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A New Education for a New Era: The Contribution of the Conferences of the New Education Fellowship to the Disciplinary Field of Education 1921–1938

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, vol. 40, no. 5-6

Pages: 733-755

New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: This article examines the role played by the conferences of the New Education Fellowship (NEF) in the emerging disciplinary field of the sciences of education between the two world wars. As Fuchs points out in an article in the present issue, the field of education at this time was being internationalized, and, being an international movement, the field impacted on by the NEF was international in scope.1 As will be seen, the ideas and practices of the new education were mediated by national cultural differences and thus their impact on the disciplinary field varied from nation to nation.2 In addition, the development of the field in terms of journals, conferences and its institutionalization within nations was uneven, which presents further difficulties when trying to evaluate the impact of the NEF's conferences. Much of the following discussion focuses on their impact on the disciplinary field in England though, as will be seen, not exclusively so. One of the distinguishing features of the NEF other than its international scope was that it was a movement that connected lay enthusiasts for the educational reforms associated with the new education with major figures in the developing disciplines of psychology and education, such as Carl Gustav Jung, Jean Piaget and John Dewey. The relation between these lay and professional constituencies is examined and conclusions drawn regarding the professionalizing process in the field and the impact of the conferences on educational research and its institutionalization.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/0030923042000293742

ISSN: 0030-9230, 1477-674X


Prospects of Morality-Based Education in the 21st Century

Available from: University of Management and Technology (Pakistan)

Publication: Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization, vol. 11, no. 1

Pages: 1-21

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Abstract/Notes: This article proposes to re-focus education towards morality and universal values, which have always been the traditional aim of education. This paper is designed using a qualitative research method applying content analysis to textual and video materials from a historical and contemporary perspectives. The paper demonstrates morality problems of the current mainstream education systems and how alternative systems are better equipped to inculcate values. It is observed that trans-disciplinary, problem-based and religious education helps build stronger ethical foundation in students regardless of their geographical location or income levels. The article proposes for schools and universities to include community engagement programmes in their curricula, support religious communities through special programmes, and promote values education at all levels not through academic subjects but through studies, research and development of real-life application of ethics at local and international levels. The paper adds value to existing research on ethics and values-based education and calls for further research in the field of education. It is also relevant to policy makers and researchers in public policy disciplines.morality-based education, trans-disciplinary approach, holistic education, universal values, ethics, alternative education

Language: English

DOI: 10.32350/jitc.111.01

ISSN: 2520-0313


Influencia del método Montessori en el aprendizaje de la matemática escolar / Influence of the Montessori Method on Learning School Mathematics

Available from: Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia

Publication: Revista de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación, vol. 11, no. 3

Pages: 555-568

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Actualmente, el aprendizaje de la matemática escolar se ha constituido en un problema latente, generado por diversos factores, entre ellos, los métodos usados por el profesor. El objetivo de la investigación consistió en establecer la influencia que tiene el método Montessori en el fortalecimiento del pensamiento lógico-matemático en los infantes de grado tercero, en una Institución educativa colombiana. La metodología fue cuantitativa, con diseño cuasi-experimental; la información fue recogida en un diario de campo por observación directa y una prueba de entrada-salida; los datos se procesaron con el software SPSS y las hipótesis se comprobaron con la prueba de Wilcoxon. Los resultados mostraron que el método Montessori plasmado en una secuencia didáctica, influyó de manera significativa en el aprendizaje estudiantil asociado a las operaciones de adición y multiplicación con números naturales. Se concluye que este método promueve el aprendizaje significativo de los escolares, basado en experiencias y descubrimientos. / Currently, the learning of school mathematics has become a latent problem, generated by various factors, including the methods used by the teacher. The objective of the research was to establish the influence of the Montessori method in strengthening logical-mathematical thinking in third grade infants, in a Colombian educational institution. The methodology was quantitative, with a quasi-experimental design; the infor-mation was collected in a field diary by direct observation and an entry-exit test; the data were processed with the SPSS software and the hypotheses were verified with the Wilcoxon test. The results showed that the Montessori method, embodied in a didactic sequence, significantly influenced student learning associated with the operations of addition and multiplication with natural numbers. It is concluded that this method promotes meaningful learning in schoolchildren, based on experiences and discoveries.

Language: English

DOI: 10.19053/20278306.v11.n3.2021.13354

ISSN: 2027-8306, 2389-9417


The Effect of Using Montessori Method on Developing Kindergartener's Speaking and Reading skills

Available from: The Egyptian Knowledge Bank

Publication: مجلة التربية في القرن 21 للدراسات التربوية والنفسية [Journal of Education in the 21st Century for Educational and Psychological Studies], vol. 1, no. 10

Pages: 1-23 (Article 3)

Africa, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Egypt, Language development, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North Africa, Reading - Academic achievement

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Abstract/Notes: play and have fun, the learning and teaching processes should be suited totheir nature. There is a number of known interesting learning activitieswhich are based on the arts, games and other oral activities. Thus Englishshould be taught as a means of communication and researchers should dotheir best to help EFL learners to develop their reading and speaking skills.Ur (2000: 12) declared that "out of all the four skills ,listening,speaking, reading and writing, speaking seems the most important, peoplewho speak a language are known as speakers of the language, as if speakingincluded all other kinds of knowing a target language" Today, many secondlanguage learners give the speaking skill priority in their learning because ifthey master this skill then they will be considered as if they have masteredall of the other skills.The importance of speaking is best shown with the integration of theother language skills. For instance, speaking can help students develop theirvocabulary and grammar and improve their writing skill. Ability to read isthe primary fundamental skill required for children to achieve academicsuccess. Currently, the expectation is that all children should begin readingearly and be able to read on grade level by third grade (U.S. Department ofEducation, 2002)Another way that speaking and reading are connected is throughdecoding .decoding is the process of pulling apart the sounds that each(1)letter makes, and then putting them back together to make a word.it is mucheasier for a child to sound out a word on the page that they have alreadyheard in conversation, than a completely new word. There less informationto process since the meaning and the pronunciation of the word are alreadyknown. A child who has heard more words spoken is at an advantage whenlearning to read, the skill of reading is special and often difficult to acquire.the fact that anyone learns how to read is something of a miracle. Learningto read is different from learning to speak; in the development of humanhistory, speaking precedes reading by thousands of yearsItalian educator and physician Maria Montessori developed aninnovative teaching methodology for children that left an indelible mark oneducation curricula throughout the world. Montessori education is a sensorybasedpedagogy that is based on the belief that children learn at their ownpace through manipulation of objects (Lopata, Wallace, & Finn,2005).According to Montessori, (Montessori, 1967, p.14). the goal ofeducation is “to be able to find activities that are so intrinsically meaningfulthat we want to throw ourselves into them” (Crain : 2004) confirmed thisassertion by noting that “when children find tasks that enable them todevelop their naturally emerging capacities, they become interested in themand concentrate deeply on them.In general, there is a need for more research regarding successfuleducational methods and pedagogy for this disenfranchised populationbecause the existing research does not adequately provide educationalplanners with the resources or information to develop effective programs(Williams:2001) examined the impact of the Montessori Method on(2)refugee children‟s social, cognitive and motor development using adifference-in-difference approach .The Montessori method of teachingaimed the fullest possible development of the whole child, ultimatelypreparing him for life‘s many rich experiences. Complemented by hertraining in medicine, psychology and anthropology, Dr .Maria Montessori(1870-1952) developed her philosophy of education based upon actualobservation of children.Students are assigned their own personal workstations designed witheducational items that correspond to the daily lesson plans and activities.Students are responsible for setting up the work area, choosing the learningactivity, applying the physical materials, and returning the materials back tothe shelves (Pickering: 2004).Children are always free to move around theroom and are not given deadlines for the various learning tasks. Desks arearranged into open networks that encourage meaningful group discourse, aswell as independent learning.Students work together with the teachers to organize time strategicallyin order to complete the necessary learning tasks of the day. The amount ofteachers in the classroom varies based on class size, but usually two teachersare used for sections with thirty or more students, In most settings, childrenare grouped in mixed ages and abilities based on three to six-year incrementssuch as 0-3, 3-6, 6-12, 12-15 and 15-18 (other Montessori schools use onlythree year increment settings). Ages are mixed so that older students canassist and mentor the younger children in the group. Students are groupedaccording to common interests and experiences rather than the ability andskill level (Pickering: 2004).According to Montessori, from birth to age three the child learnsprimarily through the “unconscious absorbent mind.” During education in(3)the first three years, Montessori believed that it was necessary for theparents to develop in the role of unobtrusive educator; there to protect andguide without infringing on the child‟s right to self-discovery (Crain: 2004).This early developmental model enabled children to learn their own skillsat their own place. During the ages of three to six the child begins to utilizethe “conscious absorbent mind” which prompts students to participate increative problem-solving consisting of wooden and metal objects of varioussizes and shapes, personally designed by Montessori. If a problem becomestoo difficult or overwhelming for the student, the teacher delays the projectfor a future day. Children also engage in practical work consisting ofhousehold tasks and personal maintenance.

Language: Arabic

DOI: 10.21608/jsep.2020.84322

ISSN: 2682-1931

Bachelor's Thesis

Alternativní školství v České republice - metoda Marie Montessori v předškolním věku / Alternative eduction in the Czech republic - Marie Montessori method in pre-school age

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Bakalářská práce se zaměřuje na téma Alternativní školství v České republice - metoda Marie Montessori v předškolním věku. Teoretická část popisuje základní informace o alternativním školství, typické znaky a odlišnosti alternativního školství, charakteristiku předškolního dítěte, život Marie Montessori, její činnost a dílo. Dále základní principy a pojmy této metody, specifické pomůcky a materiál využívaný touto metodou, vývoj Montessori pedagogiky a role vychovatele v této praxi. Praktická část podává výsledky dotazníkového šetření, které bylo zaměřeno na informovanost veřejnosti o alternativním školství a jeho metodách. Praktickou část tvoří dotazníkové šetření. Cílem bakalářské práce je ukázat další možnosti vzdělávání v předškolním věku a blíže charakterizovat alternativní školství v České republice. / The bachelor thesis focuses on the Alternative Education in the Czech Republic – preschool M. Montessori method. The theoretical part describes basic information about alternative education, typical signs and diversity of alternative education, characteristics of a preschool child, life M. Montessori, activity and work. Other things like the basic principles and concepts of this method, specific tools and material used by this method, the development of Montessori pedagogy and the role of educator in this practice. The practical part provides the results of the questionnaire survey, which focused on informing the public about alternative education and its methods. The practical part consists of a questionnaire survey. The aim of the bachelor thesis is to show other possibilities of education at pre-school age and to further characterize alternative education in the Czech Republic.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2018


Montessori Education at a Distance, Part 2: A Mixed Methods Examination of Montessori Educators’ Response to a Global Pandemic

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 7, no. 1

Pages: 31-50

Americas, COVID-19 Pandemic, Montessori method of education, North America, Remote learning, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This study offers a contextualized understanding of the distance-learning experiences of Montessori educators and students in the spring of 2020 in the wake of the COVID-19 global pandemic. In this article, we build on results reported in a separate article published in this issue of the Journal of Montessori Research. First, we analyzed qualitative data from social media and national virtual gatherings designed to support teachers as they faced the challenges created by the abrupt shift to distance learning. Second, we employed a convergent mixed-methods design to integrate these qualitative findings with the survey results reported in the previous article to provide a richer and more complete perspective on the situation. In our results, we found substantial evidence to support the resilience and durability of the Montessori Method, even in the face of adverse conditions created by a global pandemic. Despite the challenges of adaptation, Montessori educators demonstrated a commitment to the key tenets of Montessori philosophy, such as following the child and employing a holistic perspective on learning and development. While serving the whole child’s growth and development remained front and center, Montessori teachers’ approach to academics looked very different under distance learning. Still, the ongoing attention to children’s social-emotional needs will benefit both teachers and children when they return to the classroom, undoubtedly with lasting effects from pandemic-related isolation and hardship.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v7i1.15123

ISSN: 2378-3923


Umysły przyszłości wyzwaniem dla współczesnej edukacji: Propozycje reformatorskie Marii Montessori i Howarda Gardnera [The minds of the future as a challenge for contemporary education: The reform proposals of Maria Montessori and Howard Gardner]

Available from: University of Gdańsk

Publication: Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce / Elementary Education in Theory and Practice, vol. 10, no. 36/2

Pages: 11-30

Howard Gardner - Biographic sources, Howard Gardner - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Dyskusje wokół wartości pedagogiki Marii Montessori w świetle współczesnych badań psychologicznych koncentrują się często na obszarze poznawczym czy też społecznym w rozwoju dziecka. Poniższy artykuł jest natomiast próbą znalezienia podobieństw w zakresie proponowanego wizerunku młodego człowieka ukształtowanego drogą określonych działań stymulujących w metodzie Montessori a koncepcji umysłu przyszłości Howarda Gardnera. Celem pedagogiki Montessori jest wychowanie człowieka potrafiącego zachować wolność i dyscyplinę wewnętrzną, myślącego niezależnie i krytycznie, odnoszącego się z szacunkiem do siebie i innych, dbającego o ład i harmonię w sobie i wokół siebie. Oddziaływania edukacji w myśl założeń H. Gardnera powinny rozwijać u młodego człowieka sposób funkcjonowania, który zapewni mu produktywne życie w pokojowej wspólnocie ludzi. Umysł człowieka odpowiadającego na potrzeby współczesności zawiera pięć istotnych elementów: myślenie kategoriami określonej dyscypliny wiedzy, zdolność do syntezy, zdolność do rozumienia innych ludzi, kreatywność oraz respektowanie zasad etycznych. Obie propozycje opierają się na interdyscyplinarnym myśleniu twórców, uwzględniającym aspekt antropologiczny, psychologiczny i edukacyjny w refleksji nad rozwojem człowieka. Obie również dotykają takich zagadnień jak dbanie o siebie i otoczenie (ekologia, współodczuwanie), kształcenie narzędzi myślenia w celu osiągnięcia jak największej niezależności w myśleniu, intencjonalne przygotowanie otoczenia promujące troskę o środowisko. W stylistyce opisu propozycji wychowania i edukacji odnaleźć można u obu twórców bogatą metaforykę ułatwiającą odbiorcy recepcję opisywanych idei. Wzywania i potrzeby globalnego świata stawiają kolejne pytania dotyczące optymalnej edukacji. Formułowanie odpowiedzi na te pytania jest procesem dynamicznym, dostarczającym wciąż nowych rozwiązań. [In the light of contemporary psychological research, discussions around the value of Maria Montessori's pedagogy often focus on the cognitive or social area of ​​a child's development. The following article is an attempt to find similarities in the proposed image of a young person shaped by specific stimulating activities in the Montessori method and Howard Gardner's concept of the future mind. The aim of Montessori pedagogy is to educate a person who can maintain freedom and internal discipline, think independently and critically, respect himself and others, care for order and harmony in and around himself. The impact of education, according to the assumptions of H. Gardner, should develop in a young person a way of functioning that will ensure a productive life in a peaceful community of people. The mind of a person responding to the needs of modern times contains five essential elements: thinking in terms of a specific discipline of knowledge, the ability to synthesize, the ability to understand other people, creativity and respect for ethical principles. Both proposals are based on the interdisciplinary thinking of the creators, taking into account the anthropological, psychological and educational aspects in reflection on human development. Both also touch upon issues such as taking care of oneself and the environment (ecology, compassion), shaping the tools of thinking in order to achieve the greatest possible independence in thinking, and intentional preparation of the environment promoting care for the environment. In the style of describing the upbringing and education proposals, both authors can find rich metaphors that make it easier for the recipient to receive the described ideas. The challenges and needs of the global world raise new questions about optimal education. Formulating answers to these questions is a dynamic process that constantly provides new solutions.]

Language: Polish

DOI: 10.14632/eetp_36.1

ISSN: 1896-2327, 2353-7787

Book Section

Der "Weltbund für Erneuerung der Erziehung" und die Montessori-Pädagogik [The "World Association for the Renewal of Education" and Montessori pedagogy]

Book Title: Die Montessori-Pädagogik und das behinderte Kind: Referate und Ergebnisse des 18. Internationalen Montessori Kongresses (München, 4-8 Juli 1977) [Montessori Pedagogy and the Handicapped Child: Papers and Results of the 18th International Montessori Congress (Munich, July 4-8, 1977)]

Pages: 21-24

Conferences, Educational change, International Montessori Congress (18th, Munich, Germany, 4-8 July 1977), Montessori method of education, New Education Fellowship, Weltbund für Erneuerung der Erziehung

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Language: German

Published: München: Kindler, 1978

ISBN: 3-463-00716-9


Psychologisches zur Montessori-Methode: Aus dem Montessori-Heft der Neuen Erziehung [Psychological information on the Montessori method: From the Montessori booklet of the New Education]

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Abstract/Notes: Distributed by the Deutsche Montessori-Gesellschaft with the January 1927 issue of their periodical "Montessori-Nachrichten".

Language: German

Published: Berlin, Germany: Hensel and Co. Verlag, 1927


Clara Grunwald und Maria Montessori die Entwicklung der Montessori-Pädagogik in Berlin

Clara Grunwald - Biographic sources, Clara Grunwald - Philosophy, Europe, Germany, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - History, Montessori movement, Montessori schools, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The study presents the life and work of Clara Grunwald and Maria Montessori, on the special background of the development of the Montessori movement in Berlin from the 1920s until the Nazis came to power in 1933 and their consequences. In this study, the effectiveness of Clara Grunwald for Montessori pedagogy in Germany, explicitly in Berlin during the Weimar Republic, is made clear. Here their intention, their influence and their commitment to the establishment of Montessori pedagogy and the development of the Montessori movement in Berlin are described. In addition, the emerging conflict between Maria Montessori and Clara Grunwald is viewed in several layers, as various factors influenced the development and spread of Montessori pedagogy. The conflict between the two women shows fateful effects on the person and work of Clara Grunwald, as well as on the Montessori movement in Berlin. The seizure of power by the National Socialists in 1933 also had serious effects on the work of Clara Grunwald and on Montessori pedagogy in Germany, which resulted in the decline of Montessori pedagogy. Against this historical background, the development of Montessori pedagogy after the end of the Second World War up to the present is examined and briefly outlined. (This is a published version of the author's thesis/dissertation.)

Language: German

Published: Hamburg, Germany: Diplomica Verlag, 2008

ISBN: 978-3-8366-6522-3 3-8366-6522-0

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