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Book Section

Montessori and the Reformation of the American Educational System for the 21st Century

Book Title: Education for the 21st Century [AMI International Study Conference Proceedings, presented by AMI/USA, July 30 to August 4, 1988, Washington, D.C.]

Pages: 80-84

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Language: English

Published: [Rochester, New York]: Association Montessori International of the United States, 1989

Article

Early Crusade Planted Seeds for NHC Infant-and-Toddler Teacher Education Initiative [North Harris College, North Houston, Texas]

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 16, no. 1

Pages: 36-37

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Early Childhood Education: Issues and Challenges – An Institutional Perspective

Available from: Research Review

Publication: Research Review: International Journal of Multidisciplinary, vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 28-33

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Abstract/Notes: Early childhood education also known as preschool or pre-primary education is provided in settings such as Nursery schools, Kindergarten, Anganwadis, Montessori schools, etc.  Some are located in the private sector while the Government sponsors some. Pre-primary education is critical for establishing a child's social, emotional, and overall well-being. Typically designed for 3 to 5-year-old children there are varying standards. It is on this foundation that the child's future learning and adaptability are built that it deserves serious attention. The importance of pre-primary education is recognized worldwide nevertheless universal coverage has not been achieved. According to the UNICEF Global Report on Early Childhood Education, which has come recently, world over there were at least 175 million children aged 3 to 6 years old who were not enrolled in school. The early years of a child's life build the basis for lifelong growth, and children who fall behind in these early years often never catch up with their peers, leaving them more likely to drop out of school and fail to reach their full potential. This points to the significance of probing into its causes and reflecting on solutions to overcome them. Going into the causes we find certain factors perpetuating this. Such are Economic backwardness, social backwardness, Institutional backwardness, and Administrative Deficiencies. The former two are pitfalls of a weak institutional system while the latter two reflect an institutional breakdown. Yet there are interlinkages between the two. Economic backwardness arises from the great divide between the rich and the poor and consequent power dynamics leading to increased marginalization of the poor. They lose the capability to encash opportunities for fair standards of living, education, adequate nutrition, appropriate housing, and healthy surroundings. Linked to it is the social backwardness where the morbidity becomes concentrated in the poor. Inadequacy of infrastructure and paucity of teaching-learning methods carefully tailor-made to needs, skilled manpower, motivators, and losing focus are major institutional factors. The state vested with the responsibility to intervene in high-priority areas lagging in progress or developmental needs through special programs and projects time to time suffer pitfalls pointing to administrative deficiencies as systemic factors. This paper attempts to bring out the issues and concerns of pre-primary education from an institutional perspective.

Language: English

DOI: 10.31305/rrijm.2024.v09.n01.004

ISSN: 2455-3085

Book

The Methods and the Materials of Education

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: English

Published: [S.I.]: Foundation for classical reprints, 1990

Article

A Comparative Study of the Educational Philosophy of Comenius and Montessori -with Special Reference to Sensory Education / 코메니우스와 몬테소리의 교육 사상 비교 -감각교육을 중심으로-

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 17, no. 2

Pages: 55-74

Asia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Montessori method of education, South Korea

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Abstract/Notes: Having been influenced by one's own environment, man lives and learns necessary things to survive. In particular, the knowledge of man can be accumulated by experience. The experience can be obtained by sensory education. Comenius recognised the importance of sense organ and became the first person to use audio-visual education in the time that theory and speech orientated education was common. And, Montessori has made sensory education popular by developing instruments of education for sensory education. The common ground of both is that education has been done by recognising the importance of obtaining knowledge through sensory education. In addition, obtaining knowledge can be done by restoring the nature of humanity, self-esteem and dignity. They have suggested scientific tools for education by making children obtain knowledge and experience through observing nature and objects. The difference is that while Comenius has been focused only on visual education based on epistemological experience, revealing its limitation, Montessori has developed various sensory tools and organised programme. It is noticed that new paradigms of learner oriented education are important It is challenged that recovering creativeness by respecting self-regulation is very much needed. The diversity of sensory education is sought to meet the felt need of education field. / 사람은 살아가는 환경의 영향을 받으며 거기서 생존에 필요한 것들을 습득한다. 특히, 인간의 지식은 경험에 의해 축적되며, 이러한 경험은 감각교육을 통해 이루어진다. 코메니우스는 감각기관의 중요성율 인식하고 최초로 시청각교육의 실천을 통해 당시의 이론과 언어 중심의 교육에 새로운 전기를 마련하였다. 또한, 몬테소리는 감각교육을 위한 교구개발과 체계적 교육 프로그램 개발을 통한 감각교육의 활성화를 이루었다. 이들의 공통점은 감각기관을 통한 지식습득의 중요성을 인식하고, 지식습득은 인간의 창조적 본성의 회복, 자존감과 존엄성 및 자율성을 중시한 감각교육 실천을 통해서 이루어진다고 주장한 정이다. 즉, 인위적인 교육 방법을 배제하고 자연과 사물에 대한 관찰과 교류를 통해 지식과 경험을 습득하게 하는 것이며, 교육실천올 위한 과학적 교육방법을 제시하였다는 점이다. 차이점은 코메니우스는 감각교육올 시각화 하는데 머무름으로 감각교육의 한계점을 드러내었다는 것과 여전히 인식론적인 경험에 근거를 두었다는 점이다. 반면 몬테소리는 감각기관의 경험율 위해 다양한 감각교구 개발과 체계적인 프로그램을 제시하였다는 점이다. 본 연구를 통해 학습자 중심의 교육개혁의 중요성을 인식하고, 자율성올 존중함으로서 창조적 능력을 희복혜야 할 필요성올 촉구 하며, 교육 현장의 욕구 충족을 위해 감각교육의 다변화를 모색한다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Article

Montessori: Education for the 21st Century

Publication: Montessori Australia eArticle, vol. 2014, no. 2

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Language: English

Article

Parent Education in Montessori Schools

Publication: Point of Interest, vol. 2, no. 5

Pages: 1–4

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Language: English

Article

Chautauqua Institution: A System of Popular Education; Department of Instruction: Official Program

Available from: Chatauqua Institution

Publication: The Chautauquan Daily (Chautauqua, New York)

Pages: 1

Americas, Anne E. George - Biographic sources, Anne E. George - Speeches, addresses, etc., Chautauqua Institution, Chautauquas, Education - Study and teaching, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: "11:00 am LECTURE: 'Principles Underlying the Montessori Method,' Miss Anne E. George. Hall."

Language: English

Book

Spontaneous Activity in Education

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: English

Published: Cambridge, Massachusetts: Bentley, 1971

Edition: New edition

ISBN: 091601101X

Doctoral Dissertation

Conditions Associated with the Rise and Decline of the Montessori Method of Kindergarten-Nursery Education in the United States from 1911-1921

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Language: English

Published: Carbondale, Illinois, 1966

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