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Article

Türkiye’de Montessori Yöntemi ile İlgili Yapılan Çalışmaların İncelenmesi / Investigation of Studies on Montessori Method in Turkey

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Yaşam Becerileri Psikoloji Dergisi / Life Skills Journal of Psychology, vol. 5, no. 10

Pages: 101-118

Asia, Literature reviews, Middle East, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori Yöntemi, bir eğitim sistemidir ve Maria Montessori tarafından oluşturulmuştur. Maria Montessori İtalyan bir pedagog ve ülkesinin ilk kadın doktorudur. Montessori sistemi çocuğu merkeze alır ve çocuğa görelik ilkesiyle hareket ederek, çocuğa uygun oluşturulmuş bir çevreye dayanır. Çocuğun ilgi alanları ve yetenekleri dikkate alınarak, bireysel öğrenme hızının olduğunu kabul eder ve bunu temel alan esnek bir eğitim süreci oluşturur. Montessori yöntemi bir sentezdir; çocukların içlerindeki potansiyeli fark edip keşfetmelerini ve karakterlerini oluşturmalarını amaçlar. Ayrıca çocuğun içindeki potansiyele ulaşması için düzenlenmiş bir alana ve özgürlüğe ihtiyacı olduğunu savunur. Ülkemizde Montessori konusu ile ilgili bilimsel çalışmalara önem verildiği ve çalışmalarının son yıllarda arttığı gözlemlenmektedir. Bu araştırmada, ülkemizde Montessori metodu ve uygulamaları ile ilgili, 2010-2021 yılları arasında yazılan tez ve makaleler, belirlenen ölçütlere göre incelenerek, hem bu metodun güvenilirlik ve geçerliliğini görmek hem de yapılacak yeni araştırmalara fikir vermek amaçlanmıştır. Bu çalışma nitel bir araştırma olup, amaçsal öğrenme stratejilerinden ölçüt öğrenme yöntemi ve doküman tarama (analizi) tekniği kullanılmıştır. Google Akademi, Dergipark ve Ulusal Tez Merkezi veri ortamlarından “montessori” kelimeleri ile kaynaklar taranmış ve 48 tez çalışması, 36 makale çalışması olmak üzere toplam da 84 çalışmaya ulaşılmıştır. Araştırmadan elde edilen bulgulara bakıldığında; ülkemizde Montessori metoduna yönelik çalışmalarının yoğunluğunun son 5 yıla ait olduğu saptanmıştır. Araştırmaların büyük bir bölümünün okul öncesi kademesinde yapıldığı söylenebilir. Yapılan çalışmaların tamamına yakınının sonuç bölümlerinde, Montessori yöntemi ile eğitim alan çocukların lehine değişim gözlendiği belirtilmiştir. / The Montessori Method is an education system and was created by Maria Montessori. Maria Montessori is an Italian pedagogue and the first female doctor in her country. The Montessori system puts the child in the center and, acting on the principle of relative to the child, is based on an environment created suitable for the child. Considering the interests and abilities of the child, it accepts the individual learning speed and creates a flexible education process based on this. The Montessori method is a synthesis; It aims for children to realize and discover the potential within them and to create their characters. He also argues that the child needs a regulated space and freedom to reach their potential. It is observed that scientific studies on the subject of Montessori are given importance in our country and their studies have increased in recent years. In this study, it is aimed to see the reliability and validity of this method and to give an idea for new researches by examining the theses and articles written between 2010-2021 about the Montessori method and its applications in our country, according to the determined criteria. This study is a qualitative research and criterion learning method and document scanning (analysis) technique, which are purposeful learning strategies, were used. Sources were scanned with the words "montessori" from Google Academy, Dergipark and National Thesis Center data environments, and a total of 84 studies, including 48 thesis studies and 36 article studies, were reached. Considering the findings obtained from the research; It has been determined that the intensity of the studies on the Montessori method in our country belongs to the last 5 years. It can be said that most of the studies were conducted at the preschool level. In the conclusion sections of almost all of the studies, it was stated that a change was observed in favor of the children who received education with the Montessori method.

Language: Turkish

DOI: 10.31461/ybpd.1026936

ISSN: 2587-1536

Article

Physical Activity in Preschool Children: Comparison Between Montessori and Traditional Preschools

Available from: Wiley Online Library

Publication: Journal of School Health, vol. 84, no. 11

Pages: 716-721

Americas, Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, Physical education, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Little is known about the influence of Montessori methods on children's physical activity (PA). This cross-sectional study compared PA of children attending Montessori and traditional preschools. We enrolled 301 children in 9 Montessori and 8 traditional preschools in Columbia, South Carolina. PA was measured by accelerometry on weekdays during preschool (In-School), non-school (Non-School), and all day (All Day). Minutes/hour of light, moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA), and total PA (light + MVPA) were calculated. Children attending Montessori preschools accumulated more In-School light (7.7 vs. 6.5 minute/hour), MVPA (7.7 versus 6.5 minute/hour), and total PA (15.4 versus 13.0 minute/hour) than children attending traditional preschools, after adjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, body mass index, parent education and neighborhood poverty index. For Non-School (8.5 versus 6.2 minute/hour) and All Day (8.5 versus 7.6 minute/hour), children in Montessori preschools accumulated more MVPA than children in traditional preschools. In-School PA was higher for children in private Montessori than public Montessori preschools (8.1 versus 7.0 minute/hour; 8.1 versus 6.7 minute/hour; 16.1 versus 13.6 minute/hour, for light, MVPA, and total PA, respectively). Children attending Montessori preschools were more active than children attending traditional preschools. Adopting the Montessori system may be an important strategy for promoting PA in children.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1111/josh.12207

ISSN: 1746-1561

Book

Evaluation of the Indianapolis Public Schools' Montessori Option (K-6) Pupil Progress Report

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Abstract/Notes: Parents and guardians of children in the Indianapolis Public Schools' Montessori Option Program for kindergartners through sixth graders were surveyed. Parents and guardians were surveyed on: (1) the pupil progress report, which was used on a pilot basis during the 1988-89 school year; (2) the Montessori method; (3) strengths and weaknesses of the program; and (4) changes the program needed. Questionnaires were sent to the households of 536 pupils and to 50 school staff members in the 3 Montessori Option elementary schools. Parents and guardians replied positively to 25 closed-ended questions; were neutral about none; and responded negatively to four. School staff replied positively to 27; were neutral about none; and responded negatively to two. Parents and guardians expressed concern about more than 46 survey-related topics. Parent-initiated topics included: competitiveness and comparison between students, curriculum design and development, learning environments, parent-teacher conferences, program expansion, public school use of Montessori philosophy, and staff certification and training. School staff expressed concern about classroom mangagement, instructional materials, parent involvement, parent-teacher conferences, skills and knowledge analysis, student progress, and the district-wide testing program. Questions and responses (along a Likert-type scale) are provided for parents and school staff members. Parents and guardians of children in the Indianapolis Public Schools' Montessori Option Program for kindergartners through sixth graders were surveyed. Parents and guardians were surveyed on: (1) the pupil progress report, which was used on a pilot basis during the 1988-89 school year; (2) the Montessori method; (3) strengths and weaknesses of the program; and (4) changes the program needed. The survey instrument consisted of a section on respondent characteristics, 32 closed-ended questions, and three open-ended questions. The five sections of the survey covered the evaluation key, report card headings and philosophy, report card delivery to parents and guardians, and basic principles of the Montessori method. The survey elicited parent opinions about the program. The households of 536 pupils and 50 school staff members in the 3 Montessori Option elementary schools received questionnaires. This main report describes survey methodology, reports results and conclusions, and offers recommendations. Related materials are appended. Parents and guardians of children in the Indianapolis Public Schools' Montessori Option Program for kindergartners through sixth graders were surveyed. Parents and guardians were surveyed on: (1) the pupil progress report, which was used on a pilot basis during the 1988-89 school year; (2) the Montessori method; (3) strengths and weaknesses of the program; and (4) changes the program needed. The survey instrument consisted of a section on respondent characteristics, 32 closed-ended questions, and 3 open-ended questions. The five sections of the survey introduced the topics of the evaluation key, report card headings and philosophy, report card delivery to parents and guardians, and basic principles of the Montessori method. The survey elicited parent opinions about the program. The households of 536 pupils and 50 school staff members in the 3 Montessori Option elementary schools received questionnaires. This appendix to the main report provides: (1) survey design input from parents, teachers, and others; (2) the Montessori Option Pupil Progress Report Survey; and (3) parent and teacher responses for each item.

Language: English

Published: Indianapolis, Indiana: Indianapolis Public Schools, 1989

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Article

Implementasi Prinsip-prinsip Montessori dalam Pembelajaran AUD [Implementation of Montessori Principles in AUD Pembelajaran Learning]

Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga (Indonesia)

Publication: Golden Age: Jurnal Ilmiah Tumbuh Kembang Anak Usia Dini [Golden Age: Scientific Journal of Early Childhood Development], vol. 3, no. 2

Pages: 91-102

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana implementasi prinsip-prinsip Montessori dalam pembelajaran,  Apa saja faktor pendukung dan penghambat implementasi prinsip Montessori dalam pembelajaran, Dampak menggunakan prinsip Montessori dalam pembelajaran terhadap perkembangan anak di Kelompok Bermain (KB) Safa Islamic Preschool Yogyakarta. Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian kualitatif yang bersifat diskriptif. Subjek penelitian adalah pemilik KB, kepala KB, guru KB dan anak-anak KB Safa Islamic Preschool Yogyakarta. Obyek penelitian ini adalah pembelajaran prinsip Montessori di KB Safa Islamic Preschool Yogyakarta. Pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan dengan cara reduksi data, display data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Teknik penilaian keabsahan data menggunakan triangulasi teknik dan sumber. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Pertama, Implementasi pembelajaran berbasis prinsip Montessori melalui lima area model pembelajaran Montessori yaitu area sensorial, area matematika, area ilmu pengetahuan dan kebudayaan, area bahasa dan area keterampilan hidup yang berjalan dengan sistem penggabungan lintas usia disetiap kelompoknya. Kedua, Faktor pendukung dan penghambat, faktor yang mendukung di antaranya perencanaan dengan konselor pendidikan Montessori, pendidikan dan pelatihan Montessori, seluruh guru inti adalah sarjana. Faktor yang menghambat yaitu keterbatasan media pembelajaran, terjadinya pergantian guru, kurangnya pemahaman wali murid mengenai pembelajaran lintas usia. Ketiga, Dampak prinsip Montessori terhadap perkembangan anak adalah menjadi mandiri, kritris dan perkembangan sosial yang meningkat. [This study aims to find out how to implement Montessori principles in learning, what are the supporting and inhibiting factors for implementing Montessori principles in learning, the impact of using Montessori principles in learning on child development in the Safa Islamic Preschool Playgroup (KB) Yogyakarta. This type of research is descriptive qualitative research. The research subjects were family planning owners, family planning heads, family planning teachers and family planning children at Safa Islamic Preschool Yogyakarta. The object of this research is the learning of Montessori principles at KB Safa Islamic Preschool Yogyakarta. Collecting data using interview, observation, and documentation techniques. Data analysis was carried out by means of data reduction, data display, and drawing conclusions. The technique of assessing the validity of the data uses triangulation of techniques and sources. The results of this study indicate that first, the implementation of Montessori principle-based learning through five areas of the Montessori learning model, namely the sensorial area, the mathematics area, the science and culture area, the language area and the life skills area which runs with a cross-age system in each group. Second, the supporting and inhibiting factors, the supporting factors include planning with a Montessori education counselor, Montessori education and training, all core teachers are undergraduates. The inhibiting factors are the limitations of learning media, the occurrence of teacher changes, the lack of understanding of students' parents regarding cross-age learning. Third, the impact of the Montessori principle on children's development is to become independent, critical and increase social development.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.14421/jga.2018.32-03

ISSN: 2502-3519

Book Section

Montessori-Geist und Montessori-Praxis in der Schule [Montessori Spirit and Montessori Practice in School]

Book Title: Montessori-Unterricht: Aus dem Montessori-Heft der Neuen Erziehung [Montessori lessons From the Montessori booklet of the New Education]

Pages: 7-21

Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Montessori training courses, Trainings

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Language: German

Published: Berlin, Germany: Hensel and Co. Verlag, 1926

Thesis

La aplicación del método Montessori para el desarrollo integral en el aula de 3 años, de la Institución Montessori School - Arequipa, 2021 [The Application of the Montessori Method for Integral Development in the Classroom of 3 years, of the Montessori School Institution - Arequipa, 2021]

Available from: Universidad César Vallejo - Institutional Repository

Americas, Child development, Classroom environment, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Peru, Prepared environment, South America

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Abstract/Notes: El presente trabajo de suficiencia profesional tiene como título: “La Aplicación del Método Montessori para el Desarrollo Integral en el Aula de 3 años, de la Institución Montessori School - Arequipa, 2021”. Además, el objetivo general es: Explicar la importancia de la aplicación del Método Montessori para el desarrollo integral de los niños de 3 años, de la Institución Educativa Montessori School – Arequipa, 2021. Está dividido en 4 capítulos; en el capítulo I se aborda la realidad educativa; en el capítulo II se plantean los antecedentes y bases teóricas; el capítulo III está referido al árbol de problemas y actividades y finalmente en el capítulo IV, se encuentran las conclusiones y recomendaciones. De acuerdo con las revisiones teóricas, el Método Montessori, es una educación que permite que los niños de la primera infancia se desarrollen de manera integral, teniendo en cuenta que esta filosofía se basa en el desarrollo natural de las personas, creando un ambiente propicio (ambiente preparado) que satisfaga los períodos sensibles, las tendencias humanas y aprovechando el primer plano de desarrollo que está caracterizado por la mente absorbente. Además, dándole vital importancia a la preparación emocional, física y psicológica del maestro. [The present work of professional sufficiency has as title: "The Application of the Montessori Method for Integral Development in the Classroom of 3 years, of the Montessori School Institution - Arequipa, 2021". In addition, the general objective is: Explain the importance of the application of the Montessori Method for the integral development of 3-year-old children, of the Montessori School Educational Institution - Arequipa, 2021. It is divided into 4 chapters; Chapter I addresses the educational reality; in chapter II the antecedents and theoretical bases are raised; Chapter III refers to the tree of problems and activities and finally Chapter IV contains the conclusions and recommendations. According to theoretical reviews, the Montessori Method is an education that allows early childhood children to develop in an integral way, taking into account that this philosophy is based on the natural development of people, creating a conducive environment ( prepared environment) that satisfies sensitive periods, human tendencies and taking advantage of the first plane of development that is characterized by the absorbing mind. In addition, giving vital importance to the emotional, physical and psychological preparation of the teacher.]

Language: Spanish

Published: Lima, Peru, 2021

Article

The Role of the Montessori Schools in Shaping the New Educational Movement

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 14

Pages: 69-70

Asia, India, South Asia

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Language: English

ISSN: 0571-1142

Article

Going to the Legislature: Cleveland's Marotta Obtains Public Preschool Funding [Marotta Montessori Schools, Cleveland, Ohio]

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 4, no. 1

Pages: 16

Public Montessori

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Language: English

Article

The Montessori Schools in Rome

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: Journal of Experimental Pedagogy and Training College Record, vol. 2, no. 3

Pages: 219-224

Europe, Italy, Southern Europe

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Language: English

Article

Same Age Children in One Class [public Montessori schools]

Publication: Point of Interest, vol. 5, no. 9

Pages: 1–3

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Language: English

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