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1156 results

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Impact of Montessori Teaching Methods on Developmental Domains in Early Childhood Education in Lagos State, Nigeria

Available from: Jereda Journal

Publication: Journal of Educational Research in Developing Areas (JEREDA), vol. 4, no. 1

Pages: 113-122

Africa, Child development, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa

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Abstract/Notes: Introduction: Early Childhood Education and development is a start to life and a reliable foundation to continuing education. One of the reasons that early childhood is regarded up to the age of eight is to enable children acquire a smooth understanding of the entire education from the level of play group to pre-primary and from pre-primary to the level of primary. Purpose of the Study: The main purpose of this study is to examine the impact of Montessori teaching methods on the developmental domain of young children in early childhood schools in Lagos state. Methodology: Descriptive survey research design was adopted. Sample size of two (12) schools of 10 pupils each in the selected schools was employed using convenience sampling technique. Validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics which involves measures of central tendency descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage). Results: Findings indicate that there is higher impact of Montessori teaching methods on the literacy skills in early childhood education. Pupils from both Montessori and Non-Montessori schools perform equally better in Numeracy Skills. The impact of conventional method of teaching on reasoning skill is better than that of Montessori Method of teaching. Conclusion: In conclusion, many aspects of Montessori teaching methods positively consider children's developmental needs and should be an integral part of teachers’ working modalities in so-called “non-Montessori teaching methods (conventional public schools)” (such as the possibility for each child to be in multi-age classes; to have an absence of explicit, formal grades, rewards, or punishments; and a low teacher-student ratio). Recommendations: Based on the results of this study, it is therefore recommended that Montessori system of education may be used to improve language skills of children and to understand art of language at early childhood level.

Language: English

DOI: 10.47434/JEREDA.4.1.2023.113

ISSN: 2735-9107

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Analysis of Two Early Childhood Education Settings: Classroom Variables and Peer Verbal Interaction

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Journal of Research in Childhood Education, vol. 23, no. 2

Pages: 193-209

Americas, Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Descriptive and ecobehavioral analyses were used to explore the daily activity contexts in classroom settings reflecting two distinct models of early childhood education. Activity context, social configurations, teacher behavior, and child behavior were explored, with specific consideration given to peer verbal behavior as an indicator of social interaction. Twenty-four children between the ages of 3 and 6 years enrolled in a Montessori classroom and 26 children between the ages of 3 and 5 years enrolled in a traditional preschool classroom were observed over a 3-month period using the Ecobehavioral System for Complex Assessment of Preschool Environments (ESCAPE; Carta, Greenwood, & Atwater, 1986). Overall, activity context, social configurations, teacher behavior, and child behavior varied across settings in ways consistent with program philosophies. However, levels of peer verbal interaction did not vary significantly.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/02568540809594655

ISSN: 0256-8543, 2150-2641

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Editorial - Primary Prevention and Early Childhood Education: An Historical Note on Maria Montessori

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: Journal of Primary Prevention, vol. 24, no. 3

Pages: 191-196

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1023/B:JOPP.0000018271.12126.e3

ISSN: 1573-6547

Article

Early Childhood Education: The National Agenda

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 16, no. 1

Pages: 104-112

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori Method in Early Childhood Education: A Systematic Review / Erken Çocukluk Eğitiminde Montessori Yöntemi: Bir Sistematik Derleme

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Çukurova Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi / Cukurova University Faculty of Education Journal, vol. 50, no. 2

Pages: 1154-1183

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: The aim of this study was to examine the researches on the Montessori method in the field of early childhood education in Turkey and to analyze the studies conducted until April 2020, without any starting date limitation, according to the study group, the pattern, the year of publication, the data collection tools used, the purposes and the subjects studied. 22 articles were analyzed within the scope of the research. There are 15 articles using quantitative research method, 6 articles using qualitative research method and 1 article using mixed research method in the analyzed studies. The samples of the studies were grouped under four headings as child, teacher, teacher candidate and family. It was observed that 16 out of 22 articles examined in the study used a scale or test whose validity and reliability were made, an interview form in 5 studies and an observation report in one study. Most of the studies conducted as quantitative researches and the used scales have shown that the studies are result-oriented not process-oriented. In the study, it was observed that the studies on the Montessori approach were more in 2019 (n = 7) and 2016 (n = 6) compared to other years. Research results showed that researches focus more on visual perception and cognitive development. Studies can be made on all areas of child development rather than focusing on a few areas, and the Montessori approach applied in Turkey can be evaluated with a general view. It is expected that this research will contribute to the determination of the gaps in the field related to the Montessori method.

Language: English

DOI: 10.14812/cuefd.873573

ISSN: 1302-9967

Doctoral Dissertation

The Roots and Legacies of Four Key Women Pioneers in Early Childhood Education: A Theorectical and Philosophical Discussion

Available from: British Library - EthOS

Margaret McMillan - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Rachel McMillan - Biographic sources, Susan Isaacs - Biographic sources

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Abstract/Notes: Philosophical, theoretical and scientific interest in early childhood has a very long history. The idea that the early years are the foundation of children's long term prospects is one of the most ancient, enduring and influencing themes shaping early childhood policy and provision today. The motivation and purpose for this study stems from a desire to de-familiarise that which is already known in order to reflect upon, and identify new understandings of early childhood education in relation to universal values and beliefs concerning young children's learning and development. Using an interpretative paradigm, which Habermas (1984, p.109) would describe as a "double hermeneutic" as the process involves striving to re- interpret the already interpreted world, I argue that the principles, practices and provision of early childhood education in the United Kingdom today have strong roots in the innovative pedagogies of four influential women of the 19th and 20th century: Margaret and Rachel McMillan, Maria Montessori and Susan Isaacs. This study adopts a historical stance and firstly examines how early childhood education began through exploring and reflecting upon the early philosophers of the past whose ideas, values and beliefs were influential in shaping the key women pioneers' thinking. The study then moves on to examines the roots and legacies of the four women and the contribution they each made to early childhood education today. The contribution of my thesis to current knowledge and understanding of early childhood education lies firstly in the way I have synthesised the lives and work of the four women who form the focus of this thesis and secondly, in my demonstration of the way much of what constitutes effective early childhood provision has been shaped through the course of history.

Language: English

Published: Sheffield, England, 2011

Conference Paper

Negro Culture and Early Childhood Education

Available from: ERIC

Montessori Centennial Conference

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Abstract/Notes: Most compensatory early childhood programs are based on an assumption of linguistic and cognitive deficits which must be remedied if the Negro child is to succeed in school, but much collected data questions this assumption. The language of many lower class Negro children has been shown to be well-ordered and highly structured, although the dialect differs from standard English. A body of literature has appeared which terms the Negro mother inadequate, but newer insight, illustrated by the work of Virginia Heyer Young, recognizes that the Negro has a culture and life style which is meaningful and well-defined. Culture and race are too often used interchangeably, and early intervention programs have been created which are ethnocentric and lack cross-cultural perspective. Suggestions are given for ways in which the school needs to be restructured to take advantage of these observed cultural differences, particularly in regard to language and reading. Intervention is seen as necessary, but it should assume a culture conflict, rather than a culture deficit, viewpoint.

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: American Montessori Society, Jun 1970

Pages: 17 p.

Article

Cattolici, educazione infantile e metodo montessoriano. La posizione della rivista "Pro Infantia" fra età giolittiana e fascismo / Catholics, early childhood education and the Montessori method. The position of the journal "Pro Infantia" across the Giolitti and Fascist Eras.

Publication: Nuova Secondaria, vol. 40, no. 4

Pages: 123-135

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Abstract/Notes: The essay examines the opinions formulated by the journal «Pro Infantia» about the Montessori method, within the lively debate that this approach elicited among both secular and Catholic groups. A review of the contents of the periodical – which was produced by La Scuola publishing house in Brescia – shows that after initially considering Montessori’s work with interest, the publication adopted a more prudent and critical attitude. This stance became more radically pronounced in the 1920s, when, despite growing attention to the Montessori method in some of the leading Catholic circles, «Pro Infantia» began to voice strong criticism of it. (English)

Language: Italian

ISSN: 1828-4582

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

La Aplicación del Método Montessori en la Educación Infantil Ecuatoriana [The Application of the Montessori Method in Ecuadorian Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Universidad Politécnica Estatal del Carchi (Ecuador)

Publication: Revista SATHIRI: Sembrador, vol. 15, no. 1

Pages: 122-131

Americas, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Ecuador, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Preschool education, South America

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Abstract/Notes: El método de Montessori destaca la didáctica a través de los cinco sentidos, no sólo a través de tres de ellos como se hace tradicionalmente (escuchar, ver o leer), el docente deberá saber con previa evaluación lo que cada niño está listo para realizar. Esta enseñanza es un fascinante proceso de invención, lo que conduce a la plena concentración, la motivación y sobre todo el auto-control. El objetivo de la investigación es impulsar el hábito del auto-estudio y la autodisciplina, es decir que posibilita a que el niño trabaje con autonomía, favoreciendo el propio interés y la investigación que ayudan al niño a concentrarse en su aula; la metodología aplicada se buscó coordinar y alcanzar los objetivos propuestos mediante una investigación bibliográfica y relatos narrativos. La función del orientador fundamental es la del adulto, y en especial el padre, ya que se considera el principal guía del niño, quien es el responsable de mostrarle elmundo en sus primeros pasos. Esta enseñanza es un fascinante proceso de invención, lo que conduce a la plena concentración, la motivación y sobre todo el auto-control, los niños logran asimilar: una investigación propia e independiente, planificar, organizar, compilar información; crear: presentaciones, exposiciones y proyectos. [The Montessori method highlights the didactics through the five senses, not only through three of them as is traditionally done (listening, seeing or reading), the teacher must know with prior evaluation what each child is ready to do. This teaching is a fascinating process of invention, which leads to full concentration, motivation and above all self-control. The objective of the research is to promote the habit of self-study and self-discipline, that is, it enables the child to work with autonomy, favoring self-interest and research that help the child to concentrate in her classroom; The applied methodology sought to coordinate and achieve the proposed objectives through bibliographic research and narrative stories. The role of the fundamental guide is that of the adult, and especially the father, since she is considered the child's main guide, who is responsible for showing her the world in her first steps. This teaching is a fascinating process of invention, which leads to full concentration, motivation and above all self-control, children manage to assimilate: their own independent research, planning, organizing, compiling information; create: presentations, exhibitions and projects.]

Language: Spanish

DOI: 10.32645/13906925.935

ISSN: 2631-2905

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Kurangnya Perhatian Orangtua Terhadap Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini Di Desa Tawaang Kecamatan Tenga Kabupaten Minahasa Selatan [Lack of Parental Attention to Early Childhood Education in Tawaang Village, Tenga District, South Minahasa Regency]

Available from: Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Manado (Indonesia)

Publication: Montessori Jurnal Pendidikan Kristen Anak Usia Dini, vol. 1, no. 2

Pages: 70-75

Asia, Australasia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Parent participation, Parent-teacher relationships, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan tentang kurangnya perhatian orang tua terhadap pendidikan anak usia dini di Desa Tawaang kec. Tenga kab. Minahasa Selatan  serta hal-hal apa saja yang menyebabkan orang tua tidak menyekolahkan anaknya di PAUD. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah orangtua yang tidak menyekolahkan anaknya di PAUD dan pengelola PAUD Desa Tawaang. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Dari penelitian ini didapati bahwa  para orangtua tidak menyekolahkan anak mereka di Paud di karenakan beberapa faktor yakni antara lain dikarenakan (1) kurangnya minat, pemahaman serta kepedulian terhadap pendidikan anak usia dini, (2) sosialisasi tentang Program PAUD pada masyarakat masih rendah, serta (3) kurangnya tenaga pendidik dan sarana prasanara di sekolah PAUD Tawaang

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.51667/mjpkaud.v1i2.498

ISSN: 2798-6195

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