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Article

Manajemen Pendidikan Karakter Metode Montessori di Jogjakarta Montessori School [Montessori Method of Character Education Management at Jogjakarta Montessori School]

Available from: Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa

Publication: Media Manajemen Pendidikan [Educational Management Media], vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 251-259

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia, ⚠️ Invalid DOI

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui manajemen pendidikan karakter yang meliputi 1) perencanaan, 2) pengorganisasian, 3) pengarahan dan pelaksanaan, 4) evaluasi dan pengendalian, 5) faktor pendukung serta 6) faktor penghambat di SD Montessori. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan wawancara mendalam, observasi partisipatif, studi dokumentasi. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif melalui tahapan pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: 1) perencanaan manajemen pendidikan karakter pada kurikulum, pendidik, pembiayaan peserta didik, sarana dan prasarana, pembiayaan pendidikan; 2) pengorganisasian manajemen pendidikan karakter pada pelatihan guru baru, pengarahkan para guru, kesempatan bagi guru atau staf untuk berpartisipasi dalam memberikan sumbangan pikiran, mengikutsertakan yayasan, guru, staf dan komite sekolah dalam membuat perencanaan manajemen, memberikan nasehat dan arahan yang benar; 3) pelaksanaan manajemen pendidikan karakter sesuai dengan perencanaan dengan apparatus dan pendampingan dari guru; 4) evaluasi manajemen pendidikan karakter dengan melihat kemandirian dan keberanian, pembuatan project, berperilaku santun; 5) faktor pendukung meliputi kegiatan di luar sekolah bermasyarakat, kegiatan ektrakurikuler, peraturan untuk tidak memakai atribut keagamaan selama di sekolah, sarana dan prasarana sekolah, pendidik yang ramah dan perhatian, kegiatan sosial dan kerjasama dengan sekolah lain; 6) faktor penghambat pendidikan karakter pada Jogjakarta Montessori School yaitu kurangnya kerjasama orang tua siswa dalam menanamkan nilai kedisiplinan, tanggungjawab, menghargai prestasi, dan rasa ingin tahu. [This study aims to determine the management of character education which includes 1) planning, 2) organizing, 3) directing and implementing, 4) evaluation and control, 5) supporting factors and 6) inhibiting factors in SD Montessori. This research use desciptive qualitative approach. Data collection techniques are in-depth interviews, participatory observation, and documentation studies. Data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively through the stages of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results showed that: 1) character education management planning in the curriculum, educators, student funding, facilities and infrastructure, education financing; 2) organizing character education management on new teacher training, directing teachers, opportunities for teachers or staff to participate in contributing ideas, involving foundations, teachers, staff and school committees in making management plans, providing correct advice and direction; 3) implementation of character education management in accordance with planning with apparatus and mentoring from teachers; 4) evaluation of character education management by looking at independence and courage, making projects, behaving politely; 5) supporting factors include activities outside of school in the community, extracurricular activities, regulations not to use religious attributes while at school, school facilities and infrastructure, friendly and caring educators, social activities and collaboration with other schools; 6) the inhibiting factor for character education at Jogjakarta Montessori School is the lack of cooperation between parents in instilling the values ​​of discipline, responsibility, respect for achievement, and curiosity.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.30738/mmp.v2i2.5072.g2662

ISSN: 2622-3694

Article

Materiales sensoriales Montessori en el desarrollo de la noción de seriación en infantes de cinco años [Sensory materials Montessori in the development of the notion of seriation in infants of five years]

Available from: Universidad César Vallejo

Publication: Eduser. Revista Científica de Educación, vol. 5, no. 1

Americas, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Peru, Sensorial materials, South America

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Abstract/Notes: El objetivo de la presente investigación determinar la influencia de los materiales sensoriales Montessori en el desarrollo de la noción de seriación en infantes de cinco años de una institución educativa de Comas, 2016; diseño experimental de tipo cuasi-experimental, de corte longitudinal, con una población de 50 infantes, la información fue obtenida mediante la administración individualizada de una escala valorativa con respuestas de tipo Likert, para el análisis de datos se utilizó el programa estadístico SPSS versión 22. A partir de los resultados obtenidos se encontró que los materiales Montessori favorecen el desarrollo de la noción de seriación en infantes de cinco años. [The objective of the present investigation was to determine the influence of the sensory materials Montessori in the development of the notion of seriation in infants of five years of an educational institution of Comas, 2016; Experimental design of quasi-experimental type, of longitudinal cut, with a population of 50 infants, the information was obtained by means of the individualized administration of a valuation scale with Likert-type responses, for the analysis of data the statistical program SPSS version 22 was used From the results obtained it was found that the Montessori materials favor the development of the notion of seriation in infants of five years.]

Language: Spanish

Book

The Montessori Method: The Origins of an Educational Innovation, Including an Abridged and Annotated Edition of Maria Montessori's 'The Montessori Method'

Available from: Internet Archive

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History

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Abstract/Notes: An essential resource for all students and scholars of early childhood education, this book offers a rich array of material about Maria Montessori and the Montessori Method. Distinguished education scholar Gerald Gutek begins with an in-depth biography of Montessori, exploring how a determined young woman overcame the obstacles that blocked her educational and career opportunities in Italy during the late Victorian age. The author then analyzes the sources and influences that shaped the Montessori philosophy of education. After laying the foundation for Montessori's development, Gutek presents an annotated and abridged edition of The Montessori Method (1912), the seminal work that introduced her educational innovations to a U.S. audience. The book concludes with key historical documents, including disciple Anne E. George's notes on the Montessori lectures and William H. Kilpatrick's critique of the Montessori method. Preserving the historical context of Montessori's contribution, Gutek also shows the continuing relevance of her thought to educational reform in the twenty-first century.

Language: English

Published: Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2004

ISBN: 978-0-7425-1911-4 978-0-7425-1912-1

Article

Modernost pedagoške koncepcije Marije Montessori [The contemporariness of Maria Montessori’s pedagogical concept / Modernität der pädagogischen Konzeption von Maria Montessori]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Pedagogijska istraživanja, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 205-216

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: U zadnjim desetljećima sve veći broj znanstvenika i pedagoga praktičara pokazuje interes za Montessori pedagogiju, provjerava je u praksi i potvrđuje da je riječ o modernoj, vremenu primjerenoj pedagogiji koja odgovara na razvojne potrebe suvremene djece i mladih. Brojna istraživanja pokazuju kako djeca iz Montessori škola, u usporedbi s djecom iz standardnih škola, pokazuju bolju motivaciju za učenje, višestruke interese, samostalnost i pozitivan odnos prema učenju te veću odgovornost prema zajednici. Istraživanja euroznanosti i razvojne psihologije potvrđuju postavke Montessori pedagogije o individualnom planu razvoja, koji prolazi određene stupnjeve (senzibilna razdoblja, prozori učenja) te o potrebi didaktički obliko vanog okruženja kao pomoći u individualnom razvoju. Zahtjev za slobodom, samostalnosti i samoaktivnosti Montessori je, za razliku od emancipatorske pedagogije i sociokonstruktivizma, postavila u okvire razvojne i moralne slobode i jasno defi nirala uvjete slobode i pretpostavke samostalnosti djeteta. Sloboda shvaćena kao izgradnja kompetencija za djelovanje – cilj je, ali i put, koji dijete prolazi u svome razvoju i na kojemu treba sigurnost, zaštićenost, praćenje i pomoć odraslih. Modernost Montessori pedagogije treba tražiti u znanstveno utemeljenoj psihologiji razvoja, u pedagoški oblikovanoj ponudi učenja i u pedagoškom etosu odgajatelja. [In recent decades an increasing number of scholars and pedagogues have been showing interest in the educational approach developed by Maria Montessori, applying it in practice and arguing that it is a modern and timely pedagogy that responds to the developmental needs of contemporary children and youth. Numerous surveys show that children educated in Montessori schools, in comparison to children educated in standard schools, demonstrate a greater motivation to learn, have a multiplicity of interests, display independence and a positive stance towards learning, as well as an increased sense of responsibility towards the community. Research in neuroscience and developmental psychology confi rms the hypotheses laid down by Montessori pedagogy about the individual development plan as evolving through certain stages (sensitive periods, learning windows) and about the need to have a didactically formulated environment that will support individual development. Unlike the emancipatory pedagogy and socio-constructivism, Montessori has placed the requirement for freedom, autonomy and self-activity within the bounds of a developmental and moral freedom and clearly defi ned the conditions of the freedom and the assumptions of the child’s autonomy. Freedom interpreted as a development of competencies for action represents the aim, but also the journey a child goes through during the development period when it needs safety, protection, attention and support from the adults. The contemporariness of Montessori pedagogy is to be found in scientifically-based developmental psychology, in pedagogically formulated teaching and in the pedagogical ethos of the teacher. / In den letzten Jahrzehnten wächst die Zahl von Wissenschaft lern und pädagogischen Praktikern, die sich mit der Montessori-Pädagogik beschäft igen, ihre Th esen in der Praxis überprüfen und die Meinung vertreten, dass es um eine moderne, zeitgemäße Pädagogik handelt, die auf Entwicklungsbedürfnisse der heutigen Kinder und Jugendlichen antwortet. Zahlreiche Untersuchungen bestätigen, dass die Kinder aus den Montessori-Schulen im Vergleich mit den Kindern aus den Standardschulen eine höhere Lernmotivation, vielfältigere Interessen, Selbständigkeit und positives Verhältnis zum Lernen sowie eine größere Verantwortung gegenüber der Gemeinschaft besitzen. Die im Rahmen von Neurowissenschaft en und Entwicklungspsychologie unternommenen Untersuchungen bestätigen die Hypothesen der Montessori-Pädagogik über den individuellen Entwicklungsplan, der bestimmte Stufen durchläuft (sensible Etappen, Lernfenster) sowie die Notwendigkeit einer didaktisch gestalteten Umwelt als individueller Entwicklungshilfe. Die Forderung nach der Freiheit, Selbständigkeit und Selbstaktivität stellte Montessori, im Unterschied zu emanzipatorischer Pädagogik und sozialem Konstruktivismus in den Rahmen der moralischen und Entwicklungsfreiheit und defi nierte klar die Voraussetzungen für die Freiheit und Selbständigkeit des Kindes. Die Freiheit, begriff en als Aufb au von Handlungskompetenzen, stellt das Ziel, aber auch den Weg dar, den das Kind in seiner Entwicklung zurücklegt und auf dem es Sicherheit, Geborgenheit, Hilfe und Aufsicht durch Erwachsene benötigt. Die Modernität der Montessori-Pädagogik ist in der wissenschaft lich begründeten Entwicklungspsychologie, in den pädagogisch aufb ereiteten Lernangeboten und dem pädagogischen Ethos der Erzieher zu suchen.]

Language: Croatian

ISSN: 1334-7888

Master's Thesis

A Casa das Crianças: Três Modelos de Espaços Escolares Montessori [Children's Space: Three Models of Montessori Schools]

Available from: Universidade do Porto - Repositório Aberto

Europe, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Portugal, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: A escola é um local de conexão do ser humano com o que o rodeia e, por isso é mais do que um espaço para educar. É o abrigo que acolhe e promove um processo educativo e de crescimento. A relação entre arquitetura e pedagogia, entende-se na medida em que o desenho do espaço é um instrumento pedagógico e, essa conexão entre as duas áreas é intensifcada pelas transformações na sociedade, que por sua vez têm infuenciado o desenho do espaço de ensino. A partir do século XIX e XX a introdução de novos métodos de ensino refetiu-se numa nova forma de olhar para as crianças e numa crescente preocupação com a pedagogia. Estes modelos inovadores distanciam-se da rigidez dos modelos tradicionais e, são ainda hoje pouco reconhecidos. As escolas Montessori representam essa nova forma de olhar para a educação e respondem às questões pedagógicas desenvolvidas por Maria Montessori, nas quais as crianças são seres independentes e são o centro de todo o processo educativo. Carateriza-se por ser uma pedagogia, que tal como o espaço a ela destinado, é complexa e pensada ao detalhe para satisfazer as necessidades de seres autónomos. Ao mesmo tempo, a principal caraterística da nova educação é a liberdade, que por sua vez se vê refetida no espaço arquitetónico, em espacialidades fexíveis e que permitem maior variedade de ocupação. Além disso, a pedagogia Montessori requer um ambiente de ensino estimulante à aprendizagem, que confere à criança a independência necessária na sociedade atual. Com isto, a presente Dissertação de Mestrado, "A casa das Crianças: Três Modelos de Espaços Escolares Montessori", pretende perceber de que forma a arquitetura responde ao próprio método Montessori, através de vários casos de estudo como por exemplo: A Casa das Crianças Viena (1922) de Franz Schuster, a Escola Montessori de Delft (1960/66) de Herman Hertzberguer e o Fuji Kindergarten projetado pelos Tezuka Architects (2007). A análise destes casos em detalhe, permitiu entender o espaço escolar Montessori através de temas comuns como: a relação ente a Escola e Cidade, o espaço de distribuição da escola, a sala Montessori e todos os espaços que a compõe, e o espaço exterior. / School is a connection place between humans and their surroundings, it is more than a place to teach. It is the shelter that welcomes and promotes both an educational and a growth process. The relation between architecture and pedagogy is understood as a pedagogical instrument and this relation is intensifed by changes in society, which in turn have infuenced the design of the teaching space. From the 19th and 20th century, the introduction of new teaching methods resulted in new ways of looking at children and in a growing concern with pedagogy. This happened as a reflection of introducing new teaching methods. These innovative models block the rigidity of traditional models and nowadays, they're not so recognized. Montessori schools represent this new way of looking at education created by Maria Montessori, where children are independent beings and are the center of the educational process. This pedagogy is known by being complex and designed to detail to satisfy the need of autonomous beings. Just like the space for them. At the same time, the main characteristic of the new education is freedom, that is refected in the architectural space too, with fexible spaces that allow childrens appropriation. Montessori Pedagogy requires a teaching environment that encourages learning, giving the child the independence needed in today's society. So, this master's thesis, Children's Space: Three Models of Montessori Schools, shows how architecture to the Montesssori Method principles, throught various study cases like: Children's House in Viena (1922) by Franz Schuster, a primary Montessori School in Delft (1960/66) by Herman Hertzberguer and the Fuji Kindergarten designed by Tezuka Architects (2007). The study of these and more cases, revealed the Montessori Spaces through themes like: The School and the City, The School distribution, The Montessory Classroom and The Outdoor Space.

Language: Portuguese

Published: Porto, Portugal, 2021

Article

Montessori Activities in India [Besant Montessori School, Juhu; Montessori Training Centre, Adyar; Shishu Vihar Montessori School, Yeotmal, Berar]

Publication: The Montessori Magazine: A Quarterly Journal for Teachers, Parents and Social Workers (India), vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 122-123

Annie Besant Montessori School (Juhu), Asia, India, Montessori Training Centre (Adyar), Shishu Vihar Montessori School (Yeotmal), South Asia

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Language: English

Book

Clara Grunwald und Maria Montessori die Entwicklung der Montessori-Pädagogik in Berlin

Clara Grunwald - Biographic sources, Clara Grunwald - Philosophy, Europe, Germany, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - History, Montessori movement, Montessori schools, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The study presents the life and work of Clara Grunwald and Maria Montessori, on the special background of the development of the Montessori movement in Berlin from the 1920s until the Nazis came to power in 1933 and their consequences. In this study, the effectiveness of Clara Grunwald for Montessori pedagogy in Germany, explicitly in Berlin during the Weimar Republic, is made clear. Here their intention, their influence and their commitment to the establishment of Montessori pedagogy and the development of the Montessori movement in Berlin are described. In addition, the emerging conflict between Maria Montessori and Clara Grunwald is viewed in several layers, as various factors influenced the development and spread of Montessori pedagogy. The conflict between the two women shows fateful effects on the person and work of Clara Grunwald, as well as on the Montessori movement in Berlin. The seizure of power by the National Socialists in 1933 also had serious effects on the work of Clara Grunwald and on Montessori pedagogy in Germany, which resulted in the decline of Montessori pedagogy. Against this historical background, the development of Montessori pedagogy after the end of the Second World War up to the present is examined and briefly outlined. (This is a published version of the author's thesis/dissertation.)

Language: German

Published: Hamburg, Germany: Diplomica Verlag, 2008

ISBN: 978-3-8366-6522-3 3-8366-6522-0

Book

Montessori-Unterricht: Aus dem Montessori-Heft der Neuen Erziehung [Montessori lessons From the Montessori booklet of the New Education]

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Abstract/Notes: Distributed by Deutsche Montessori-Gesellschaft in conjunction with the Sep/Oct 1926 issue of the periodical "Montessori-Nachrichten".

Language: German

Published: Berlin, Germany: Hensel and Co. Verlag, 1926

Article

La D.ssa Montessori a San Francisco: Essa inizierà' un corso di educazione all'Esposizione-Le pratiche per essere ammesse alle classi Montessori

Available from: Library of Congress

Publication: L'Italia (San Francisco, California)

Pages: 4

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: "La famosa Dottoressa Maria Montessori che si trova attualmente a Los Angeles e celebre in tutto il mondo per il suo noto sistema di educazione che da essa ha preso il nome, sarà far noi a cominciare dal primo agosto. La illustre educatrice inizierà subito un corso di lezioni pratiche alla Esposizione a beneficio della gioventù femminile della città e dello Stato che è ansiosissima di imparare e conoscere i metodi di educazione che essa ha reso celebri e popolari. Delle classi saranno istituite nel Palazzo dell'Educazione nel Padiglione Italiano e, forse, nella Scuola Normale della città. Fanno parte della Commissione incaricata di organizzare i corsi della Dottoressa Montessori il Dr. Claxton, il Dr. Jordan, Dr. Adelaide Brown, Dr. Mariana Bertola, presidente del Club Vittoria Colonna e Miss Margaret Wilson, figlia del Presidente. Parecchi Commissari esteri hanno messo a disposizione della signora Montessori i padiglioni delle rispettive nazioni e qualcuna di queste gentili offerte sarà forse accettata. Le lezioni saranno tenute nella mattinata di modo che tutti possano assistervi, una avrà luogo nel Palazzo dell'Educazione ed una nel Padiglione Italiano. Intanto i directtori dell'Esposizione hanno deciso che il giorno 21 agosto sia fissato come il "Montessori Day". Il programma per tale giorno non è stato ancora fissato. Sarà reso noto al pubblico che gli aspiranti alle classi Montessori possono inoltrare la loro domanda quanto vogliono e che i bambini dell'età dai 3 anni ai 6 anni che non abbiano avuto precendente educazione scolastica e che si trovino in buone condizioni fisiche e mentali saranno accettati nelle classi. Le applicazioni devono essere fatte a Wallace Hatch, 2612, Parker st., Berkeley, Cal. Non vi è alcuna tassa per frequentare queste classi e le maestro saranno scelte fra coloro che hanno lavorato qualche anno sotto la guida di Mme Montessori e che sono quindi al corrente dei suoi metodi di educazione. La Signora Montessori sopraintenderà questo lavoro delle sue collaboratrici." / "The famous Doctor Maria Montessori, who is currently in Los Angeles, and celebrated all over the world for her well-known education system that takes its name from her, will be visiting us starting from August 1st. The illustrious educator will immediately begin a course of practical lessons at the Exposition for the benefit of the female youth of the city and the State who are very eager to learn and know the methods of education that she has made famous and popular. Classes will be set up in the Education Building, in the Italian Pavilion and, perhaps, in the city's Normal School. The Commission responsible for organizing Dr. Montessori's courses are Dr. Claxton, Dr. Jordan, Dr. Adelaide Brown, Dr. Mariana Bertola, president of the Vittoria Colonna Club and Miss Margaret Wilson, daughter of the President. Several foreign commissioners have made the pavilions of their respective countries available to Madame Montessori and some of these kind offers will perhaps be accepted. Lessons will be held in the morning so that everyone can attend them, one will take place in the Education Building and one in the Italian Pavilion. Meanwhile, the directors of the Exposition have decided that August 21 will be set as "Montessori Day." The schedule for that day has not yet been fixed. It will be made known to the public that aspirants to Montessori classes can submit their application as much as they want and that children aged 3 to 6 who have not had prior school education and who are in good physical and mental condition will be accepted in the classes. Applications must be made to Wallace Hatch, 2612, Parker st., Berkeley, Cal. There is no fee to attend these classes and the teachers will be chosen from among those who have worked for a few years under the guidance of Mme Montessori and are therefore aware of her education methods. Madame Montessori will supervise this work of her collaborators."

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2637-5400

Book

Psychologisches zur Montessori-Methode: Aus dem Montessori-Heft der Neuen Erziehung [Psychological information on the Montessori method: From the Montessori booklet of the New Education]

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Abstract/Notes: Distributed by the Deutsche Montessori-Gesellschaft with the January 1927 issue of their periodical "Montessori-Nachrichten".

Language: German

Published: Berlin, Germany: Hensel and Co. Verlag, 1927

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