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Book

Understanding Assessment and Evaluation in Early Childhood Education

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Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Teachers College Press, 2005

Edition: 2nd

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Membedah Pemikiran Maria Montessori Pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Dissecting Maria Montessori's Thought on Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Pedagogi: Jurnal Anak Usia Dini dan Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini

Publication: Pedagogi: Jurnal Anak Usia Dini dan Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Pedagogy: Journal of Early Childhood and Early Childhood Education], vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 57-67

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Artikel ini mengkaji tentang pendidikan anak usia dini berdasarkan pemikiran Montessori. Biografi, kurikulum, metode, lingkungan kelas Montessori menjadi pembahasan dalam artikel ini. Hasil penelitian studi literatur menunjukkan bahwa Montessori merupakan seorang wanita pertama Italia lulusan kedokteran. Montessori tertarik pada studi tentang penyakit mental dan gangguan psikologis terhadap anak. Ia membuka sebuah sekolah dengan murid-muridnya yang cacat mental, hingga ia meneliti bagaimana metode pendidikan untuk anak cacat mental. Montessori berkeyakinan bahwa metode yang telah dilakukannya pada anak cacat mental bisa dilakukan juga pada anak-anak normal. Menurut Montessori rentang usia anak 0 sampai 3 tahun merupakan usia dibawah sadar, dan rentang usia 4 sampai 6 tahun mengalami peningkatan ke usia sadar. Kurikulum Montessori terdiri dari tiga bagian yaitu lingkungan praktis, latihan sensorik motorik, dan perkembangan bahasa. Kebebasan, lingkungan yang terstruktur dan teratur merupakan elemen penting dalam metode Montessori. Dan lingkungan kelas Montessori yang terdiri dari prinsip kebebasan, ketertiban, kenyataan dan alam, suasana dan keindahan, bahan-bahan Montessori dan pengembangan kehidupan masyarakat. [This article examines early childhood education based on Montessori thinking. Biography, curriculum, methods, and the Montessori classroom environment are discussed in this article. The results of the literature study showed that Montessori was the first Italian woman to graduate from medicine. Montessori was interested in the study of mental illness and psychological disorders in children. He opened a school with mentally disabled students, so he researched educational methods for mentally disabled children. Montessori believes that the method he has done on mentally disabled children can also be applied to normal children. According to Montessori, the age range of children 0 to 3 years is a subconscious age, and the age range of 4 to 6 years has increased to the conscious age. The Montessori curriculum consists of three parts, namely the practical environment, motor sensory training, and language development. A free, structured and orderly environment is an essential element of the Montessori method. And the Montessori classroom environment which consists of the principles of freedom, order, reality and nature, atmosphere and beauty, Montessori materials and the development of people's lives.]

Language: Indonesian

ISSN: 2599-042X, 2599-0438

Article

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Embedding Literacy in an Early Childhood Education Programme: A Look into Montessori

Available from: InformIT

Publication: New Zealand Research in Early Childhood Education, vol. 15

Pages: 11-30

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Literacy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, New Zealand, Oceania

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Abstract/Notes: Children begin school with a range of pre-literacy skills that serve as the foundation for later reading achievement. These skills include phonological awareness, alphabet knowledge and vocabulary. The New Zealand early childhood curriculum Te Whariki is non-prescriptive in terms of literacy and allows for early childhood centres to develop their own literacy programmes with varying levels of emphasis on pre-literacy skills. This article describes research into the pre-literacy skills and knowledge of 23 children between the ages of 4.6 and 4.11 months attending two Montessori centres in New Zealand where the Head Teachers are Montessori trained and the centres use traditional Montessori resources and materials to develop literacy. The researcher investigated the efficacy of a Montessori approach to the development of literacy skills in four year olds in the context of current research around pre-literacy skills development in early childhood education.

Language: English

ISSN: 1174-6122

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [The Thoughts of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori About Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Universitas PGRI Semarang (Indonesia)

Publication: PAUDIA: Jurnal Penelitian dalam Bidang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Research Journal in the Field of Early Childhood Education], vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 17-35

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hajar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: Mendalami ilmu pendidikan anak usia dini tidak dapat dilakukan apabila hanya mengkaji pemikiran satu tokoh saja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui (1) pemikiran, (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang pendidikan anak usia dini. Metode yang digunakan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian kepustakaan yang mengkomparasikan pemikiran kedua tokoh. Data dianalisis dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama dua bulan mulai januari sampai februari 2020. Sumber data terdiri dari data primer dan sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) pemikiran pendidikan anak usia dini menurut Ki Hajar Dewantara adalah pendidikan yang diberikan pada anak 0-7 tahun dengan pemberian pendidikan yang memperhatikan unsur alami anak dengan materi melatih panca indera menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah dilakukan di lingkungan keluarga, sekolah dan masyarakat dengan tujuan mengembangkan cipta, rasa dan karsa pada anak. Menurut Maria Montessori pendidikan anak usia dini adalah pendidikan yang diberikan untuk anak 0-6 tahun dilakukannya dilingkungan sekolah dengan materi keterampilan sehari-hari menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah yang memberikan kebebasan anak untuk memilih aktivitas dan media yang ingin digunakan. (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang anak usia dini terletak dari aspek nama dan filosofi sekolah, setting lingkungan, dasar pemikiran PAUD, metode dan tugas pendidik. [The science of early childhood education cannot be understood from one’s thought. This research intended to know (1) the thoughts (2) the similarities and differences of early childhood education thoughts by Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori. The method used was qualitative with library research which compared two experts’ thoughts. The data was analyzed by descriptive approach. This research was done within two months, january to february 2020. The data were from primary and secondary data. The results revealed (1) Ki Hajar Dewantara states that early childhood education is an education given to 0-7 year old children and emphasizes on natural factors by training five senses through outward and inward method around family, school and community environments to develop creativity, feeling and intention. While Maria Montessori says that early childhood education is an education given to 0-6 year old children through daily skills in school environment and uses outward and inward method which let them choose activity and media they want. (2) the similarities and differences of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori thoughts were school’s name and philosopy, environment, ECE basic thoughts, learning method and educator’s duties.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.26877/paudia.v9i1.5610

ISSN: 2598-4047, 2089-1431

Article

Child-Initiated Activity: How Important Is It in Early Childhood Education?

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 12, no. 2

Pages: 74–84

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Montessori and Early Childhood Education: A Contemporary Perspective

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 25, no. 1

Pages: 217–230

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education

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Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Montessori Early Childhood Education in the Public Sector: Opportunities and Challenges

Available from: ERIC

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 39, no. 2

Pages: 61-90

Americas, Cornerstone Montessori School (St. Paul, Minnesota), Crossway Community Montessori School (Kensington, Maryland), Family Star Montessori School (Denver, Colorado), North America, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals, Public Montessori, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Janet Begin's paper is based on the recognition and recent discussion of early childhood education in America. Her research touches on the challenges of implementing Montessori birth-to-six programs at Cornerstone Montessori School, Crossway Community Montessori School, East Dallas Community Schools, and Family Star Montessori School. She examines program start-up, funding, regulations and oversight, staffing, and training in a complete summary that points to the next steps in Montessori advocacy. Based on the facts of each program, she covers common aims and perils and, most important, demonstrates the viability and success of the comprehensive family approaches at these schools.

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Thesis

Método Montessori: Contribuições para a Educação Infantil / Montessori Method: Contributions to Early Childhood Education

Available from: Universidade de Caxias do Sul

Americas, Brazil, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Preschool children, Preschool education, South America

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Abstract/Notes: This research paper addresses the theme "Montessori Method: contributions to Early Childhood Education". This research sought to answer the research problem "How does the use of the Montessori Method contribute to the learning process of early childhood education children aged 4 to 5 years?" The research described was of an applied nature, qualitative in terms of approach, exploratory in relation to its objectives, in the field modality and developed through the Case Study methodology (GIL, 2008). For data collection, semi-structured interviews were applied to teachers and principals of two early childhood education schools. The data collected through these interviews were analyzed through discursive textual analysis (MORAES, 2003) and based on theoretical contributions, including Montessori (1965), Piaget (1978) and Vygotsky (2001). Data analysis allowed identifying the following study blocks: "The Montessori Method and learning in Early Childhood Education, the Montessori Method and its role in building the freedom and autonomy of the child" and" The training of Montessoian teachers and their performance in the pandemic". The study allowed us to elaborate some knowledge to provide answers to the research problem and my questions. These constructed knowledge scans that the teachers and the principals shared their look at how the Montessori Method contributes to the child of Early Childhood Education beginning to build their independence, freedom and autonomy. I highlight the importance of their participation in deepening the research, through the reports of their practices with the application of the method in focus. The theoretical deepening also contributed to the understanding of the study contributing to my teacher education in this area that delights me a lot. / A presente pesquisa aborda o tema "Método Montessori: contribuições para a Educação Infantil". A referida investigação buscou resposta ao problema de pesquisa "De que forma o emprego do Método Montessori contribui no processo de aprendizagem das crianças da Educação Infantil na faixa etária de 4 a 5 anos?" A investigação descrita, de natureza aplicada, qualitativa quanto à abordagem, exploratória em relação aos seus objetivos, na modalidade de campo, foi desenvolvida através da metodologia de Estudo de Caso (GIL, 2008). Para a coleta os dados foram aplicadas entrevistas semiestruturadas a professoras e diretoras de duas escolas de Educação Infantil que empregam o Método Montessori em sua proposta pedagógica. Os dados coletados através das referidas entrevistas foram analisados por meio da técnica de análise textual discursiva (MORAES, 2003) e fundamentados em aportes teóricos entre os quais destaco Montessori (1965), Piaget (1978) e Vygotsky (2001). A análise dos dados permitiu identificar os seguintes blocos de estudo "O Método Montessori e a aprendizagem na Educação Infantil, O Método Montessori e seu papel na construção da liberdade e da autonomia da criança e a formação de professores montessorianos e sua atuação na pandemia". O estudo realizado permitiu elaborar alguns conhecimentos para dar respostas ao problema de pesquisa e às minhas indagações. A análise dos dados coletados e a experiência das participantes da pesquisa proporcionaram a compreensão de como o Método Montessori contribui para que a criança da Educação Infantil comece a construir sua independência, liberdade e autonomia. Ainda, foi possível fazer um aprofundamento teórico sobre o Método em foco e analisar como ocorre a prática pedagógica montessoriana neste momento de pandemia, contribuindo para minha formação docente nesta área que muito me encanta.

Language: Portuguese

Published: Bento Gonçalves, Brazil, 2021

Thesis

Autism in Early Childhood Education Montessori Environments: Parents' and Teachers' Perspectives

Available from: Auckland University of Technology - Institutional Repository

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Autism, Autism in children, Children with disabilities, Montessori method of education, New Zealand, Oceania, Parent and child, Parent-teacher relationships, Special education, Teacher-student relationships

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Abstract/Notes: There is very little research about children with Autism in Montessori early childhood education in Aotearoa New Zealand. This study examined parents’ and teachers’ perspectives of children with Autism attending Montessori early childhood education environments. This thesis documents literature that explores and critiques Montessori philosophy and the teaching of children on the Autism spectrum. The purpose of this study was to gain insights into the Montessori teaching approach in early childhood education, as a supportive environment for children with Autism in the early years. However, I discovered that the Montessori environment is less than ideal if the teachers do not understand Autism Spectrum Disorder and do not make allowances for the symptoms that present themselves. It was my intention to explore the factors that complemented both Montessori and the support of children with Autism with an approach that is conducive to learning and encourages positive behavioural patterns. The findings revealed three main indicators being identified as important. These were social competence, language and communication, and individual interests and sensory implications. However, not all findings were positive. The parents all agreed that the teachers needed to be flexible and understanding in their approach, and many Montessori teachers are strict in their routine and are not prepared to sway from their teaching method to assist a child with Autism. This study suggests that Montessori early childhood teachers would benefit from professional development in the areas of including children with special needs, particularly Autism Spectrum Disorder, particularly in regards to understanding the unique characteristics of children with Autism and how they can effectively use the Montessori philosophy, equipment and prepared environment to support each child’s learning and development. Suggestions for future professional learning for Montessori teachers include the provision of professional development in including children with “special needs”, particularly Autism Spectrum Disorder for Montessori early childhood teachers. It is not only the Montessori philosophy and the prepared environment that supports the child with Autism, but the teacher’s awareness of the child’s needs and a willingness to be flexible in their approach.

Language: English

Published: Auckland, New Zealand, 2015

Article

Spirituality in Early Childhood Education

Available from: He Kupu

Publication: He Kupu - The Word, vol. 3, no. 5

Pages: 16-22

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Zealand, Oceania, Spirituality, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Spirituality is an important dimension of the holistic development of young children, much like autonomy, resilience and responsibility. Unfortunately, it often remains as a forgotten area in early childhood education in many cultures (Zhang, 2012). Many people simply could not articulate the concept of spirituality concretely and some may confuse it with religion. Sokanovic and Muller (1999) pointed out that the definition of the term spirituality has little consensus of opinion throughout society, and has even, in specialised fields such as education, academia and religion sectors, various definitions. To explore the specific meaning of spirituality would be not only meaningful but of great significance for our understanding of the tenet of early childhood education and the national curriculum of New Zealand, Te Whāriki. Furthermore, spirituality is also a frequently discussed topic in many philosophies of early childhood education. For example, spiritual self or inner spirituality is recognised by Froebel and Pestalozzi (Froebel Web, 2014; Bruehlmeier, 2014), while spiritual development is further explored and integrated in teaching practices by Montessori and Steiner (Weinberg, 2009; Ullrich, 1994). Therefore, the task of this article is to try to define the term “spirituality” in the context of early childhood education, and explore spirituality as presented in the work of two early childhood theorists. Later, this article will also critically examine the aspect of spirituality in my own childhood education in China, and in relation to other contexts.

Language: English

ISSN: 1179 - 6812

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