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384 results

Article

The Effectiveness of Montessori Method Education on Visual-Motor Abilities of Students with Nonverbal Learning Disorders

Available from: Rooyesh-e-Ravanshenasi Journal (RRJ)

Publication: Rooyesh-e-Ravanshenasi Journal, vol. 10, no. 10

Pages: 133-144

Asia, Iran, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of Montessori method education on the visual-motor abilities of students with nonverbal learning disorders. For the purpose of this study, 4 first grade male students with nonverbal learning disabilities who were studying at Nabi Akram primary school in Bonab, during the academic year of 2019-2020, were selected based on the bender visual - motor gestalt test. In this research, which is a single-subject design with multi-baselines (ABA), each participant was first carefully observed according to the criteria of nonverbal learning disability and their visual-motor cognitive abilities accurately measured and recorded. Then, during the intervention phase, each participant received the Montessori method education during the 10 sessions for 45 minutes separately. The performance of the participants is also observed in the follow-up sessions. Finally, the data was analyzed by analyzing the visual diagrams, percentage of all non-overlapping data (PAND), calculating the effect size index and recovery percentage. The results of the research showed that the Montessori method education increased the visual-motor abilities of all four participants. As a result, Montessori education can be used as part of empowerment programs for students with nonverbal learning disabilities.

Language: English, Persian

Article

Creating Balance In The New Age Of Technology

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 24, no. 3

Pages: 36-43

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Abstract/Notes: Marc Prensky coined the term "digital native" in 2001 to describe those who have grown up with a constant interaction of technology, including television, video games, and the Internet (Prensky, 2001). For these people, many of them now in their twenties, life has always included the presence of screens--televisions, cell phones, iPods, video games, and computers. Additionally, digital natives tend to believe they can use many of these devices at the same time and do it very well (multitasking). For years, scientists and psychologists have believed that the most vital brain development takes place between birth and 6 years. Maria Montessori herself believed that major sensitive periods during the first 6 years include order, language, writing, and culture, and discussed sensitive periods of development in detail in "The Secret of Childhood" and "The Absorbent Mind". Studies have shown that the use of technology can interfere with one's understanding of the micro-muscle movements and associated behavioral cues. Media has brought an unparalleled access to information; however, children in today's world need adults who can balance the benefits of technology with its shortcomings. In this article, the author discusses how to create balance in the new age of technology. Suggestions for more balanced technology use are presented. (Contains 24 resources.)

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Montessori for All? Indian Experiments in ‘Child Education’, 1920s–1970s

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Comparative Education, vol. 57, no. 3

Pages: 1-19

Asia, Comparative education, India, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This article discusses the ‘Indianisation’, ‘nationalisation’, and ‘ruralisation’ of the Montessori method in India at the eve, and in the aftermath of the country’s political independence (1947). From 1914 onwards, Indian nationalists received Montessori’s ideas through publications, the networks of the new education movement, and the Theosophical Society. While innovative pre-schools for elite children worked closely with the ‘original’ method, the Nutan Bal Shikshan Sangh (‘New Child Education Society’, NBSS) adapted it to local conditions (‘Indianisation’). The NBSS aimed to universalise Montessori-based child education, as a contribution to nation-building (‘nationalisation’). With the establishment of the Gram Bal Shiksha Kendra (Rural Child Education Centre), in 1945, the NBSS brought the country’s most marginalised into the modernising reach of the new state, furthering Gandhi’s vision of ‘rural reconstruction’ (‘ruralisation’). From these experiments, the institutional model of the Anganwadi emerged, through which today millions of Indian children receive integrated child development services.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/03050068.2021.1888408

ISSN: 0305-0068

Article

International Education: The International Baccalaureate, Montessori, and Global Citizenship

Available from: SAGE Journals

Publication: Journal of Research in International Education, vol. 9, no. 3

Pages: 259–272

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Abstract/Notes: The International Baccalaureate (IB) programs and Montessori education both claim to promote values associated with global citizenship in order to help prepare students for new challenges presented by an increasingly globalized world. While the IB’s secondary programs are widespread in international schools, Montessori programs at that level are comparatively few. This article compares and contrasts IB and Montessori secondary programs with respect to the promotion of global citizenship, and explores the scarcity of secondary Montessori programs in general and in the international schools community in particular.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1177/1475240910382992

Article

Multisensory Gains in Simple Detection Predict Global Cognition in Schoolchildren

Available from: Nature

Publication: Scientific Reports, vol. 10, no. 1

Pages: 1394

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Abstract/Notes: The capacity to integrate information from different senses is central for coherent perception across the lifespan from infancy onwards. Later in life, multisensory processes are related to cognitive functions, such as speech or social communication. During learning, multisensory processes can in fact enhance subsequent recognition memory for unisensory objects. These benefits can even be predicted; adults’ recognition memory performance is shaped by earlier responses in the same task to multisensory – but not unisensory – information. Everyday environments where learning occurs, such as classrooms, are inherently multisensory in nature. Multisensory processes may therefore scaffold healthy cognitive development. Here, we provide the first evidence of a predictive relationship between multisensory benefits in simple detection and higher-level cognition that is present already in schoolchildren. Multiple regression analyses indicated that the extent to which a child (N = 68; aged 4.5–15years) exhibited multisensory benefits on a simple detection task not only predicted benefits on a continuous recognition task involving naturalistic objects (p = 0.009), even when controlling for age, but also the same relative multisensory benefit also predicted working memory scores (p = 0.023) and fluid intelligence scores (p = 0.033) as measured using age-standardised test batteries. By contrast, gains in unisensory detection did not show significant prediction of any of the above global cognition measures. Our findings show that low-level multisensory processes predict higher-order memory and cognition already during childhood, even if still subject to ongoing maturation. These results call for revision of traditional models of cognitive development (and likely also education) to account for the role of multisensory processing, while also opening exciting opportunities to facilitate early learning through multisensory programs. More generally, these data suggest that a simple detection task could provide direct insights into the integrity of global cognition in schoolchildren and could be further developed as a readily-implemented and cost-effective screening tool for neurodevelopmental disorders, particularly in cases when standard neuropsychological tests are infeasible or unavailable.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-58329-4

ISSN: 2045-2322

Article

A Critical Social Psychological Contribution to (Global) Citizenship Education: Seeing Oneself Through the Eyes of the 'Other'

Available from: Discourse Unit

Publication: Annual Review of Critical Psychology, vol. 16

Pages: 1330-1358

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Abstract/Notes: Taylor (2004) argues that the Western moral order is characterised by three key forms — the market economy, public sphere, and self-governance. These forms entail contradictory tendencies for the concept of selfhood and our relations with each other. We do endorse an autonomous and free self, who should pursue her goals, but is also expected to act ethically towards others through mutuality, equality, and collectivity. However, we are concerned with being authentic, i.e. being true to ‘ourselves’, as well as with recognising the needs and differences of the ‘other’. This moral order is based on notions of political equality, democracy, freedom, human rights, and privatised economic prosperity. Moving ‘with Holzkamp beyond Holzkamp’ (Teo, 2016), in this paper, we present a method to foster the skill to step out from one’s moral matrix, the invisible normalised moral order, and view oneself through the eyes of the ‘other’. Focusing on food practices, we developed a method for social self-clarification (Holzkamp, 1995). The skill to see oneself through the eyes of the ‘other’ is necessary in realising one’s entanglement in a global institutional order that foreseeably and avoidably produces severe inequalities.

Language: English

Report

An Analysis of Verbal Interaction in Multiage Classrooms

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to analyze the verbal interactions of children assigned to multiage classrooms. Specifically, the study investigated whether children of a particular age group interact with other children across age groups and the types of interactions each age group display. It also investigated student-to-teacher interactions and student-to-student interactions to see if interactions initiated by children are dispersed across age groups. An interaction in this study is defined as a verbal exchange between two children or between a child and the teacher. Groups studied consisted of classrooms containing children of two ages (e.g., six- and seven-year-olds) and groups containing children of three ages (e.g., eight-, nine-, and ten-year-olds). When three ages were combined in a classroom, the older children tended to dominate the conversation directed to other children in the class. This tendency was not present when two ages were combined. Combining children of

Language: English

Published: Cortland, New York, Aug 1977

Article

Montessori Education at a Distance, Part 2: A Mixed Methods Examination of Montessori Educators’ Response to a Global Pandemic

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 7, no. 1

Pages: 31-50

Americas, COVID-19 Pandemic, Montessori method of education, North America, Remote learning, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This study offers a contextualized understanding of the distance-learning experiences of Montessori educators and students in the spring of 2020 in the wake of the COVID-19 global pandemic. In this article, we build on results reported in a separate article published in this issue of the Journal of Montessori Research. First, we analyzed qualitative data from social media and national virtual gatherings designed to support teachers as they faced the challenges created by the abrupt shift to distance learning. Second, we employed a convergent mixed-methods design to integrate these qualitative findings with the survey results reported in the previous article to provide a richer and more complete perspective on the situation. In our results, we found substantial evidence to support the resilience and durability of the Montessori Method, even in the face of adverse conditions created by a global pandemic. Despite the challenges of adaptation, Montessori educators demonstrated a commitment to the key tenets of Montessori philosophy, such as following the child and employing a holistic perspective on learning and development. While serving the whole child’s growth and development remained front and center, Montessori teachers’ approach to academics looked very different under distance learning. Still, the ongoing attention to children’s social-emotional needs will benefit both teachers and children when they return to the classroom, undoubtedly with lasting effects from pandemic-related isolation and hardship.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v7i1.15123

ISSN: 2378-3923

Article

Maria Montessori (1870-1952): Women's Emancipation, Pedagogy and Extra Verbal Communication

Available from: SciELO

Publication: Revista Médica de Chile, vol. 143, no. 5

Pages: 658-662

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori is one of the most well-known women in Italian history. Although she was the first woman who graduated in medicine in Italy, she is mostly known as an educator. Her teaching method -the Montessori Method- is still used worldwide. Because she could not speak English during the imprisonment in India, there was a big obstacle for her communication with children. However, the need to adopt a non-verbal communication, led her to a sensational discovery: children use an innate and universal language. This language, made of gestures and mimic, is called extra verbal communication.

Language: English

DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872015000500014

ISSN: 0034-9887

Article

Analysis of Two Early Childhood Education Settings: Classroom Variables and Peer Verbal Interaction

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Journal of Research in Childhood Education, vol. 23, no. 2

Pages: 193-209

Americas, Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Descriptive and ecobehavioral analyses were used to explore the daily activity contexts in classroom settings reflecting two distinct models of early childhood education. Activity context, social configurations, teacher behavior, and child behavior were explored, with specific consideration given to peer verbal behavior as an indicator of social interaction. Twenty-four children between the ages of 3 and 6 years enrolled in a Montessori classroom and 26 children between the ages of 3 and 5 years enrolled in a traditional preschool classroom were observed over a 3-month period using the Ecobehavioral System for Complex Assessment of Preschool Environments (ESCAPE; Carta, Greenwood, & Atwater, 1986). Overall, activity context, social configurations, teacher behavior, and child behavior varied across settings in ways consistent with program philosophies. However, levels of peer verbal interaction did not vary significantly.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/02568540809594655

ISSN: 0256-8543, 2150-2641

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