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Article

Views on Montessori approach by teachers serving at schools applying the Montessori approach [Montessori yaklaşımını uygulayan okullarda çalışan öğretmenlerin Montessori yaklaşımına ilişkin görüşleri]

Available from: Eurasian Journal of Educational Research

Publication: Eurasian Journal of Educational Research [Egitim Arastirmalari], no. 66

Pages: 123-138

Asia, Middle East, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Problem Statement: Further studies on Montessori teachers are required on the grounds that the Montessori approach, which, having been applied throughout the world, holds an important place in the alternative education field. Yet it is novel for Turkey, and there are only a limited number of studies on Montessori teachers in Turkey. Purpose of Study: The aim was to investigate views on the Montessori approach by the teachers who serve at the schools applying the Montessori approach. Methods: Research data was collected by the basic qualitative research, one of the qualitative research methods. Descriptive analysis method was used in analysis of the qualitative data. Nine teachers serving at three different schools in Ankara province applying Montessori approach were interviewed. Findings and Results: Eight main themes were determined upon data analysis; namely, education on Montessori approach, basic qualities required for teachers applying Montessori approach, adequacy of education on Montessori approach, in-service training on the challenges experienced by Montessori teachers, plans of teachers for self-development, following existing studies in Turkey on Montessori approach, views on studies on Montessori approach, and views on the criticisms towards Montessori approach. Conclusions and Recommendations: All teachers confirmed that they internalized the approach upon training in line with Montessori philosophy. They emphasized that they received training covering all the educational fields, yet the implementation dimension was inadequate due to training without the involvement of children. Furthermore, they suggested that all the schools in Turkey were opened by commercial motives, and as such these schools failed to comply with the standards of the institutions providing education on the basis of Montessori approach. They asserted that all criticisms towards Montessori approach would be proved to be groundless upon implementation of the approach. It was seen that experienced supervisors, in-service training, and scientific studies on Montessori approach were required.

Language: English, Turkish

ISSN: 1302-597X, 2528-8911

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Learn About Some Advantages and Disadvantages of Applying Montessori Education in Vietnam

Available from: American Research Journal of Humanities and Social Science

Publication: American Research Journal of Humanities & Social Science, vol. 4, no. 1

Pages: 30-34

Asia, Southeast Asia, Vietnam

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Abstract/Notes: As an influential educator in the twentieth century, Montessori created education method which has been applied in many countries around the world, including Vietnam. Applying the Montessori method has many advantages such as the education promotion policies of the Communist Party of Vietnam and the State, an easy-to-receive mentality as well as the variety and diversity of documents. However, applying Montessori method also faces disadvantages such as the shortage and non-uniformity of facilities and teachers; the suitability and compatibility with local education and scientific assessments on the effects and impacts of this education method in Vietnam.

Language: English

ISSN: 2378-702X

Doctoral Dissertation

Listening to Young Learners: Applying the Montessori Method to English as an Additional Language (EAL) Education

Available from: British Librarty - EthOS

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Abstract/Notes: With the current immigration and migration trends in Europe and worldwide, English as an Additional Language (EAL) education is becoming a prominent area of educational research. The discourse around EAL and social justice education has, until now, largely focused on primary, secondary, and post compulsory aged students. Preschool aged EAL children have been left out of the academic discourse. Pedagogical approaches need to be explored to marry EAL and social justice for preschool children. Maria Montessori’s pedagogical approach may be able to achieve this unity without compromising the language development that is desired. The following study is a piece of action research, applying the Montessori Method to a group of nine EAL children in the Canton of Zürich, Switzerland. The data gathered suggests that applying Montessori’s approach to EAL education, that of listening to the child and being attentive to hisher needs, gives autonomy to the student, and can promote social justice in preschool EAL education. Listening to the child occurs through ‘observation’ (attentiveness to the child), critical reflection of practice, and experimentation in education. In this way each child receives a customized education that has, at its foundation, respect for the child. Using ‘observation,’ field notes, and researcher reflections, it became apparent that young children are able to communicate their educational needs. TESOL outcomes were used to monitor the rate at which English was learned. Each language journey was vastly different, but regardless of the initial outcomes met, all children demonstrated increases in their comprehension and spoken English. It is important to recognize that children must be listened to and should be considered valued members in their education. https://doi.org/10.17635/lancaster/thesis/40

Language: English

Published: Lancashire, England, 2017

Article

Chinese Girl, Protegee of Mrs. Gould, to Teach Montessori in Orient

Available from: California Digital Newspaper Collection

Publication: San Francisco Call and Post (San Francisco, California)

Pages: 4

Ah Ying - Biographic sources, Americas, Asia, China, East Asia, Ella May Clemmons - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: "Through the financial assistance of Mrs. Howard Gould, Ah Ying, a pretty 16 year old Chinese maid, is attending the school of Dr. Maria Montessori at the Exposition, that she may be able to assist in introducing the famous educator's system of child training in China. Ah Ying, the adopted child of Mrs. Wong Sun Yue Clemens of this city, a sister of Mrs. Gould, is the only Oriental in the Montessori school, Mrs. Wong also is studying the Montessori system preparatory leaving here next year to introduce the system in the infant republic."

Language: English

Book Section

A Quartet of American Montessori Directresses

Available from: Springer Link

Book Title: America's Early Montessorians: Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst and Adelia Pyle

Pages: 3-35

Adelia Pyle - Biographic sources, Americas, Anne E. George - Biographic sources, Helen Parkhurst - Biographic sources, Margaret Naumburg - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History, Montessori schools, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: America’s Early Montessorians tells the history of the introduction and implementation of Montessori education in the United States, through the careers of Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst, and Adelia Pyle who Maria Montessori trained as directresses. The chapter provides parallel biographies of George, Pyle, Parkhurst, and Naumburg before their enrollment in Montessori’s training courses. Anne Everett George (1878–1973), the first American trained as a directress, was America’s pioneer Montessori educator. Born in Missouri, George became a private school teacher and taught in Maryland, New York, and Chicago’s Latin School. Adelia McAlpin Pyle (1888–1968) the daughter of a wealthy manufacturer, James Tolman Pyle, was born in New York and educated by private tutors. She was fluent in French, German, Italian, and Spanish. Helen Parkhurst (1886–1973), who was born in Wisconsin, earned her degree in education from the Wisconsin State Normal School in River Falls in 1909. Parkhurst taught in public elementary schools in Wisconsin and Washington and became the Director of Primary Training in Wisconsin’s State Normal School at Stevens Point. Margaret Naumburg (1890–1963), born in New York, received her elementary and secondary education in private schools including the Horace Mann School and the laboratory school at Columbia University’s Teachers College. She was awarded her B.A. degree in June 1912 from Barnard College and did graduate study at the London School of Economics.

Language: English

Published: Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-54835-3

Series: Historical Studies in Education

Book Section

A Study in Personality: Montessori and George, Naumburg, Parkhurst and Pyle

Available from: Springer Link

Book Title: America's Early Montessorians: Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst and Adelia Pyle

Pages: 59-68

Adelia Pyle - Biographic sources, Americas, Anne E. George - Biographic sources, Helen Parkhurst - Biographic sources, Margaret Naumburg - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History, Montessori schools, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This chapter analyzes the personal interactions of the principal characters—George, Naumburg, Parkhurst and Pyle—and an over-powering fifth woman, Maria Montessori. The analysis of the interplay, the personal relationships, and the tensions between these principals, is integrated with the institutional history of educational organizations, schools, and events. George, Naumburg, Parkhurst, and Pyle arrived at the Montessori training courses believing their instructor, the greatest educator in the world, was truly “an educational wonder worker.” A complex multidimensional person, Montessori, determined to control what she had created, expected total loyalty, almost fealty and submission, from her trainees. Montessori’s demanding personality caused tension with her four students that affected the establishment of her method in the United States.

Language: English

Published: Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-54835-3

Series: Historical Studies in Education

Doctoral Dissertation

Φύση και αγωγή στη διαδικασία διαμόρφωσης της προσωπικότητας: εξέταση των ιδεών των Ζ.Ζ. Ρουσσώ, Μ. Μοντεσσόρι, Κ. Ρότζερς και Λ. Βυγκότσκι [Nature and education in the process of personality development: an analysis of the ideas of J.J. Rousseau, M. Montessori, C. Rogers and L. Vygotsky]

Available from: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Carl Rogers - Biographic sources, Carl Rogers - Philosophy, Child development, Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Biographic sources, Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Philosophy, Lev Vygotsky - Biographic sources, Lev Vygotsky - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Maturation (Psychology), Student-centered learning

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Abstract/Notes: Η παρούσα διατριβή επιχειρεί τη διερεύνηση της διαμόρφωσης της προσωπικότητας υπό το πρίσμα της αλληλεπίδρασης μεταξύ των βιολογικών και των κοινωνικών συνιστωσών της ανάπτυξης του παιδιού, όπως την πραγματεύονται οι θεωρίες του Ζαν-Ζακ Ρουσσώ, της Μαρίας Μοντεσσόρι, του Καρλ Ρότζερς και του Λεβ Βυγκότσκι. Δεδομένου ότι η προσωπικότητα αποτελεί το επίκεντρο κάθε παιδαγωγικής θεωρίας συνιστώντας το ιδεώδες στο οποίο αποσκοπεί η αγωγή, εξετάζονται οι δυνατότητες και οι περιορισμοί της αγωγής όσον αφορά τη διαμόρφωση της προσωπικότητας των παιδιών μέσω της συγκριτικής ανάλυσης της πολιτισμικής-ιστορικής θεωρίας του Λ. Βυγκότσκι και της παιδοκεντρικής παράδοσης, όπως εκφράζεται στις θεωρίες του Ζ.Ζ. Ρουσσώ, της Μ. Μοντεσσόρι και οτου Κ. Ρότζερς. Στο πρώτο κεφάλαιο επιχειρείται η εννοιολόγηση του όρου προσωπικότητα όπως αποτυπώνεται στις κυριότερες θεωρίες προσωπικότητας και στα επόμενα κεφάλαια παρουσιάζονται και εξεταζονται κριτικά οι θεωρίες των τεσσάρων προαναφερθέντων στοχαστών. Τέλος, διατυπώνονται ορισμένα μεθοδολογικά συμπεράσματα σχετικά με τη διαλεκτική αλληλεπίδραση μεταξύ φύσης και αγωγής στη διαδικασία διαμόρφωσης της προσωπικότητας και αναδεικνύεται η συμβολή των τεσσάρων θεωριών που εξετάστηκαν στη διαμόρφωση της παιδαγωγικής σκέψης. Επιπλέον, προσεγγίζεται η έννοια της ολόπλευρα ανεπτυγμένης προσωπικότητας ως σκοπού της αγωγής. [The present thesis aims to study personality development in the light of the interaction between biological and social factors of child development as it is discussed in the theories of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Maria Montessori, Carl Rogers and Lev Vygotsky. Given the fact that personality development constitutes the centre of every pedagogical theory, being the ideal to which education aims, the potential and the limits of education with regard to the development of children’s personality are examined through the comperative analysis of L. Vygotsky’s cultural-historical theory, and the child-centred tradition as it is presented in the theories of J.J. Rousseau, M. Montessori, and C. Rogers. In the first chapter there is an attempt to conceptually delineate the term personality as it is outlined in the main personality theories, and in the following chapters the theories of the four thinkers mentioned above are presented and critically examined. Finally, some methodological conclusions concerning the dialectical interaction between nature and education in the process of personality development are put forth, and the contribution of the four theories which were investigated in the development of pedagogical thinking is highlighted. Furthermore, the notion of the wholly developed personality as the goal of education is approached.]

Language: Greek

Published: Thessaloniki, Greece, 2018

Article

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Giuliana Sorge, Luigia Tincani e la diffusione del metodo Montessori / Giuliana Sorge, Luigia Tincani and Dissemination of Montessori Method

Available from: Rivista di Storia dell’Educazione

Publication: Rivista di Storia dell’Educazione, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 83-95

Aldo Agazzi - Biographic sources, Europe, Giuliana Sorge - Biographic sources, Italy, Luigia Tincani - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, Montessori movement, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Giuliana Sorge (1903-1987) was one of Maria Montessori’s closest disciples. Many parts of her life are linked to the alternating vicissitudes of the spread of the Method in Italy. She is personally involved at the time of the breakdown of the relation between Maria Montessori and fascism. We find her in the immediate postwar period engaged in the reconstruction of the Montessori National Institution and in the dissemination of the Method in Italy. To do this, she weaves a network of relations with exponents of the political and ecclesiastical world assisted by the friendship of Luigia Tincani, a Catholic, Montessori’s friend, founder of what will become the Free University Maria SS. Assunta and a religious congregation. This emerges from an unpublished correspondence between these two women, which also contains interesting news relating to the hostility of prof. Aldo Agazzi towards the spread of the Montessori Method.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.36253/rse-10374

ISSN: 2532-2818

Article

To Help Montessori Work; Washington Friends Form Chapter of Educational Association

Available from: ProQuest Historical Newspapers

Publication: Washington Post (Washington, D.C.)

Pages: 5

Alexander Graham Bell - Biographic sources, Americas, Anne E. George - Biographic sources, Mabel Bell - Biographic sources, Margaret Woodrow Wilson - Biographic sources, Montessori Educational Association (USA), North America, United States of America

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Language: English

Article

Explains Montessori Plan. Miss Bateman Tells Mothers About New Method to Teach Children

Available from: ProQuest Historical Newspapers

Publication: Washington Post (Washington, D.C.)

Pages: 5

Alexander Graham Bell - Biographic sources, Americas, Anne E. George - Biographic sources, Mabel Bell - Biographic sources, Margaret Woodrow Wilson - Biographic sources, Montessori Educational Association (USA), North America, United States of America

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Language: English

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