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Conference Paper

From Pedagogical Principles to the Pedagogical Project: The Experience of San Michele Educational Garden

Available from: IATED Digital Library

15th International Technology, Education and Development Conference

Europe, Italy, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The paper presents the results of theoretical and experimental research developed as part of the "Mitigation Risk Design" (MiRiDe) Workshop, provided by the School of Architecture, Urban Planning, Construction Engineering of the Politecnico di Milano on the theme of enhancing school spaces starting from participated projects (owner and designer enter into dialogue with users: teachers, children , parents and grandparents, attendants). The resumption of face-to-face teaching activities starting from last September (interrupted in February to activate health measures to contrast the spread of Covid-19) required a rethinking of the psycho-pedagogical dynamics and the training spaces. Starting from the National Guidelines implemented by the Italian Federation of Nursery Schools and following the pedagogical coordination meetings, it became clear the need to promote manipulative activities oriented to the personal experience of each child and to encourage collective and cooperative activities able to guarantee an adequate interpersonal distancing. The work underlines the most important phases of the experimentation started at the "San Michele" Kindergarten in Bellinzago Lombardo (Milan), which developed a participatory project on the theme of "Guarding and Cultivating" through the design of an educational garden. The paper is organized into five sections. The first section presents the San Michele school context, retracing its history and investigating the new needs due to the health emergency. The second section presents the multi-disciplinary research about the pedagogical principles underlying cultivation activities. Starting from the concise presentation of different cultural orientations, the work outlines the training features that characterize the experience of the garden in relation to the growth of the child. The third section explains how, from the identification of "good pedagogical practices", PEDAGOGICAL PRINCIPLES have been defined for the San Michele Garden. The project, inspired by Montessori pedagogy, highlights how the child needs to experience nature and not just study it. Contact with nature, sensory exploration, manual skills, manipulation, imitation of adult life are just some of the experiential activities that lend themselves to an educational space such as the didactic garden. The fourth section summarizes the research that emerged from the comparative analysis with training projects on the theme of cultivating the educational garden. Through maps, summary sheets, and thematic insights, the elements necessary for the construction of a pedagogical project for the educational garden are outlined. The fifth section presents the EDUCATIONAL PROJECT for the San Michele Garden, indicating the educational objectives, the training actions, and the analysis of "pilot experiences" capable of testing the effectiveness of the project. The conclusions underline how the phase of "pedagogical design" constitutes a significant step for the subsequent "architectural design". It will make it possible to modify spaces (starting from the tools of architecture), making them places marked by anthropological experiences for all the people who will inhabit the educational garden.

Language: English

Published: Online Conference: International Academy of Technology, Education and Development (IATED), 2021

Pages: 9222-9232

DOI: 10.21125/inted.2021.1926

ISBN: 978-84-09-27666-0

Doctoral Dissertation

The Educational Theories of Rudolf Steiner: An Exposition of the Concepts Fundamental to Steiner's Theories and an Examination of Their Validity by Means of a Comparison with the Theories of Other Educationalists

Available from: British Librarty - EthOS

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Abstract/Notes: The main thesis deals with the educational theories of Rudolf Steiner. These theories are dealt with in Parts III to VIII of the thesis. Before this, in Part 1, there occurs a brief description of the background and life of Steiner; and, in Part II, a,, philosophical discussion of the basic tenets and assumptions upon which Steiner's educational theories rest. The areas dealt with in Parts III to VIII are divided into three. The first is an exposition of Steiner's ideas; the second is a comparison and appraisal of Steiner's theories with other educationalists; the third is an examination and evaluation of some of the concepts which are fundamental to Steiner's theories. The first of these areas i. e. the exposition of Steiner's ideas, is subdivided into three: his views on the nature of the child and the'way in which the child grows and develops; methodologies of teaching; and content and curriculum. An exposition of Steiner's theories on the nature of the child and its development occurs in Part III. - This is followed, in Part IV, by an evaluation of his theories by comparing them with other educationaliits. In Part V an examination of Steiner's theories on methodologies of teaching, by considering his views of "The Temperaments", occurs; - reference and comparisons to other educationalists are made in the same section. In. Part VI descriptions of the Waldorf curriculum are given and this is followed by an evaluation at the end of the section. The evaluation examines 'a number of concepts upon which the Waldorf curriculum has bpen formulated in the context of modern day curriculum objectives, design and learning experiences. In Part VII a brief historical perspective : is obtained of Steiner's theories by comparing his views with those of Plato, Rousseau and Montessori. This perspective is placed in a modern day context in Part VIII, and is obtained by an examination of many of the concepts fundamental to Steiner's theories. This includes a detailed critique of two of the main assumptions upon which Steiner's theories of education rest; an examination of the relationship of the individual to society in an educational context; and a discussion of the nature and aims of the educational process.

Language: English

Article

Changes and Changes

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 21, no. 1

Pages: 4, 7

⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Change Has Changed: Children Need Wise Adults to Cope

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 10, no. 4

Pages: 12-13

Public Montessori

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Language: English

Article

The Exchange Teachers Plan and Some Experiences of an English Exchange Teacher in the U.S.A.

Publication: The Montessori Magazine: A Quarterly Journal for Teachers, Parents and Social Workers (India), vol. 4, no. 3

Pages: 43-45

Americas, Asia, India, North America, South Asia, United States of America

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Language: English

Thesis

Proyecto Educativo de Innovación y Aporte Social como Enlace Urbano: 'Centro de exploración y creatividad Carimagua' [Educational project for Innovation and Social Contribution as an Urban Link: 'Center for Exploration and Creativity Carimagua']

Available from: Universidad Católica de Colombia - Repositorio Institucional

Americas, Colombia, Educational change, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., South America

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Abstract/Notes: Partiendo de la premisa del déficit de infraestructura educativa de la localidad de Kennedy y de la deserción escolar dentro de la misma, el proyecto busca contribuir a la solución del problema de oferta acrecentado por la implementación de la jornada única en algunas instituciones educativas, dando prioridad a la continuidad en el proceso educativo de niños y niñas , para ello se plantea a partir de la necesidad de infraestructuras que permitan desarrollar un modelo pedagógico que atraiga a niños y niñas durante sus primeros años de vida a la continuidad de sus saberes con entusiasmo y ánimo de emprendedores, por ello se propone el “modelo pedagógico de María Montessori”. Para finalizar lo que se espera del proyecto dentro del sector, es que se pueda implementar el modelo pedagógico mencionado y así se genere un impacto social que es medible en los siguientes aspectos: innovación, participación de la comunidad, incremento del interés en los procesos educativos, para que a partir de esto se vea reflejado en la mejoría de infraestructuras, aumento de cupos escolares mejorando así la calidad de la educación. [Starting from the premise of the deficit of educational infrastructure of the town of Kennedy and the school dropout within it, the project seeks to contribute to the solution of the supply problem enhanced by the implementation of the single day in some educational institutions, giving priority to the continuity in the educational process of boys and girls for it arises, from the need infrastructures that allow to develop a pedagogical model that attracts children during their first years of life to the continuity of their knowledge with enthusiasm and encouragement of entrepreneurs, for that reason the "pedagogical model of Maria Montessori" is proposed. To finish what is expected of the project within the sector is that the aforementioned pedagogical model can be implemented and thus generate a social impact that is measurable in the following aspects: innovation, community participation, increased interest in educational processes, so that from this it is reflected in the improvement of infrastructures, increase of school quotas thus improving the quality of education.]

Language: Spanish

Published: Bogotá, Colombia, 2019

Doctoral Dissertation

The Feasibility of Montessorian Education in the Primary School: An Historico-Educational Exposition

Available from: University of South Africa - Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori's work was initiated in 1898 as a result of her becoming acutely aware of deficient children's learning patterns, while working at the Psychiatric clinic of the University of Rome. The principles which dominate the system, however, did not spring in full panoply from Montessori. Indeed, her inspiration came largely from early and mid-nineteenth century writings of two French physicians, Itard and Seguin, who were Also involved in the teaching of deficient children. Extending on the ideas of these two educator-physicians, as well as the ideas of Froebel, Montessori innovatively brought the child's senses into contact with carefully selected didactic apparatus in a carefully structured and ordered environment. According to Montessori, the liberty of the child is a prerequisite for self-education and forms the first major pillar of her didactic theory, and thus becomes the focus of the first chapter dealing with her didactic approach (chapter three). Montessori believed that the function of education was to assist growth and if the individual child was given the liberty of movement within a prepared environment, a sense of competence would be achieved and the learning of the child would come about almost spontaneously. The principles of individuality and the training of the senses comprise the other two pillars, and form the basis for chapter four and five respectively. The principle of individuality is rooted in the belief that each child has a uniqueness which cannot be ignored without irretrievable damage to his personality. The current educational situation in South Africa, reveals a diversity of educational problems as a result of different ethnic and cultural groups all being thrust into a common educational system. The insidious pressures of conformity to a single standard of education must of necessity lead to a compromise of standards. The exposure of educational deficiencies inherent in such a move is characterised by learning impediments and deficiencies in the educational scenario. Research has therefore been undertaken in an attempt to extract those aspects that could provide meaningful pedagogic assistance to meet a present educational need.

Language: English

Published: Pretoria, South Africa, 1994

Article

Kauno seserų benediktinių ugdomoji veikla Lietuvoje 1918–1940 m. [Educational activity of Kaunas Sisters Benedictines in Lithuania in 1918–1940]

Available from: Vytautas Magnus University

Publication: SOTER: Journal of Religious Science, vol. 75, no. 103

Pages: 45-60

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Abstract/Notes: A. Šiame straipsnyje Kauno seserys benediktinės pristatomos kaip visuomenės ugdytojos. Jų ugdomoji veikla suklestėjo 1918–1940 m. Lietuvoje. Kauno visuomenė vertino seserų benediktinių ugdomąją veiklą, kurioje buvo taikoma tuo metu nauja ir moderni M. Montessori pedagogikos sistema. Atliekant tyrimą, naudotasi dar niekur nepublikuotais šaltiniais, padėjusiais atskleisti seserų benediktinių ugdomąją veiklą ne tik Kaune, bet ir įvairiose Lietuvos vietovėse: Joniškyje, Pasvalyje, Čiobiškyje, Prienuose, Ariogaloje, Čekiškėje, Šiluvoje, Vilniuje ir Pernavoje. Ši veikla buvo susijusi su vienuolyno plėtra, naujų skyrių steigimu. Seserys ne tik prisidėjo prie visuomenės ugdymo nuoširdžia apaštališkąja veikla, taip atsiliepdamos į to laiko reikmes, bet ir atrado dirbdamos ugdomąjį darbą naujas benediktiniškojo gyvenimo formas. [This paper presents the Sisters Benedictines of Kaunas as educators of the society, whose educational activities flourished from 1918 to 1940 in Lithuania. Kaunas society appreciated the educational activities of the Benedictine Sisters, which used the new and modern pedagogical system of M. Montessori at that time. During the research, unpublished sources were used, which helped to compile and present, in order to achieve the set aim, educational activities in Kaunas and, based on the development of the monastery, the establishment of new departments, to highlight educational activities in various areas of Lithuania. The Benedictine Sisters were sent everywhere as educators and educators who applied the most upto-date and modern Montessori pedagogical system of the time. Having the necessary preparation, this pedagogical system was applied by the Benedictine Sisters working with children not only in Kaunas as the first nun educators, to whom the first state primary school was opened at the request of the monastery society, but also in the kindergartens established by them in Joniskis, Pasvalys, Zasliai, as well as in the transferred to lead children’s shelter in Ciobiškis, and a kindergarten in Prienai. Most of the sisters worked in different kindergartens: educators and leaders, there were sr. Gabriele Spokaite and sr. Apolonija Salčiute. Non-formal education was provided in other established sections of the monastery. The Sisters prepared children for the First Confession and Communion in Ariogala and the Cekiškes. The Benedictine Sisters cared of the church and took care of the old people in Siluva. The Sisters engaged in self-education or educated others in Vilnius. And there is no knowledge about any educational activity in Pernava, but during the ten years of the opening of this monastery branch, one or another educational activity had to be carried out.]

Language: Lithuanian

DOI: 10.7220/2335-8785.75(103).4

ISSN: 1392-7450, 2335-8785

Article

Grouping Practices in the Primary School: What Influences Change?

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: British Educational Research Journal, vol. 30, no. 1

Pages: 117–140

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Abstract/Notes: During the 1990s, there was considerable emphasis on promoting particular kinds of pupil grouping as a means of raising educational standards. This survey of 2000 primary schools explored the extent to which schools had changed their grouping practices in response to this, the nature of the changes made and the reasons for those changes. Forty-eight per cent of responding schools reported that they had made no change. Twenty-two per cent reported changes because of the literacy hour, two per cent because of the numeracy hour, seven per cent because of a combination of these and twenty-one per cent for other reasons. Important influences on decisions about the types of grouping adopted were related to pupil learning and differentiation, teaching, the implementation of the National Literacy Strategy, practical issues and school self-evaluation.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/01411920310001629992

ISSN: 0141-1926, 1469-3518

Report

Alternative Paths to Primary Education in Rural India: Five Case Studies of GAA-Assisted Educational Projects

Available from: xasia Repository

Asia, India, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This study analyses five educational projects in India that are supported by German Agro Action (GAA) and the European Union (EU) and are executed on the ground by Indian NGOs. Located in different geographical parts of India, the projects follow different ideological and pedagogical approaches. The study does not claim, especially given the size and diversity of Indian society, to represent the Indian educational situation as a whole. Rather, it intends to elucidate some alternative approaches adopted by the specific projects to overcome the existing shortcomings of the Indian primary educational system. Using a range of qualitative indicators pertaining to the educational philosophy of the organisations, their curriculum, pedagogy, relationship with the state, relevance, effectiveness etc. the study critically reflects on each of the project, each of which works in areas where educational facilities are not easily accessible. The study thus helps further understanding about how the deficiencies of primary education in India, with regard to the underprivileged sections of the Indian society in particular, can be innovatively addressed. It should be noted that all findings and interpretations are those of the study team and do not necessarily represent those of GAA.

Language: English

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