of evolutionary process, there is room for designer’s creativity, but not in the sense traditionally accepted in the psychology of creation. The creativity of the designer shapes the products of the evolutionary algorithm but does not replace them. This can be illustrated by the genesis of any design, such as furniture that stimulates the development of the child. The Montessori pedagogy leaves a lot of room for new designs of Montessorian teaching aids. The Montessori didactic material forms a logically structured whole. It enables the child to move out of experience and sensual cognition; it serves not only the development of the intellect but also the education of the whole personality. The Montessorian materials take into account the child’s stage of development, corresponding to a given sensitive phase and the very logic of things, so that the child, while learning, can embrace larger cognitive sequences, arouse a sense of aesthetics, motivation, curiosity and interest, thus triggering various forms of activity.

Language: English

DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0015.2327

ISSN: 1898-5912, 2719-6518

Article

L’entrée en pédagogie Montessori d’enseignant.e.s d’écoles maternelles publiques française depuis 2010: Raisons et modalités [The entry into Montessori pedagogy of French public nursery school teachers since 2010: Reasons and modalities]

Available from: CAIRN

Publication: Spécificités, vol. 12, no. 1

Pages: 14-30

Europe, France, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Teachers, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: La proposition pédagogique de Maria Montessori, au début du XXème siècle, était une alternative à l’enseignement traditionnel. Elle connait, un siècle plus tard, un engouement sans précédent dans l’école maternelle publique française. Quatre éléments contextuels en ont permis l’émergence : l’évolution de la prescription institutionnelle à l’égard de l’école maternelle ; des enseignants confrontés à des demandes sociétales et institutionnelles paradoxales ; des pratiques pédagogiques qui s’essoufflent ; une motivation des enseignants à faire faire évoluer ces mêmes pratiques. Une primarisation croissante de l’école maternelle en conflit avec une demande sociétale de prise en compte plus individuelle de l’enfant a en effet déstabilisé le corps enseignant créant ainsi les conditions d’un changement de pratiques. Dans ce développement, les réseaux créés sur Internet ont joué un rôle majeur pour permettre cette entrée en pédagogie Montessori, entre adaptation à la réalité des classes et conformité aux demandes institutionnelles. Au-delà des raisons qui ont présidé à la naissance de ce mouvement, il s’agit également, dans cet article, de retracer le parcours des premiers enseignants. Comment sont-ils parvenus à la pédagogie Montessori, se sont-ils formés à cette pédagogie et si oui de quelle façon ? [At the beginning of the 20th century, Maria Montessori's pedagogical was an alternative to traditional teaching. A century later, it is experiencing an unprecedented craze in French public nursery schools. Four contextual elements have enabled it to emerge: the evolution of institutional prescription with regard to nursery schools; teachers confronted with paradoxical societal and institutional demands; educational practices that are running out of steam; and teachers' motivation to change these same practices. The nursery schools becoming more like elementary schools in conflict with a societal demand for more individual attention to children has destabilized the teaching profession, thus creating the conditions for a change in practices. In this development, the networks created on the Internet have played a major role in allowing this entry into Montessori pedagogy, between adaptation to the reality of the classes and compliance with institutional demands. Beyond the reasons that led to the birth of this movement, this article also aims to retrace the career paths of the first teachers. How did they come to Montessori pedagogy, did they learn this pedagogy and if so in what way?]

Language: French

DOI: 10.3917/spec.012.0014

ISSN: 2256-7186, 2426-6272

Book

Maria und Mario Montessoris Kosmische Erziehung: Vision und Konkretion [Maria and Mario Montessori's Cosmic Upbringing: Vision and Concretion]

Cosmic education, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Das Konzept der Kosmischen Erziehung basiert auf überlegungen Maria Montessoris zur Stellung des Menschen im Kosmos, die sie in den 1930er Jahren als großartige Vision vorstellte und in den 1940er Jahren in Indien gemeinsam mit ihrem Sohn Mario zu einem konkreten pädagogischen Konzept ausformte. Maria Montessoris Absicht mit dieser Vision war, den Blick Heranwachsender Menschen auf Interdependenzen naturgeschichtlicher wie historisch-gesellschaftlicher Evolutionsprozesse zu richten, um dadurch in der Erziehung den Grundstein für ein verantwortungsvolles Umgehen mit ökologischen Kreisläufen wie auch für Solidarität zwischen sozialen Gruppen und Nationen zu legen. Dabei wird erstmals Mario Montessoris wichtiger, lange Zeit kaum beachteter Beitrag zur Entwicklung und Etablierung des Konzepts "Kosmische Erziehung" ausdrücklich herausgearbeitet. [The concept of cosmic education is based on Maria Montessori's considerations about the position of man in the cosmos, which she presented as a great vision in the 1930s and which was developed in India in the 1940s together with her son Mario into a concrete educational concept. Maria Montessori's intention with this vision was to focus on the interdependencies of natural history as well as historical-social evolutionary processes in order to lay the foundations for a responsible handling of ecological cycles as well as for solidarity between social groups and nations. For the first time, Mario Montessori's important, long neglected contribution to the development and establishment of the concept "Cosmic Education" is explicitly worked out.]

Language: German

Published: Münster, Germany: Lit, 2007

Edition: 2nd

ISBN: 978-3-8258-0242-4 3-8258-0242-6

Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 15

Book

Maria und Mario Montessoris Kosmische Erziehung: Vision und Konkretion [Maria and Mario Montessori's Cosmic Upbringing: Vision and Concretion]

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Abstract/Notes: Das Konzept der Kosmischen Erziehung basiert auf Überlegungen Maria Montessoris zur Stellung des Menschen im Kosmos, die sie in den 1930er Jahren als großartige Vision vorstellte und in den 1940er Jahren in Indien gemeinsam mit ihrem Sohn Mario zu einem konkreten pädagogischen Konzept ausformte. Maria Montessoris Absicht mit dieser Vision war, den Blick Heranwachsender Menschen auf Interdependenzen naturgeschichtlicher wie historisch-gesellschaftlicher Evolutionsprozesse zu richten, um dadurch in der Erziehung den Grundstein für ein verantwortungsvolles Umgehen mit ökologischen Kreisläufen wie auch für Solidarität zwischen sozialen Gruppen und Nationen zu legen. Dabei wird erstmals Mario Montessoris wichtiger, lange Zeit kaum beachteter Beitrag zur Entwicklung und Etablierung des Konzepts "Kosmische Erziehung" ausdrücklich herausgearbeitet. [The concept of cosmic education is based on Maria Montessori's considerations about the position of man in the cosmos, which she presented as a great vision in the 1930s and which was developed in India in the 1940s together with her son Mario into a concrete educational concept. Maria Montessori's intention with this vision was to focus on the interdependencies of natural history as well as historical-social evolutionary processes in order to lay the foundations for a responsible handling of ecological cycles as well as for solidarity between social groups and nations. For the first time, Mario Montessori's important, long neglected contribution to the development and establishment of the concept "Cosmic Education" is explicitly worked out.] / Dissertation.

Language: German

Published: Bad Heilbrunn, Germany: Klinkhardt, 2001

ISBN: 978-3-7815-1161-3 3-7815-1161-8

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Maria Montessori's Metaphysics of Life

Available from: Wiley Online Library

Publication: European Journal of Philosophy, vol. 26, no. 3

Pages: 991-1011

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy

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Abstract/Notes: This paper elucidates the core principles of Maria Montessori's metaphysics. Her attention to embryological, evolutionary, and educational development led to her teleological metaphysics of life. Individual organisms are governed by internally driven, perfectionist, discontinuous teleology. And this individual teleology is integrated into a holistic, ecological context whereby individuals' striving towards perfection works for the increased ordered complexity of the systems of which they are parts. Moreover, Montessori extends this metaphysics of life to include nonliving components of nature, such that atoms, planets, and inorganic molecules are governed by the same general teleological structure.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1111/ejop.12326

ISSN: 1468-0378

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Arquitetura Vernácula e Sustentabilidade Arquitetura Montessoriana e Características Vernaculares Brasileiras [Vernacular Architecture and Sustainability Montessorian Architecture and Brazilian Vernacular Characteristics]

Available from: Brazilian Journals

Publication: Brazilian Journal of Development, vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 2076-2083

Americas, Architecture, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, Sustainability

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Abstract/Notes: O presente trabalho tem como objetivo fazer a análise das possibilidades que a arquitetura vernacular, em suas relações com materiais, espaços e inserção cultural, traz para o aprendizado dentro de uma perspectiva montessoriana. Analisando as premissas educacionais propostas pela médica Maria Montessori para um ambiente de escolas infantis, procura-se estabelecer uma relação entre o valor que é dado para o ambiente preparado para a evolução e aprendizado individual de cada aluno, com a cultura, a sustentabilidade e utilização de materiais ligados à arquitetura vernacular. Neste sentido, a partir de uma pesquisa da literatura referente à interação do indivíduo com o edifício e com a arquitetura vernacular brasileira, procurou-se identificar a relação existente entre as características do aprendizado montessoriano e os materiais e técnicas aplicados em edifícios com arquitetura ou recursos vernaculares. A partir da pesquisa é possível vislumbrar os benefícios que um incentivo de utilização de técnicas e materiais utilizados na arquitetura vernacular podem trazer em termos de potencial para promover o aprendizado, considerando as premissas montessorianas. [The present work aims to analyze the possibilities that vernacular architecture, in its relations with materials, spaces and cultural insertion, brings to learning within a Montessori perspective. Analyzing the educational premises proposed by the doctor Maria Montessori for an environment of nursery schools, we seek to establish a relationship between the value that is given to the environment prepared for the evolution and individual learning of each student, with culture, sustainability and use of materials linked to vernacular architecture. In this sense, from a literature search regarding the interaction of the individual with the building and with Brazilian vernacular architecture, we sought to identify the relationship between the characteristics of Montessori learning and the materials and techniques applied in buildings with vernacular architecture or vernacular resources. From the research it is possible to glimpse the benefits that an incentive to use techniques and materials used in vernacular architecture can bring in terms of potential to promote learning, considering the Montessori premises.]

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.34117/bjdv6n1-149

ISSN: 2525-8761

Doctoral Dissertation

Educational Ideas and Practices of Rabindranath Tagore and Maria Montessori: A Comparative Analysis

Available from: Shodhganga: Indian Theses

Asia, India, Rabindranath Tagore, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Rabindranath Tagore and Maria Montessori were two great educationists of the two continents of the world. This study compared the ideals and practices of both these pioneers in the field of education. The objectives of the study were to analyze the similarities and differences in the educational philosophies of Rabindranath Tagore and Maria Montessori, to study the aims, curriculum and methods of education as propounded by them and to find out the relevance of their educational doctrines in the present day education system. Methodology: A philosophical and historical research was conducted by the researcher. The data were collected from the various primary and secondary sources. The collected data were analyzed by ensuring the internal and external criticism of the various sources. Findings of the Study: Tagore and Montessori’s educational thoughts were inspired by the static conditions of the then prevalent traditional educational systems. Their pedagogical approaches stressed on the needs and interests of the child. Rabindranath Tagore’s approach towards evolution of an educational philosophy was his vision as a poet and his institution was an extension of his work of art. Maria Montessori’s educational theory was based on science and her institution was a pedagogical laboratory for her. Rabindranath Tagore’s poetic vision enabled him to devise a unique learning environment at Santiniketan based on the concept of ancient Indian ideals. Rabindranath asserted his mission to promote global peace and universal brotherhood through the creation of Visva-Bharati. Through Sriniketan Tagore tried to address the needs of rural India. Maria Montessori through scientific observation evolved learning materials in a classroom environment that fostered children’s natural desire to learn from ‘Children’s House’. She developed the Montessori Method, which was eventually adopted throughout the world. Living through the years of violent war and political upheaval, also inspired her to espouse the cause of peace education. The conclusion that the researcher could draw from the study was that though the educational practices of both these educators were different, there are many parallel ideas in their educational ideals and thoughts. Their innovative methods of teaching are still relevant in the present day education.

Language: English

Published: Kolkata, India, 2017

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