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Book

Psychoarithmetic: Arithmetic Developed Under the Guidelines Outlined by Child Psychology

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Abstract/Notes: Psychoarithmetic by Maria Montessori provides a view of the working of the human mind through the lens of exercises and study of mathematics (arithmetic, geometry, and algebra and their relationships), as well as applied mathematics in the form of measurement. The intention of the book, to forge a link between psychology and mathematics, is obvious from the title. The book demands that the reader attend to each and every detail while at the same time keeping in mind that all the details form part of the whole one is trying to understand. The book also pays homage to the people throughout the ages who have thought and found ways to solve their daily problems of living through mathematics. Yet without developing the mind through exploring mathematics, one cannot utilize these ideas. So the book is intended to be a handbook, for both children and adults, of how to help the mind develop in order to fulfil its potential.

Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2016

Series: The Montessori Series , 20

Article

A Montessori Approach to Child Psychology

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 16

Pages: 18-22

Albert Max Joosten - Writings, Child development, Child psychology, Developmental psychology, Montessori method of education

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Language: English

ISSN: 0571-1142

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Child Guidance, Dynamic Psychology and the Psychopathologisation of Child-Rearing Culture (c. 1920-1940): A Transnational Perspective

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: History of Education, vol. 49, no. 5

Pages: 617-635

Americas, Europe, Holland, Netherlands, North America, United States of America, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The historiography of child guidance has focused primarily on the United States, where it first developed before travelling across the English-speaking world. The rapid expansion of child guidance in the interwar years was enabled by private philanthropy, which provided fellowships to foreign professionals to study in the United States. This article focuses upon the transnational transfer of child guidance, the dynamic psychology on which it was based, and the accompanying psychopathologisation of child-rearing culture to a non-English speaking country, the Netherlands. First, it discusses the development of child guidance and the reception of dynamic psychology in the United States and Britain. Next, it analyses the transfer to the Netherlands. It turns out that the Dutch did not copy the American model, but adapted it to fit their conditions and created a more diverse child guidance landscape, in which educational psychology played a less important role than child psychiatry.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/0046760X.2020.1748727

ISSN: 0046-760X, 1464-5130

Article

The Child Before Seven Years of Age; The Child After Seven Years of Age; and What Children Taught Dr. Montessori

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 23, no. 2

Pages: 82-99

Mario M. Montessori - Writings, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals, Renilde Montessori - Writings

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Abstract/Notes: The three lectures reprinted here, given in 1957 London Elementary course, integrate the Montessori perspective on the Elementary child and Cosmic Education: (1) differences between children before and after 7 years of age; (2) characteristics of children 7 years and older; and (3) the adult role in responding to children in the second stage of development. (Author)

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Links Between Communication Patterns in Mother-Child, Father-Child, and Child-Peer Interactions and Children's Social Status

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Child Development, vol. 66, no. 1

Pages: 255-271

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Abstract/Notes: In this study, we examined communication in the family and peer systems in relation to children's sociometric status. Codes measured turn-taking skills and utterance types for 43 children (ages 24-60 months) with mothers, fathers, and peers. Communication differences in the family and peer systems were strongest for popular versus rejected status children and their parents, but differences were also found for controversial and neglected status children and their parents. Rejected status children demonstrated turn-taking styles that included irrelevant turns, interruptions, simultaneous talking, and noncontingent responding. Parents of rejected children used higher proportions of requests than parents of popular children but failed to allow their children time to respond to the requests. Popular status children were more likely to alternate turns, provide explanations to peers, and participate in episodes of cohesive discourse. Interaction patterns were examined for potential mechanisms of transfer between family and peer systems.

Language: English

DOI: 10.2307/1131204

ISSN: 0009-3920

Article

The Mathematical Mind [Birth to Three, The Children's House Child, The Early Primary Child, The Upper Primary Child, The Adolescent]

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 22

Pages: 9–12, 14

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Language: English

Article

Let the Child Teach Himself: Let the Child Teach Himself Let the Child Teach Himself

Publication: New York Times Magazine (New York, New York)

Pages: Magazine - 34-35, 42, 44, 47, 49-50

Americas, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori schools, United States of America

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Language: English

ISSN: 0362-4331

Report

Hartford Early Childhood Program, Hartford, Connecticut: An Urban Public School System's Large-Scale Approach Toward Restructuring Early Childhood Education. Model Programs - Childhood Education

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: The Hartford Early Childhood Program involves more than 4,500 children from 4 years old to first grade level in over 200 classrooms. Classrooms are designed to offer children an environment that encourages them to learn independently. Ideas have been borrowed from the Montessori approach and the British Infant Schools and fitted to the needs of the Hartford school district's urban students. The program philosophy embodies new approaches that can be used in old school buildings such as formal education beginning at 3 years, mixed-age "family" grouping, interest centers, and emphasis on intrinsic motivation toward personel success. Future plans call for extension of the program to all public school classes in grades K through 2. Sources of more detailed information are provided for this program, specifically, and for Model Programs Childhood Education, in general. (Author/WY)

Language: English

Published: Palo Alto, California, 1970

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Rewriting Wundtian Psychology: Luigi Credaro and the Psychology in Rome

Available from: APA PsycNet

Publication: History of Psychology, vol. 25, no. 4

Pages: 342-366

Europe, Italy, Luigi Credaro - Biographic sources, Luigi Credaro - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Sante de Sanctis - Biographic sources, Sante de Sanctis - Philosophy, Southern Europe, Wilhelm Wundt - Biographic sources, Wilhelm Wundt - Philosophy

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Abstract/Notes: After Rome became the capital of Italy in 1871, prestigious scientists arrived at the University of Rome. One of these scholars was the pedagogical philosopher Luigi Credaro (1860-1939). He was one of the rare Italian students of Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) when he went to Leipzig and attended the Institute for Experimental Psychology in the academic year 1887-1888. There he also followed the pedagogical seminars and considered the usefulness of establishing sections of practical pedagogy in Italian magisterium schools, which were teacher-training institutions. In 1904, he founded in Rome the Scuola Pedagogica (Pedagogical School). Through the school, Credaro proposed the concept of a scientific pedagogy based on the application of the results of experimental sciences in the educational field. We can suppose that this approach influenced the first generation of Italian scholars interested in experimental psychology in Rome, in particular Sante De Sanctis (1862-1935) and Maria Montessori (1870-1952). The article thus considers the hypothesis of the formation of a so-called Roman school of psychology, which created in the field of pedagogy a ground on which to develop its research and applications. It should be noted that Credaro devoted himself to the potential applications of experimental psychology in the context of the modernization of the liberal states of the 20th century. Specifically, scientific pedagogy constituted a field of application and development for Roman psychology. At the end, the foundation of psychology in Rome was influenced by a particular version of the Wundtian psychology promoted by his pupil Credaro.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1037/hop0000219

ISSN: 1939-0610, 1093-4510

Book

Five Years Old or Thereabouts: Some Chapters on the Psychology and Training of Little Children

Available from: Internet Archive

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Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1920

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