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Book

Studien zur Montessori-Pädagogik II: Maria Montessoris Neue Pädogogik: Prinzip Freiheit - Freie Arbeit [Studies on Montessori Education II: Maria Montessori's New Education: Principle of Freedom]

Europe

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Language: German

Published: Freiburg, Germany: Herder, 1987

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Analysis of the Application of Montessori Humanistic Education in Preschool Education Under Different Background

Available from: Hill Publishing

Publication: The Educational Review, USA, vol. 7, no. 9

Pages: 1413-1417

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Today, with the implementation of quality education, humanistic culture is integrated into preschool education. Under different backgrounds, the integration of humanistic thought in preschool education can help children grow up and receive a better education. Montessori's teaching thought has exerted a vital influence on the early childhood education system in China and is highly praised by many early childhood educators, which is of great practical significance to the development of children. Based on this, this article takes Montessori's education idea as the main starting point, carries on the elaboration from the thought outline and the core goal two aspects, analyzes the current country's preschool education situation, and inquires into its existence the question. Finally, from esteem heredity, enviromnent education, and sense organ education, this paper carries on a brief discussion of the practice of Montessori education through countermeasures, to further enrich the theoretical system of preschool education in China and make important contributions to the practical exploration of preschool education.

Language: English

DOI: 10.26855/er.2O23.09.034

ISSN: 2575-7946, 2575-7938

Book

Pedagogical Documentation in Early Childhood Education: Process-Oriented Procedures for Documenting Education and Development

Available from: SpringerLink

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Abstract/Notes: Today, the documentation of children's education and development is an important part of educational work in early childhood education. This book systematises the topic of pedagogical documentation based on current empirical research. The book analyses different pedagogical reasons for documentation and then presents and discusses different procedures of pedagogical documentation in theory and empirical practice : Portfolio, Learning Stories, pedagogical documentation in the room, project documentation and digital pedagogical documentation. Pedagogical documentation is discussed in the tension between a social constructivist understanding of education on the one hand and a diagnostic logic of fostering on the other. The book is intended as a part of pedagogically oriented childhood research, which also wants to contribute to the reflection and improvement of pedagogical practice.

Language: English

Published: Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer Nature, 2022

ISBN: 978-3-658-39736-4 978-3-658-39735-7

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori Okullarında Temel Eğitimde Din ve Değerler Eğitimiyle İlgili Dersler / Courses Relating To Religious and Values Education in Montessori Schools' Primary Education

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi / Journal of Uludag University Faculty of Education, vol. 29, no. 2

Pages: 431-444

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Religious education, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori yaklaşımı dünyada yaklaşık bir yüzyıldır uygulanmaktadır. Ülkemizde de son yıllarda ilgi görmektedir. Montessori yaklaşımında çocuğa bütüncül olarak bakılmaktadır. Bilgi aktarımı kadar çocuğun sağlıklı kişilik gelişimine ve hayata hazırlanmasına önem verilmektedir. Bu çalışmada, temel eğitimde Montessori yaklaşımını uygulayan okullardaki din ve değerler eğitimiyle ilgili dersler ve içerikleri hakkında bilgi verilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma kapsamında, dünyada Montessori yaklaşımını uygulayan çeşitli okullarla görüşülmüş, programlarında hangi derslerin yer aldığı sorulmuştur. Ülkeden ülkeye, okuldan okula farklılıklar olmakla beraber, genel olarak, okul öncesinde zarâfet ve nezâket derslerine yer verildiği, ilkokulda ise kozmik eğitim adı verilen program kapsamında çeşitli ders içeriklerinde ve ders dışı etkinliklerde din ve değerler eğitimi konularının işlendiği görülmüştür. / The Montessori educational approach has been in implementation in the world for almost a century. Likewise, it has received a lot of attention in Turkey in recent years. The Montessori education model nurtures and educates child through a holistic method. The proper development of child's personality and preparation towards life is considered as important as imparting knowledge to the child. This study aims to give insight of courses and contents of religion and value education in basic education of schools implementing Montessori educational approach. Various schools in the world implementing Montessori approach was consulted in the study and subject contents of their program were investigated. Generally, Grace and Courtesy lessons is included in pre-school curriculum with differences from schools to school and between countries. However in primary school curriculum religion and values education is implemented under the special program named cosmic education and extra curricular activities.

Language: Turkish

ISSN: 1301-3416, 2667-6788

Article

Montessori Secondary Education: Moving from Discipline-Based Education to Whole Formative Synthesis

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 33, no. 3

Pages: 223–241

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)

Preschool STEM Education: Perspectives on the Education-Practice Gap and Professional Development

Available from: California State University - ScholarWorks

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Abstract/Notes: This research revolved around Johnson's (2013) definition of early childhood science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education, emphasizing the integration of science and math instruction with scientific inquiry, engineering design, mathematical analysis, and 21st-century interdisciplinary skills. Johnson recommended using an approach called integrated STEM, which aims to create a meaningful integration of STEM disciplines in the context of real-world challenges and problems. Given the swift advancements in science and technology, early exposure to STEM concepts is crucial for children. Research has indicated introducing STEM in preschool equips children with foundational skills to explore complex concepts in elementary school. Early childhood experiences have a substantial impact on cognitive and academic development, fostering brain development and enhancing lifelong cognitive and academic outcomes. Young children naturally exhibit qualities like prediction, hypothesizing, analysis, and curiosity. They actively engage with their surroundings, constructing scientific and mathematical understanding through hands-on STEM activities, and developing competence, knowledge, and problem-solving skills. This study employed narrative inquiry and autoethnography to explore early childhood educators' needs, talents, and challenges in integrating STEM curricula. It addressed critical questions about STEM education, such as its ideal form, optimal introduction timing, and ensuring equitable access for all preschoolers. The research examined educators' STEM knowledge and identified implementation barriers that affect STEM self-efficacy. This research underscores the importance of introducing STEM education early in childhood and highlights the need for comprehensive policies and equitable funding. The study's results bridge the knowledge–doing gap and emphasized the significance of adequately preparing educators to provide STEM-related curricula.

Language: English

Published: San Francisco, California, 2023

Article

The 'S' Word: Is Montessori Education Montessori Education without Attention to Children's Spirituality?

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 2, no. 4

Pages: 1

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Conference Paper

Maria Montessori's Philosophy of Education: An Early Beginning of Embodied Education

Available from: University Colleges Knowledge database (Denmark)

18th International Network of Philosophers of Education Conference: Pedagogical Forms in Times of Pandemic (Copenhagen, Denmark, 17-20 August 2022)

Comparative education, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: For a century Montessori’s philosophy of education has been understood in separation from Dewey’s philosophy of education. According to Thayer-Bacon [1], a plausible explanation is that Kilpatrick, Dewey’s influential student, rejected Montessori’s system of education [2]. His main objection was that her educational system was founded on an outdated psychology. In contrast, this paper suggests, Montessori’s educational systems is founded on a psychology which, like Dewey’s, was markedly ahead of her time by putting purely embodied interactions with the environment as the foundation of human understanding. By comparing Montessori’s psychology [3; 4] to Dewey’s [5; 6] this paper shows their compatibility. The developed pragmatism of Sellars [5;6] and the interactivism of Bickhard [7] further enables us to explain how the prelinguistic human-environment interactions (or transactions), central to Dewey and Montessori, are pure processes [8]. The pure process ontology enables us to see how more complex processes emerge from simpler ones and how learning in the mere causal domain of bodily human-environment interactions can grow into the linguistic and conceptual domain of education. The ambition is to show that a flourishing interaction between Montessori and pragmatism is possible and preferable if we are to understand the proper role of the body in education. [1] Thayer-Bacon, Barbara (2012). Maria Montessori, John Dewey, and William H. Kilpatrick. Education and Culture, 28, 1, 3-20. [2] Kilpatrick, W. H. (1914). The Montessori system examined. Cambridge, Mass.; The Riverside Press [3] Montessori, M. (1912). The Montessori method. NY: Frederick A. Stokes Company [4] Montessori. M. (1949). The absorbent mind. Adyar: The Theosophical Publishing House [5] Dewey, J. (1916). Democracy and education. NY: The Macmillan Company [6] Dewey, J. (1925) Experience and nature. Chicago: Open Court Publishing Company [7] Sellars, W. (1960). Being and Being Known. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association, 34, 28-49. [8] Sellars, W. (1981). Foundations for a metaphysics of pure process: The Carus lectures of Wilfrid Sellars. The Monist 64 (1):3-90. [9] Bickhard, M. H. (2009). The interactivist model. Synthese, 166, 3, 547-591. [10] Seibt, Johanna (2016). How to Naturalize Intentionality and Sensory Consciousness within a Process Monism with Gradient Normativity—A Reading of Sellars. In James O'Shea (ed.), Sellars and His Legacy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 186-222.

Language: English

Published: Copenhagen, Denmark: International Network of Philosophers of Education, 2022

Article

Education in Preschool Educational Organizations-the Importance of Using the Maria Montessori Method in the Process of Education

Available from: IndianJournals

Publication: ACADEMICIA: An International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, vol. 11, no. 4

Pages: 589-594

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Abstract/Notes: Modern educational space is "impregnated" with ideas of humanization and personality-oriented concept. In this regard, it becomes necessary to study and understand the potential of those pedagogical systems and techniques of a personal orientation that have taken their solid place in the educational space, having proved their importance, efficiency and productivity. One of the most striking representatives of ideas with a humanistic focus is the Italian teacher, psychologist, founder of the method of scientific pedagogy M. Montessori. The article discusses the positive and negative aspects of the developing method of M. Montessori.

Language: English

DOI: 10.5958/2249-7137.2021.01104.6

ISSN: 2249-7137

Doctoral Dissertation

The New Education Fellowship and the Reconstruction of Education: 1945 to 1966

Available from: UCL

Educational change, Europe, New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: During the 1920s and 1930s, the New Education Fellowship (NEF), founded in 1919, established itself as an important international force for radical education and educational experimentation. Its membership was drawn from many different countries and included some of the most prominent progressive educators of that period. By 1945, however, the movement was experiencing international decline. Membership had fallen and in many countries the new educational network had ceased to exist. This situation was a result not only of the destruction of the new educational network in Europe during the Second World War, but also of the change in the outlook of educationists and reformers who sought new solutions to the problems of the reconstruction of society and education. The purpose of this study is to explore the NEF's importance as a disseminator of educational and political ideals after 1945 and its contribution to debates about the post-war reconstruction of education and society, using the considerable but currently little-researched material held at the Institute of Education, University of London. This thesis examines the NEF's network after 1945 and considers how far the NEF successfully extended its membership amongst school teachers and educationists at teacher training colleges. The NEF also sought to develop an international network. The international activities of the NEF, both through links with other organisations, for example, the United Nations Educational, Social and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), and its membership in those countries where the NEF maintained branches are explored in order to gauge the success of the NEF as a movement with internationalist ambitions.

Language: English

Published: London, England, 2009

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