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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Toward a Theory of Combination Classes

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Educational Research and Evaluation, vol. 3, no. 4

Pages: 281-304

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Abstract/Notes: This rejoinder replies to Veenman's (1997) critique of our (Mason & Burns, 1997a) literature review conclusion that combination classes lead to at least small negative effects. Veenman argues that his reviews (1995, 1996) lead to a conclusion that combination classes are “simply no worse and simply no better” than single‐grade classes. In our response, we identify and discuss the major disagreements we have with Veenman's findings, assumptions, and explanations. Veenman's conclusion, we explain, is hampered by a narrow reading and interpretation of the literature that appears to focus (a) too heavily on faulting teachers for failing to capitalize on the “potential positive effects” of combination classes, and (b) too lightly on interview research, observational studies, and a theory that would explain how the no‐difference achievement effects occurred.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/1380361970030401

ISSN: 1380-3611, 1744-4187

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

O Método Montessori na educação básica: Uma revisão sistemática da literatura sobre sua influência para o desenvolvimento da criança nos anos iniciais [The Montessori Method in basic education: A systematic review of the literature on its influence on child development in the early years]

Available from: RSD Journal

Publication: Research, Society and Development, vol. 10, no. 5

Pages: Article e48010515300

Literature reviews, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation

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Abstract/Notes: Objetivou-se apresentar reflexões acerca das contribuições do Método de Maria Montessori em um contexto atual, considerando o desenvolvimento da autonomia da criança nos anos iniciais da Educação Básica. Quanto ao método, realizou-se uma pesquisa do tipo revisão bibliográfica levando em conta as contribuições de diversos autores, observando as características da Padagogia de Montessori e suas reflexões metodológicas e didáticas no desenvolvimento da autonomia da criança na educação básica e sua atuação no Brasil, sucedendo com abordagem teórica e metodológica da Pedagogia Tradiconal e da Pedagogia de Waldorf para subsidiar a análise reflexiva do modelo montessoriano. Com os resultados, percebeu-se que a Pedagogia de Montessori se faz presente em 62 unidades educacionais distribuídas em todas as regiões brasileiras, podendo ser compreendida como uma alternativa pedagógica alinhada aos princípios reguladores da BNCC e PCN, e constatou-se a falta de estudos que apontem o desenvolvimento da Pedagogia de Montessori em escolas públicas que prestam serviços à Educação Infantil e Ensino Fundamental. Pode-se concluir que a Pedagogia de Montessori vem contribuindo de forma significativa para a aprendizagem da criança em seu desenvolvimento educacional com autonomia e liberdade, e através das abordagens lúdicas e aplicação do modelo em ciclos por faixa etária estimula a construção do conhecimento e melhor interação no ambiente educacional. [The objective was to present reflections on the contributions of the Maria Montessori Method in a current context, considering the development of the child's autonomy in the early years of Basic Education. As for the method, a bibliographic review research was carried out, taking into account the contributions of several authors, observing the characteristics of Montessori Padagogy and its methodological and didactic reflections on the development of children's autonomy in basic education and its performance in Brazil, succeeding with the theoretical and methodological approach of Traditional Pedagogy and of Waldorf Pedagogy to support the reflective analysis of the Montessori model. With the results, it was noticed that Montessori Pedagogy is present in 62 educational units distributed in all Brazilian regions, which can be understood as a pedagogical alternative aligned with the regulatory principles of BNCC and PCN, and there was a lack of studies that point to the development of Montessori Pedagogy in public schools that provide services to Early Childhood Education and Elementary Education. It can be concluded that Montessori Pedagogy has been making a significant contribution to the learning of children in their educational development with autonomy and freedom, and through playful approaches and application of the model in cycles by age group, stimulates the construction of knowledge and better interaction in the educational environment.]

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i5.15300

ISSN: 2525-3409

Article

Peace, Resilience, and Inclusivity [Book Review]

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 33, no. 4

Pages: 48-49

Book reviews, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Mira Debs reviews: "The Best Weapon for Peace: Maria Montessori, Education, and Children's Rights" (Erica Moretti, 2021); and "Montessori in Action: Building Resilient Montessori Schools" (Elizabeth G. Slade, 2021). Heather Gerker reviews: "The Inclusive Classroom: Creating a Cherished Experience Through Montessori" (Ginger Kelley McKenzie, Victoria S. Zascavage, Vanessa M. Rigaud, Crystal Dahlmeier, and My Le N. Vo, 2021).

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Preconstructing Suspicion and Recasting Masculinity in Preschool Settings

Available from: Hipatia Press

Publication: Qualitative Research in Education, vol. 3, no. 3

Pages: 320-344

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Abstract/Notes: Although there is literature explaining how female ethnographers negotiate male-dominated research settings, there is a lack of literature explaining how male ethnographers negotiate female-dominated settings. It is, more or less, taken for granted the research settings males choose will be suitable for them. The field of early childhood education, and preschools in particular, would benefit from a basic explanation of male fieldworker practices and why they are necessary for men in early childhood education settings. Drawing on personal experiences from two years of ethnographic research, I turn to a Montessori preschool in the Midwestern United States to address the complexities of being a male fieldworker in a female-dominated setting. I first explicate some dimensions of preconstructing suspicion of males in ECE. I then develop a gender recasting strategy with the goal of recasting masculinity. Recasting masculinity is a reflexive self-presentation strategy using personal characteristics as resources to build trust and rapport with research participants.

Language: English

DOI: 10.4471/qre.2014.50

ISSN: 2014-6418

Master's Thesis

Glasba in gibanje: razvoj ritmičnih sposobnosti predšolskih otrok v vrtcih montessori [Music and Movement: The Development of Rhythmical Abilities of Children from Montessori Preschool]

Available from: Digital Library of the University of Maribor (DKUM)

Child development, Europe, Eurythmics, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Music - Instruction and study, Rhythm, Slovenia, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: V magistrski nalogi smo obravnavali področje razvoja glasbenih sposobnosti s poudarkom na ritmičnih sposobnostih v povezavi z glasbenimi dejavnostmi in izhodiščem pedagoškega koncepta montessori. Želeli smo proučiti učinek glasbeno-gibalnih dejavnosti po konceptu pedagogike montessori na razvoj glasbenih sposobnosti predšolskih otrok iz vrtca montessori. Na podlagi relevantne literature s področja gibanja ob glasbi po konceptu pedagogike montessori smo oblikovali dva eksperimentalna programa. Zanimalo nas je, kakšen bo učinek teh programov in ali bodo otroci teh dveh eksperimentalnih skupin bolje razvili ritmične sposobnosti kot kontrolna skupina ter kakšne bodo razlike med napredki skupin. Uporabili smo neslučajnostni namenski vzorec 59 predšolskih otrok druge starostne skupine iz treh enot vrtca montessori iz osrednjeslovenske regije ter za potrebe raziskave prilagodili tri teste ritmičnih sposobnosti, ki smo jih povzeli po že oblikovanih testih. Najprej smo s testiranjem razvitosti ritmičnih sposobnosti v začetnem stanju ugotovili, da med skupinami ni statistično pomembnih razlik, nato sta obe eksperimentalni skupini tri mesece po trikrat tedensko izvajali eksperimentalna programa. Po koncu eksperimenta smo ponovili testiranje in zaznali statistično pomembne razlike med skupinami v razvitosti ritmičnih sposobnosti. Izvajanje obeh eksperimentalnih programov je imelo pozitiven učinek na razvoj ritmičnih sposobnosti predšolskih otroknajvečji učinek smo opazili pri eksperimentalni skupini 1, pri kontrolni skupini pa učinka neaktivnosti nismo zaznali. [In the master thesis the development of musical abilities with emphasis on rhythmical abilities in connection with musical activities based on the Montessori pedagogy was discussed. The study focused on the effect of music-movement activities that are based on the concept of the Montessori educational method on the development of musical abilities of children from the Montessori preschool. In accordance with the relevant literature from the field of musical movement based on the concept of Montessori pedagogy two experimental programs were developed. The interest of the thesis lies in the effect of these programs, if the children of the two experimental groups would develop better rhythmical abilities than the control group and what the difference in development between the groups would be. A non-probability sample, in which 59 second-age-group preschool children from three Montessori preschool units from Central Slovenia were selected, was used. For the purposes of the study, three rhythmical- ability tests, which had been adapted from previously created tests, were adjusted. An initial test of rhythmical abilities established that there are no major statistical differences between the two groups. Following this, the two experimental groups carried out the workshops of the experimental program, three times per week for a period of three months. After ending the experiment, the testing was repeated and crucial statistical differences in the development of rhythmical abilities were noted between the two groups. The implementation of both experimental programs had a positive effect on the development of rhythmical abilities of preschool children. The biggest effect was noticed in the experimental group 1, while an effect of nonactivity was not detected in the control group.]

Language: Slovenian

Published: Maribor, Slovenia, 2020

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Children’s Stories in the Educational Theories of Ellen Key, Rudolf Steiner, and Maria Montessori

Available from: Università di Bologna

Publication: Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica / Journal of Theories and Research in Education, vol. 11, no. 2

Pages: 47-66

Children’s Literature, Ellen Key - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Rudolf Steiner - Philosophy, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: The article explores the educational value that Ellen Key (1849-1926), Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) and Maria Montessori (1870-1952) attributed to children's stories. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century these three important authors contributed to the renewal of the educational theories and practices. They dedicated a part of their pedagogical reflections to the educational meanings of children's stories; consider, e.g., the many pages of Ellen Key on children's literature, the recommendations of Rudolf Steiner on the educational relevance of fairy tales and mythology or, finally, Maria Montessori's reflections on fairy tales. The article examines these ideas from a historical and pedagogical point of view.

Language: English

DOI: 10.6092/issn.1970-2221/6374

ISSN: 1970-2221

Article

Montessori Elementary Philosophy Reflects Current Motivation Theories

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 23, no. 1

Pages: 22-33

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori's theories, developed more than 100 years ago, certainly resonate with current psychological research on improving education. Autonomy, interest, competence, and relatedness form the foundation for three contemporary efforts to organize the vast literature on motivation into a parsimonious theory. These four elements also comprise fundamental aspects of Montessori elementary educational practice. By integrating modern motivation theory development with well-established Montessori practice, one could argue that Maria Montessori was a woman before her time. She was passionate in the early 1900s about the importance of students becoming actively engaged in their own learning. Montessori schools around the world today live that vision through practices that are beginning to be recognized as crucial to the formation of internal motivation. (Contains 1 figure.)

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Increasing Intrinsic Motivation and Reading Comprehension in Children

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This action research studied the impact of strategic methods employed to help increase in intrinsic motivation of children to read while increasing comprehension ability. The study occurred in a private Montessori elementary classroom (grades 1-4). Eight students were exposed to a variety of literature genres strategically introduced and displayed and had the ability to choose literature at their leisure, participated in a book club, and completed weekly comprehension examines. Sources of data include dialogue recorded through teacher journaling, comprehension exam data, tally sheet containing data regarding book selections and also student self-evaluations. Following the implementation of the motivational techniques, participants’ demonstrated a significant increase in motivation to read. In addition, the comprehension exam scores increased steadily throughout the course of the study. The motivational techniques have improved the participants’ overall intrinsic motivation to read; therefore I will continue to implement these techniques into my curriculum.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2015

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Relevant Professional Development: Reflective of Adult Learning Styles

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This action research project was instigated to determine the effects of professional development (PD) for practicing Montessori teachers using the Montessori Language materials. The specific targeted materials included: vocabulary cards, sound analysis, sandpaper letters, moveable alphabet, pencil use, and reading. The research took place during a four week period in a large west coast Montessori school that serves children between 18 months and 12 years old. The teachers who participated in the study all worked with children between the ages of 3 – 6 years old. The data was collected using a provider journal (notes taken by the researcher during the PD sessions), questionnaires and weekly teacher logs. The researcher used available PD literature to plan and execute the study, which highlighted the importance of teachers participating in PD that was designed around participant identified content. The literature also provided guidance as to the content methods to incorporate into the PD sessions. At the conclusion of the study, findings revealed that the teachers benefited from support in all the language categories listed. They also became aware of the content delivery methods that best met their individual needs. Future research is needed to determine the content and delivery needs of teachers in different stages of their careers.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2016

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effects of Discussion Groups on Teacher Confidence and Comfort-Level with Anti-Bias Education at a Private Urban Montessori School

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This action research was conducted to examine the effects of peer discussion groups on the comfort and confidence of lower-elementary Montessori teachers in conducting literature based anti-bias lessons. The intervention was conducted in a private, urban, Montessori school, serving students from toddler to middle school. The participants of this study were five first-third grade teachers, including the participant researcher. Data was collected through pre- and postintervention surveys, teacher post-lesson self-assessments, transcription coding of discussion groups, and researcher self-reflection rating scale and journal prompts. Three discussion groups were scheduled two weeks apart, with teachers giving literature-based, anti-bias lessons between the first and second discussion groups and the second and third discussion groups. Data indicated that teachers became more comfortable and confident in their anti-bias teaching practice and that the discussion groups created a space for reflective dialogue. The action plan suggests that this intervention could have a farther reach if it were conducted for a longer period of time, across a wider age range, and in multiple schools.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2020

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