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Doctoral Dissertation

Informationstechnologien und Montessori-Pädagogik: die Implementierung des Internets als Informationsmedium in Montessori-Schulen der USA [Information technologies and Montessori pedagogy: the implementation of the Internet as an information medium in Montessori schools in the USA]

Available from: Pädagogische Hochschule Freiburg

Americas, Information and communications technology (ICT), Montessori method of education, North America, Technology and children, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Ausgehend von der Beobachtung, dass in der Unterrichtsforschung Konzepte des „offenen Lernens“ für die Implementierung neuer Medien, wie dem Internet, empfohlen werden, wird der Zusammenhang zwischen reformpädagogischen Ansätzen und neuen Informationstechnologien hergestellt. Hier knüpfen die Untersuchungen der vorliegenden Arbeit an. Herausgegriffen wird das Konzept Maria Montessoris, untersucht in den USA, wo sich zum einen alternative Pädagogiken freier entwickeln können und zum anderen die Implementierung neuer Medien in den Unterricht offensiver vorangetrieben wird. Es wird angenommen, dass die Lernumgebung Montessoris unter dem Gesichtspunkt einer Modernisierung des Konzepts auf die heutigen Ansprüche eine optimale Lernlandschaft bietet, das Internet als natürliche Informationsquelle in den Unterricht zu integrieren. Die gegenwärtig kontroverse Umsetzung der Pädagogik Montessoris (AMI und AMS) sowie die zu diesem Zeitpunkt verwirklichte Internetnutzung in den Schulen werden am Beispiel der USA einer kritischen Reflexion unterzogen. Kapitel 1 dieser Arbeit betrachtet die Pädagogik Montessoris. Ein Abschnitt liefert Informationen über die kontemporäre Verwirklichung ihrer Pädagogik in den USA. Die Möglichkeiten des Internets für den Unterricht, die Aussagen der Forschung über das informationstechnische Lernen sowie seine Integration in den USA, wird in Kapitel 2 näher untersucht. In Kapitel 3 wird die Notwendigkeit des Interneteinsatzes in Schulen überprüft und die Eignung offener Strukturen als Basis dafür begründet. Die gewonnenen Erkenntnisse geben die Grundlage zu den in Kapitel 4 und 5 beschriebenen Untersuchungen, wie diese Implementierung in der Praxis nordamerikanischer Montessori-Schulen verwirklicht ist. Beschrieben wird sowohl eine Querschnittsuntersuchung als auch eine Fallstudie. Kapitel 6 schildert die pädagogischen Konsequenzen für die Nutzung des Internets im Unterricht. [Based on the observation that teaching research recommends concepts of “open learning” for the implementation of new media such as the Internet, the connection between reform-pedagogical approaches and new information technologies is established. This is where the investigations of the present work tie in. The concept of Maria Montessori is being singled out, examined in the USA, where, on the one hand, alternative pedagogies can develop more freely and, on the other hand, the implementation of new media in the classroom is being promoted more aggressively. It is assumed that the Montessori learning environment, from the point of view of modernizing the concept to meet today's requirements, offers an optimal learning landscape to integrate the Internet as a natural source of information into the classroom. The currently controversial implementation of Montessori pedagogy (AMI and AMS) as well as the internet usage in schools at that time are subjected to critical reflection using the example of the USA. Chapter 1 of this thesis looks at Montessori's pedagogy. A section provides information on the contemporary realization of their pedagogy in the USA. The possibilities of the Internet for teaching, the statements of research about information technology learning and its integration in the USA are examined in more detail in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 examines the necessity of using the Internet in schools and explains the suitability of open structures as a basis for this. The knowledge gained provides the basis for the investigations described in Chapters 4 and 5, how this implementation is realized in practice in North American Montessori schools. Both a cross-sectional study and a case study are described. Chapter 6 describes the pedagogical consequences for the use of the Internet in the classroom.]

Language: German

Published: Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany, 2003

Doctoral Dissertation

Montessori e a mídia contemporânea: análise discursiva de textos midiáticos estadunidenses sobre o método Montessori publicados entre 2000 e 2015 [Montessori and the contemporary media: a discursive analysis of american media texts about the Montessori method published between 2000 and 2015]

Available from: Universidade de São Paulo

Americas, Montessori method of education, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: O método Montessori, como se convencionou chamar a perspectiva pedagógica derivada do trabalho de Maria Montessori (1870-1952), foi desenvolvido, principalmente, ao longo da primeira metade do século XX. Até hoje, no entanto, há escolas, publicações e cursos para professores sendo criados em todo o mundo. Desde o início de sua história, a pedagogia montessoriana aparece frequentemente na mídia de vários países do mundo, e, em alguns momentos da história, representou tanto um fenômeno midiático quanto editorial (KRAMER, 1988). Esta pesquisa trabalhou com um arquivo de textos midiáticos, publicados desde 1911 nos Estados Unidos da América e dedicou-se à análise e à interpretação de um corpus de textos da mesma natureza. Uma ênfase da análise foi dada aos textos publicados entre os anos 2000 e 2015. O aporte teórico das análises e das reflexões expostas aqui é a Análise de Discurso filiada aos estudos do inconsciente e da ideologia, iniciada na França, por Michel Pêcheux, e desenvolvida e ampliada no Brasil por autoras como Eni Orlandi. A história da perspectiva pedagógica de que tratamos já foi explorada antes por diversos autores (STANDING, 1962; KRAMER, 1988; POVELL, 2010, entre outros), mas poucos tangenciaram o trabalho da mídia quanto a essa pedagogia, embora mencionem a importância desta mesma instância de produção, e nenhuma das publicações emprega a perspectiva discursiva, que pode oferecer outros pontos de vista e permite a interlocução de diversas áreas de estudo. Os resultados obtidos com esta pesquisa apontam para uma direção previsível e duas bifurcações importantes desta. Em primeiro lugar, como propõe a teoria da Análise de Discurso, a produção discursiva é atravessada pela ideologia, e, assim, os textos com que trabalhamos fazem parte de um conjunto de sentidos e proposições que harmonizam com o verdadeiro, como operado pela ideologia dominante. Isso tem duas consequências específicas para este corpus. Por um lado, os sentidos que caracterizam o método Montessori são vinculados a valores não estranhos ao neoliberalismo e ao discurso empreendedor: fala-se muito de diversão, e, ao mesmo tempo, de alto desempenho, liberdade, sucesso, escolha individual e liderança. Por outro lado, há uma contradição muito presente entre caracterizar-se Montessori como uma pedagogia alternativa e dizer-se que Montessori é só uma via diversa para se alcançar os mesmos fins: alto desempenho acadêmico e sucesso financeiro. Em segundo lugar, notamos a proeminência do ponto de vista adulto sobre o possível ponto de vista infantil. Os textos, especialmente a partir de 2011, fazem sentido, com frequência, construindo as vantagens que a pedagogia montessoriana representa para o adulto, segundo uma perspectiva corporativa ou empreendedora. Por meio de nossa análise, pudemos caracterizar a configuração do discurso midiático sobre o método Montessori nos Estados Unidos e compreender como os sentidos se articulam para fazer de Montessori uma perspectiva válida e positiva, ao mesmo tempo, silenciando os sentidos que, ligados a ela, poderiam ser desarmônicos e, até mesmo, arriscados para a hegemonia do verdadeiro sobre a criança e sobre a educação. [The Montessori method, as the pedagogical perspective derived from the work of Maria Montessori (1870-1952) is usually called, was developed mainly during the first half of the twentieth century. To this day, however, there are schools, publications and courses for teachers being created around the world. From the beginning of its history, Montessori pedagogy has frequently appeared in the media of several countries, and at some moments in history has represented both a mediatic and editorial phenomenon (KRAMER, 1988). This research relies on an archive of media texts published since 1911 in the United States of America and is focused on the analysis and interpretation of a corpus of texts of the same nature. Emphasis was given to those texts published between the years 2000 and 2015. The theoretical foundation for the analyzes and reflections exposed here is the Discourse Analysis affiliated to the studies of the unconscious and the ideology, initiated in France by Michel Pêcheux, and developed and expanded in Brazil by authors such as Eni Orlandi. The history of the pedagogical perspective that we have dealt with has already been explored by several authors (STANDING, 1962, KRAMER, 1988, POVELL, 2010 and others), but few have touched on the work of the media in relation to this pedagogy, although they recognize its relevance, and none of the publications adopts the discursive perspective, which can offer other points of view, allowing the interlocution with several areas of study. The results obtained with this research point to a predictable direction, and two important and novel bifurcations. First, as the theory of discourse analysis proposes, discursive production is traversed by ideology, and thus the texts we work with are part of a set of meanings and propositions that harmonize with the truth, as operated by the dominant ideology. This, in turn, has two specific consequences for this corpus. On the one hand, the meanings that characterize the Montessori method are linked to values not unfamiliar to neoliberalism and entrepreneurial discourse: much is said of fun, and at the same time high performance, freedom, and success, individual choice, and leadership. There is a very present contradiction between characterizing Montessori as an alternative pedagogy and saying that Montessori is only an alternative way to achieve the same ends: high academic performance and financial success. Secondly, we notice the prominence of the adult point of view over the possible infantile one. The texts, especially as of 2011, often make sense from the advantages that the Montessori pedagogy represents for the adult, from a corporate or entrepreneurial perspective. Through our analysis, we have been able to characterize the configuration of the media discourse on the Montessori method in the United States and to understand how the senses are articulated to make Montessori a valid and positive pedagogical perspective, while silencing the meanings that could, if linked to that, be disharmonious, and we would say risky, for the hegemony of the truth about the child and about education.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: São Paulo, Brazil, 2019

Article

Montessori Milestones [Chiaravalle Montessori School, Evanston, IL; Wyoming Valley Montessori School, Kingston, PA; AMS scholarships]

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 5, no. 1

Pages: 15–16

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Book Section

Workshop: Integrative Aspekte der Montessori-Pädagogik aus der Sicht der Praxis: Grundlagen der heilpädagogischen Montessori-Therapie [Workshop: Integrative aspects of Montessori pedagogy from the perspective of practice: Basics of curative Montessori therapy]

Book Title: Kinder Sind Anders: Maria Montessoris Bild Vom Kinde Auf Dem Prüfstand [Children Are Different: Maria Montessori's Picture of the Child on the Test Bench]

Pages: 273-284

Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Language: German

Published: Würzburg, Germany: Ergon, 1996

ISBN: 3-928034-90-1

Article

M. Montessori no gainen" Concentration" ni kansuru shōron / M. Montessori の概念"Concentration"に関する小論 [An Essay on Maria Montessori's Concept of "Concentration"]

Available from: National Diet Library (Japan)

Publication: Nihon hoiku gakkai taikai kenkyū happyō ronbun shōroku / 日本保育学会大会研究発表論文抄録 [Abstracts of papers presented at the Annual Meeting of the Japan Society of Early Childhood Education], no. 26

Pages: Article 1-102 (2 pages)

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Language: Japanese

Article

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L'educazione morale e religiosa nell'opera di Maria Montessori: Alcuni studi del Laboratorio Montessori di Roma [Moral and religious education in the work of Maria Montessori: Some studies of the Montessori Laboratory in Rome]

Available from: Università di Macerata

Publication: History of Education and Children's Literature (HECL), vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 159-168

Europe, Italy, Moral education, Religious education, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: L’articolo illustra il programma di ricerche del Laboratorio Montessori di Roma, un’as- sociazione che raccoglie ricercatori di varia provenienza impegnati nello studio della storia del metodo Montessori. Particolare attenzione è rivolta a due tematiche: da una parte, la formazione del carattere, che è stata oggetto di approfondite ricerche negli ultimi vent’anni (si vedano le ricerche di Angeline Stoll Lillard); e, dall’altra, l’educazione religiosa – temati- ca alla quale la Montessori si dedicò profondamente, mantenendo fino alla fine la radicata convinzione che il proprio metodo potesse essere utile all’insegnamento religioso e della religione cattolica in particolare. [This paper presents the research program of the Laboratory Montessori in Rome. The Laboratory is an association which brings together scholars from various countries to carry out research projects on the history of the Montessori movement. In 2011, the association has explored character education according to the Montessori method and special attention will be devoted to religious education. The character education has been studied with par- ticular attention in the last twenty years, and some research (for example, those of Angeline Stoll Lillard) have demonstrated the validity of the Montessori method. Religious education has been the subject of much discussion since Montessori had intense relationships with other cultures and religious figures from around the world. The author argues that Montes- sori devoted himself to Catholic education; she was linked to this confession until the end of his work and his life.]

Language: Italian

ISSN: 1971-1093, 1971-1131

Doctoral Dissertation

Montessori anne destek eğitim programının; Montessori eğitimi alan 4-5 yaş çocukların matematik ve günlük yaşam becerilerine etkilerinin incelenmesi / Mother Support of Montessori Education Program: Montessori Education Area Children Ages 4-5, Investigation of Effect of Mathematıcs and Daily Life Skills

Available from: Selçuk University (Turkey)

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Parent participation, Practical life exercises, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Bu araştırma Montessori eğitim yöntemi ile okulöncesi eğitim alan ve anneleri "Montessori Anne Destek Programı"na katılmış deney grubu çocuklar ile "Pür Montessori" eğitimi alan 4-5 yaş kontrol grubu çocukların matematik ve günlük yaşam becerilerine etkisini incelemeyi amaçlamıştır. Çalışma grubunda, 2016-2017 öğretim yılında Konya ilinde bulunan Selçuk Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, İhsan Doğramacı Uygulama Anaokuluna devam eden Montessori yöntemi ile okulöncesi eğitim alan, 8 deney, 11 kontrol olmak üzere toplam19 çocuk yer almıştır. Araştırmada deney ve kontrol gruplarından veri toplama aracı olarak Temel Okul Becerileri Envanteri Matematik ve Günlük Yaşam Becerileri alt Testi Uygulanmıştır. Testler çocuklara öğretmenleri tarafından deneme öncesi ve sonrası uygulanmıştır. Ayrıca deneme grubuna eğitim programı bittikten 12 hafta sonra tekrar uygulanmıştır. Araştırmada elde edilen verilerin analizinde Mann Whitney U ve Wilcoxon İşaretli Sıralar Testi uygulanmıştır. İncelenen bulgular deneme ve kontrol grubu arasında sontest puan ortalamaları arasındaMatematik de deneme grubu lehine anlamlı bir farklılaşma görülmüştür. Günlük Yaşam Becerileri sontest değerlendirmelerinde ise bir farklılaşma bulunamamıştır. Deneme grubu çocukların TOBEMAT ve TOBEGYBAT testi sontest ve izleme testi puan ortalamaları arasında anlamlı bir farklılaşma olmamıştır. / This research aimed to investigate the effects of Montessori education method on the mathematics and daily life skills of the children who took the preschool education and the mothers of the experimental group participated in the "Montessori Mother Support Program" and the children of the control group of 4-5 age "Pure Montessori". In the study group, 19th Montessori method, which took place in Selcuk University, Faculty of Health Sciences, İhsan Doğramacı Application Nursing School, located in Konya province in the 2016-2017 school year, took place. The Basic School Skills Inventory Mathematics and Daily Life Skills Sub-Test was applied as a data collection tool in the study. Tests were administered to children before and after the test by their teachers. In addition, the experimental group was reapplied 12 weeks after the end of the training program. Mann Whitney U and Wilcoxon Marked Ranks Test were applied in the analysis of the data obtained in the research. A significant difference was found in the mean scores of the post test scores between the findings and control groups examined in favor of the experimental group in Mathematics. In Daily Life Skills posttest evaluations, no differentiation was found. There was no significant difference between the BSSI-MAT and BSSI-DLS test posttest and follow-up test scores of the children in the experimental group.

Language: Turkish

Published: Konya, Turkey, 2018

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori e Wittgenstein: Il linguaggio come costruzione del mondo / Montessori y Wittgenstein: El lenguaje como construcción del mundo / Montessori and Wittgenstein: Language as construction of the world

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 7, no. 2-3

Pages: 137-147

Ludwig Wittgenstein - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori e Ludwig Wittgenstein hanno apportato un contributo significativo allo sviluppo del concetto di linguaggio in ambito educativo. Muovendo dalla sfera del linguaggio parlato e passando poi a quella del linguaggio scritto, l’articolo che segue ha come proposito quello di far emergere le affinità concettuali rintracciate all’interno delle opere dei due autori. Tale parallelismo ha origine comune nella centralità affidata al rapporto interdipendente tra pensiero e linguaggio. L’articolo qui proposto vuole soprattutto amplificare il messaggio filosofico ed etico che accompagna questo pensiero comune ad entrambi gli autori e che può essere così riassunto: un ambiente educativo all’interno del quale venga promossa una visione filosofica ed etica del linguaggio permette al bambino di migliorare la qualità della propria vita intima e sociale. / Maria Montessori y Ludwig Wittgenstein han aportado una contribución significativa en el desarrollo del concepto de lenguaje en el ámbito educativo. Empezando por la esfera del lenguaje hablado y atravesando la de la escritura, este artículo se propone resaltar las afinidades conceptuales delineadas entre las obras de los dos autores. Este paralelismo encuentra orígenes comunes en la centralidad conferida al vínculo entre pensamiento y lenguaje. El propósito de este artículo es el de destacar el mensaje filosófico y ético que acompaña el pensamiento de los dos autores y que puede ser así resumido: un entorno educativo dentro del cual sea promovida una visión filosófica y ética del lenguaje, permite al niño mejorar la calidad de su propia vida interior y social. / Maria Montessori and Ludwig Wittgenstein contributed to formulate notions of language in the field of education. Starting from spoken language and moving to the written word, this article aims to unfold the conceptual resemblances in both authors. This parallelism finds common origins in the centrality conferred on the relationship between thought and language. The purpose of this article is to highlight the philosophical and ethical message that accompanies the thoughts of the two authors and that can be summarized that way: an educational environment within which a philosophical and ethical vision of language is promoted allows the child to improve the quality of their own individual and social life.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2255-0666

Article

Meng tai suo li (Montessori Maria 1870-1952) / 蒙台梭利 (Montessori Maria 1870-1952) [Maria Montessori, 1870-1952]

Publication: Xiandai Daxue Jiaoyu / 現代大學敎育 [Modern University Education], vol. 1991, no. 4

Pages: 3

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Abstract/Notes: <正> 意大利女教育家,蒙台梭利法的创始人。作为意大利女性,最初毕业于罗马大学医学系,后到法国钻研特殊儿童的治疗。1899年任国立异常儿童学校校长,1909年任罗马大学讲师。1907年在罗马贫民街开设“幼儿之家”,采用自己考察的教育法,引起了世界的注目。她在人类学、生理学、异常心理学等领域潜心钻研,积累了实践经验,充分有效地利用

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 1671-1610

Doctoral Dissertation

American Writings on Maria Montessori: An Inquiry into Changes in the Reception and Interpretations Given to Writings on Maria Montessori and Montessori Educational Ideas 1910-1915 and 1958-1970

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this dissertation will be to survey and analyze American writings on Maria Montessori and her educational system, in order to show how the idea of Montessori education has interacted with some changing American ideas and social forces. These changes in social and intellectual currents can be likened to a shift from centrifugal to centripetal force; or to the expansion and then the contraction of a universe. The central metaphor is the same. It is applicable to, and illustrative of, much about the changing social and educational scene in America. The writings on Montessori, examined against this framework, should provide a new view on certain changes in American educational thinking.

Language: English

Published: Kent, Ohio, 1973

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