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Article

Investigating the effect of Montessori education on the creative thinking of working children in Tehran / تأثیر آموزش به روش مونته‌سوری بر تفکر خلاق کودکان کار شهر تهران

Available from: www.esbam.ir

Publication: The Quarterly Journal of Approach to Philosophy in Schools and Organizations / ف همانلصرودرکی ف هفسلد رم و سرادس نامزاها, vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 13-27

Asia, Creative ability in children, Creative thinking in children, Iran, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Montessori education on the creative thinking of working children in Tehran. Method: This research is in the category of quasi-experimental intervention researches, pre-test, post-test with control group. The statistical population of this research was made up of working children in one of the charity centers supporting children in the 12th district of Tehran in 1402. The statistical sample includes 40 working children who were selected based on the available random method from the statistical population and were divided into 2 experimental and control groups of 20 people. The data collection tool in this research was Torrance Visual Creativity Test Form "B" and the Montessori educational program was used to teach children. In order to analyze the data, the covariance analysis method was used. Findings: The findings showed that Montessori education had an effect on the scales of fluidity (p≤0.01), flexibility (p≤0.01) and expansion (p≤0.01), but the effectiveness of the intervention was not observed. In order to analyze the data, the covariance analysis method was used. Conclusion: In order to increase the creativity of working children in Tehran, instead of using lecture methods and theoretical discussions, they should rely more on working with necessary and sufficient tools, facilities and equipment and provide the necessary opportunities for children to use them. / هدف: هدف این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر آموزش به روش مونته‌سوری بر تفکر خلاق کودکان کار شهر تهران بود. روش کار: این پژوهش در طبقه پژوهش‌های مداخله‌ای شبه‌آزمایشی و از نوع پیش آزمون، پس آزمون با گروه کنترل قرار دارد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کودکان کار در یکی از مراکز نیکوکاری حامی کودکان در منطقه 12 شهر تهران در سال 1402 تشکیل دادند. نمونه آماری شامل 40 کودک کار است که بر اساس روش تصادفی در دسترس از جامعه آماری انتخاب شده و به 2 گروه آزمایش و کنترل 20 نفری تقسیم شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها در این پژوهش آزمون سنجش خلاقیت تورنس تصویری فرم"ب" بود و جهت آموزش کودکان از برنامه آموزشی مونته سوری استفاده شده است. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از روش تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد. نتایج: یافته‌ها نشان داد آموزش به روش مونته‌سوری بر مقیاس‌های سیالی (p≤0/01)، انعطاف‌پذیری (p≤0/01) و بسط (p≤0/01) تأثیر داشته اما بر مولفه ابتکار اثربخشی مداخله مشاهده نشد. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از روش تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد. نتیجه ­گیری: جهت افزایش خلاقیت کودکان کار شهر تهران به جای به کارگیری روش‌های سخنرانی و بحث‌های نظری، بیشتر متکی بر کارکردن با ابزارها، امکانات و وسایل لازم و کافی شوند و نیز فرصت‌های لازم را برای استفاده از آن‌ها را برای کودکان فراهم نمایند.

Language: Persian

DOI: 10.22034/esbam.2023.401731.1025

ISSN: 2980-891X

Article

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Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Logis Anak Usia Dini melalui Permainan Montessori [Analysis of Early Childhood Logical Thinking Ability through Montessori Games]

Available from: Jurnal Obsesi

Publication: Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Journal of Obsession: Journal of Early Childhood Education], vol. 6, no. 5

Pages: 5079-5090

Asia, Australasia, Critical thinking in children, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian kualitatif deskriptif ini memiliki tujuan untuk menganalisis kemampuan berpikir logis AUD melalui permainan Montessori ditinjau dari gender, yang melibatkan 16 siswa TK dari 8 sekolah yang ada di Kabupaten Aceh Tengah. Data dalam penelitian ini diperoleh melalui tes, observasi dan wawancara. Analisis data dilakukan dengan cara transkrip data, reduksi data, validasi atau triangulasi data, penyajian data dan penarikan kesimpulan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa kemampuan berpikir logis dan simbolik siswa berada pada level Berkembang Sesuai Harapan. Pada indikator mengenal perbedaan berdasarkan ukuran “lebih dari”, “kurang dari” dan “paling/ter”, siswa laki-laki berada pada level Berkembang Sangat Baik dan siswa perempuan pada level Berkembang Sesuai Harapan. Pada indikator mengklasifikasikan benda berdasarkan warna, bentuk dan ukuran (3 variasi), siswa laki-laki berada pada level Berkembang Sesuai Harapan dan siswa perempuan pada level Mulai Berkembang. Pada indikator mengurutkan benda berdasarkan ukuran dari paling kecil ke paling besar atau sebaliknya, serta mengenal pola ABCD-ABCD, baik siswa laki-laki maupun siswa perempuan berada pada level Berkembang Sesuai Harapan dan Mulai Berkembang. [This descriptive qualitative study aims to analyze the logical thinking ability of early childhood through Montessori games in terms of gender, which involved 16 kindergarten students from 8 schools in Central Aceh Regency. The data in this study were obtained through tests, observations and interviews. Data analysis was carried out by means of data transcription, data reduction, data validation or triangulation, data presentation and drawing conclusions. Based on the results of the study, it is known that students' logical and symbolic thinking skills are at the level of Developing According to Expectations. In the indicator of recognizing differences based on the size of "more than", "less than" and "most/ter", male students are at the Very Good Developing level and female students are at the Expected Developing level. In the indicator of classifying objects based on color, shape and size (3 variations), male students are at the Developing As Expected level and female students are at the Beginning to Develop level. In the indicator of sorting objects by size from the smallest to the largest or vice versa, as well as recognizing the ABCD-ABCD pattern, both male and female students are at the level of Developing According to Expectations and Starting to Develop.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.31004/obsesi.v6i5.1894

ISSN: 2549-8959

Article

Rethinking Our Practice

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 35, no. 3

Pages: 5

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Abstract/Notes: On page 22, Paul Epstein ("Work Needs Play") argues that both work and play are essential elements, especially in light of the social isolation that children experienced during the pandemic. On page 34, Tori Virlee, Erin Hardin, and Chelsea McKinlay ("A Journey into the Science of Reading") present challenges that children at the Early Childhood level face when it comes to developing reading skills and offer reasoning for these challenges as well as some techniques to augment what the Montessori Language materials provide. The Montessori Movement was created to serve social justice, but it also evolved in a climate of colonialist and oppressive policies and practices, some ofwhich persist today.

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

The Nature of Ecological Thinking in Montessori's Cosmic Education / Montessori 우주교육에서 생태적 사고의 성격

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 13

Pages: 105-123

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Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Article

The Dump Truck Story: What Happens When We Normalize 'Disaster' Thinking and Accept the Mess

Available from: ISSUU

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 28, no. 3

Pages: 15

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Teaching in a Public Montessori School: Contexts, Quandaries, and Thinking Schemes [In einer öffentlichen Montessori-Schule unterrichten: Kontexte, Zwickmühlen und Denkschemata / Enseñanza en una escuela pública de Montessori: contextos, dilemas y esquemas de pensamiento / Enseigner dans une école privée Montessori: Contextes, dilemmes et modes de pensée / Ensinar numa escola pública Montessori: contextos, dilemas e esquemas de pensamento]

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Person-Centered and Experiential Psychotherapies, vol. 15, no. 1

Pages: 37-54

Americas, Montessori schools, North America, Public Montessori, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: As one of many contemporary educational reform strategies, the charter school movement has expanded opportunities for educators, children and parents to pursue environments that suit their personal values and predispositions. This project invited teachers to share their experiences working in a unique charter school environment. It examined how teachers described and conceptualized their experiences as professional educators in a public Montessori charter school. Two research questions guided the work as a whole: (1) How do teachers working in this unique charter school environment describe their ideals and perceptions of professional practice? And, (2) what do teachers have to say about this unique charter school environment and their experience working in it? The study employed multiple interviews with seven experienced educators. Using a modified interpretative phenomenological analysis approach, the researchers inductively analyzed teachers’ narratives. After inductive analysis, the teachers’ responses were considered in light of qualities reported to be associated with effective person-centered practice (therapy and teaching). These qualities included practitioner afforded conditions and teachers’ strategies for coping with a wide range of intra-personal, personal and organizational/contextual challenges. [Als eine von vielen heutigen Reformstrategien in der Erziehung bietet die Bewegung privater Schulen mit öffentlichem Auftrag erweiterte Möglichkeiten für Erziehende, Kinder und Eltern, um eine Umgebung bereitzustellen, die ihren persönlichen Werten und Prädispositionen entgegenkommt. Dieses Projekt bot Lehrern die Gelegenheit, ihre Erfahrungen darüber mitzuteilen, im einzigartigen Umfeld einer Privatschule mit öffentlichem Auftrag zu arbeiten. Es untersuchte, wie Lehrer ihre Erfahrungen als professionelle Erziehende in einer privaten Montessori-Schule mit öffentlichem Auftrag beschrieben und konzeptualisierten. Zwei Forschungsfragen dienten dabei als Leitfaden: 1. Wie beschreiben Lehrer, die in dieser einzigartigen Privatschul-Umgebung mit öffentlichem Auftrag arbeiten, ihre Ideale und die Wahrnehmungen zur Berufspraxis? Und 2. Was haben die Lehrer über diese einzigartige Privatschul-Umgebung mit öffentlichem Auftrag zu sagen und wie erleben sie es, darin zu arbeiten? Die Studie verwendete verschiedene Interviews mit sieben erfahrenen Erziehenden. Eine modifizierte interpretative phänomenologische Analyse diente als Ansatz, womit die Forschenden die Narrative der Lehrpersonen induktiv analysierten. Nach der induktiven Analyse wurden die Antworten der Lehrpersonen im Licht von Qualitäten betrachtet, die man mit effektiver personzentrierter Praxis (Therapie und Unterricht) in Verbindung bringt. Diese Qualitäten schlossen Bedingungen ein, die Praktiker anboten sowie Unterrichtsstrategien, um mit einem weiten Spektrum an intra-personalen, persönlichen und organisatorischen/kontextuellen Herausforderungen zurechtzukommen. / Como una de las muchas estrategias de reforma educativa contemporánea, el movimiento de la escuela charter ha ampliado oportunidades para educadores, niños y padres para buscar entornos que se adapten a sus valores personales y predisposiciones. Este proyecto invita a profesores a compartir sus experiencias de trabajo en un ambiente de escuela única chárter. Examina cómo los profesores describen y conceptualizan sus experiencias como profesionales de la educación en una escuela Montessori pública. Dos preguntas de investigación guiaron el trabajo en su conjunto: (1) ¿Cómo los profesores que trabajan en este entorno de escuela única charter describen a sus ideales y percepciones de la práctica profesional? Y, (2) ¿Qué tienen que decir los profesores acerca de este entorno único de escuela charter y su experiencia de trabajo en ella? El estudio empleó múltiples entrevistas con siete educadores experimentados. Utilizando un enfoque de análisis fenomenológico interpretativo modificado, los investigadores analizaron inductivamente las narrativas de los docentes. Después del análisis inductivo, se consideraron las respuestas de los profesores a la luz de las cualidades que mencionaron para ser asociadas a una práctica centrada en la persona (de terapia y enseñanza). Estas cualidades incluyen un profesional que brinda las condiciones y estrategias docentes para hacer frente a una amplia gama de desafios intrapersonales, personales, organizacionales y contextuales. / Parmi les nombreuses stratégies de réforme éducative, le mouvement de l’école à charte a accru les possibilités dont disposent les éducateurs, les enfants et les enseignants pour développer des cadres qui répondent à leurs valeurs personnelles et à leurs attentes. Ce projet a invité les enseignants à partager leurs expériences tout en travaillant dans le cadre d’une école à charte. Il a examiné comment les enseignants ont décrit et conceptualisé leurs expériences en tant qu’éducateurs professionnels dans une école privée à charte Montessori. L’ensemble du travail a été conduit sur base de deux questions de recherche: (1) Comment les enseignants travaillant dans le cadre de cette école à charte décrivent-ils les idéaux et la perception qu’ils se font de leur pratique professionnelle ? Et, (2) ces enseignants, qu’ont-ils à dire quant au cadre de cette école et quant à leur expérience de travail dans un tel environnement ? L’étude a eu recours à de multiples interviews auprès de sept éducateurs expérimentés. Utilisant une approche d’analyse interprétative phénoménologique modifiée, les chercheurs ont analysé de manière inductive les récits des professeurs. Après analyse inductive, les réponses des professeurs ont été examinées à la lumière des qualités considérées comme associées à une réelle pratique centrée sur la personne (thérapie et enseignement). Ces qualités incluaient les conditions nécessaires au praticien et les stratégies des professeurs pour s’adapter à un large éventail de défis intra-personnels, personnels et organisationnels/contextuels. / No contexto das estratégias de reforma da educação contemporâneas, o movimento escolar charter expandiu as oportunidades de educadores, crianças e pais para explorar ambientes que vão ao encontro dos seus valores pessoais e das suas predisposições. Este projeto convidou os professores a partilharem as suas experiêncas de trabalho no ambiente único de uma escola charter. Analisou-se a forma como os professores descreviam e concetualizavam as suas experiências enquanto profissonais de educação numa escola pública Montessori. Duas perguntas de investigação guiaram o estudo, no seu todo: 1 – Como descrevem os professores, que trabalham nesta escola charter particular, os seus ideais e perceções em relação à sua prática profissional? 2- O que têm os professores a dizer em relação a este ambiente particular de escola charter e da sua experiência de trabalho nesse contexto? O estudo recorreu a diversas entrevistas feitas a sete educadores experientes. Os investigadores analisaram as narrativas dos professores por indução, recorrendo a uma abordagem de análise fenomenológica interpretativa modificada. Após a análise indutiva, as respostas dos professores foram interpretadas à luz das qualidades referidas como estando associadas a uma prática centrada na pessoa eficaz (terapêutica e educacional). Essas qualidades incluíam condições atribuídas ao terapeuta e estratégias dos professores para lidarem com uma vasta gama de desafios intra-pessoais, pessoais e organizacionais/contextuais.]

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/14779757.2016.1139500

ISSN: 1477-9757

Article

"Basic Truths" Thinking and Creative Persistence: An Interview with Chris Barton

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 34, no. 4

Pages: 26

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Abstract/Notes: Chris is also a three-time startup founder; a pioneer of mobile partnerships at Google and Dropbox; an adviser to start-up companies; an inventor of 12 patents, including one found within the Google search algorithm; and a former strategy consultant serving many industries. For some reason, I was expecting that someone starting a company would have incredibly relevant experience-that he'd say, "Oh, I've started three other companies before," or "I helped someone start a company." Remember, at that time, mobile phones were just used for phone calls and basic text messages. When we started, my team and I were building something for consumers: the ability to use their mobile phones to identify songs.

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Research Watch: Report on New Thinking Around the Nature/Nurture Debate, Innate Morality, and the Effects of Fantasy.

Publication: Montessori International, vol. Food, no. 112

Pages: 33

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Abstract/Notes: includes references

Language: English

ISSN: 1470-8647

Article

Thinking with the Heart [Holly Berries Montessori, Wimbledon]

Publication: Montessori Education, vol. 7, no. 3

Pages: 38

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Language: English

ISSN: 1354-1498

Article

Book Reviews: Thinking is Child's Play [by] Evelyn Sharp; Schools Without Failure [by] Dr. William Glasser

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: The Constructive Triangle (1965-1973), vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 38-40

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Language: English

ISSN: 0010-700X

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